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THE IMPORTANCE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
TO THE WELFARE OF FRANCE:

GIVING ALSO
An Account of their Productions, and the reciprocal

Advantages which may be drawn from their Com.
mercial Connexions:

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AND FINALLY,

POINTING OUT THE ACTUAL SITUATION

OF THE

UNITED ST. A T E S.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH OF
ETIENNE CLAVIERE,

AND -
T. P.: BRISSOT DE WARVILLE.

sacques

L O N D ON:

PRINTED AT THE Logegraphic Press,
AND SOLD BY ROBSON AND CLARKE, NEW BOND STREET ; T. LONOMAN,
PATER-NOS TER-ROW ; AND W. RICHARDSON, ROYAL-EXCHANGE.

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Reclass, 12-9-29ER

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INTRODUCTION,
Wherein it is stated, that whilst the English possess much in-

formation, on the commercial connections, which may
exist between Europe and the United States, France, whose
interest it is to establish them on her part, discovers but

little knowledge of this Commerce, or zeal to enter into it.
Causes of this indifference. The want of the liberty of the

press for political discussions, is one of the principal. The
great inconveniences attached to the prohibition of books.
The political advantages which would result from the
liberty of the press; no moment more favourable than the
present to ask for it, and to provoke the reform of abuses of
every kind.-Reflections on the sources whence facts have
been drawn, on the general spirit of this work, on the

order of the ideas, &c.
CHAPTER, I.

page 1.
Of exterior Commerce ; the Circumstances which led to it, and

of the means of asuring it to a nation.
General principles on exterior Commerce.
Direct Commerce preferable to that which is indirect. -
It gives every thing at a cheaper rate.
The lowest price, the great basis of exterior commerce.
Circumstances which put in the power of a nation to sell at

the lowest price.
Circumstances which incline two nations to enter into a

league with each other by commercial connections.
The nature of things must furnish these circumstances; what is
the nature of things ?

CHAP.

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CHAPTER II.

page 11 Of exterior Commerce, considered in its Means of Exchange,

and its Balance. 1. Examination of what is understood by the balance of trade

between two nations. It is proved, l. That this balance of trade is but an in

fignificant expression that the balance of an account paid in gold, is not a proof of a disadvantageous commerce on the part of the nation which pays it, nor of an advanta

geous one on the part of that by which it is received. II. That the tables of this balance of trade deserve no cre.

dit; and that the only method of estimating the encrease - of commerce, is by the encrease of population,

III. That it is impollible to fix the quantity of money exist

ing in a country; and that all the calculations on this head, reft upon an uncertain and defective basis, because it is 'impossible to collect all their elements. IV. That metals are not real riches. V. That considered as agents of exchange, it would be more

advantageous to substitute paper for them in interior commerce, and not to be afraid to employ metals in exterior com

merce, to which this paper cannot be applied. It results from these demonstrations, that a trade may be

opened between two nations, without the aid of money; that a nation will have so much the more of it to exchange for foreign productions, as it shall have a greater number of these confidential establishments, by which money is advantageously replaced.

CHAPTER III.

page 29 Application of the foregoing general Principles, to the reciprocal

Commerce of France and the United States. That France has every Means of procuring a great Commerce, und 1 hoje which must asure it to her in the United States ;

that

that her Productions are proper for them, and that her partia cular interior Circumstances, oblige hir to engaze in this Come

merce. Examination of the productions of France, of her industry

and of her geographical and natural position. Examination of the objection, that it would be better to direct

the attention to the interior of France, than to open to her

a great exterior commerce. 'It is proved that exterior commerce would in a very short

tine bring on an interior reform, and that France is, in her situation in great need of very considerable foreign mar

kets. ' An essential distinction to be made, in this respect, between a

new people, and a civilized people, who have numerous manufactures. It is proved that exterior commerce maintains and supports

then., Reflections on the inferiority of French manufactures to Eng. lish fabrics in certain articles—The causes pointed out. The remedy in exterior commerce.

CHAPTER IV.

page 41

That the United States are obliged by their present Necessities and

Circumsiances to engage in Foreign Commerce. That the writers who have treated on this matter have con

fidered it in an abstracted point of view only. That it is neceffary to examine it according to the state of

things. And that according to this state, the free Americans are

obliged to employ themselves in exterior commerce. To demonstrate this, it is proved that the free Americans have

wants of necessity, of convenience, and even some of luxury; And which they can neither do without, nor supply them.

felves with.

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