Experimental Engineering ...

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John Wiley & Sons, 1906 - 843 páginas
 

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Rules and Formula for Approximate Calculation
15
Rejection of Doubtful Observations
17
Errors to be Neglected
18
Accuracy of Numerical Calculations
19
Graphical Representation of Experiments
20
Autographic Diagrams
21
Construction of Diagrams
22
CHAPTER II
24
The Vernier
29
The Polar Planimetcr
30
The Suspended flanimeter
41
ARTICLE PAGB 34 The Roller Planimeter
45
Care and Adjustment of Planimeters
50
Directions for Use of Planimeters
51
Calibration of Planimeters
52
Errors of Planimeters
55
The Vernier Caliper
57
The Micrometer
58
The Micrometer Caliper
59
The Cathetometer
62
Computation Machines
64
Definitions
67
Straindiagrams
69
Viscosity
70
Notation
72
Compression
73
Transverse
76
Shearing and Torsion
81
Modulus of Rigidity
83
Combination of Two Stresses
84
Thermodynamic Relations
86
STRENGTH OF MATERIALSTESTINGMACHINES 61 General Description of Machines
88
Shackles or Holders
98
Emery Testingmachine
102
Richie Bros Testingmachine
107
Olsen Testingmachine
110
Thurstons Torsion Machines
114
Riehles and Olsons Torsion Machines
118
Impact Testingmachine
119
Testingmachine Accessories
124
ARTICLE PAOB 78 to 86 Extensometers
125
Deflectometer
135
CHAPTER V
136
ElongationFracture
143
Straindiagrams
144
Tension Tests
145
Compression Tests
154
Transverse Tests
155
Elastic Curve
159
Torsion Test
160
Impact Test
163
Special Tests of Materials
165
TABLE PAGE
167
Method of Testing Bridge Materials
168
no Admiralty Tests
172
in Lloyds Tests for Steel used in Shipbuilding
173
Tests for Castiron Waterpipe
174
Testing Stones
175
Bricks
178
Paving Material
179
Hydraulic Cements
181
CHAPTER VI
196
Friction of Teeth
199
Fluids
200
Lubricated Surfaces
201
Viscosity
209
Gumming
210
Testing of LubricantsCold Test
213
Oiltesting MachinesRankines
215
Thurstons
217
ABTICLB PAGE 155 Coefficient of Friction
222
Riehles Oiltesting Machine
224
Durability Test of Lubricants
226
Ashcrofts Oiltesting Machine
227
Experiment with Limited Feed
231
Forms for Report of Lubricant Test
233
CHAPTER VII
235
Alden Brake
241
Practical Directions for Use of Brake
244
Pumpbrakes
245
Traction Dynamometers
247
Steelyard
250
Pillowblock
252
Differential
255
Emerson
259
Van Winkle
261
Belt
263
Belttesting Machine with Directions
264
Theory of the Flow of Water
270
Flow of Water over WeirsFormulae
272
through NozzlesFormula
275
underPressureFormulae
276
in Circular Pipes
277
through a DiaphragmFormulae
279
Method of Measuring the Flow of Water by Weirs
281
2I3 Meters
283
Nozzles
287
Diaphragms
288
in Streams
289
PitotsTube
292
ARTICLE PACE 225 Flow of Compressible Fluids through an Orifice
295
in a Pipe
299
Steam
300
Gasmeters
304
Anemometer
306
CHAPTER IX
308
Waterpressure Engines
309
Overshot Waterwheels
311
Breastwheels
313
Impulsewheels
314
Turbine
315
Reactionwheels
319
The Hydraulic Ram
321
Methods of Testing Watermotors
322
Pumps
327
Test of Pumps
330
Form for Data and Report of Pumptest
332
CHAPTER X
335
Books of Reference
336
Heat and Temperature
337
Properties of Steam
340
Steamtables
344
CHAPTER XL
345
Mercury Columns
349
Draughtgauges
351
ARTICLE PAGE 277 Steamgauges
357
Apparatus for Testing Gauges
363
CHAPTER XII
369
Airthermometers
371
Calibration of Thermometers 580
380
Water Equivalent of Calorimeter
401
Barrel Calorimeter
404
Hoadley Calorimeter
407
Barrus Continuous Calorimeter
411
Superheating
416
Throttling Calorimeter
418
Separator
430
Chemical
440
CHAPTER XIV
443
Heat of Combustion
444
Determination of Heat by Welters Law
446
Temperature produced by Combustion
448
ARTICLE PACE 347 Composition of Fuels
450
FuelcalorimetersPrinciple
451
Favre and Silbermanns
453
Thompsons
455
Berthier
456
Berthelot Bomb
459
Carp nter
463
Value of Fuel by Boilertrial
473
Reagents for Fluegas Analysis
475
Elliots Fluegas Apparatus
479
Wilsons
481
Hemples
483
Deductions from Fluegas Analysis
486
CHAPTER XV
492
Efficiency of a Boiler
493
Standard Method of Testing Steamboilers
495
Concise Directions for Testing Boilers
513
CHAPTER XVI
515
Early Forms
517
Richards
518
Thompson
519
Tabor
520
Crosby
521
Indicators with External Springs
523
Optical Indicators
525
Reducingmotions
529
Calibration
535
Method of Attaching to the Cylinder
543
CHAPTER XVII
547
Measurement of Diagrams
551
Form of Diagram
553
Weight of Steam from the Diagram
557
Clearance from the Diagram
560
Cylindercondensation and Reevaporation
561
Discussion of Diagrams
562
Diagrams from Compound Engines
565
Crankshaft and Steamchest Diagrams
567
METHODS OF TESTING THE STEAMENGINE
569
Engine Standards
571
Surface Condenser
576
Calibration of Apparatus
578
Preparations for Testing
581
Quantities to be Observed
583
Preliminary Indicatorpractice
584
Valvesetting
586
Frictiontest
589
Hirns Analysis
595
of Compound Engines
603
CHAPTER XIX
614
Locomotives
634
Experimental Engines
656
CHAPTER XX
660
The Williams Inertiaindicator
661
Inertiadiagram
664
CHAPTER XXI
670
Theory
672
Limits of
676
4435 Directions for Testing
679
4467 The Pulsometer
683
THE STEAMTURBINE 448 General Principles
686
Impulse Type De Laval
687
Reaction Type Parsons
689
Combined Type Curtis 600
691
CHAPTER XXIII
694
Rider Hotair Engine
695
Method of Testing 095
697
The Gasengine
701
Oilengines
709
Theoretical Formuke
711
Cycle of Operation
713
ARTICLE PAGE 464 Method of Testing
714
Data and Results of Test
717
CHAPTER XXIV
720
Rotary Blowers
723
Centrifugal Fans
724
Measurement of Pressure and Velocity
725
Clearance Effect of
727
Less of Work Due to Rise of Temperature
728
Centrifugal Fan Theory of
729
Test of Aircompressor Data Sheets
730
Centrifugal Blower
732
CHAPTER XXV
734
Relation of Work to Heat Transfer
735
Working Fluids Properties of
736
Heat Losses
738
The Airrefrigerating Machine
741
The Ammonia Refrigeratingmachine
742
Relations of Pressure and Volume
744
Absorption System of Refrigeration
747
Logs and Data Sheets
749
U S Standard and Metric Measures
753
Numerical Constants
756
Logarithms of Numbers
769
Logarithmic Functions of Angles
771
NaturalFunctionsofAng es
777
Coefficients of Strength of Materials
781
Strength of Metals at Different Temperatures
782
Important Properties of Familiar Substances
783
Coefficient of Friction
784
Moisture Absorbed by Air
785
Table for Reducing Beaum6s Scalereading to Specific Gravity
786
Composition of Fuels of U S
787
Buels Steamtables
788
Entropy of Water and Steam
794
Napier Formula
795
Factors of Evaporation
797
Dimensions of Wroughtiron Pipe
798
Density and Weight of Water per Cubic Foot
799
Horsepower per Pound Mean Pressure
800
Water Rate Computation Table for Engines
801
Weirs with End Contraction 1
803
Horsepower of Shafting
804
Samplesheet of Crosssection Paper
805
Directions for Use 545
810
Moments of Inertia 78
836
Units of Pressure Compared 336
839
Meltingpoints and Specific Heats of Metals 383
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