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CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF FLORIDA.
ARTICLES. 1. Boundaries. 2. Distribution of powers. 3. Legislative department. 4. Executive department. 5. Judiciary department. 6. Suffrage and eligibility. 7. Census and apportionment. 8. Counties and cities. 9. Taxation and finance. 10. Homestead and exemptions. 11. Married Women's property. 12. Education. 13. Public instruction. 14. Militia. 15. Public health. 16. Miscellaneous provisions. 17. Amendments. 18. Schedule. 19. Local option,
Section 10. When trials to be upon present
ment or indictment, or other
wise. 11. Public, speedy and impartial
trial guaranteed to all. Attendance of witnesses compulsory. Copy of indictment
to be furnished accused. 12. Twice in jeopardy. Life and
liberty not to be taken without
due process of law. 13. Freedom of speech and press. 14. When costs are payable. 15. Rights of petition. 16. Imprisonment for debt. 17. Ex post facto law. 18. Rights of foreigners. 19. Slavery not tolerated. 20. Right to bear arms. 21. Military subordinate to civil
power. 22. The people shall be secure from
unreasonable seizures. 23. Treason.-What testimony re
quired to convict of. 24. This enumeration of rights does
not impair other rights retained by the people.
Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural and inalienable rights. 2. Purposes of government. Para
mount allegiance. 3. Jury trial. 4. Courts open to all. 5. Religious freedom. 6. No preference to be given any
church or sect. 7. Habeas corpus, to be granted
speedily and without cost. 8. Bail not to be excessive nor
punishment cruel. 9. Bail may be given, except for
Boundaries. 1. State boundaries.
ARTICLE II. Distribution of Powers. 1. Blending of powers prohibited.
Legislative Department. 1. Legislative powers, where vest
ed.-Where sessions of Legislature are to be held.
or appointment of certain
officers. 29. Governor to sign bills before
they become laws-Veto power and how exercised.-When bills not signed are to be
come laws. 29. Impeachment trials. 30. Appropriation laws restricted to
one subject. 31. United States Senator, how
elected. 32. Criminal laws not retroactive. 33. Statute of limitations not to be
Section 2. When to commence.--To be bi
ennial. 3. When members of House of
Representatives are to be
chosen. 4. Shall be electors.-Pay of Sena
tors and members of the
house. 5. Members forbidden to hold cer
tain offices. 6. General powers of each house.-
Presiding officers, how elect
ed. 7. What office-holders ineligible. 8. Change of residence to create
vacancy. 9. Each house may punish for dis
orderly conduct. 10. Power to compel attendance of
witnesses. 11. Quorum.--Power of less than
quorum. 12. Each house to keep a journal. 13. The doors of each house to be
kept open and session to be public, except executive ses
sions. 14. Originating bills and amending
same. 15. Enacting clause. 16. Each law restricted to but one
subject. 17. Formalities to be observed in
passing bills, and how they
shall be signed. 18. When laws are to take effect. 19. Statement of receipts and ex
penditures of public money to
be made. 20. What local and special legisla
tion is prohibited. 21. Laws to be uniform in effect.
Local or special laws, how
published and how passed. 22. Suits against the State. 23. Lotteries prohibited. 24. County and municipal govern
ments to be uniform, unless
otherwise provided. 25. General laws for certain corpo
rations required. 26. Laws for regulating elections. 27. To make provision for election
Erecutive Department. 1. Executive power, how vested
and styled. 2. Election of Governor, and term
of office. 3. To be eligible for the office of
Governor 4. Governor to be commander-in
chief of militia. 5. Governor to transact all execu
tive business. 6. To see that all laws are ex
ecuted. 7. Vacancies, how filled. 8. Governor may convene Legisla
ture, when. 9. Shall report condition of State
to each Legislature. 10. Power in case of disagreement
about adjournment of Legisla
ture. 11. May suspend collection of fines
and grant reprieves.-Powers
in case of treason. 12. Pardoning power, where vested,
duties, etc. 13. May call upon Supreme Court
for construction of constitu
tion. 14. Grants and commissions, how
signed and sealed. 15. Power of Governor as to sus
pension from office.-To report suspension to the Senate.When suspended officer to resume duties of office.
Section 16. Appointment of militia officers.
Adjutant-General and his
duties. 17. Board of commissioners of State
institutions. 18. Governor may veto items of ap
propriation bills. 19. When president of Senate or
Speaker of House of Represen
tatives, is to act as Governor. 20. Cabinet officers, how elected
and term of office. 21. Secretary of State and his
duties. 22. Attorney-General and his duties. 23. Comptroller, his duties. 24. Treasurer, his duties. 25. Superintendent of Public In
struction, his duties, 26. Commissioner of agriculture, his
duties. 27. Cabinet officers to make full re
ports to Governor to be laid
before each Legislature. 28. Cabinet officers to be installed
the same day as Governor. 29. Salaries of Governor and cabi
net.-Extra compensation forbidden.
10. Enumeration of judicial circuits, 11. Jurisdiction, original and ap
pellate.-Power to issue certain
Writs. 12. Extra territorial jurisdiction in
chancery cases may be al
lowed by law. 13. Judges to report defects in laws
Attorney-General.-Attorney-General to report to Legis
lature. 14. Circuit judge to appoint court
commissioners.-Powers, . du
ties, etc. 15. State attorney, how appointed.
Duties and term.-Sheriff and clerk, "how elected.-Duties
and term. 16. County judges. 17. Jurisdiction of the same. 18. Legislature may organize Coun
ty Courts in certain cases.Jurisdiction of each court.
Powers and duties.
counties into justice districts.
- Justices of the peace to be
elected. 22. Jurisdiction of justices of tho
peace.-Appeals, how tried. 23. Constables. 24. Criminal Court of Escambia
county and other counties, how
established. 25. Jurisdiction of Criminal Courts. 26. Terms. 27. Prosecuting attorneys for such
courts. | 28. Manner of trying offenses in
such courts. 29. County Courts to have no crimi
nal jurisdiction in certain
counties. 30. Clerk of Criminal Courts, how
elected, duties. 31. State attorney may be county
solicitor. 32. Such courts may be abolished.
1. Judicial powers, how vested. 2. Supreme Court, how elected.
Term of office.--Chief Justice,
how designated. 3. Who eligible to office of judge. 4. Majority a quorum.-Terms of
court. 6. Appellate jurisdiction of
Supreme Court.—Power to issue
certain writs. 6. Legislature to prescribe how
circuit judge may be called to
sit in Supreme Court. 7. Clerk of Supreme Court. 8. Circuit Courts.-How judges are
appointed. — Terms and
charge of Circuits. 9. Salaries of Supreme and Circuit Court judges.