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States, shall revise and adjust the apportionment for Senators and Representatives on the basis of such enumeration, according to ratios to be fixed by law.
Sec. 46. The Senate shall consist of twenty-six, and the House of Representatives forty-nine members, which number shall not be increased until the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and ninety, after which time the General Assembly may increase the number of Senators and Representatives, preserving, as near as may be, the present proportion as to the number in each house; provided, that the aggregate number of Senators and Representatives shall never exceed one hundred.
Sec. 47. Senatorial and Representative Districts may be altered from time to time, as public convenience may require. When a Senatorial or Representative district shall be composed of two or more counties, they shall be contiguous, and the district as compact as may be. No county shall be divided in the formation of a Senatorial or Representative district.
Sec. 48. Until the State shall be divided into Senatorial Dis. tricts, in accordance with the provisions of this article, said districts shall be constituted and numbered as follows:
The county of Weld shall constitute the first district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Larimer shall constitute the second district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Boulder shall constitute the third district, and be entitled to two Senators.
The county of Gilpin shall constitute the fourth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The counties of Gilpin, Summit and Grand shall constitute the fifth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Clear Creek shall constitute the sixth district, and be entitled to two Senators.
The county of Jefferson shall constitute the seventh district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Araphoe shall constitute the eighth district, and be entitled to four Senators.
The counties of Elbert and Bent shall constitute the ninth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of El Paso shall constitute the tenth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Douglas shall constitute the eleventh district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Park shall constitute the twelfth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The counties of Lake and Saguache shall constitute the thirteenth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Fremont shall constitute the fourteenth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Pueblo shall constitute the fifteenth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Huerfano shall constitute the sixteenth district, and be entitled o one Senator.
The county of Las Animas shall constitute the seventeenth district, and be entitled to two Senators.
The county of Costilla shall constitute the eighteenth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The county of Conejos shall constitute the nineteenth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
The counties of Rio Grande, Hinsdale, La Plata and San Juan shall constitute the twentieth district, and be entitled to one Senator.
Sec. 49. Until an apportionment of Representatives be made, in accordance with the provisions of this Article, they shall be divided among the several counties of the State in the following manner: The county of Arapahoe shall have seven; the counties of Boulder and Clear Creek, each four; the counties of Gilpin and Las Animas, each three; the counties of El Paso, Fremont, Huerfano, Jefferson, Pueblo and Weld, each, two; the counties of Bent, Costilla, Canejos, Douglas, Elbert, Grand, Hinsdale, Larimer, La Plata, Lake, Park, Rio Grande, Summit, Saguache and San Juan, each, one; and the counties of Costilla and Conejos, jointly, one.
Judicial Department. Section 1. The judicial powers of the State, as to matters of law and equity, except as in this Constitution otherwise provided, shall be vested in a Supreme Court, District Courts, County Courts, Justices of the Peace, and such other courts as may be created by law for cities and incorporated towns.
Supreme Court. Sec. 2. The Supreme Court, except as otherwise provided in this Constitution, shall have appellate jurisdiction only, which shall be co-extensive with the State, and shall have a general superintending control over all inferior courts, under such regulations and limitations as may be prescribed by law.
Sec. 3. It shall have power to issue writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, quo warranto, certiorari, injunction, and other origiDal and remedial writs, with authority to hear and determine the same.
Sec. 4. At least two terms of the Supreme Court shall be held each year, at the seat of government.
Sec. 5. The Supreme Court shall consist of three judges, a majority of whom shall be necessary to form a quorum or pronounce a decision.
Sec. 6. The judges of the Supreme Court shall be elected by electors of the State at large, as hereinafter provided.
Sec. 7. The term of office of the judges of the Supreme Court, except as in this Article otherwise provided, shall be nine years.
Sec. 8. The judges of the Supreme Court shall, immediately after the first election under this Constitution, be classified by lot, so that one shall hold his office for the term of three years, one for the term of six years, and one for the term of nine years. The lot shall be drawn by the judges, who shall for that purpose assemble at the seat of government, and shall cause the result thereof to be certified to the secretary of the Territory, and filed in his office. The judge having the shortest term to serve, not holding his office by appointment or election to fill a vacancy, shall be the chief justice, and shall preside at all terms of the Supreme Court, and, in case of his absence, the judge having in like manner the next shortest term to serve shall preside in his stead.
Sec. 9. There shall be a clerk of the Supreme Court, who shall be appointed by the judges thereof, and shall hold his office during the pleasure of said judges, and whose duties and emoluments shall be as prescribed by law and by the rules of the Supreme Court.
Sec. 10. No person shall be eligible to the office of judge of the Supreme Court unless he be learned in law; be at least thirty years of age and a citizen of the United States, nor unless he shall have resided in this State or Territory at least two years next preceding his election.
District Courts. Sec. 11. The District Courts shall have original jurisdiction of all causes, both at law and in equity, and such appellate jurisdiction as may be conferred by law. They shall have original jurisdiction to determine all controversies upon relation of any person on behalf of the people, concerning the rights, duties and liabilities of railroad, telegraph or toll-road companies or corporations.
Sec. 12. The State shall be divided into judicial districts, in each of which there shall be elected by the electors thereof, one judge of the District Court therein, whose term of office shall be six years. The judges of the District Courts may hold courts for each other, and shall do so when required by law.
Sec. 13. Until otherwise provided by law, said districts shall be four in number, and constituted as follows, viz. :
First District-The counties of Boulder, Jefferson, Gilpin, Clear Creek, Summit and Grand.
Second District—The counties of Arapahoe, Douglas, Elbert, Weld and Larimer.
Third District—The counties of Park, El Paso, Fremont, Pueblo, Bent, Las Animas and Huerfano.
Fourth District—The counties of Costilla, Conejos, Rio Grande, San Juan, La Plata, Hinsdale, Saguache and Lake.
Sec. 14. The General Assembly may, after the year 1880 (whenever two-thirds of the members of each House shall concur therein), but not oftener than once in six years, increase the number of the judicial districts and the judges thereof; such districts shall be formed of compact territory, and bounded by county lines, but such increase or change in the boundaries of a district shall not work the removal of any judge from his office during the term for which he shall have been elected or appointed.
Sec. 15. The judges of the District Court first elected shall be chosen at the first general election. The General Assembly
may provide that after the year 1878, the election of the judges of the Supreme, District and County Courts, and the district attorneys, or any of them, shall be on a different day from that on which an election is held for any other purpose, and for that purpose may extend or abridge the term of office of any such officers then holding, but not in any case more than six months. Until otherwise provided by law, such officers shall be elected at the time of holding the general elections. The terms of office of all judges of the District Court elected in the several districts throughout the State, shall expire on the same day; and the terms of office of the district attorneys elected in the several districts throughout the State shall, in like manner, expire on the same day.
Sec. 16. No person shall be eligible to the office of district judge unless he be learned in the law, be at least thirty years old, and a citizen of the United States, nor unless he shall have resided in the State or Territory at least two years next preceding his election, nor unless he shall, at the time of his election, be an elector within the judicial district for which he is elected: Provided, That at the first election, any person of the requisite age and learning, and who is an elector of the Terri. tory of Colorado, under the laws thereof, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the office of judge of the District Court of the judicial district within which he is an elector.
Sec. 17. The time of holding courts within the said districts shall be as provided by law, but at least one term of the District Court shall be held annually in each county, except in such counties as may be attached, for judicial purposes, to another county, wherein such courts are so held. This shall not be construed to prevent the holding of special terms, under such regu. lations as may be provided by law.
Sec. 18. The judges of the Supreme and District Courts shall each receive such salary as may be provided by law, and no such judge shall receive any other compensation, perquisite or emolument for or on account of his office, in any form whatever, nor act as attorney or counsellor at law.
Sec. 19. There shall be a clerk of the District Court in each county wherein a term is held, who shall be appointed by the