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Sec. 13. A majority of all the members elected to each House shall constitute a quorum to transact business, but a smaller number may “djourn from day to day, and may compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each House may prescribe.

Sec. 14. Each House shall keep a journal of its own proceedings, which shall be published, and the yeas and nays of the members of either House, on any question, shall, at the desire of any three members present, be entered on the journal.

Sec. 15. The doors of each House shall be kept open during its session, except the Senate while sitting in executive session; and neither shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which they may be holding their sessions.

Sec. 16. Any bill may originate in either House of the Legislature, and all bills passed by one may be amended in the other.

Sec. 17. Each law enacted by the Legislature shall embrace but one subject, and matter properly connected therewith, which subject shall be briefly expressed in the title; and no law shall be revised or amended by reference to its title only, but, in such case, the act as revised, or section as amended, shall be re-enacted and published at length.

Sec. 18. Every bill shall be read by sections on three several days in each House, unless, in case of emergency, twothirds of the House where such bill may be pending shall deem it expedient to dispense with this rule; but the reading of a bill by sections, on its final passage, shall in no case be dispensed with, and the vote on final passage on Gvery bill or joint resolution shall be taken by yeas and nays, to be entered on the journals of each House; and a majority of all the members elected to each House shall be necessary to pass every bill or joint resolution, and all bills or joint resolutions so passed shall be signed by the presiding officers of the respective Houses, and by the Secretary of the Senate and Clerk of the Assembly

Sec. 19. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence of appropriations made by law. An accurate statement of the receipts and expenditures of the public money shall be attached to and published with the laws at every regular session of the Legislature.

Sec. 20. The Legislature shall not pass local or special laws in any of the following enumerated cases, that is to say: Regulating the jurisdiction and duties of the justices of the peace; for the punishment of crimes and misdemeanors; regulating the practice of courts of justice; providing for changing the venue in civil and criminal cases; granting divorces; changing the names of persons, vacating roads, town plots, streets, alleys and public squares; summoning and impaneling grand and petit juries, and providing for their compensation; regulating county and township business; reg. ulating the election of county and township officers; for the assessment and collection of taxes for State, county and township purposes; providing for opening and conducting elections of State, county and township officers, and designating the places of voting; providing for the sale of real estate or per sonal property belonging to minors or other persons under legal disabilities; giving effect to invalid deeds, wills or other instruments; refunding money paid into the State treasury, or into the treasury of any county; releasing the indebtedness, liability or obligation of any corporation, association or person to the State, or to any county, town or city of this State. But nothing in this section shall be construed to deny or restrict the power of the Legislature to establish and regulate the compensation and fees of county and township officers; to establish and regulate the rates of freight, passage, toll, and charges of railroads, toll-roads, ditch, flume and tunnel companies incorporated under the laws of this State or doing business therein.

Sec. 21. In all cases enumerated in the preceding section, and in all other fases where a general law can be made applicable, all laws shall be general and of uniform operation throughout the State.

Sec. 22. Provision may be made by general law for bring. ing suit against the State, as to all liabilities originating after the adoption of this Constitution.

Sec. 23. The enacting clause of every law shall be as follows: "The people of the State of Nevada, represented in the Senate and Assembly, do enact as follows,” and no law shall be enacted except by bill.

Sec. 24. No lottery shall be authorized by this State. nor shall the sale of lottery tickets be allowed.

Sec. 25. The Legislature shall establish a system of county and township government, which shall be uniform throughout the State.

Sec. 26. The Legislature shall provide by law for county election of a board of county commissioners in each county, and such county commissioners shall, jointly and individually, perform such duties as may be prescribed by law.

Sec. 27. Laws shall be made to exclude from serving on juries all persons not qualified electors of this State, and all persons who shall have been convicted of bribery, perjury, forgery, larceny, or other high crimes, unless restored to civil rights; and laws shall be passed regulating elections, and prohibiting under adequate penalties, all undue influence thereon from power, bribery, tumult, or other improper practice.

Sec. 28. No money shall be drawn from the State treasury as salary or compensation to any officer or employe of the Legislature, or either branch thereof, except in cases where such salary or compensation has been fixed by law in force prior to the election or appointment of such officer or employe, and the salary or compensation so fixed shall neither be increased or diminished so as to apply to any officer or employe of the Legislature, or either branch thereof, at such session: Provided, That this restriction shall not apply to the first session of the Legislature.

Sec. 29. The first regular session of the Legislature under this Constitution, may extend to ninety days, but no subsequent regular session shall exceed sixty days, nor any special session convened by the Governor, exceed twenty days.

Sec. 30. A homestead, as provided by law, shall be exempt from forced sale under any process of law, and shall not be alienated without the joint consent of husband and wife, when that relation exists; but no property shall be exempt from sale for taxes or for the payment of obligations contracted for the purchase of said premises, or for the erection of improvements thereon: Provided, The provisions of this section shall not apply to any process of law obtained by virtue of a lien given by the consent of both husband and wife; and laws shall be enacted providing for the recording of such homestead within the county in which the same shall be situated.

Sec. 31. All property, both real and personal, of the wife, owned or claimed by her before marriage, and that acquired

afterward by gift, devise, or descent, shall be her separate property; and laws shall be passed more clearly defining the rights of the wife in relation, as well to her separate property as to that held in cominon with her husband. Laws shall also be passed providing for the registration of the wife's separate property.

Sec. 32. The Legislature shall have power to increase, diminish, consolidate or abolish the following county officers: County clerks, county recorders, auditors, sheriffs, district attorneys, county surveyors, public administrators, and superintendents of schools. The Legislature shall provide for their election by the people, and fix by law their duties and compensation. County clerks shall be ex officio clerks of the courts of record and of the boards of county commissioners in and for their respective counties.

Sec. 33. The members of the Legislature shall receive for their services a compensation to be fixed by law, and paid out of the public treasury; but no increase of such compensation shall take effect during the term for which the members of either House shall have been elected: Provided, That an appropriation may be made for the payment of such actual expenses as members of the Legislature may incur for postage, express charges, newspapers, and stationery, not exceeding the sum of sixty dollars for any general or special session, to each member; and furthermore provided, That the Speaker of the Assembly, and Lieutenant-Governor, as President of the Senate, shall each, during the time of their actual attendance as such presiding officers, receive an additional allowance of two dollars per diem.

Sec. 34. In all elections for United States Senators, such elections shall be held in joint convention of both Houses of the Legislature. It shall be the duty of the Legislature which convenes next preceding the expiration of the term of such Senator, to elect his successor. If a vacancy in such senatorial representation from any cause occur, it shall be the duty of the Legislature then in session, or at the succeeding session thereof, to supply the vacancy. If the Legislature shall, at any time, as herein provided, fail to unite in a joint convention within twenty days after the commencement of the session of the Legislature for the election (of) such Senator, it shall be the duty of the Governor, by proclamation, to convene the two Houses of

the Legislature in joint convention within not less than five days, nor exceeding ten days, from the publication of his proclamation; and the joint convention, when so assembled, shall proceed to elect the Senator, as herein provided.

Sec. 35. Every bill which may have passed the Legislature shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the Governor. If he approve it, he shall sign it; but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the House in which it originated, which House shall cause such objections to be entered upon its journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If, after such reconsideration, it again pass both Houses by yeas and nays, by a vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each House, it shall become a law, notwithstanding the Governor's objections. If any bill shall not be returned within five days after it shall have been presented to him (Sunday excepted), exclusive of the day on which he received it, the same shall be a law in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Legislature, by its final adjournment, prevent such return, in which case it shall be a law, unless the Governor, within ten days next after the adjournment (Sundays excepted), shall file such bill, with his objections thereto, in the office of the Secretary of State, who shall lay the same before the Legislature at its next session, in like manner as if it had been returned by the Governor; and if the same shall receive the vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of the Legislature, upon a vote taken by yeas and nays, to be entered upon the journals of each House, it shall become a law.

ARTICLE V.

Excecutive Department. Section 1. The supreme executive power of this State shall be vested in a chief magistrate, who shall be Governor of the State of Nevada.

Sec. 2. The Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors at the time and places of voting for members of the Legislature, and shall hold his office for four years from the time of his installation, and until his successor shall be qualified.

Sec. 3. No person shall be eligible to the office of Governor who is not a qualified elector, and who, at the time of such election, has not attained the age of twenty-five years, and who, except at the first election under the Constitution, shall not have been a citizen resident of this State for two years next preceding the election.

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