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ILLIAM WALSH, the son of Joseph Walsh, Esq; of Abberley in Worcestershire, was born in 1663, as appears from the account of Wood; who relates, that at the age of fifteen he became, in 1678, a gentleman commoner of Wadham college.
He left the university without a degree, and pursued his studies in London and at home; that he studied, in whatever place, is apparent from the effect; for he became, in Mr. Dryden's opinion, the best crjtifk in the nation.
He was not, however, merely a critick or a scholar. He was likewise a member of parliament and a courtier,' knight of the shire for his native county in several parliaments; in another the representative of Richmond in Yorkshire, and gentleman of the horse to Queen Anne under the duke of Somerset.
Some of his verses shew him to have been a zealous friend to the Revolution; but his political ardour did not abate his reverence or kindness for Dryden, to whom he gave a Dissertation on Virgil's Pastorals, in which, however studied, he discovers some ignorance of the laws of French versification.
In 1705, he began to correspond with Mr.
Pope, in whom he discovered very early the
power of poetry. Their letters are written
H h upon upon the pastoral comedy of the Italians, and those pastorals which Pope was then preparing to publish.
The kindnesses which are first experienced are seldom forgotten. Pope always retained a grateful memory of Walsh's notice, and mentioned him in one of his latter pieces among those that had encouraged his juvenile studies j
Granville the polite,
And knowing Walsh, would tell me I could write.
In his Essay on Criticism he had given him more splendid praise, and, in the opinion of his learned commentator, sacrificed a little of his judgement to his gratitude.
The time of his death I have not learned. It must have happened between 1707, when he wrote to Pope, and 1711, when Pope praised him in the Essay. The epitaph makes him forty-fix years old: if Wood's account be right, he died in 1709.
He is known more by his familiarity with greater men, than by any thing done or written by himself.
His works are not numerous. In prose he wrote Eugenia, a defence of women; which Dryden honoured with a Preface.
Efculapius, or the Hospital of Fools, published after his death.
A Collection of Letters and Poems, amorous and gallant, was published in the volumes called Dryden's Miscellany, and some other occasional pieces.
To his Poems and Letters is prefixed a very judicious preface upon Epistolary Composition and Amorous Poetry. In
In his Golden age rejiored, there was something of humour, when the facts were recent j but it now strikes no longer. In his imitation of Horace, the first stanzas are happily turned; and in all his writings there are pleasing passages. He has however more elegance than vigour, and seldom rises higher than to be pretty*
G A R T H.
UAMUEL G A R T tt was of a good family in Yorkshire, and from some school in his own country became a student at Peterhouse in Cambridge, where he resided till he commenced doctor of physick oil July the 7th 1691. He was examined before the College at London on March the 12th, 1691-2, and admitted fellow July 26th, 1692. He was soon so much distinguished, by his conversation and accomplishments, as to obtain very extensive practice; and^ if a pamphlet of those times may be credited, had the favour and confidence of one party, as Ratcliffe had of the other.
He is always mentioned as a mail of benevolence; and it is just to suppose that his desire of helping the helpless, disposed him to so much zeal for the Dispensary; an undertaking of which some account, however short, is proper to be given.
Whether what Temple fays be true, that physicians have had more learning than the other faculties, I will not stay to enquire; but, I believe, every man has found in physicians great liberality, and dignity of sentiment, very prompt effusion of beneficence, and willingness to exert a lucrative art, where