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ever, and the myths are told but little body and mind, and but for his infirmity changed from the original, except as to and helplessness would incite one to althe locality and language. The wit is míost hope for his "elimination.” How subtle and often brilliant, and, with the Mr. Marchmont solves the difficult probexception of an occasional lapse into lems presented in his volume of nearly coarseness, Mr. Metcalfe is very enter four hundred and fifty pages, is best taining. This quotation from "Echo and found out by the reading of it, where the

Narcissus” gives one an idea of the au patient or impatient reader will find thor's style: "Poor Echo wandered enough plot and incident to keep him through the hills day after day and night occupied until the end is reached. after night, her only companion the wild There is a sudden letting-down of the beasts and men who were engaged in author's high-strung diction toward the painting ‘S. T.--1860—X' in conspicu- close and one wishes he had written like ous and inaccessible places. She became this all through. Some passages of the as thin as the civil-service reform prom

book show careful workmanship and ises of the Republican party, and at last skill, but on the whole it is too hurried faded away entirely, so that there was and over-drawn, reminding one of a nothing left of her but voice. She should mixture of Bertha M. Clay and Archinot, on this acount, be confounded with bald C. Gunter. This defect in style is Colonel W. J. Bryan, who is afflicted in due not so much to the lack of ability the same way. Echo still lives, and today as it is to Mr: Marchmont's estimate of she may be heard among the hills, if any what the reading public demands. He one calls her. Ever true to her sex, she may have had in his mind, however, the always gets in the last word.”

singer in one of Hood's poems, who, Humor is often used to illustrate facts when remonstrated with for raising the or history, and has been found effective. roof and the neighborhood with his It is an old joke about the boy who could stentorian voice, retorted that he was not remember his Sunday school lesson, "singing for the million." but had no trouble in repeating page after page of “Mother Goose.” Even adults might forget that in common law SOME PEOPLE WE MEET. it was not permissible to try a man twice

By Charles F. Rideal. for the same offense, but when one reads The Abbey Press, New York. in the “Comic Blackstone” that it would not be right to hang a man the second

The tendency of the American pubtime for the same crime, it becomes firm

lishers of today is toward attractive and ly fixed in his memory.

artistic bookbindings, and this little The book is artistically illustrated in

book from the new firm named above is the classical style by Gibson, "Chip,

a gem in the way of elegance, with its

heavy calendered paper, clear-cut type Herford, Johnson and others.

and fine ilustrations.

The author, who, by the way, is one of THE GREATEST GIFT.

the firm as well, has here given us some By A. W. Marchmont.

character sketches of the "great meF. M. Buckles & Co., New York,

tropolis" which will be recognized as The author has opened the story with very true to life and not exaggerated in a startling tragedy, and having set the the least. “The Saleslady," "The Man pace feels bound to keep it up until near Wot' Golfs," "Mr. Levi Vindermenderthe finish. There are a succession of heimer" and "Mrs. Whirlinggay Whiz," events of such intensity of interst that are brought vividly before us and one one's breath is almost taken away in try has the impression that these types can ing to keep up with them.

be found nearer home than New York; The plot rests upon the dutiful obedi perhaps a little modified by climate and ence of the heroine, who, from a sense environment, but essentially the same. of gratitude to her uncle is about to Miss Jessie A. Walker has furnished marry her cousin, a being deformed in the drawings, which are admirable.

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Questions of the Day

This Department is for the use of our readers, and expressions limited to six hundred words, are solicited on subjects relating to any social, religious or political question. All manuscript sent in must bear the author's name, though a nom de plume will be printed if so desired. The publishers will not, of course, be understood as necessarily endorsing any of the views expressed.

THE WHEEL OF PROGRESS.

If the phenomenal speed of the wheel blemish on the fair face of liberty cf progress increases as it has in the compulsory vaccination. recent past, the revolutionary forces at The little vicious point with virus on work must needs, ere long, have made it followed the strangers who fled to our their power felt through every nerve gates for refuge from the bondage of fibre of every institution.

And dizzy their native lands, followed them on as the speed is, problematic as is its out board the steamer and across the sea, on come to our race, we can but welcome it board the cars and every where they from whatever standpoint we are dis went like, a menacing shadow of the posed to view it. The speed of progress, evils they left behind. If this is not a however, has not been one of general trace of despotism, nay more, an ignoble harmony so far. Its vantage ground it brand of slavery that tyranny is forcing nas evidently found to be in the field on free men, what is it? If the welfare of scientific discovery and of practical of the commonwealth avowedly demandinventions, while in sociology and in a ed such a sacrifice as this of individual general application of scientific truths it conscience and liberty the situation is vet comparatively sadly in the rear. would wear a less grotesque appearance. The wheel of progress has yet many a

But so far from there being a rationally turn to make before the last powers of demonstrated necessity for the legal endarkness have been made to yield up forcement of this strange rite, the fact in their strongholds, and light and truth the case is that authorities have differed and right have been lifted to the throne from the first till now as to whether vacseat of universal reign. Let progress cination is, indeed, a boon to mankind, hasten on its winged mission, then, for or whether it is not rather one of the it is a mission of mercy and of justice in greatest curses inflicted on our race in the end.

modern times. From the shores where heavy fetters After a century of heated controversy compelled their feet to walk in the nar on this point, the bone of contention is rol grooves of unjust laws and foolish present with us still. The black cloud of customs, those of independent spirit fled doubt is hanging yet over the practice of to seek a place of refuge beneath the vaccination and the questioning minority friendly outstretched wings of the of mankind that always refuses to accept American Eagle, and they sought it not as truth anything so long as it is not in vain, all but in one thing. For also proved beyond a doubt, has rallied its here, in this beloved land of freedom, forces against this practice, convinced traces of despotism are sometimes from diligent research in the disputed found. There is one phase of our field of the pernicious nature of it, and social life that, perhaps, more conspicu their avowed purpose is to rout it, root ously than any other, bears the sem and branch, from our land. It is an blance of the "Old World" despotism, earnest and strong minority, adding to and on its sinister, ignoble brow displays its forces men of scientific standing and the mark of “old time" ignorance more physicians of honest names and able glaringly than any other. This ugly brains everywhere its bugles blow. It

ers.

of

is not likely to stop its fire until the day slaughter of those who are subjected to is won, and the little vicious point with its inoculation. Pharmacal Notes" virus on it has been brought into general says: "Vaccine virus is a most delicate contempt and relegated to the region of and perishable product-in warm weathoblivion to keep company with its kin er it deteriorates very fast.” That is, it and predecessor, the pernicious practice becomes putrid, and, as such, poisonous of small-pox inoculation.

in the extreme. Jenner declared that in Inoculation of small-pox virus, previ order to be a prevention for small-pox, ous to vaccination, was brought from cow-pox had to be horse-grease cowTurkey by Lady Worthley Montagu, in pox; that is, the virus with which the 1721. But after this inoculation became cow, from which the vaccine virus was the fashion, the ravages of small-pox in obtained, was inoculated, had to be creased, often showing great virulence. virus taken from the corrupt exudations For nearly a century and a half this prac of sore horse heels. “Grease” of “farcy” tice flourished in spite of its disastrous

in the horse is in the nature of mange, effects, until in 1840 it was made a penal and is allied to "glanders.” Glanders is offence to practice it in England. In a filthy, contagious disease of the mucous 1798, Jenner invented vaccination as a membranes of the horse, and is of a substitute, for inoculation with small scrofulous character.

Horse grease pox. He made great claims for it, and sores on the cow is called cow-pox, won royalty and nobility for his support from their allied appearance to the class

That settled it in England. In ical pox in man, and the sores and genspite the

medical
profession,

eral symptoms in man, when he takes with whom Dr. Jenner did

not the disease direct from this first source, stand particularly high, vaccination be bears so strong a resemblance to those came an established practice. In gratifi- of the pox proper that even the ablest cations of the king's wish Jenner was specialists have found it all but imposawarded £30,000 out of the public purse sible to distinguish between the two. for his invention. In this wise was the It is proven conclusively that the bovine birth of the practice of vaccination race does not have pox except the disdespotic monarchy was its god-father ease be inoculated in them from a forand over-awed scared-into-acqui- eign source. Virus obtained from escence medical profession stood spon calves inoculated with small-pox virus sor as god-mother to the babe.

is liable to start epidemic outbreaks of For seventy-five years or so the arm genuine small-pox-has been known to to-arm vaccination was the mode of op do so. Virus a la the horse-grease route, eration commonly in vogue until the is liable to cause epidemic outbreaks of outcry against it became so great that zvmotic diseases of the most loathsome at last it was practically discarded and and horrible character-often does so. bovine virus, as a rule, made to take Swine-pox cow-pox, sheep-pox cow-pox its place. It is to get rid of this last and different other pox cow-pox have phase of this unspeakable abomination been tried in the search for some kind that the fortresses of vaccination are now of pox that would surely prevent smallassailed with heavy fires all along the line pox in man and do him as little harm of battle.

as possible alongside of the preventive. Virus is animal corruption. It is Whence the first source of this virus that broken-down tissue-pus.

comes from the cow at present no one has entered into the stage of putrefac has been able to discover. It is a secret tion it becomes the most deadly of poi with those who produce it. sons. To poison their arrows, the sav Tuberculosis is a scrofulous manifesages used to thrust them into dead tation. Cows have it frequently. Before bodies and the least scratch with such an a calf is chosen for the use of producing arrow was sure death. If the vaccine vaccine virus, it is subjected to the virus was not taken from the cow be tuberculin test. That is done to prove fore it reached the putrid stage, it would whether it has tuberculosis or not. If it produce wholesale and immediate does not have it before the test, it is

an

When pus

were

bound to have it after, for the tuberculin struction, and not content to lower the test consists in implanting into a living standard of his superiority by mixing his animal system the germ of tuberculosis. life-blood with the blood of created orThus vaccine virus is a mixture of scrof ders lower than his own, must needs viliula from various animal sources when it fy himself to the extent of impairing his is not something worse. Vaccine virus bodily integrity by inoculating into his is preserved in glycerin and glycerin is veins the decaved tissues of diseased a highly poisonous and detrimental arti beasts. For shame on such indignity! It cle in itself when inoculated into the an is nothing short of a beastly blot on our imal system.

humanity. Therefore, let the wheel of It is supposed that when people progress swiftly turn, let the forgotten have been made duly sick with and obscured light of the infinitely wise the inoculation of this compound poi-lygenic laws of Leviticus be focussed son and corruption, and properly dented on this masterpiece of medical and social with the scars of the sores it makes, nonsense to show its ignoble visage and then they are immune from small-pox, to teach us how to escape the ravages but a careful survey of the statistics in of a disease of a zymotic character, at the aggregate convey a very different least. It is a genuine marvel that a impression. Thus there

more practice with such a history as vaccinasmall-pox in England in 1860 than in tion has, has been able to survive the 1850, and more in 1870 than in 1860. numerous and bitter assaults that those In 1863, 1864 and 1865, after compul- who saw its fallacy have directed against sory vaccination had been introduced, it for so many decades of time. In order England, France, Germany and Sweden to understand such a measure of vitality suffered from small-pox to an unusual in a false principle it is necessary to reextent. In Upper Bavaria 1346 persons member that had the disease in its malignant form, 90

"Faith, fanatic faith once wedded fast,

To some dear falsehood, hugs it to the last.” per cent of whom had been vaccinated. In the great small-pox epidemic of 1871

As a matter of fact, when custom once

has lent authority to a practice, be that 72, the same phenomena prevailed of

practice what it may, it is almost imposthe small-pox's evident preference for vaccinated people-to prey on them.

.

sible to get rid of it again. It matters

not what the field of its propagation is, It often attacks them first when it visits a place and handles them the roughest.

or how ridiculous or how mischievous You can prove this for yourself by a

an error it may be, it is there to stay, moderate amount of unbiased investiga

unless vigorous and tireless warfare is tion. There is not space in the present

waged against it to the bitter end by

those who know its real value. article to enlarge upon any particular

For references, see Dr. Crookshank's, phase of the question. The Great Creator made man of a

Dr. Creighton's, Dr. G. W. Winter

burn's, Dr. Alexander Wilder's works on higher order than any created being be

vaccination, and the works of many othlow the heavens. But man, always busy

ers besides them. seeking out inventions for his own de

Thought.

We breathe into the Universal Ear,

When e'er we think, or utter speech,
Who hears our thoughts we may not know,
Or gauge its bounds, or utmost reach.

Thought is spirit, words its symbols,

Impotent to express the whole 'Tis the inner ear that listens

To the language of the soul.

Thought spans the ages, knows no bar,

And reaches those to whom 'tis kin, Who, hearing it, with reverence whisper,

"A heavenly voice that speaks within."

Oh, mighty power of human thought,

Embracing time, and distance far-
Truly we are the “Sons of God,"
We know not how divine we are,

Delphine Johnson.

A DEPARTMENT OF MUSICAL AND DRAMATIC CHAT. M. Rostand's new play, “L'Aiglon,” light-minded, pleasure-loving city that is pronounced by the dramatic critics in would, a few years since, have nothing Paris to be one of the greatest ever pro to do with his father, has announced his duced by a Frenchman, equal to, if not intention of coming to America in the surpassing, in power and passion the near future. Seigfried, the son of the wonderful "Cyrano de Bergerac." That great Wagner, is said by those who are was an interesting moment just before competent to pass an opinion, to be "a the curtain went up at Sara Bernhardt's musician more by the grace of persertheater on the evening of the first presen verance than that of heaven." It is tation of "L'Aiglon.” Every celebrity also predicted that he will become an in France was there, but not one in all orchestral conductor who will rank with that critical audience had the faintest no the greatest of his time. His success tion of what the play was to be, so care is really surprising when one remembers fully and well had the author guarded that he has had but five years of study the secret of its construction. And nev in music. er in the history of thiatrical productions was ere such an eager interest Calve has given out that she will nevmanifested by a mystified and expectant er again sing in America, and Mr. Grau public. “L'Aiglon,” poor little King

is wondering where he will find another of Rome, the pity and the sport of Eur

"Carmen" and another "Marguerite." ope, not in all his brief and weary life

After Emma Calve who is there among did he receive a tithe of the attention the operatic stars who would not seem and applause that greeted the great Sar- lacking? This greatest of lyric actresses, ah's presentation of Rostand's ideal who is a daughter of the people, is Duc de Reichstadt.

adored by the children of the village

near her chateau where she spends her Edmond Rostand is just thirty-one sumniers. She confesses to a fondness years of age. Honors come to some for cats, and considers them the most men early, and he is so young that the independent of created things. Calve world may well regard

does not care for jewels. Diamonds do “That which he has done, but earnest not tempt her. The perfume of the wild of the things he shall do."

verbena clings to all her belongings, but Maude Adams is to appear in a new

carnations are her favorite flowers.

* * comedy written for her by Barrie. Speaking of Barrie recalls remark

Bostonians have at last made up their made by a brilliantly clever man recent

minds to part with their long-loved

Music Hall, and the last Symphony conly, to the effect that Barrie would gie of softening of the brain sometime.

cert has been given there. "Oh; do you really think so?" I exclaimed in surprise. "I do," he replied.

What is Life? "I regard 'Sentimental Tommie' as the

A dream in the darkness of night ; first symptom of the disease.”

A look to a fanciful shore ; Maude Adams, by the way, is bidding

A wave from eternity's tide; farewell to large and reluctant audiences, Behold, and the dream is no more. as “Babbie” in “The Little Minister.”

A ship on the river of time,

Bent upward against the swift flow, Seigfried

who Wagner,

recently

But downward it floats with the tide, achieved a' múscial victory in Paris, that To sink in the ocean below.

Andrew Franzen.

*

a

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