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certo, and another song by Signor “ I Nihons, or disposing of tnem at

88

Thoughts on Monopolizing, &c. Feb. were entertained with a solo on the which all must allow to be of professed violoncello, by a performer who thew. utility. ed uncommon taste and execution on that instrument. Mr. Sheridan then Important Refle Elions, from An Enquiry delivered the celebrated elegy of Mr. into the Prices of Wheat, Mali, Gray's, in a country church-yard, &c. as sold in England from the which was followed by a second con Year 1000, to the Year 1765.

N excuse, for proGuftinelli.

The third part was ushered in by exorbitant prices, it has too frequently Mr. Sheridan's speaking Dryden's been said, that every man is at libermuch admired ode on St. Cecilia's ty to do as he likes with his own, or day, and a second song by Mrs. Jewel; to make the best advantage he can of after which, he concluded the whole his property ; if so, this surely is a nawith the following address to the la- tural, not a civil liberty, as in this dies...-He began, by telling them he the benefit of mankind is not in the had a secret to communicate to them, least consulted, but meerly and solely that demanded their most serious at. private intereft : it cannot then be tention; a secret of such a nature, as faid to be the liberty of a citizen, or would not only make them more of one who lives under the protection amiable, but secure to them a more of any community; it is rather the absolute dominion over the men : he liberty of a lavage; therefore he who at the same time observed, that avails himself thereof, deserves not though he had all the unfeeling and that protection the power of society morose part of our sex to encounter, atrords. yet in so delightful a cause, and under . A great and misplaced bounty given such fait champions, he had nothing to export corn, has made the profesiors to fear : he then explained to them of agriculture so powerful, that they this secret, which was to recommend have prosecuted every means, and emto them the frequent reading trantla ployed every art to maintain themselves tions of the antients, and the best of lo; even the land itself has notoriously our English modern authors, by which been monopolized; as much as should means their minds would be so highly find a comfortable maintenance for ten improved, as to be able to communi farmers fumiiies, has been grasped incare satisfactions, as yet almost un to the hands of one. known to our lexo.- he observed what That there is and has been a scar. a yuigar error it was to suppose wo. city, is by ali a lowed; but what fort nien had not as Itrong intellects and of scarcity mult that be? or where is powers as the men ; that, for his part, the propriety to say, exorbilant prices he thought they poilelicd more, having are become necellary, to enable the generally better memories, quicker farmer to pay his rent? when, beside conceptions, and a greater volubility the many barns full, and many ricks of tongue; the last, he said, was too ftanding, corn of two and three years proverbial to need insisting on; why old, appear publickly for sale in marThen should there faculties be buried kets. in domeftic drudgery? He concluded, Monopoly is an epidemical distemby observing the good effect this prac- per, it has produced an infinite numtice would have on nen, by making ber of agents, corn-jobbers, meal-men, them afhalved of their own ignorance, &c. &c. persons who neither grew and necesarily exciting them to a lau. corn themselves, nor in any thape dable emulation.... Thus ended this manufactured it; but whose whole new species of entertainment, which study, and whole whole profits dewe have given without a comment, pended on employing every art to and as literally as we could, that the raise the price of it: nor did they public may be their own judges..- llop here, many of them became the

Thus much we must, however, oh. proprietors of every conveyance to ciServe, that Mr. Sheridan has taken a ties, towns, and markets; as a means great deal of laudable pains, and shewn to supply, or starve them at pleasure, an examplary generosity, in endea as ic best suited their lucrative Youring to establish an institution, views.

The

or

publick wrong."

1769.
Provisions against it.

99 The fewer persons there are, bé. of the tongue to the palate : care tween the grower of provisions and should be taken to depress it, by introthe consumer, less profits will be re ducing a finger, or spatula, into the quifite, and there will be fewer frauds; mouth for that purpose: if this me. to this end markets were inftituted; thod succeed not, the air Mould be the farmer's attendance there, is a mae blown for fome sime, by a by.ftander, terial part of his duty; he should not into the mouth of the child : pinching be suffered to secrete or to dispose of its nose close at the same time, to prehis goods elsewhere : what general vent its return thereby, instead of ingood end the meal-man's bulinefs has flating the lungs: this method is in answered, has hitherto been undisco. general so successful, where there are vered; the bad effects thereof have ang remains of life, that it is seldom frequently and publickly appeared. any others are of use, if this method

One profeffion is sufficient for one does not succeed : as it is fimple allo, perfon, such as engage in more, in- it is in the power of any one to put it croach on their neighbonrs province: in execution. whatever excuse is brought, to palliate The dress of a new-born child canthis, will not prevent its being the not be too simple, or the bandages too means to lessen the number of families fack, if they barely press the body. It in the kingdom; though it may be a is a barbarous custom, to make living private benefit, yet certainly it is a mummies of them, the moment they

are born, by closely confining their " The limits at which the bounty legs and arms, and depriving them for exportation is granted, mould not even of that liberty, which they enbe determined by the price of corn at joyed in the womb : whoever has seen one or two ports, or markets only, as a child undressed, and delivered from this might be sending abroad the pro- such barbarous incumbrances, must vilions raised in one part of the king- with pleasure have sympathised with dom to the detriment of the other; it, in the full enjoyinent of its natuLondon, Lincoln, Derby, York, Mané ral powers thus unrestrained, and ac chefer, Coventry, Gloucefter, Win- ease. chetter, and Exeter ; thould jointly,

But besides the mischief arising and at the same time acknowledge from the weight, and heat of the usual the fitness and propriety of exporta. [wadling clothes, which all together tion.

are almost equal to the child's own Markets fhonid be appointed by pa- weight; the bowels are injured by tent, and all corn should be sold there their pressure; the circulation restraina openly, accompling to law; proper ed by the compression of any one part, clerks or officers mould attend, and produces unnatural swellings in tome fee what there is exposed to sale, whe- Other; and doubtless, the many dirther corn, malt, or any other grain, tortions, and deformities we that it be wholesome, well manufac with fo frequently, are owing to this turer', and of fit use for the publick; cause. Nature, exact nature, lias not the statutes relative to the uniformity produced her chief work, a human of weights and measures, and those creature, so carelessly unfinished, ros regulating the business and conduct of want such idle aid, as these, to make millers,

or mealnien, should be itrict. her perfect. ly complied witli; and it mighe be The following dress u'onli be suffie necessary to register the several prices, cient. A littie Aannel waitcoat with the buyers and sellers names, and for our sleeves, inade fit to the boily, and atat intent purchased."

tied loosely behind; to which there

pould be a petticoat lewed, and over of the proper Management of young chil. this a kind of gown of the fame ma. drer. From A Compendium of Phy- terial, or any other, that is right, thin, fic and Surgery, lately published. and Aimsey: The petticoat fiould not Weither a cries

, or Greatnes

, HEN a child is horn, and he quite so long as the chill, the gown

a few inches longer, with one cap on. proper means should be made use of, ly on the head, which may be made to giye the air a free paliage to the double, if it be thought not warm hings; and this is fometimes prevent enoughi

, Shoes and stockings are ed by too close an adhelion of the root needless incumbrancer, behides, eley

Set?

meet

6

Feb: 1769.

M

go
PROPER MANAGEMENT

Feb. keep the legs wet and nasty, and of should be added to this fimple mess; ten cramp and hurt the feet, nor can nor heating seeds, or leaves, under a be neceflary, 'till the child is able to notion of breaking the wind; they are run in the dirt. There should be a what luxury only has introduced, 10 thin flannel shirt for the night, which the destruction of the health of manought to be every way quite loose. kind. In such a simple, pleasant dress, which After three months, the child's diet may easily be put on and off, children should be partly animal; as a to:al ve. would find themselves perfectly easy getable one of milk and bread, or birand happy, enjoying the free use of cuit, is apt to produce acidities in their limbs and faculties, when thus their stomachs and bowels; a thin light left at liberty: this dress might be brotlı, or beef tea, therefore, may be contrived to be tied on, so that a fin- given once a day with bread, or rice gle pin need not be made use of. boiled in it, (which last is not lo aces.

In order to strengthen, and invigo- cent as any other meal or flour) and rate the bodies of young children, once with the milk prepared as above. they should be wathed, some few days No paftry, custards, puddings, &c. after their birth, with cold water, in prepared with unfermented flour, the ftate it is brought from the spring; and eggs, should be given to infants; and to confirm this habit, they thould much less should animal food of any be regularly washed every day, in kind, 'till they have teeth to chew it: every season, and every sort of wea- though about the age of fix months, ther; and in the fine warm season, many injudiciously indulge them they should be plunged into a large with minced chicken, and other light tub of water, as is the practice in animal food ; which they ought not many countries.

to touch, 'till nature has given them We should be careful not to cram teeth to chew it. theni too much, nor conclude that all A due regard flould be had to their their cries are the effect of hunger : bread, that it be nat sophisticated with those who overload them with vic- alum, or other tricks of the haker ; tuals, are guilty of great error; hap- for the salubrity of this neceflary and pily for the child, one half of it is common viand depends on the breakfrequently rejected, the stomach not ing, and attenuating the tenacious being able to bear the oppressive load; particles of the four, by a due ferhence the observation of nurses, that inentation with the yeaft: for which the puking child thrives beft; i. e. reason, rouls may be preferred to houlbecause it has less to digest. The fto hold bread. mach, when over-distended, suffers in As the general cause of most dir. its force and functions, and becomes eases of infants, is manifeftly from less liable to digest properly : the ex the aceicent quality of their food; lo cels of the food last received, impairs when acidity prevails, milk, bread, the concoction of the quantity, that and everything vegetable, ex: was really necessary; whichi, being cept rice-gruel, mould be abitained badly digested, is so far from yielding from; and fea biscuit, fmall ani. any nourishment to the infapt, that mal brothis,

beef tea,

decoctions, it weakens it, and proves a source of and jeilies of hasthorn, should be subdileales, and concu's to produce ob. fticused in their room.

Itructions, rickets, &c. by sending Children should be daily rubbed, orude chyle into the blood.

and exercised as much as they can The food of a child hould be bear, after they are some weeks old; plain, finple and fresh made; for that sort of motion they receive afterthe first three months, it thould be wards in go-carts, or other vehicles light, and easy of digestion ; prepared contrived for their uie, is more benechiefly of good bread, sea biscuit boil. ficial to them, than what they have ed in water; to which fresh milk may from their wurle's arms, because they be added, (when the child don't fuck) are in a better aturude in the former, but not boiled; for by boiling this and it heats them less in summer, finer parts of the miik are evaporated, which is a circumstance of no imali and the remainder left vilcid, and importance to them; conáderable leis fit for digestion.

heat and sweat disposing them to be Neither fugar, Spice, or wine, ricketty

Infants

1769.
OF YOUNG CHILDREN.

91 Infants are by no means more sub- ' To the Rev. Dr. Noro-d. ject to death and disease than grown SIR, persons ; on the contrary, the bear I Maken the liberty to ftyle K. Charles pain, and distempers, much better ; their blood and juices are sweeter, and the Firít, the best of kings: not contiless contaminated of course ; they are dering, I suppose, that by giving naturally warmer, as appears by the him this character you detracto from thermometer, and would bear the your own, and by thus magnifying him, cold of a winter's night much better leljen yourself. For thus you, in effect, than any adult person whatever. declare, that you are unacquainted There are many initances, both an with the history of his reign-or else tient and modern, of infants exposed -are a friend to arbitrary and defpoand deserted, that have lived several tick principles and measures, and have days; which ought to convince us, not yet learned to distinguish between that nature has made children able to kings and tyrants. Of the justness and bear even great hardships, before they truth of the character, those will judge, are made weak and fickly by their mil. who peruse the account of his contaken nurses.

duct given by faithful historians, and In all other productions of nature, observe how the man behaved in his we see the greatest vigour, and luxu-, regal capacity: - I can be allowed here riancy of health, the nearer they are but a few brief hints, which may suf. to the egg, or bud; they are indeed fice. the most fenfible of injuries, and it is And was be indeed the best of kings? injury only that destroys them. When -Who, that he might have a helpwas there a lamb, a bird, or a tree meet in governing a protesiant nation, tbat died because it was young ? These chose to marry a bigotted papist, by are under the immediate nurting of un- whom he was absolutely governed; erring nature, and they thrive accord. “ who (Tays Lord Clarendon) obtainingly. Let it therefore be our care ed a plenitude of power over him ; to protect the human nurllings from who had her in perfect adoration, and igjury; let us treat them with the fim- would do nothing without ber; but plicity of nature; and let not our of- was inexorable to every thing be proficious services be the greatest injuries mised her."..“ Who (lays another hif. the helpless creatures can suffer. torian) was full of that spirit, which

Among the lower clals of mankind, warms the blood of absolute monarchs, especialiy in the country, health and and as such looked on a limited authopofterity are the portion of the labo. rity, as no better than servitude, and rious peasant and his offspring : the therefore made the utmost efforts to want .of superfiuity confines them rescue the king her husband froin unwithin the limits of nature : hence der all restriction of latus, oaths, &c." they enjoy blessings they feel not, and Was be the best of kings? .." Whore are ignorant of their cause. The whole reign (lays an eminent writer) Trother who has only a few rags to co. was one continued act against the ver her child loosely, and litile more. laws--- wlio disolved his first parliathan her own brealt to feed it, sees it ment for presuming to enquire into healthy and strong, and very foon his father's death. Who entered at able to thift for ittelf: while the puny the same time into a war with France infect, the heir, and hope of a rich and Spain upon the private piques of family, lies languithing under a load Buckingham, and managed them to of finery, that overpowers his limbs; the eternal dishonour and reproach of abhorring and rejecting the dainties the English nation : Witness the ridis be is crammed with, 'till he dies a culous enterprizes upon Cadiz and the victim to the mistaken care and ten- isle of Rhee.” derness of his fond mother.”

The best of kings Ico" Who delivered

Pennington's feet into the French To the AUTHOR of the LONDON hands, betrayed the Rochellers, and MAGAZINE.

suffered the protestant interest in France SIR,

Feb. 4, 1769.

to be quite extirpated. Who raised E so good as to give a fresh proof loans and excise, coat

and conduct of your impartiality, by inserting money, tonnage and poundage, knightin your valuable collection the follow- hood and ship-money without authority ing letter.

M 2

B В

92
A JUST RE BUK E

Feb. of parliament. Who imposed new reduce the rebels, six months under oaths on the subjects to discover the the walls of Chelter ; by his eniring value of their eftates, imprisoned great into a treaty with them after he had numbers of the most considerable gen- engaged his faith to the parliament to try and merchants for not paying his the contrary, and bringing over maarbitrary taxes ; sending some beyond ny thousands of them to fight againk fea, and prefing the poorer sort for his people." foldiers, whom he kept on free quar Tbe best of kings !---- Who, in 1627, ters, and executed martial law !" sent over 30000 l. to raise 3000 Ger.

The best of kings !" Who granted man horse to force his illegal taxes. monopolies without number, and broke. Who, in the 15th year of his reign, the bounds of the forefis. Who cre. gave a commiflion to Stratford to raife ated arbitrary courts and inlarged 8000 Irishi to be brougbt into England, Others, as the bigh commission.court, wbere he foon after raised an army to Mar-chamber-court, court of honour, court oppose the Scots (in arms for the like of requefi, &c. wherein unspeakable ope oppressions) and tampered with them prestions were committed. Who com to march to London, and diffolve nuanded the earl of Bristol and bifhop the parliament. Who went to Scotof Lincoln not to come to parliament: land and endeavoured to prevail withi committed and prosecuted a great them to invade England. Who, when many of the most eminent members of he returned to London, picked 3 or the house of commons for what they did 400 dissolute fellows out of the tathere ; some for no caufe at all, and verns, gaming and brothel bouks, kepe would not let them have the benefit. a table for them, and with this guodof the babeas corpus :' (uspended and ly guard all armed, entered the House contined Archbiinop Abbot, because Oj Conamens, sat down in the speaker's he would not license a sermon that chair, demanding the delivery of five. aserted despotick power. Who fup- nembers; which to enraged the houle, ported all his arbitrary minister's that they chofe a guard to deíend against the parliament; telling them, themselves againk future insults." ; he wondered at the foolish impudence of I mall add no more..-- It is endless only one, to think he would part with the (says the writer before-mentioned) to meanet of bis servants npon tbeir ac enumerate all the oppreilions of his count : And indeed in his speeches, or reign: bis reign, which (lays Biliop rather menaus, treated their like his Burnet) « both in peace and war pontmen, calling thein undutinel, fedin was a continual series of errors." But, trous, and wipers."

notwithltending all, he was, it seems, The best of kings !...Who incouraged, tbe best of kings!Who could have by his example, and by his authority thoughe it, if you, reverend for, had commanded, revels and plays, and all not affirmed it? It is quite incompremanner of recreations and sports on hensible! It is as incredible almost as the Lord's day; and silenced, deprived, transubstantiation itself! It is Atrange and subjected to extreme sufferings, to the last degree! that so good a king, hundreds of pious minifters for not the very best of kings, should, through publishing from their pulpits this com a long course of

years,

act founrighmard of the king, to break the command teous and tyrannical a part as he niaof God. Who brought unbeard-of in- nifestly did! But, are you sure (good povations into the church, preferred doctor) that he was so incomparably men of despotick principles and in- excellent as you represent him ? Pofliclinable to popery, Who dilpenled bly you are mistaken. Many of our with the laws against papists, and both readers, I doubt not, will think you encouraged and preferred them. Who are ; and that you have passed a coarse called no parliainent for twelve years compliment on all other crowned heads, together, and in that time governed as it none of them are as good as be. arbitrarily as the grand fignor. Who They may be apt to think too that it abetted the Iriin majacre, as appeared is not a barmlejš mistake, but may be by their producing a commission under productive of much mischief, and atthe great seal of Scotland ; by the let- ended with very pernicious conse. rer of Charles II. in favour of the mar- quence. For how certain foever it is, quis of Antrim; by topping the luc- that our present molt gracious fovereiga cuuis which the parliament sent to (whom God long prelerve) cannot be

influenced

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