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1569. Account of the Encyclopedia.

73 Infance of tbe wretched State to zwhich would not permit bim to accept. The England was reduced at the Time of Chevalier Jaucourt, of a family on the Reformation. From Lewis's Pa. which he himself reflects a luftre, both triot King, &c.

by his vast ttore of knowledge, and by

his virtues, joined with these two men "THOMAS Freburn's wife of of literature, and signaliled himself by "TH

Pater-nofter-Row, London, an indefatigable labor. longed for pig. Fisher, a butter wo They were alliited by the count of man, brought him a pig ready for the Heronville, lieutenant-general to the spit

, but carried a foot of it to Dr. king of France, profound!y verled in Cocks, dean of Canterbury, whilst at all the arts which are included in, or dinner. One of the dean's guests was have affinity to, your great art of war; Garter king at arms, Freburn's land- they had also the aid of the count of lord, who ient to know if any of his Treffan, another lieutenant-general, family were ill, that he eat fleth in whole various merits are universally Lent. All well, quoth Frebuin, on- acknowledged; and of Monsieur de y my wife longs for pig. His land. St. Lambert, who, making better lord sends for the bishop of London's verses than Chapelle, has withal not apparitor, and orders him to take Fre- gone the less deep into whatever relares burn and his pig before Stocklly the to arms. There are other general ofbishop. Stocknly sends bion and his ficers who have furnished excellent me. pig to judge Cholmly, who not being morials on tactics. at home, he and the pig were brought This dictionary was also enriched, back to the bishop, who committed by able engineers, with every thing them both to the Compter. Next day, concerning the attack and defence of being Saturday, he was carried before places. Presidents and counsellors of the lord-mayor, who laid on Monday parliament have furnished several artinext he should stand in the pillory, cles on the civil law. In short, there with one half of the pig on one is no science, no art, no profesiion of houlder, the other half on the other. which the greatest masters have not The wife desired she might suffer as emulously contributed to make this the pig was on her account. A string dictionary a valuable work. It is on was put through it, and it was hung earth the first, and perhaps the last about his neck, which he thus carried example of such a considerable number to the Compter again. Through of men of superior worth, eagerly conCromwell's intercession, the poor man curring, without interest, without any at last gained his liberty, by a bond of private view, not even that of reputatwenty pounds for his appearance. tion, (for some have concealed themThis mischief-making pig, was by or. selves) to form that immortal deposite der of the right reverend father in God of the treasures of human knowledge the bilhop of London, buried in Finf. and understanding. hury.field, by the hands of his lord This work was under the auspices, ship's apparitor. And Freburn was by and under the eyes of the Count D'Arhis landlord turned out of his house, and genfon, a minister of Atate, capable of could not get another in four years." understanding it, and worthy of pro

testing it. The porch of this prodi. Voltare's Account of the Encyclopedia: gious edifice is a preliminary discourse, From bis Letters to the Prince of composed by Monsieur D'Alemhert. lately ironfiated.

I dare aver, that this discourse, which YOU

ou ask me fome particulars received the applause of all Europe, ap.

of the Encyclopedia ; I obey peared superior to the method of Dera your orders: This immense project cartes, and equal to the best of the illora was conceived by M fleurs Diderot trious Chancellor Bacon's writings on and D'Alembert, two philosophers, this subject. If in the body of the dic. who do honour to France: one of them tionary it felf there are some frivolous has been distinguished by marks of ge. articles, and others that favor noe nerosity from the empreis of Rullia; of the declaimer than of the philolo. the other by the refull of a splendiú pher; this fault is abundantly repaired fortune offered him by that empress, by the prodigious quantity of profound but. hich that very philosophy of bis and uteful articles. The ediccrz cod Feb. 1963,


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Letter from a noble Lord

Feb. not well refuse certain young adven- ed that Abraham Chaumeix had any turers, who had a inind to exhibit, the least acquaintance with them. The in this collection, their productions, cries of some, poffeffed with a spirit of in company with the master-pieces malignancy, joined with those of this of great men. An over-politeness senseless wretch, excited a persecution was the cause of great injury to this that lasted but too long; yet, what work; it is the saloon of Apollo, in came of it at length? That happened which'indifferent painters have some which happened to found philosophy, times mixed their paintings with those to the emetic, to the circulation of of a Vanloo, and a Lemoine. But the blood, to inoculation : All these your highness will, doubtless, have ob were for a time proscribed, and have served, that this collection is precisely at length triumphed over ignorance, the reverse of other collections ; that stupidity, and envy; the dictionary is to say, that the good is greatly pre- of the Encyclopedia, notwithstanding dominant over the bad.

its faults, still sublists, and Abraham You will easily think that, in fuch Chaumeix is gone to hide his rage at a town as Paris, fuller as it is of men Moscow. It is said the empress has of literature than ever were Athens compelled him to good manners; if so, and Rome, those who were not ad- it is one of the prodigies of her reign." mitted into this important undertak. ing, set themselves against it. The A Genuine Letter from a Noble Lord to Jesuits began; they had wanted to be

a R. R. Prelate. employed on the articles of theology, My Lord,

*****, June 15, 1754. and had been refused.

This was enough for them to accuse the Ency

WAS yesterday informed that I

your lordship had laid your comclopedists of irreligion; that was a mands upon Mr. *******•, the vicar thing of course. The Jansenists, see- of this parilh, to repair to his living ; ing that their rivals had sounded the your lordship, it seems, being no lonalarm, did not remain quiet. They ger disposed to dispensé with his nonwere in some measure engaged to residence. The vicar and his friends thew more zeal, than those whom they give out, that this order is occasioned had so much reproached for their ealy by a vote the vicar gave at a late morality.

election contrary to your lord thip’s As the Jesuits exclaimed against the judgment. impiety of the work, the Jansenists I do not pay the least regard to this howled at it. There happened to be representation, nor have 7 any fufpia convulsionary, or convulfionist, one cion that your lordship was determin. called Abraham Chaumeix, who lodg- ed in this matter by any other confied an accusation in form, intitled, Pre- deration than a pious concern for the jugés legitimes contre L'Enciclopedie, or, good of the parishioners. And on Juit prejudices against the Enclyclope. that account, I make myself sure your dia, of which the first volume bad lordship will no longer insist upon Mr. scarce appeared : It was a strange af. ********'s residence with us, after semblage this of the word prejudice your lordship is informed that it is likewhich properly signifies illusion; and ly to have a contrary effect. the word just, which belongs only to In short, my lord, the parishioners what is reasonable. He carried; hou of ****** desire to see no more of their ever, his most unjust prejudices so far present vicar than they usually do, as to say, that if the poison did not which is for about a fortnight or three appear in the first volume, it would, weeks annually in partridge time. doubtless, be perceived in the follow. They are a serious good fort of people, ing ones; whicis was as much as to and the diligence, fobriety, good render the Encyclopedists guilty not sense, and humanity of their present of what they had said, but of what curate, are highly acceptable and edi. they would say.

fying to them. This worthy man As witnefles are neceflary in a cri- mult of course be dismified if the vi. minal process, he produced St. Au car comes to reside, and the people guitin and Cicero ; and there witnelles think they lhall be no gainers by the were fo much the more unexception exchange. able, for that it could not be suspect We acknowledge, my lord, that

To a Right Rev. Prelare.

75 Mr. ******** has his accomplishinents. motion, upon a plainer and more inHe is a polite gentleman, plays a good telligible argument of my own, taken fiddle, dances gracefully, knows whilk from the inconvenience of confining perfectly, is no contemptible markf- ' numbers of the more opulent and man at a partridge, or a woodcock, fashionable clergy to their respective of an excellent talte, and exquisite cures; with tlieir intriguing, ambijudgment on the merit of claret and tious, fecular, and sensual spirit about port, and by the strength of his head, them. I thought then, and I conis able to carry off his full share of ei- tinue still to think, that they would ther, always with decency, and not be very bad examples to the people, feldom with glory. But the misfortune and do more harm by their practice, is, that the poor people of his parish than they would do good by their inbave no opportunities of fitting under structions. I expresied my opinion, bis ministry, when and where he is that where a man's conscience would displaying these admirable talents; not dispose him to take the care of his and when it comes to their turn to parish personally upon himself, he profit by his pastoral gifts, it is an must have some very unclerical qualiuniversal complaint, that their atten- ties, which it could not be expedient tion cannot keep pace with his expe- for his people to imitate. I have dition, in reading the lessons and ihe known resident clerks, and so perhaps prayers, and that their capacities can has your lordship, who have greatly not fathom the depth of his disserta. contributed to corrupt their parishiontions on the idea of Deity, Eternal Re. ers, by their unedifying conversation, lations, or the Dignity of the Church; and the influence their superior fortune which last point he always contrives to gave them. It is true, a curate may touch upon either in the exordium or be vicious and disorderly as well as a peroration of his discourse.

rector or vicar; but their bad examWhen the vicar is with us, the cu- ple seldom does any very extensive rate migrates to his master's other liv- mischief. Their scanty ftipend, and ing, above fifty miles off, (though cer- subordination to their principal, pretified, by the 'bye, to be only thirty) vent their rising to any great degree and whatever occasional duties are of estimation, except what they purwanted in the interval, the parishioners chase by a virtuous conduct, and an are, for the most part, obliged to have attention to their duty; and a poor recourse to a neighbouring clergyman, scoundrel may always lay his account as the ricar’s engagements are not tó with being contemptible. But this is be broken by such trifling avocations. a subject which, being capable of so

Some little time before your lord. clear illustration from facts, there is no thip’s promotion to the episcopal bench, occasion to enlarge upon. And I have a motion was made in our house for now only to request your lordship to a bill to compel the incumbents of be. consider me as the amanuensis of my nefices yielding 1501. per ann, or up. well-meaning neighbours, save only, wards, clear of reprisals, to constant that being interested in the success of refidence. The bench were in general their application as a parishioner, I against the motion, on account of the most beartily join in their request; discouragement this would be to learn, and am, my lord, your lośdship's most ing, (as the motion was in effect de. obedient servant, figned to exclude pluralities) and the hardship it would be on men of superior parts, to be confined to the per- To the AUTHOR of the LONDON formance of the ordinary parocbial du

MAGAZINE. ty, which might be discharged by cu

SIR, rates of much inferior qualifications ; The Portrait of a late mifebievous Poliand to these were added an argument taken from the obligation there was

tician; copied by Ludlow. upon the ftate to protect the church Areputable Magazine a copied

to in ber rights and privileges.

I did not, I own, comprehend the portrait of a political adventurer, that force of this reafoning, but, however, has done more apparent mischief to I fruck in with the party against the Britain, than has been done by all her

K 2


Portrait of a modern Politician.

Feb, other enemies since the signing of the the public administration! The igno. last treaty of peace with the Bourbon rance of just political principles is glar. family. I thall give it you in the words ing! “ Since to preserve the freedom of an able writer, who thus describes of Britons, it is necessary that all parts his political operations: “ our great and persons of good citizens throughpolitical adventurer, when in the wan out the en pire be free : Freedom be. tonness of his power, and poverty of ing the common right of all, and the his understanding, he undertook the integrity of it once broken, the torrent reformation of British America, with of power will overflow and deluge the the British and American commerce, system. « For, said Addison, if lic and multiplied his ins positions, restric berty only spreads among particular tions, and regulations, subjecting the branches, there had better be none at whole to military execution, in former all; since such partial liberty only times deemed by the wise fit only for aggravates the misfortunes of those commercial destruction, together with deprived of it.” And even a Claren. his memorable taxation to the enforce don could say, that the chearfulness of ment of such unconstitucional, ftrange, submission is the sirength of it. and unnatural judicatures as the earth When, upon a discontent of one of before never saw, might as well, I the colonies, occafioned by a right to conceive, have formed a scheme to certain lands which lay within it, and take the tools out of the hands of a Lord Granville was urged to subdue confiderable part of the manufacturer's by military force; he wisely replied, of Birmingham and Leeds, as bis de “ he had no notion of instructing the vices directly tended to distress the king's subjects in their allegiance with principal trading colonies, and take great and small shut.”... Common sense from them their little money wanted would teach men who fought the pubto drive about the wheels of trade ne. lic good, that population, riches, true cessary to the manufactures and com Jeligion, virtue, magnanimity, arts, merce of this kingdonn. I do not be- fciences and learning, are all of them lieve that at making the peace he foul- the produce of libert;." ed his fingers, trcogh some others But befides a deplorable want of just will never be able to make their's clean; concern for public good, the most brit he was as solicitous to eniorce in shameful ingratitude and insolent out. effect the laws made againk British rage is committed on the American commerce by our late enemies, as if he colonies, by putting them under the had been paid for it. By one Itroke furly brow of a military force, in orof his policy he made a present to the der to enforce oppressive measures, French and Dutch of a branch of the " when thele very colonies have in British commerce, whose annual profit, the course of several years by their without reckoning other advantages, imports annually paid a million of our was 200000!. and his whole refined public carges, 30 per cent. upon the 1:afyltem may be reduced to the few ar. facturer's

ey's price, and 40 per cent. upor ticles of impoverishment, embarralment, an average more than they should have opprebion and conjufion! But all that paid for the like imports from other nahis heen or can be laid of him in there iions t."--- Mark this. or other relpects fails far short of his It is not possible we

can do less attempt to subject the worthy families than conclude a detestable scheme, in America to have soldiers quartered either of dej potism or of subversion, at upon them, whereby they must pay so the bottom of such political manæu. dear for their infamous thackles. Truth vres, which are big with such mani. will sooner or later swim upperinoft, fest mischiefs to the British constitution. and they who laboured to support him But with asurance we can add, "it in this attempt, do, I hope, expect to was ever a great dishonour, as well as be transmitted to pofterity in their injury to a free people, to be subject proper colours,"

to the domination of the favourites This is a very characteristic draw. of princes; but what is still worse, ing, by a masterly band. How dan. some men would have them subject to gerous mult it be to have such a mif- the domination of the favourites of Chievous mind and heart employed in their fellow subjects."...Shocking

idea! * See Continued corruption, fianding crmies, and popular discontents considered, pa 740 75

+ Ibid. p. 73.

W , so

1769. On the Fourth of the Tbirty-nine Articles. 77 idea! Men in power, are men who no more a natural, but a spiritual bo. are seeking their own things. They dy-all which appears to me as ex. bare no liberal minds that would sa presly to contradict the affertion in crifice their private views to the pub. The article, as it is pollible for words lic weal. And some, we have reason to do--The bishop indeed, after he to fear, are so far under the influence has said that it seems to him probaof the common enemy, as to be ready ble (from what St. Paul says, that to bind Britannia in Gallic chains, flesh and blood cannot inherit the and lay her bleeding upon the altar, kingdom of God) that Christ's body erected by the prieits of Rome and has no more the modifications of Aeth Hell !

and blood, and that the glory of LUDLOW, the celestial body is of another nature

and texture than that of the terreftrial, To tbe AUTHOR of the LONDON immediately adds, that it is easily imaMAGAZINE,

gined how this may be, and yet the SIR,

body be numerically the same -- where, HEN I read your Magazine sure we cannot suppole the bishop to the city miniiter's answer to the coun. no more modifications of flen' and try curate, in regard to the fourth blood, yet that it still has the modifiof the tbirty-nine articles, attracted cations of flesh and blood; and that my particular notice--the city mi- though the glory of the celestial body nilter there appears to me far enough is of another nature and texture than from having cieared up the truth of that of the terrestrial, yet that it is the article, or having thewn it’s confif- of the faine nature and texture with tency with scripture-In the article it that of the terreitrial--- If this then be is exprelly asserted, that Christ al- not his meaning, let the world judge cended into Heaven with flesh and whether the bishop and city minister tones

. In the scripture, that felh do not both in fact throw up the afand blood cannot inherit the kingdom sertion in dispute... On the whole of God — Bishop Burnet, to whom therefore I leave the city minister the city minister refers the curate, in- himself to reconcile those concessions Head of vindicating the assertion in of his and the bishop's with the artithe article, says, that it seems proba. cle at his leisure. Ele from St. Paul's words (1 Cor. xv. 59) that Christ's body has no niore the Adulrefs to the Well-wishers of the Church modifications of fleth and blood, and

of England. that the celestial body is of another na

SIRS, ture and texture than that of the ter

I Fenders of the contentional keep puelelf says, that it does not appear to ting out what they call aniwers to him at all reasonable to fuppofe, that the attacks made thereon, unless they any thing would remain in the ascend. could fatisfactorily answer the grand ed body of Christ, which had the na- objection; that it is no less than the fure of ficfh and hlood. Nay, he says,

entire subversion of the established this is hizbly improbable, and appears

church that he drives at. Whilst this to him, tor reasons he there mentions, is seen to be the case, all their soimpollibie

. And again afterwards tó phistry and misrepresentation and art, the same purpose he says; it is to be can never recommend him to any but Concluded that the body, he (Christ)

the enemies thereof. And in vain is carried up into heaven with him, was

it to attempt to deny it; both his † op

posers * Unless they reason with Hudibras,

It needs not cost one dram of sense,
B:lt pertinacicus impudence.
" Our confiancy to our principles
66 In time will wear out all things elje :
Like marble flatues rub'd in pieces
With gallantry of pilgrims kiljes..

Part III. Cant. II. Lin. 985. t Dr, G. R. in his frin letter, 8.6 observes jufily of him, " your friends are desirous


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