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68 The History of the last Sellion of Parliament. Feb.

It is very well known, that no mi- king his fortune, he married, and be. nister can long hold the reins of go became one of the most honourable of vernment in this kingdon without a the effendis. majority of voices in the house of I was the first and favourite off. commons; if his measures are not Spring of tilis union : and as my father fupported in that august ailembly, he took peculiar delight in my educaa: mutt toon, like another Phaeton, tum tion, and retained a kind of natural ble from the chariot of power, and prepoflellion in favour of England, poffibly, like the son of Apollo, may and Englith manners; all my Isljus perish in the flime which his impru- of instruction, my ideas of whatever dence has raised in this kingdom. was great or amiable, will reverted to As this is the case, it must of course one and the same point-.-England... follow, that had ministers, when they the cen:er, the scene of refinement and wanted the ability of bribing, would felicity. soon be compelled to a resignation. With these impressions, you cannot In the prefent conrle of things they wonder, that on the deceale of my find it extremely difficult to reward father and mother, and ibe happy the various inftruments who promise establishment of two liiters, i fougat to labour for seven years together in this valued thore, will luch hopes, their service, and we have frequently and lucir expectations, as can be much seen there instruments commencing better conceived than deicribed. patriots from the incapacity of admi. Think, fir, of a man transported niltration to comply with' their de- from a land, where the most beautiful mands. Were our elections therefore part of the species are vejled, and intriennial, the whole revenues of the acceslible, dilembarking on the Brination would be insufficient to support tith coift --yet thall I confess to you, an arbitrary demagogue in place; his that cullom so far prevailed, that ! band of pensioners would scarcely re was rather shocked at the bold and ceive orders to perform a single job, inquisitive countenances by which I before he wculú be reduced to a ne was furrounded, on my arrival at a ceffity of engaging a new let, and the house of public accommodatios. new let would scarcely be trained, with Communicating my diliatisfaction to any Dare of generalship, before they a friend, it was however foon oblitewould be wholly without authority: rated :-- ftrict decency or decorum sel.

What wouid the coniequence be? dom extends to the lowest class of inwhy simply this; that bad minifters dividuals, and my delire of conversing finding there was nothing to be got, with the more accomplished, was rawould speedily deliver up their offices; ther increased than diminished by the and such men would only he appoint- incident. ed 10 conduct the great bulineis of the When I had naturalized my dress, Itaie, who could maintain their intiu- and in some degree recovered the saence by the reciitude of their actions. figue of travelling, I was introduced [to be continued in our next.! to a polite private afembly at the west

end of the town. To the AUTHOR of the LONDON My father had made me a complete MAGAZINE.

master of the English language, con

fequently I was secure from the errors OR a foreigner to arraign the of falle comprehenfion, and the auk. will; I fear, be deemed the highest but a constraint insensibly ran through prefumption : but, if you will please my whole behaviour, on discovering to peruse the charge, you will find it that wives, widows, and virgins, were dictated by realon, not prejudice, for indiscriminately addreffed by all that reezon can never approve, what oticency approached them : nor to my po little inuit condemn.

attonishment (nay, why conceal it, My father', fir, was a native of this confufion) did the married ladies becouiry: bit accompanying an tray the lightest tokens of disapproba. ballidor to Constantinople, and meet tion, at the whisper of gallantry, or ing there with an opportunity of ma thie daring, though repeated liberiy of

prefing

SIR,

an

69

1769, Gentle Rebuke of the English Ladies. preffing a band that was sacred to the occalion. I am too refined to 20orher.,

be happy ”-The lady's accidental Mied by the sweet vivacity of a freedoins with other people onght to lovely young creature, I had actually be considered by me as an innocent mesikei her down for the sultana of levity, uy sal, when a gentleman suddenly Our characters however were abfo. accouled ber, and after a flow of the lutely confounded, particularly, when fefrett professions, prorounced her in the language of unutterable sweetbuband the baappiest of men.-Happy nels the consented to be mine. in what? --The temporary poffeffion Yet, fir, though made inconceivably of a finithed form, which, without happy, by this consent, her frequent the idea of impropriety, could endure violations of what I considered to be the survey of a thouland audacious delicacy, soon rendered me the most ejts, and suffer the breath of unwor. miserable of mankind for the scarcethy adulation to reach her ear. ly gave me assurances of her hand,

But whatever disgust I might derive and promised to dedicate her future from the levity of the married ladies, life to my happiness, when the took the conduct of the widows was still freedoms with ophers tuat wounded me tacre offensive to me. The very con to the very soul; her connexions were dition that should command tender- large, and her father's house was conneis and respect, to be the common. tinually crouded with company. Here place jit of every foppling, and the while I looked upon her her as my butt of rude pleasantry :-yet the wi; own, and only my own, a thousand dows, initead of hiding their blusing coxcombs were occasionally suffer, heads, not only braved, but invited ed to praise her wit, and complithe grofleft insults, and by evincing ment her person; nay, lir, se hertheir inclination to renounce their fo- self seemed no way offended at these litary ftate, too Itrongly evinced the palpable liberties, on the contrary, depravity that secured them from eve they seemed to please her highly : le sy #ound.

told one with a Imile, that be was exThat the characters I have thus at tremely obliged by his good opinion ; and tacked, are the mot peculiarly re. informed another, that bis politenefs spectable, I am sensible is the general was infinite. -This was not all, opinion – the honour of the living, Mr. Author of the London Magazine, and the memory of the dead, so in the expressed a concern when lome of tirely at the mercy of the one, and there fops refused to dine, or sup, the other. But let me ask you, how with her father : and once, would you either that honour, or that memory, believe it? actually sung a song at the can avoid reproach, when intrusted request of a dittant relation ! to the care of beings, who from a de. And is this the chastity of the Engfect in cuftom, as well as sensibility, lifh manners, this tbe purity of the know nothing of native dignity, or English customs !--Was not my good native fanctity.

opinion of more importance than Mortified and disappointed by in. worlds of spectators? Was it not, I numerable violations of decoruni, at call upon you, fir, to answer? o, fir, every renewed visit, 1, nevertheless, had this lovely misjudging girl but at length formed an interesting attach been uniformly delicate, both her fement; youth, beauty, delicacy, all licity and mine had escaped the severelt conspired to flatter my imagination, wound. and fix my heart.

It is however past, and shall be for. Momentary delusion!-the beauty gotten. I have, 'tis true, forsaken and youth indeed remained, but the her, but let me not leave one point essential polith, the all-captivating de- liable to misconstruction. She is equal, licacy, would not bear the test, and I according to the best informations I mait ever regret that folly which drew can obtain, to all the ladies of this me from Constantinople.

once idolized country, in deedrum and But, fit, because the evil is not fuf- delicate reserve, as it is universally conficiently insupportable, I have the rail. ceived to be ro breach of the one, or lesy of my friends to encounter on the other, even when a favourite lover

is

70
The History of Party

Feb. is hleffed with a public approbation. priety are more enlarged, and whole

Englithmen may, fir, be flattered on timidity is inferior to his own. fuch occasions--but the more tenaci.

I am, Sir, ous Turk retreats with precipitance

Your humble servant, from the female, whose notions of pro

CONSTANTINE,

The HISTORY of PARTY during the PRESENT REIGN.

THOUGH the adminiftration, du- case, and the place of the successor's Tring the tariem periods on the nativity increang ehe s prejudices cores late reign, was frequently embarrased ry where entertained against him, he by parliamentary oppofition, the close became universally obnoxious ; acciof it was, nevertheless, remarkably dental errors were attributed to a weak diftinguished for serenity; the amaz head or a worse heart, and even those ing success which attended our arins, fteps which appeared to be directed during the progress of the war, had by some degree of wisdom, were conspread a spirit of universal satisfaction ftantiy suspected of design ; in short, through the kingdom, and nobody where he was wrong, he was accufed could possibly find fault with the con both of ignorance and tyranny, and duct of a ministry, whose measures where he happened to be right, he was were in general so extremely fortunate. taxed with a cunning intention of On the contrary, the number of our conciliating the affections of the king, conquests procured them an unlimited dom : Yet though the resentment of confidence, and it was no less unpo- the people might in some measure be pular, while Mr. Pitt had the manage- overstrained, it was upon the whole ment of our national affairs, to breathe but grounded too juftly; the peace à murmur against the wisdom, or in which this minifter made, though tegrity of government, than it would much better than many preceding trea. now be unpopular to offer a single ties, stili was by no means fo advantage. Syllable in their defence.

ous as it might have been ; we had Such being the happy temper of the reduced the marine of France to the times at the commencement of the pre- most wretched situation, had stripped fent reign, it naturally gave general that power of all her colonies, and dissatisfaction when the reins of power brought her to the very verge of an were taken from the hands of a favour. absolute bankruptcy; yet, when these ite minister, and trusted to those of a acquisitions were fortunately in our nobleman, who was rather speculative- hands, the government was weak ly wise than practically able, and who enough to give the most valuable up; leemed more indebted to his elevation and through an absurd supposition, on account of his merits in private that we should not be able to keep life, than on account of any particu- those conquests from France in the Jar capacity which he had ever mani. ruined situation of her affairs, which fested in the business of the public. we took from her in the zenith of her

The national mind being thus foured prosperity, we ridiculously ran into by the removal of a ftatesman, who the danger to avoid the apprehension, had prefided at the helm of govern- and madly consented to lose them, for ment with the highest reputation, it fear they might be lost. was but reasonable to suppose, that The imprudence, the glaring imthe numerous friends of the discarded prudence of this conduct afforded the premier, if we may so term a person- enemies of Lord B-but too faage, who declared himself provoked vourable an occasion to find fault

, tó a resignation, would seize every op- and as in the number of these enemies portunity of extolling his adminiftra- he reckoned Mr. Pitt, and many pertion to the skies, and condemning the sons of the greatest reputation for in. least mistake in the conduct of his suc. Auence and abilities, he daily lost cessor with the utmost severity of exe ground with the nation, though he cration; this proved to be really the was supported in parliament by a pro

digious

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17692 During the Present Reign.

71 digious majority.—Another circum- the few people who were attached to stance, which allo tended very much to him from gratitude, on account of the aggravate the national odium against past favours which they had received him, was the haughtiness with which at his hands, were now in expectahe was reported to treat not only tation that his having publickly religned every officer under him in admi- his employments would quiet the minds niftration, but even the first nobility, of the people, and that the wheels of who were wholly independent of the government would roll in tranquillity government, and who consequently under the hands of a frelh minister. having nothing to hope, were under This supposition, however was totally no particular necessity of submitting void of foundation; the enemies of to the minutest instance of disrespect. the late premier, who pretended to see, These faults, both in his public and and possibly did see into the bottom of private character, were conveyed to that nobleman's politics, asserted, that the world through the channel of the Mr. G. G. was nothing more than the NORTH BRITON, a weekly essayist, creature of the favourite, and that the who boldly hurled defiance at minil- latter had only delegated lis power to terial onnipotence, and, to use the the former, in order to govern the language of Shakespeare, “ Constant. nation in secret with an undisturbed ly gave his thoughts in the worst of authority. This report prevailing, words." — The effay here spoken of the change in office was looked upon was generally attributed to John Wilkes, as one of those state tricks by which Efq; member in the then parliament the people are sometimes deluded, and for Aylesbury, who was laid to be instead of restoring satisfaction to the closely connected with a party headed kingdom, it was attended with very by Mr. Pitt, Lord Temple, the duke different consequences; but what conof Newcastle, the duke of Devonshire, firmed the world in an opinion that and other men of great rank, fortune, the favourite, as they commonly termand consequence. This party was ed Lord B, acted privately, or in. diftinguished by the name of the Mi- tended at least to act privately behind NORITY, and gained daily recruits the curtain, was a rupture which from the side of administration ; it was shortly happened between him and Mr. every where celebrated as the only G. G.--Mr. G. G. having frequently palladium of our freedom, and a mem- filled fome of the principal offices in ber of the Houfe of Commons, who government, and thinking himself, did not enlist himself under the ban. as many besides thought him, perfectly ners of its leaders, was considered by conversant with business, affected to the people as an instrument of tyran- act independently, and not thinking Dy, and a traitor to the prosperity of the duty of a minister, like that of a the kingdom. It is true, indeed, le- militia.man, could be executed by a veral writers were engaged on the fide substitute, seemed determined to pro. of

government, who endeavoured to ceed upon a system of his own ; this give the most favourable complexion was reported to Lord B-, and gave to every part of its proceedings, but him, as the Minority loudly proclaim, arguments evidently repugnant to ed, the highest offence ; let this be as it truth were universally read with dif- may, Mr. G. G. was soon after dirguft, and served much more to en missed from his employments, and the crease than abate the flame of indig- idea of the favourite's influence was nation which blazed every

where a.

more than ever adopted by all deno,
gainst it; fo that at length Lord B-, minations of the people.
finding his acting publickly in office, Hitherto there had been but two
with any degree of credit, an utter parties in the present reign, the friends
impossibility, he withdrew himself ap- and the enemies of the favourite, but
parently from the chief direction of now a third started up, under the au.
affairs, and was succeeded at the trea. spices of Mr. G. G. This gentleman,
fury-board by Mr. G. G. who had fill. exceedingly irritated at the treatment
ed many employments, and was sup- he had received, declared as loudly as
poled to be one of the ableft financiers any body against the measures of Lord
in the kingdom.

B į at the same time that he apo
The friends of Lord B, that is, peared to disapprove very much of the

principles

92
The Ilijftory of Party, &c.

Feb. prirciples upon which the opposition of with whom he is not intimately conthe Minority was conducted.

nected; the nation suppoling that miniiThere was ancther reason also which ters are in general a molt corrupt fpecies gave birih to this new party, the of men, adopt the. fentiment readily, resentment of the Minority tovards and make a quarrel, merely private, a Mr. G. G. -The Minority could matter of public attention; the altercaby no means forgive Mr. G.'s junction tion spreads, and the citief persons on with Lord B though, in that junc. both sides are two or three noblemen, tion, Mr. G. iewed a firm relolution who

are extremely offended, because to fupport his own independence; hesides they are not all of the same opinion, or Mr.G. was above the conciefcenfion of because each is not allowed to manage the acting a secondary character in the Mi concerns of the public as he thinks pronority, and was therefore conlidered by per; the public, who generally corclude Mr. P. and Lord T. wlio were the ora that every man in

power

must naturally cles of that party, as an impracticable be zworthless, and that every man out min, with whoin there was no poflibimust'as naturally be deserving, always lity of carrying on the oppolition hearti- profess an attachment for more who ly: -Necoflity therefore on the one are discarded ; thus, thio' a passion for hand, as well as ambition on the other, pre-eminence is the grand object on both baid the basis for a third faction, which iides, the people who are in, are most talked of the public good as vehement- commonly disagreeable to the kingdom. ly as the Minority, and possibly with as In Nort, we do not recolled, that though much pretension to the veneration of this country may have a B- among the kingdom.

thore that never pretended to patriotism, Though at this period there appeared fill in the list of its most celebrated paonly the three parties which we haze triots it can number a Walpole who was mentioned, yet in reality there was a earl of Orforit, a Pulteney who was fourth faction, consisting of the duke of eal of Bath, and a P- who is earl of B-'s friends, who ar:fully seemej dis ( posed to favour any side that gained an A modern author, speaking of patriascendency in the government.- otilin, has the following remarkable This faction affected independence, tho' pastage : “ In reality I know no better it generally supported the side of power, friend to the constitution of this counand talked of inoderation at the very try, was it in any danger, than imagi'moment in which it concurred with the nary patriots – they struggle very hearti. most arbit::sy proceedings of the ininis ly while they are at it, and the moment try. Yet making so vehement de they are boight off, their preferment clarations against any of the other three, inspires others with a view of foliowing it was courted by all, and having some their example, in order by the same of the nioit opulent Sandhollers in the meåns to attain the same ends; and thus kingdom at its head, its influence was we always find a succession of zealous contiderable.--Yet, notwithstanding this patriots, who constantly a:lvance the influence, a few only of the fecondary good of their country, by heing so very members obtained officer; the chiel's were Hrenuous about their own. too proud to engage actually where they Notwithstanding this observation, the were not allowed an actual superiority; Authors of the London Magazine are but they nevertheless allowed their de no partizans, and the reader must see pendents to make the most of the public from the antecedent part of the present divisions; and, it must be contefred, essay, that they are the friends of ratiothey never appeared inclined to lose the nal argumeilt, not the advocates of a finallelt opportunity

ministerial delporili, anit fcorn as much It is imposible in this place not to to be the panders of authority, as to be indulge a reflection which must frequent. the flaves of popular prejudice. --Their ly occur to every confides are reader.-- Quixotism is of a prudent nature, and A leading man or two in either house they do not combat with gian's but has been dismissed from his place, and with errors, and their intentions in this he immediately commences patriot, that paper is to hold up no less a glass to the is, he rails against administration, be face of ministers, tban to the eyes of the cause he is out of office, and tells the hitherto milled, though well-meaning nation, that there can never be a scruple people. of honefty amongst a set of ministers

[To be continued.] 5

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