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769. Col. Burgoyne's Speech in the King's.Bench. 681 a&er, the impressions of miscarriage ly observe, that though many witnesses nd disappointment in a favourite caule [wear positively to my words, no two o aggravate, those of popular resent of them ftate them alike ; and if I may nent and indiscretion.

be allowed to state my language as I In the afternoon of the 17th, this mean it, and as in my conscience I beconcourse appeared, and, my lord, their lieve I'exprelled it, I shall make lels first operation was that of self-defence, difference than they have made befor they were immediately attacked by tween each other, and readily admit it the ready band, well known, and uni. as evidence, and truly confess I did versally diftinguished by the appella. hold language to the effect, that if I tion of the corporation mob." The had no better security for a free eleccircumstance of my appearance in the tion than the words of people who had ftreet after this transaction with a pis- never kept a promise,' I thould not tol under my arm and another in my take pains to remove a set of people pocket, has given foundation to most who were evidently come there to scandalous reports; and I am glad it support my interest'; and, my lord, I appears upon the trial, not only

as the humbly submit, that the assertion that calumny of my enemies will be refut- brought people there because they were ed, but as I am confident your lord. there, is as ill founded in argument as ship will be convinced, that the vio- it is in proof : I also readily acknow. lence of the corporation mob was as ledge, that in answer to the intimidagreat as I have described it ; for it ap- tions continually thrown out, I frepears upon clear evidence, that I left quently made use of the expression, my house unarmed, that what was cals that I was not to be wearied out by led following the mob was no more expence, for I had sufficient resources, than going up the same street long af. This is common election language ; it ter they were out of sight or hearing, was always used in a general lense, and so long that the street was again poster. I humbly submit it is not very extraorsed by the former rioters; and that I, dinary, that as willing witnesses, prowho I believe shall not be judged perly instructed by an able practitioner, to have manifested a timid disposition, mould be brought, even without design was obliged to take refuge in a house of perjury, to apply my general exand send for pistols before I dared to prellion to the particular circumstances cross the way.

of the mob in town.

It is said the re: From this time, my lord, I.confess, cognizance was signed through fear. that in prevention of mischief, and in My lord, it was signed by great numcircumstance only, I made myself a bers after the town was in quiet; and party, or, if you please, a principal. one gentleman, a leader in the counWhen I heard the least apprehensions of cil, and a chief manager for my advermischief even from my greatest adver- saries, came several days afrerwards saries, I did not answer them with pro and offered that he and one of the canfession of approbation and inactive con didates would sign it if I required it. cern. I held it criminal discretion to I come now, my lord, to the last obwithdraw myself from tumulus I could servation with which I fall trouble the suppreis; and, let me add, my lord, had court, viz. the affirmation of all witI really remained an inactive spectator; neses relative to my discountenancing had I, instead of following the dice all tumult and disorder, one only extates of humanity, upon the evidence cepted, Mary Firer, who deposes, of which, and of which alone I am that on Saturday afternoon, between proved a guilty man; had I, like o. eleven and twelve o'clock, she heard thers, sat down with the cunning and some of the mob ask me whether they the phlegm of a vicious mind, I had, might go to Mr. Pedder's, that I answerlike others, avoided a long train of li- ed, Aay your hand about an hour, and tigation, and trouble, and above all, then if they (meaning, the Baronet's I had not incurred the disgrace (which friends) do not come into my terms, I fall ever remember with pain) of you may level the town before you, Atanding a cu!prit before your lordships. My lord, I beg leave to remark, that,

In regard to the meeting at Mr. belides other circumstances to discredit Shawe's, and the articles drawn up at this witness, it appears, that the. was the coffee-house, and my discourses at one of the persons who joined in the different times with the mob, I hall on. affidavits upon which this information

waa

682
The British THEATRE.

App. was granted, and gave no such evi- favour I was to court, whose temper dence, notwithstanding all the dili- and good opinion I was to conciliate, gence that was used to search for evi whose favour I was foliciting for the dence, and to bring the most trivial honour of my life, for the firt park incidents to light; notwithstanding the of that confidence, a delegation of their ingenuity and alacrity of a legion of most sacred rights. Let those wbodsattornies to awaken recollection in ny me humanity, grant me but credit the witnesses. This and capital, this for common sense, and this accusativa truly heavy, and I hop only hea. must fall to the ground. vy allegation, escaped both agent and I have troubled you, my lord, too witnefles, and by her own confession long : I leave to the equity of the berich on her cross examination, occured only the result of all I have said, confident to her mind about a fortnight before that while party, fury, malice, and rethe trial. My lord, had this charge venge level at the criminal, dispatror. been contained in the original infor, ate justice will direct its aim only amation, I should, in my affidavit upon gainst the crime. If that, my lord, for that occasion, denied it directly, flatly, which I stand before you be of lo fa. and in the most positive terms ; and, gitious a dye that it ought to be diftismy lord, if the omissions in the charge guished as an example : if these licenwill justify another reply, I have an tious times, or as the learned gentleman affidavit drawn in court, and expressed ii, the disease of these times, ready to swear to it now; but, my lord, expect severity in a case which has I trust, in this case, it will not be neces- passed unnoticed in almost every confary; the common principles of a gen. tested election ; I thall submit with hutleman, manners, and character, will mility, and teach myself contrition, but fuffice, without an oath, to refute such till your lord hip's judgement is pro. a charge as this. Good God, my lord, nounced, I will be bold in my plea, that level the town! In the duties of my however warmly I have courted the first profeffion in open war, in actual con- honours, I never wilfully departed from Aiet of arms, I thould bluth to enter. the first duties of a citizen, relpect, tain such a principle. My lord, let reverence, and obedience to the law of me presume to say, under these predi- the land : as this observation is found. caments, I have treated an enemy with ed on con'cience, may I find favour in more moderation, with more clemency, the opinion of my country, in the dethan I am supposed by this witness to en. cision of my judges, and in the eyes of tertain for people, whose friendship and my God.

am

, two petit pieces only

have made their Alaed the reft of his court, are disco

THE BRITISH THEATRE.
HOUGH the season for new pro-

THE FAB L E.

, , appearance, one at each theatre since our last : the first a comic opera of yered adeep; bottles, glafles, and punch two acts, called, The Court of Alexander, bowls, appear empty upon the table; and the other a farce, called, A Trip to the guards lie in disorder flumbering upScotland. The Court of Alexander is per on the floor. The nobles at length a. formed at Covent Garden; and the wake by degrees and call upon Aler. following account will, we hope, prove ander, who, after complaining of bis satisfactory to our readers.

last night's drinking, orders a pot of THE PERSON S. coffee, and commands Thais :o give Alexander the Great, Mr. Shuter. him a fong ; the court then march a. Clytus,

Mr. Reinhold.

way in procession; the attendants bear. Porus, a black Prince, Mr. Barnshaw. ing trophies of bottles, punch-bowis, Lyfimachus,

Mr. Barker. quart-pots, pipes, papers of tobacco, &c. Jupiter,

Mr. Fox.

As the king is going off with Tnais, Mercury,

Mr. Wermall. Roxana enters in a violent rage, puils Thais,

Mrs. Pinto, the monarch by the robe, and throw Roxana,

Mrs.Thompson. him down. After a great contentica Parifatis,

Mrs. Matlocks. bet ween the ladies, the firit act ends, Betty, Miss Valois, and the second commences with 4

Scene,

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683

1769. THE BRITISH THEATRE. scene, in which Parisatis discovers her Miss Griskin,

Miss Pope. affections for Lyfimachus to her maid. Miss Dolly Flack, Miss Burton. The young nobleman soon after appears, Mrs. Fillagree, Mrs. Bradshaw. and as he runs to embrace the princess, Landlady,

Mrs. Love, oversets her tea-table; he is presently The maid,

Miss Platt, interrupted in his courtship by Porus, his Travellers, Waiters, &c. rival, and a quarrel ensues, in which A.

THE FAB E. lexander, who comes in haftily to part the combatants, receives a violent blow THE prologue to this little piece is in the face from Lysimachus, on which spoken by Cupid, representing a he orders him to be thrown into a lion's post chaise boy; in which a fimilitude den, and upon Clytus interceding for is drawn betwen his whip, his spurs, mercy, the hat-brained king snatches his thoulder-knot, and the bow, arrows, a javelin from one of his guards, and and wings of the God of Love. Afftabs the old foldier, who dies singing ter some lively strokes upon the prean air, adapted to the occasion. When sent falhionable mode of eloping to Clytus has lung himself to death Alex. Scotland, he retires, and the comedy ander runs mad, and is carried off in commences with a scene between Grie the arins of his guards. These misfor- skin and his house-keeper, Mrs. Fillatunes however are obviated by the de. gree, whom he calls to a very severe scent of Jupiter, attended by Mercury,' account for having suffered Jemmy whoimmediately comes from Olympus, Twinkle, a young city buck, to make and restores Clytus, who revives to a love to his niece, and run away with comic tune ; Alexander is supposed to her, as there is great reason to sup. recover from his distraction, and the pose he has done to Edinburgh. Mrs. king of the Gods, after reconciling Fillagree endeavours to vindicate her. matters between Porus and Lysimachus, self with great fpirit, but the old man whom he commands to put an end to is by no means satisfied : and having all disputes, by playing a rubber at

determined to pursue the fugitive loback.gammon, for the princess Parisa. vers, goes out to bespeak a post-chaise tis, terminates the opera by ascending for that purpose.

His house-keeper to the celestial regions.

then introduces Miss Grilkin and The Court of Alexander, which the Jemmy, who were concealed in an reader will immediately observe a bur- adjacent apartment, and tells them lesque performance like Midas, is write they have no time to lose ; that her ten by Mr. George Alexander Stevens, old master will never be able to overand admirably composed by Mr. Fisher, take them ; but if there fhould be the a young gentleman of great inufical ex. least likelihood of his doing so, she will cellence, lately engaged in the service hire the post-boy to overturn, him. of the public. The same town how. Miss, who seemis very melancholy, ever which is charmed with the abrure with great reluctance, at length cona dities of Midas, can by no means relich fents to the repeated requests of her the inconsistencies of the present piece; lover, who appears to doat on her with and though we are highly delighted the most ardent paffion, and they go with The Devil and Doelor Fausus, we

off together in order to undertake their can by no means put up with That's the matrimonial expedition. Old Griskin barber. In plain English, the Court directly returns, and says he has found of Alexander is very unfavourably re

out the rout his niece has taken, for ceived, though the music is excellent, that four or five couple went off poft and the merit of the performers unques that morning tor Scotland ; and that Itionable,

by the defcription Jemmy Twinkle and

Miss Grikin must be among them ; he The Persons in the Trip to Scotland are therefore desires his houle-keeper to Mr. Giiskin, an old cit. Mr. Parjons. get herself ready and go with him in

Twinkle, Mr. Brereton, order to recover the young lady, Mrs, Tom Souiterien,

Mr. Palmer. Fillagree, who appears to have a design Toe Writer,

Mr. Booth. upon her master, seems startled at this Cupid, in the character!

Malter Cape. of 3 Pck-boy,

request, and gives several hints that the thoid lele her character by accompany.

ing

684
THE BRITISH THEATRE.

Appi ing him on the journey; and that the order to find his niece. After fore family of the Flacks, their near neigh- opposition from the landlady and Mrs. bours, of whom they seem to stand in Fillagree, who declares she is unable to great awe, will certainly propagate a travel any farther, he begins to be in terrible story upon the occasion. Gri- tolerable good humour, and agrees to Ikin, however, at last gets the better lie there that night. Upon the land. of her scruples, and after mutual com- lady, who suppotes them man and wife, I pliments they retire to prepare for their enquiring whether they choofe to lie in expedition.

one bed, Mrs. Fillagree is thrown into Cupid then appears as the Chorus, great distress with respect to the injury and acquaints the audience, that they her character will suitain from beratare to imagine the lovers bad fucceed. tending Griskin upon his journey, ed according to their warmest wishes, and is not at all satisfied until fe is a at Edinburgh; that he hopes they will sured the shall bave a bed, at leaft fix not expect a critical adherence to the chambers distant from that in which rules of the drama, but suffer him to her master is to sleep. On their going annihilate time and place, and then sup- off, the waiter enters, and acquaints pose the scene to be at an inn in York. his mistress that the young couple hare Thire,

been detected by the old gentleman, The inside of a large public house is and that very disagreeable consequences immediately discovered, with a view of are likely to ensue. the bar, itair.case, and different apart. The scene soon after draws, and dirments. A great noise is heard among the covers Griskin, Fillagree, Miss Grise servants, the landlady enters, rings the kin, and Jemmy Twinkle ; the lo. bell with great fury, and exprenes the vers fall on their knees, and the fatigue she is continually obliged to un. old man seems inclined to forgive dergo in consequence of the numerous them, but is restrained by the idea of matrimonial trips to Scotland. Several what the world, particularly the fami. travellers are introduced by the waiters ly of the Flacks, will say of his con. and accommodated according to their duct. At this inftant a number of 1 defires. Miss Griskin (now Mrs. people preceded by Dolly Flack, who Twinkle) at length appears in great seems in great distress, enter the room; spirits, and tells the landlady the is Dolly entreats Griskin to compassionate quite another thing since her wedding, her misfortunes, which, she says, have and that if he was to be married fifty been occasioned by her eloping from times, the wquld, from the many agree- her father and mother, in order to able circumitances she met with upon marry a young fellow a: Edinburgh, the journey, make all her lovers' run who even now, before half their jouraway with her to Scotland. After ney was accomplifhed, treats her with fome time her husband arrives, count- the most cruel indifference. — Upon ing his money, and calculating his Griskin enquiring into the cause of expences, in a very fullen humour, this uncommon behaviour, Tom Sooth. and seems to be very insensible of erton, the young man, tells him, that, the asssduities of his new wife, who being a strolling player by profession, accuses him of coldness, and declares he came up to London in order to be her disappointment at his not act. engaged at one of the theatres, but ing conaitent with his profeflions to having been disappointed in his proher during his courtship, when he wrote spects, he flattered himself a marriage the verses on ber first appearance at Ha- with Miss Flack would repay him fer berdashers ball, and the lines on ber biting all his trouble, especially as one of his a finger off ber glove at the White-Con. friends assured him, the had teo thos. duit house. Matters, however, are pre- fand pounds in ber own poteffion ; that sently reconciled, and the young cou. upon this bint, be spake, and found ple retire in good humour to their a, the lady, from her violent paflion for partment.

romance, very ready to acquiesce with A violent disturbance next ensues, his proposals ; that they set out from which greatly alarms the guests. This London in high spirits, but before they is occasioned by old Grissin's putting had reached York, an exprefs was fent up at the inn, which he insilts upon from Southerton's friend, alluring scarcising from top to bottom, in him Miss Flack's fortune intirely de

pended

685

POETICAL Essays in Appendix, 1769. pended on the will of a grand-mother then concludes the piece with recomand two maiden aunts; that, as he was mending to all young ladies to think too honest to make the young lady a seriously before they venture upon marbeggar as well as himself, he was deter- riage, to take no forward steps, but mined to break off the match, and hoped by such proceeding his conduct

Adopt their parents plan, would be applauded rather than blamed.

And blush consent, e'en then, behind afan. Griskin, overjoyed to find that the Notwithstanding the fingularity of family of the Flacks had no right to this piece, which is written by Mr. accuse him with the misconduct of his Whitehead, the poet-laureat, it is ex. niece, gives his blessing to her and her tremely pleasing in the representation, husband, undertakes to reconcile Dolly particularly since the part of Souther. Flack to her parents, and signifies his ton has been contracted, which, on the desire to enter into a matrimonial first night, was disapproved by the au. union with Mrs. Fillagree. Cupid dience.

PO E TI CAL ESSA Y S.

WRAPT in the fhade where meditation

MEDITATION: An ELLGY.

IX.
I.

Perhaps, e'en now, some high diftinguish'd
RAPT in the fhade where meditation

name,

Rais'd up to grandeur, and enrich'd by And holds a mental intercourse above ;

place ;

Star:s from some new imaginary shame,
Corne, truth, and teach a bosom to be wise,
Which mourn's too long for disappointed

Or only numbers to a freth disgrace,

X.
love.
II.

Perhaps, now tortur'd on imperial down,
What art thou---wond'rous impulse of desire,

Some scepter'd mourner languishes bis hour; Which blooming hope so plealingly has dret?

And links beneath the burthen of a crown, Or whence proceeds th’involuntary tire,

The Save of greatness, and the wretch of Which burns so fiercely in the human breaft?

pow'r. III.

XI. Sweet inconsistent off-spring of the sky,

Some ill-star'd youth,whose melancholy moan, The latent cause in tenderness declare;

Has vainly founded in unpirying ears ; Nor force the heart eternally to high,

Now weeps, perhaps, in bitterness alone,
And yet conceal the motive of despair.

And gives a lavish freedom to his tears.
IV.

XII.
If Mira's face in every charm is dreft,

Science, which left him polith'd and refin'd, Why am I doom'd incetantly to pine?

Has giv'n a new occalion to complain ; Or shall the coldness of another's breaft,

And knowledge only has enlarg'd his mind, Create his sharp anxiety in mine?

To make it more susceptible of pain.
V.

XIU.
Alas! Since Being (mild upon the morn,

No hand, alas! its kind allilance lends, And nature saw how exceilent it rose;

To drive misfortune from his lowly door ; Thy race, O man, to misery was born,

For when, when, did wretchedness make And doom'd to bear probationary woes.

friends!

[poor! VI.

Or who will seek acquaintance with the Too çasy nature, indolently kind,

XIV. From fate's severe restrictions to depart,

Perhaps some virgin is this moment led,
Gave man a passive tenderness of mind,

All hicklied over with dejected charms,
And beauty's sole dominion o'er the heart, Compellid to languish in a hated bed,
VII.

And seem'd quite happy in detefted arms. But yet the pang of never-hoping love,

XV, To time's last moment destin'd to conceal;

Wedded to anguish and repining care, Is not the only forrow we must prove,

Yet bound to wear no forrow in her eye; The only forrow we are doom'd to feel.

And tho' condemn'd for ever to despair,
VIII.

Deny'd the humble privilege to sigh.
A latent train of hydra-headed woes,

XVI, From lite each dearer benefit have fole; How dread a picture meditation brings Destroy'd the smallest glimmer of repose, Of life's uriceafing wretchedness below! And damp'd the choicest blessings of the Where the long chain and ordinance of things sou).

Appear so fraught with milery and woe, App. 17696

Yet

4 S

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