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An Instance of the fatal Effeets of Flattery. 661 tbe AUTHOR of the LONDON disappeared, and left me to recover MAGAZINE.

my self-opinion and tranquillity as I SIR,

best might. The unceasing, kindness Write to you without either the of my husband was an uncealing source hope, or expectation, of exciting of fresh mortifications. He was intivur pity, or escaping your censure. tled to my esteem, my confidence, my am, you must know, one of those most unbounded approbation ; yet was fortunate wretches, who, unable to cold, and reluctant gratitude all the filt the importunities of flattery, in- return I was capable of making for unIve both themselves and their help- remitting indulgence, and unremitting is posterity in final destruction. affection. 'Some years ago, a gay, agreeable Four little children would plead the Jung fellow made his addresses to me, impropriety, the horror of a love, in at as my family did not see him with which they, nor their deserving father y eyes, and his fortune was rather had the finallest share ; but the four mited, they not only refused their sweet innocents pleaded in vain : my nction to our union, but declared imagination ftill doated, my imaginaat all my claim to tenderness, or tion Atill wandered, until the husband rovision, should terminate, if I dis- of my ingratitude was called away to osed of myself so contrary to their make an opening for my punishment. pprobation. I blush to recollect, that in the overflowings of his goodness, was ready to incur every desperate he left me sole miltress of his fortune, on sequence, if my lover' had been myself, and miserable offspring, and qually sanguine; but his regard for dying declared his firm truft, that I ne, as he ihen convinced me, would fhould make a happy use of this last not suffer him to reduce me to wretch- mark of his attachmentand confidence. dness; and in order that I might be He died, sir, under the most deploffectually restored to the favour of rable of errors.--The man that had ny relations, he removed himself from had such repeated proofs of my weakny fight, and for years was unheard ness, of almost my criminality, thought of.

proper a third time to present himlelf. During this period i became the My love was unextinguished. My :hoice of a very different kind of man: children, my unsuspecting chiidren, bis circumstances were unexception- played round his knee, and he app able, his principles noble, and his tem- peared not a little engaged by the per engaging. I yielded at length to the blandishments of innocence. But why persuasions of iny friends, my lover, do I attempt to charge him with deand what I conceived the dictates of my ceiving, if I was dead to the feelings own realon, and was soon after mars of nature, if I could abandon thole ried to him. Never creature might I ought to have held most dear? have been happier than I in my new should I either complain, or be surstate, if the young fellow who was prized, that they were neglected and maker of my affections had not unge. injured by one whose interest it was nerously emerged from his conceal. to iglect and injure them, and who ment, and cast himself perpetually in derived that example from the most my way.-At church, at the play, savage and contemptible of mothers ? opera, whatever public place I fre. After what I have already said, need quented, ftill this cruel, yet beloved I tell you that I married this man? fpectre would haunt my sight, and need I recal the guilt of my proceedwith a complaining and reproachful ings, by repeating that I invested hiin aspect seem to charge me with its de. with the fame power I derived from Atruction. What could I do? my re my husband ? or need I add, that I putation, my safety, my honour, for. had foon reason to repent the unnatubad my attempting to excuse thé Atep ral step? I had taken ; yet overcome by false A numher of debts, which I had no generosity, and a false idea of justice, fare in contracting, were discharged I was on the actual point of violating out of my children's property; his every decent, every valuable tie, whin home was the only place where he was once more from ienderness chis lover an unentertaining companion: all my


App. 1769.

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bation, I found myself the object of Britirhere is one thing, gently to

662 The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay. App: 1 indiscretions, though in favour of The State of tbe Jefuits in Paraguay; himself, were apparently remembered

continued from p. 616. by him, and instead of being the object of appro UT

their allowed difesteem, nay, of actual disgust. The by all the Europeans fettled in soark world that never fails to judge from America; which is, that they no events, that world, which would have longer discover any traces of their been eager to applaud any proceedings former proneness to vengeance, cru. which had improved my fortune, now elty, licentiousness, and the groffer poured in its condemnation; to ag- vices; in a word, that they are no gravate the evils that could not be longer, in any respect, the same mea concealed from its fight : not a friend they formerly were ; that wbat prevails to compassionate, not a friend to pro- most in their character at prelent, is tect, one month only led on to new a most cordial love and affection for insults, new infringements on my li. each other, and charity for all men, berty, new interruptions of my peace, that charms all who frequent then, and a new diminution of my poffers the infidels especially, whom their be: fions; at last, to complete all, I disco haviour serves to inspire with the most vered that my gentleman had his pri- favourable opinion of the christian re. vate attachments, which I and my ligion. The readiness with which they children were compelled to defray the relieve each other in their wants; the expences of. I now lost all patience lively joy they express as often as they upbraided him with all his ungrateful see any addition made to the number actions, and in the end only haftened of those who adore Jesus Christ; leave on my otherwise slowly advancing de. 10 room to doubt, that the true love fruction. In an evil hour, having of their neighbour, and the warmek stripped me of all the money I poffels zeal for the glory of God, are become fed, and borrowed sums to the utmost their ruling paffions. There is nothing, that the furniture and remnants of my in fact, which they are not ready to fortune could answer, he absconded do or suffer to extend the kingdom of with his favourite ; and a seizure of all God; and we hall, perhaps, have oc. my effects reduced me to the dreadful cafion to mention, hereafter, some in. neceflity of mounting a garret with my stances of this disposition. There is : undone family for present melter. kind of emulation among them to fa

. I was mean enough in this exigence cilitate to the new milionaries, the to apply to my relations, but met acquisition of their language; and one with an equitable return-they one of their caciques bas been known to and all forsook me; yet one and all learn Spanish' merely to be able to melted at the miseries of the innocent. tranflate pious tracts in that tongut; Thank heaven, my children are now and he, accordingly, tranđated tome protected from those rough blafto to of them. When a new reduction is to which I expoled them; on hard con be founded, all contribute to the unditions though, for I, fir, am never to dertaking with the greatest earneftaess fee them more: the moment I renew and alacrity; and with a generosity, my claim, they are to be cast back on that knows no bounds. a merciler's world, and it is considered The publick rejoicings, which they as no mighty merit to subdue the ma are from time to time permitted 19 ternal concern, now I know them com. make, appeared necessary to the mis. fortably fituated, since I could subdue fionaries, as well to preferve their it to their destruction.

health, as to keep up among tbem a I that was once mistress of a habita. air of cheerfulness and good humou, tion, fervants, and handsome in which are so far from being contrary come, am now under the most set. to virtue, that they greatly contribute vile circumftances, work hard, yet am to render it amiable, and increase de unincouraged and unregarded, and votion, as often as, after the example from the infatuation of love, at thirty of the royal prophet, chriftians prothree, have sacrificed every ray of pose to themfelves their celestial covo: confolation,

try, as the principal object of their I am, fir, your humble fervant. joy. Another view the millionaria

1769. The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay 663 had in this toleration, was to strengthen dare any longer attack them, they the union between all the members of have, for many years past, no other this republick; and experience proves, occasion to use their arms, but in the that nothing could be better imagined service of the prince, to whom they to answer to desirable an end. The have sworn an implicit obedience. women never assist at these rejoicings, Those, therefore, who are charged otherwise than as sp-ctators; and with the conduct of them, have this the presence of the priests ferves to confolation, that they never take the keep the whole company within those field but through a wise and necessary bounds, which chriftians should never precaution, or by the orders of their trespass. The lealt indecency on these sovereign ; thus fanctifying them. occafions would subject the offender to selves, it may be said, in a profer. immediate punishment.

sion so dangerous to virtue. From all we have said it evidently Every town keeps on foot a body of follows, that there can no where be cavalry, and another of infantry. The found so great a degree of happiness infantry, besides the macana, and the as that enjoyed by the members of bow and arrow, carry a lling, a sword, this new church; and that it was with and a musket; the cavalry use sabres great reason Monsieur Muratori inti. and lances, and likewise a musket, as tied his description of it, Il chrisianesi- they some times do duty on foot, like 2no felice. In fact, what can christians the European dragoons. They themdelire, who have confined themselves felves make all their Imall arms, their to the necessaries of life, and are, mo. field pieces, and even their heavy artil. rally, sure never to come short of them; lery. They never use the heavy artillery who even know, after the apostle's ex. but to keep their neighbours in awe; or ample, to enjoy plenty, without mak- the field pieces, but when they are coming an ill use of it'; and, without manded on the king's service. But, murmuring, suffer want; who never as I already said, they never keep any entertain the least thoughts of despair of their arms, of any kind, by ehem, ing in Providence, which never fails unless when there is some reason to supply them against unexpected ac to apprehend a surprize. At all other cidents with resources equally unex times, the soldier is not to be distinpected; who regulate all their lenti. guished from the mere citizen ; and ments and all their actions by the those brave fellows, on whom the sepurest maxims of the gospel; who live curity of the republick depends, and under the conduct of those, to whom who so often come home loaded with they owe all the blessings they enjoy; laurels, as soon as they have laid by who potless, in fine, all the advantages their arms, might serve as models of of subordination and dependence, piety and submilion to the most rewithout feeling any of that uneasiness tired monk. usually attending restraint?

Every Monday the corregidor of They would, no doubt, be still hap. every town, not only reviews his pier, had it been possible to hinder troops in the great square, but makes them from knowing so much as the them perform their exercise. On these name of war; but, even in the very occasions they form two divisions, infancy of their republick, they expe.

which attack each other, and somerienced all the horrors of it, as will times do it with so much ardour, that presently appear; and they have to the commanding officer, to prevent this day neighbours, from whom they mischief, is obliged to order the retreat can expect neither no rest, but in to be founded sooner than he intended. proportion as they can command it. Prizes are likewise proposed, from time It was, therefore, absolutely requisite to time, for those who perform belt at to put arms into their hands, and in the bow, lance, Ning, and fire-arms. struct them in an art, which is the great The most diverting exercise of all is eft plague of mankind. But it is not io that of the lance. That of the fling make conquests, or to enrich them- is very surprising, on account of the felves at the expence of other nations, juftnets with which the-lingers hit the they practise it. As neither their mark; and it may be truly affirmed, countrymen, nor those strangers, who, that there are no troops in all America in a hostile manner, formerly carried capable of making head againk them on fę cruel a persecution against them, with fing or lance. I may even, I


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664 The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay. App think, venture to pronounce this mic composed this republic; and they are litia invincible by equal numbers. ftill the bulk of them. Next to them They are besides very docile, never are the 'Tapé', who spoke the same give way, and, when broke, rally at language, and are probably of the same the firit order. However they would extraction. Nay, their name is often not, it is to be presumed, fight the given to all the subjects of this repubworse, were they properly headed by lic in the rescripts of the catholic Spanish officers.

kings. But there are few nations beThe ambuscades and sudden irrup- tween the Parana, the province of tions and attacks, which used former. Uraguay and Brazil, that have not lý to prove so fatal to them, are now supplied the reductions with recruiti. no longer to be dreaded, on account Besides, the missionaries frequently of the great care taken to keep them take the field, in company with fome constantly on their guard. There of their Neophytes, to make spiritual is always a party of horse employed in conquests; and they seldom retura onscouring the country, with orders to successful. The most difficult to re. give notice of every thing that passes; duce are the Guanoas, of whom te and all the defiles by which an enemy shall say something in another place; could penetrate into the country, are not only because they are very lazy, well guarded. But as, in spite of all and very dissolute, but more ftill be these

precautions, some of an enemy's cause their blood is mixed with that of parties might, by the favour of the the Spaniards, some of whom, from woods, fteal upon a town, and storm it time to time, take refuge among them while the inhabitants were at church, to avoid justice, and cannot, by their the military men are permitted to car: bad example, but give them a diflike ry their arms there along with them, to the christian religion. Some of when there is any reason to suspect these Guanoas, however, who through such an attack, that they may be in curiosity, or a desire of feeing their readiness to stop a coup de main, and countrymen, come to the redu&ions, give the rest of the inhabitants time are retained there by the kind recepto look about them.

tion they meet. This is likewise the This republic occupies a great ex case with some other Indians, and even tent of country, the air of which is, with the Charuas, a wandering and in general, moist, and the weather very savage people who massacred pretty temperate. In some of the great numbers of Spaniards, during fouthern districts of it the winters are the firft building of Buenos Ayres and pretty severe; but the lands are every the neighbouring establishments. But where fruitful, and yield sugar, tobac- those, who, next to the Guaranis and co, and all the necesaries of life. Not the Tapés, have contributed most to only grains peculiar to the country, fill up the vacancies, which war, and but those brought from Europe, thrive especially fickness, pretty often occa: very well in them. The crops of cot. fion in the reductions, are the Guana. ton generally amount to two thousand nas, who live between the Parana and arobes for every reduction. The coun- Brazil. For, as these Indians cultitry likewise yields, as we said before, vate the earth, admit no outaws a. great quantities of 'honey and wax, mong them, and are pretty docile and which require no trouble but that of laborious, there is the less trouble to going into the woods to gather them. gain them over. When the Indians have laid up a stock It will no doubt appear surprizing, of every thing for the present years that a republic so well regulated, and consumption, and a fufliciency of seed in which lo much care is taken to preto provide for the next; what re vent every thing that may in pair the mains is, along with the weed of Pa. health of its members, thould not peoraguay, carried to Santafé, to be ex- ple faster. But belides the Neophytes changed for commodities; or fold for having been for a long time the sport money to pay the king's tribute, and of revolutions and a prey to wars, by buy fuch things as cannot be had in which an infinite number of them pe. the way of barter.

rished; besides their long and frequent The Guaranis were for a long time expeditions at a great distance from the only Indians, in a manner, that home in the king's service, fince by


1769. The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay. 665 being permitted the use of fire arms, themselves, or link under the fatigue they have had nothing to fear from of attending others. other Indians ; no method has been as The Indians know all this perfectly yet discovered to secure them from well. Nothing makes a greater imprese certain epidemical diseases, which fion' upon them, or the infidels, many sometimes carry off half the inhabi- of whom are often witnesses to it, tants of the towns, in which they than this charity, which takes in every break out. And it is this that has de necessity, and exposes itself to every ceived several persons, who from fee- danger; which no labours can frighing the tribute rolls of one year, formed ten, no drudgery. disgust. It is therean estimate of what was to be paid into fore no way surprizing, that sensible as the treasury the next; not considering, they are of the great difference beor perhaps not willing to consider, tween their situation, and that of the that the number of those subject to the other Indians obliged to do personal tribute was not only not increased, but service, they are so attached to those, considerably leffened.

to whom they are indebted for their The commoneft of these disorders, liberty; and that, as often as other which are often called plagues, on ac pastors have been sent to them, they count of their becoming general in a immediately dispersed. This has hapshort time, are the small pox, the pur- pened more than once. The Jesuit ples, malignant fevers, and a fourth, missionaries have, on their fide, for of which we are barely told, that it is the Neophytes a tenderness, that is attended with very iharp pains. These scarce conceivable; and is inspired disorders are so much the more dan. chiefly by that undeserved confidence gerous, as the Indians, quite careless in them, which these poor Indians exof themselves, can scarce ever be pre- press on every occasion, by their pa. vailed on by others to take any pains tience and resignation in Gicknesses the to prevent them, or stop their progress; moft painful, during which, though and as besides there is not a lingle destitute of many things fit for persons physician in all the reductions, nor in their condition, and with which it is any other surgeons, but a few lay bro- not in the power of these fathers to ther jesuits; and it has not as yet been supply them, they seldom are heard found pollible to establish hospitals or to utter a single complaint. They good dispensaries. The missionaries sup: receive with submission, and even ply, as much as possible, the want of all with thanks, everything from the these necessaries, by all the care the most hand of God; and sigh after nothing industrious and tender charity can sug- but their heavenly country. geft, especially for the relief of the The consolation of the apostolic men, fick; and it must be owned, that two when the Lord strikes their flock in men, and sometimes but one, obliged this manner, consists in their having all to attend at once to all the necessities the certainty, that can be expected, of body and soul, and make frequent that heaven is peopled by their losses ; excursions into the country, where se. and that they thereby gain so many veral men stationed there to carry new intercessors with the master of the on some branches of husbandry, or harvest, to give them a more abundant take care of their cattle, are over crop in their spiritual excursions. taken by the disorder; and who These disorders often attack the Neooften have not, by day, or by night, phytes in their journies, in which they a moment's repose; it muit be grant. are quite destitute of all manner of ara ed, I say, that persons having so listance. It sometimes happens, that many calls to answer, cannot pollibly when they have scarce got half way, answer them all. It is even surprising, the small-pox overtakes them, and and in some fort miraculous, that obliges them to stop short, in immi. breathing on these occasions, as they nent danger of perishing on some deconstantly do, an infected air; and fart More, or of falling into the hands being inceffantly employed in serving of barbarians. Father Cattaneo, who, the lick, administring the facraments at his very first entrance upon this mir. to the dying, and burying the dead, fion in the year 1730, happened to be they fo seldom catch any disorder present at one of these sudden fur


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