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The Benevolent Society.

609 with some rather peculiar indulgences, tion; his servants think him their with your society. We would be told undoubted property; his friends prehow to regulate the youthful imagi. sume upon his good. natured offices, benation by the rules of reason and cause he has only himself to provide propriety. We would learn how to for; and the ladies lay out ten thou. acquire the most laiting perfections, fand lures for his favour and attend. and ensure, not only our own esteem, ance, without once remembering that but the esteem of our friends, to the they are bonouring him with expences, end of our existence.

that none but fools rejoice in, unless There is one piece of discipline we there is a return in perspective. A are well broke into, and that is sub. young fellow is therefore compelled to mitting our will to the bumour of change his condition, merely on deothers, and, however hard in the first fenfive motives ; but, from the present instance, as our dear mother was all mode of education, too o!ten finds the tenderness, and had itoud between remedy worse than the disease : so maus and our father's wrath, we can now ny idle propensities must be gratified, do it unrepiningly. Could you but be. so many ridiculous fancies indulged, hold us, dressed in all our not taiteless and so many petulances encountered, fimplicity, with the glow of health and that repentance, and mortification, contentment upon our cheeks, and in are the only confequence. In your fonocent vivacity in our hearts, how ciety, however, ladies, we have hope. would you pity us! Compelled, as we I have one question to ask; is your frequently are, to entertain, for hours Miss Bristow already engaged ? Her at a sitting, the strangest of all human character pleases me inconceivably, beings; for to endure a kind of tem- and I Mould esteem it as the highest porary suffocation, under the cloud of favour to be admitted to an improving their raising, and trembling, every share of her acquaintance. That you moment they open their lips, lest ri- may be convinced I am not diverting baldry, or brutality, should fhock us myselt at your expence, and the exbeyond all toleration. I have thus pence of my own politeness, and ungiven you, though not a perfect, a derstanding, I have enclosed my adtrue description of our circumstances, dress, with a true account of my family which, in conjunction with our youth, connexions and fortune. I am, you cannot fail to recommend us io the will discover, if you condescend to encompaflionate confideration of the Be. quire, a very singular creature; but I nevolent Society.

have the vanity to believe that my finI am, ladies,

gularities would be my best recommenWith much respect,

dation with your society. The satisYour humble servant, factions of reason, and the toys of proCLEORA.” priety are alone calculated for my

participation. Wherever I go, I see a To the BENEVOLENT Society. visible competition between the mothers Ladies,

and daughters; the one unwilling to " If there are such people in exil- lose, and the other forward to gain tence, I do profeís myself your very the admiration of coxcombs. I have humble servant. Young fellows of ever considered the filial conduct as any reflexion have long been deterred the test of female merit. Can the bad from venturing upon matrimony, by child be expected to make the good the extravagant and unpromising edu- wife, or the amiable mother ? It is a cation of your sex. If a man of mo. contradiction in terms; for where graderate fortune unites himself to the titude and nature are wanting, can spirit of a duchess, or his grace mar- friendship, or tenderness, fublist? I ries the woman whose ambition would fhudder at the bare idea of such a wife, grasp a scepter, I only beg to know and repeat that a lady, whose manners what prospect there can be of conjugal are formed upon the plan of benevofelicity? But to take our view a little lence, is the only lady that can suit Jower : the customs, the laws of so- the taste of ciety are such, that an unmarried man

Your humble servant, is a kind of forlorn object in the crea




The Benevolent Society.

don Magazine, are duely and time To the BENEVOLENT Society.

remitted to them; and they thus ro “ IN the name of a little million of turn abundant thanks to very many diffatisfied females, I now address the of their correspondents for useful hints, Benevolent Society, to inform them, and entertaining suggestions. The le that, notwithitanding we are their con. ters signed Matilda, Abraham, a Fax. ftant readers, we have been constantly Hunter, and a Country Parlon, disappointed in our expectations, of received, and hall have a place i the affairs of which they were to have their next publication. taken cognizance.

[To be continued in cur Appendix.] in alline succeeding months, fince the first opening of their allembly to To bis Grace the D- of Gthe knowledge of the public, the same My Lord, une varying track en tio been period bye I Eted on the come furprize, the prece or fathionable amusements, has fallen Your molt determined advocates bare from their pen; and I am thus enjoin. fcruples about them, which you are use ed to tell them, that those are the acquainted with ; and though there be fubjects that would be most acceptable nothing too hazardous for your grace with their youthful readers at a dis- to engage in, there are some things tance from the metropolis, no less than too infamous for the vilett prostitute with those who are the happy residents of a news-paper to defend. In what of that delightful spot. I have actually other manner thall we account for the waited for the making up of a cap and profound submissive filence, which you pair of ruffles these three months, in and your friends have observed upas hopes of receiving instructions at their a charge which called immediately for hands, and was glad when I found the clearest refutation, and would have many of my lively acquaintance under justified the severest measures of reientthe same predicament, as to amount ment? I did not attempt to blast your to an absolute charge, appeal, or come character by an indirect, ambiguous plaint, against them, and which I most infinuation, but candidly stated to you chearfully took upon me to commu, a plain fact, which truck directly a nicate. We will accept of neither ex, the integrity of a privy counsellor, of cuses nor arguments; the fashions shall a first commissioner of the treasury, be laid before us, or you forfeit all and of a leading minister, who is sup. our favour. We confess you of con- posed to enjoy the first thare in his mafequence to us, and only ask this proof jesty's conádence. In every one of of the approbation being reciprocal. these capacities, I employed the most

So, trusting that you will not deem moderate terms to charge you with our request unreasonable, nor fail to treachery to your sovereign and breach comply with it, I do not hesitate to of trust in your office. I accused you fubscribe myself

of having fold, or permitted to be felt, Your friend and admirer, a patent place in the collection of the

CALISTA.” customs at Exeter to one Mr. Hine, The Benevolent Society have re. who, unable or unwilling to depofit ceived fo many letters this last month, the whole purchase-money himself, that it is not poffible to oblige their raised part of it by contribution, and correspondents with their sentiments, has now a certain Doctor Brooke quar, but they may depend upon receiving tered upon the salary for one hundred full satisfaction in all their interroga- pounds a year.--No fale by the cao, tories, complaints, and wishes, in a dle was ever conducted with greater short time, to the utmott of the Society's formality.-I affirm that the price, at power. So far from being hurt, or which the place was knocked down offended, they are mucb pleased with (and which, I have good reason to the rebuke they have met with ; con- think) was not less than three thouvinced that, however they were in- fand five hundred pounds) was, with tended, they fall derive an opportu. your connivance and consent, paid to nity from them of thining beyond their Colonel Burgoyne, to reward him, i urmolt hope, or expectation. All let. presume, for ihe decency of his de ters, sent to the publisher of the Lon. portment at Preston ; or to reimburse 5


1769: Junius's Letter to the Duke of -

611 him perhaps for the fine of one thou. to the heart? Have you a single friend fand pounds, which, for that very de. in parliament to thameless, so tho. portment, the Court of King's Bench roughly abandoned as to undertake thought proper to set upon him.-It your defence ? You know, my lord, is not often the chief justice and the that there is not a man in either house, prime minister are so strangely at va. whose character, however fagitious,

riance in their opinions of men and would not be ruined by mixing his re· things.

putation with your's ; and does not I thank God there is not in human your heart inform you, that you are nature a degree of impudence daring degraded below the condition of a man, enough to deny the charge I have fixed when you are obliged to hear thee invpon you. Your courteous secretary, sults with submission, and even to thank your confidential architect are filent as me for my moderation ? the grave. Even Mr. Rigby's coun We are told, by the higheft judicial tenance fails him. He violates his se. authority, that Mr. Vaughan's offer cond nature, and blushes whenever he to purchase the reversion of a patent speaks of you.-Perhaps the noble co- in Jamaica (which he was otherwise lonel himself will relieve you. No man sufficiently entitled to) amounted to a is more tender of his reputation. He high misdemeanor. Be it so, and if is not only nice, but perfectly fore, in he deserves it, let him be punished. every thing that touches his honour. But the learned judge might have had If any man, for example, were to ac a fairer opportunity of displaying the cuse him of taking bis itand at a gam- powers of his eloquence. Having deing-table, and watching with the so- livered himself with so much energy bereit attention, for a fair opportu. upon the criminal nature, and dangenity of engaging a drunken young no rous consequences of any attempt to bleman at piquet, he would undoubt. corrupt a man in your grace's station, edly consider it as an infamous aspersion what would he have said to the minister upon his character, and resent it like a himself, to that very privy counsellor, man of honour.-Acquitting him to that first commissioner of the treas therefore of drawing a regular and fury, who does not wait for but ima splendid subsistance from any unworthy patiently solicits the touch of corrup, practices either in his own house or tion ;-who employs the meanest of elsewhere, let me ask your grace, for his creatures in these honourable serwhat military merits you have been vices, and forgetting the genius and pleased to reward him with a military fidelity of his secretary, descends to apgovernment ? He had a regiment of ply to his house-builder for alliitance? dragoons, which, one would imagine, This affair, my lord, will do infinite was at least an equivalent for any ser. credit to governinent, if, to clear your vices be ever performed. Befides, he character, you should think proper to is but a young officer considering his bring it into the -of or into preferment, and, excepting his activi- the Court of K-'s B-_.-But, my ty at Preston, not very confpicuous in lord, you dare not do either. his profession. But it leems, the fale

JUNIUS. of a civil employment was not suifi. cient, and military governments, which to the AUTHOR of the LONDON were intended for the support of worn.

MAGAZINE our veterans, must be thrown into the SIR, Scale to defray the extenfive bribery of THERE account, fteps you take to secure to your love works of Mr. Hutchinson) of the disreign the attachment of his army! pensation of God in the instance of the With what countenance dare you ap- Egyptian plagues, viz. that in the in, pear in the royal presence, branded as fiction of thele plagues God converted you are with the infamy of a notorious the objects of their idolatry into the breach of trust? With what counte- instruments of their punishment. I do nance can you take your feat at the not recollect the proof of this in that treasury board, or in council, when gentleman's works, nor in Spearman's you feel that every circulating whisper. enquiry, nor other collateral publicais at your expence alone, and Itabs you tions, leveral of which I have read;


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612 A PHILISOPHICAL QUESTION. Det but being all for many years out of the To the `AUTHOR of the LONDOS reach of my perusal, I do, bona fide,

MAGAZINE. want to be informed in this particular, SIR, and prefume that the intelligence line H and finding you have but toa

AVING a little skill in algebra, gefted on this head will neither bę una. musing nor uninstructive to others of correspondents that way, upon fecizg your readers as well as myself. your quektion coucerning the legacies,

Now, sir, what I crave to know is, I applied myfelf to give it a folurion, how the abovementioned doctrine ap- which I have fest you, and waica it pears; by what authorities of the text, you will please to infert in yoar akku or history, &c.

Magazine next Month you wil exi It seems that the power of God in oblige, fir, your constant reader preserving his own people, in lb vifia

Goald Cricet. ble and conspicuous a manner (Exod. PUT x and y s the firft and kecond viii. 22. ix. 6, 26. X. 23.) from each legacies respectively'; the 3d being re; of these plagues, occasionally, was ef. per question: whence we have riz+; fectual to the purpose, which it pro: the 4th, 366 + y the 5th, and $49 + ay fefied to accomplish, namely, the re- the lixth, &c. now the fum of 12 terass duction of the tyrant's pride; and the of this feries will be 26352 + 885; this vindication of Itrael's innocence. Is fum, by the question, is to be an entire not this instance of general difference number of thousands ; whence Sty si put between Goihien and Egypt fuffi. be = 648, and the legacies will be as cient to convince the persecuting prince and his detaded people, that they were follows, viz. 175** 183, 190 both under the immediate power of the God of Israel? But had the inten:

373 563


Too tion of heaven extended farther, as to recover the Egyptians from idolary,


6376 10

10;'S and compel them, by these signs and wonders, to renounce their idols, in respectively, whence the fam bo this case there fiad been eminent pros queathed 27000. priety in the proceeding abovemen! Note, this is the least number that tioned, and the idolater thrown into willanfwer the question, and the greatconfusion upon seeing, directed to his eft is 42000'; consequently tñe question view, the ruin of the power of his idols will admit of rý ditterent anfwers. executed by the power of Elohim, and S I Ri 2 all the power of fecond caufes, or ma A question has fallen in my way, terial agents, which they are supposedi (if it isagreeable you will oblige lome of to have worshipped under emblemati- your readers if you will inferr it next cal figures, profeffedly made the in- month,), which I never get law 'any fruments of their destruction. But notice taken of, viz. How the muiti. there does nor feem tuch immediate plicity of the present philofophical propriety in this proceeding, when the lights are reconcileable to Moses in the end of it was only the departure of one sixteenth verse of the firft chap. of Ge. people from the other, and the means nesis: Mofes has but a duality of lights, of it the compulsion of the prince's our great philosophers have in all fe. leave and for this purpose is not a venteen, vind the coriginal primary general manifestation of the power of light the sun, the primary planets, and Elohim, as supreme in the creation, ten secondary ones : 'the fix primary sufficient to produce the effett mention pianets say they are moons, or lights, ed, Exod. vii. To, ix. 14? For publice to the fecondary ones, as the secondary plagues cannot be in Aicted except in ones are moons, or lights, to them: a public manner; and the vindication for inftance, the earth they say is a of God's own honour leems to have moon, or lighty to the moon, as the been as much consulted in Thewing maon'is a moon, or light, to her, and that he had the elements in his difpofat the same is said by them with regard to as in making those elements, as idols, Saturn-and Jepiter, and their moons. the material means of their confufion How eben is this multiplicity of moons, and ruin. Your's,

or lights, reconciltable to the Mosaic Dorsét, Dec. 6, 1769. CLERICUS. Darration ?



769. The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay. he State of the Jesuits in Paraguay ; fidels, and their affiduity in approach

taining good order and converting incontinued from p. 571. ing the sacraments. The apprehension H E churches are seldom without of being fruck out of the table

a great number of persons, who that contains the names of the allo. lese spend, in prayer, all the time ciates, would alone be sufficient tey can Ipare from their neceffary la. to keep them within the frictelt yurs. At day-break, the children of bounds of their duty. The least inoth fexes assemble there at the ring. temperance, if attended with any scana : of a bell; and, after morning dal, is enough to make the perion ayer, fing the christian doctrine till guilty of it withdraw of his own ac. in-rise. The men and women then cord; and nothing has contributed to me to hear mass; after which they much to extirpate entirely fo dangeI go to their leveral tasks. In the rous a vice. iening the children return to church The miffionaries have even found i be catechised; which done, evening means to inspire these Neophytes with rayers are said, at which all in gene. fo great an averfion for drunkenness, ul, as much as possible, affift. There the most universal of all their vices, dispensable devotions always termi. and the moft difficult to extirpate, ate with the rosary. A mass of the that, when their affairs call them to irgin, and another for the dead, is the Spanish towns, it is imposible to ing every Monday. On Sundays and prevail upon them to taste any wine. olidays, all repair to the church by On these occasions, they have been of ay-break; and immediately begin to ten heard to say, that wine is the best ng the christian doctrine, after which thing that comes from Spain, but that ae priest performs what marriages or to them it is downright poison. The spousals are to be performed. The fame precautions have been taken to mfelytes affilt at these ceremonies, cure them of incontinency, which is nd even the infidels, if any happen to one of the ordinary consequences of e in the reduction, as they have been drunkenness. The nighteft fault of und by experience to inspire them this kind would be fufficient to render ith very high notions of our holy re. any of them unworthy in the eyes of gion. The feasts and fasts of the the rest, of being counted among the leck are then published ; Jikewife all servants of the queen of virgins. rders and letters from the bishops. As to the women, the pains taken efter mals, ftrict enquiry is made, if to inspire them with a great horror for ny one has absented himself from it, impurity, have succeeded so well, that rany disorder has happened, that re- they readily submit to the molt ignouires an immediate remedy. The minious penance, for the least liberty aptism of the Catechumens, and they give themselves in this respect'; ometimes that of the new born infants, young girls bave often been known 3 the first function of the afternoon. to part with their lives, rather than Chen, vespers are sung; and the day yield to the brutality of infidels into inishes, as usual, with evening prayers whose hands they had the misfortune nd the rosary. But, in the congre- of falling. It has not, however, been ations, the vespers are always role as yet thought quite fo safe to exhort wed by an exhortation.

them to celibacy. In short the two These congregations are on the same sexes are no where suffered to interooting with those that have been mix, not even at church, in the midrected in almost all the houses of the dle of which there is a passage from ociety; and are divided into several the door to the fan&uary, which parts lafles. There is one for the young the men from the women. They are nen, from twelve to thirty, un- even divided into clases, according to ler the protection of the prince of their different ages; and every clats he heavenly militia. All the rest has its inspectors, who see that all re under that of the mother of those under their care behave with God. None are admired members the strictelt decurum. Those wlio inof these associations, but such as dif- spect the children carry in their hands inguish themselves by their charity to long rods, with which they immediheir neighhours; their zeal for main- ately put in mind of their duty those


Dec. 1769.

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