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Tbe State of the Jesuits in Paraguay.
Nor. forth the infant smile, and gladden may find there ; carry refrelhments the cheek of age, is my highest felicity and relieve each other in conducting I shudder at what I might have been, the billiop. This last precaution is to thankful for what I am, and will only much the more requisite, as the misadd that I fall ever remain a friend fionaries have often been stopt half and well-wisher to the
way, by the sudden breaking out of Benevolent Society, the small-pox, or some other epidemi. [To be continued in our next.] cal disorder, amongst the lodians.
On the prelate's approach to a re. The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay, duction, the news of which is always Continued from p. 515.
received by the inhabitants with the T
HE bilhops feldom visit the re. greatest demonstrations of joy, two
ductions, especially those of the companies of cavalry immediately set diocese of Buenos Ayres, because they out to meet him, and never Atop till lie at a great distance from that city. they have got within light of the con. These journeys, besides, are very fati voy. Then they form; display their guing í very dangerous and attended colours; and perform, in the belt orwith greater expence, than these pres der, all their evolutions. This done, lates, whose revenues are very scanty, they all alight; come and throw them. can well afford, though defrayed, in a felves at the prelate's feet; kifs his great measure, by the Indians thein- hand in the most refpectful manner; felves. It is well known, however, and receive his blesting. About a that it is not the fault, either of these league from the town, the Cacique, Indians, or their missionaries, that the Corregidor, and all the officers these visits are not oftener repeated. both civil and military, the superior On the contrary, they have been sec of the missions, the parith priest, and veral times obliged to apply for them some other Jesuits allembled from the in the most earneft manner, and for neighbouring reductions, likewise pay a long time together, before they could their respects to the bishop; fall on obtain them. The Indians folicit them, their knees to kiss his hand, and ask to have the comfort of seeing their his blefling. The infantry appears bishop, and for fear of being deprived next, drawn up in order of battle, of the sacrament of confirmations the colours Aying, drums beating, fifer pastors, because they always increase and clarions founding; and, after the fervor in their churches ; filence opening to let his lordthip pass through their detractors; and even procure them, join again, and bring up the them, on the testimony of the visiting rear, all the while beating to arms, till bishops, fresh marks of his catholic they have seen their prelate lafely ar. majesty's good will and favour.
rived. As, to arrive at the nearelt reduc The prelate enters the town amidt tions within the diocese of Buenos the repeated acclamations of the inha. Ayres, it is requisite to remount the bitants; apd, first, repairs to the Uraguay for some days together; and church, where, on his arrival at the the navigation is not only troublesome, gates, the organs are immediately put but dangerous, on account of the great in motion. It is here the women wait number of barbarians, enemies to the his coming; for they are never per. christian name, who often appear upon mitted, upon any pretence whatsoever, its banks; and as, besides, there is no to mix with the inen on such occasions. resting place to be met with during the Though the piety and modesty, paint. whole journey, nor the least conve ed in their countenances, are all their niency, even that of a bed, to lie upon, ornament, the facere joy they express the bishop had no sooner given no. at their bishop's arrival never fails to tice of his intentions, than two or draw tears from hin and all his attenthree Jesuits repaired to Buenos Ayres dants. Many prelates have even af. with a great number of their Indians, firmed, that their tears never dried to escort him. Other Neophytes re up during all the time their vifitation ceived orders, at the same time, to Jaited. The bishop, after giving his make the best of their way to certain blelling to his dear daughters in Jesus pofts, from distance to distance, in or. Christ, who receive it with joined der to drive away any enemies they hands and proftrated on the ground,
1769. The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay, 569 is conducted to the altar, where he reductions feated in the neighbourhood makes a short prayer, and then gives of the Parana. out the Te Deum, which is accompa
of the province, the nied by the best vocal and instrumen. commiffaries and visitors sent by the tal músick. After this, he and his kings of Spain to inspect the state of attendants repair to the apartments the reductions, are received in a more that have been prepared for them, military manner, but with the same where they find every conveniency zeal, and always with marks of the they can with for; and are served with profoundest submission. The provinthe greatest neatness and order. cial of the Jesuits, when he makes his
The time his lordship spends among first visit, is received with demonstra. them is employed in those functions, tions of affection and respect, which, which are the principal object of his however great they may be, evidently coming ; especially that of confirming fall short of what these good people all those who have not before received would have them, though a great deal that facrament. But these duties are more flattering for this father of their intermixed with holy rejoicings, in fathers, than all the honours they which the strangers are surprized to could render him, did his modefty find more order, good taste, and even permit him to receive ang. If any of elegance, than are, perhaps, to be seen these Neophytes happen to be at Buein some of the largest and best go. nos Ayres, when new missionaries arverned towns of Europe. Acclama rive there from Europe, (and when țions precede and follow the prelate they have timely notice of their being wherever he goes ; and his progress expected, they always flock there in may be traced by flowers and odorife. great numbers to receive them,) there rous herbs and triumphal arches loaded is nothing they don't put in practice with fruits and flowers of every kind. to express their joy. “It is but one But what surprizes him most, and perpetual holiday in the city as long what he can never cease thinking of, as the fathers continue in is the prodigious alteration observable and the Indians never fail to vary in theie new Christians, and of which their rejoicings by a few thews, with he is enabled to form a competent which fome foreigners, protestants el. judgment by comparing them with the pecially, have taken a great deal of wild Indians he has occasion to meet, pains to embellith their relation, at the and even with the converted Indians in expence of the Jesuits. the service of the Spaniards.
But these travellers, and most of Thele prelates are equally surprized those who look for amusement in their to find the children, that are brought memoirs, don't fufficiently attend to to them for confirmation, so well in the spirit, in which all these things struded in regard to the excellence are done ; nor consider, as they ought and obligations of this facrament, to do, that the difference and variety , which is always conferred with such of the several climates is attended with pomp and ceremony, as to make it a a great deal in the way of thinking festival, in which ail the inhabitants and acting of those who live under have a share, and which never fails to them; that besides a great many renew their fervour. The Indians things ought to be overlooked in men keep the prelate among them as long but newly civilized and converted, as they can, and his departure draws who think they can never do enough from them many tears, with which he to express their affection and graticannot refrain from mixing his own. tude towards those, 'who rescued them Toey escort him to the next town, in from favageness and idolatry; and the same order, and with the same who, at the expence of immense la. ceremony, they conducted him to bours, and in spite of the most cruel their own; and, when he has visited persecutions, have procured them all all the reductions, he returns to Bue- the blessings they enjov, that of libernos Ayres with the same convoy, with ty in particular, of whore value, as which he set out. This picture may well as that of all other bleflings, serve for the visitations, which the they moft be so much the mose lentibishop of the Assumption makes in the ble; as they have conftantly before 4
The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay. Nor their eyes other Indians their country. țill after a long and severe tryal; and men, groaning under the most cruel they have given "sufficient proofs al Navery, or living strangers to all the their discerning, as the apostle directs, comforts of a civil and religious life; the food of the soul, and that they and these observations are handed down truly bunger and thirst after it. But from generation to generation the to do this they have the greatest helps. parents never failing to relate them to Nothing is omitted to make them léo. their children. What wonder then, fihle, before they are permitted to that the remembrance of so many and approach this celestial banquet, of the fuch great bleffings, should inspire great purity of heart and fublimity of them with a boundless affection for affection requisite to partake of it worthe missionaries; and, that in expref. thily and to advantage; and it may Sing it, they should give way a little be affirmed with great truth, that they to their natural genius and dispostion. never come to the holy table but with
It has been thought proper, confi- sentiments capable of making an iradering the natural levity and incon- pression on the mot hardered reproAtancy of the Indians, and the great bates. difficulty there is often found in root The first miffionaries immediately ing out of the hearts of those newly perceived, that, in order to inspire converted certain gross vices, in a the new converts with a great relpech manner grown natural to them, to for the holy place, and for the worefablish in the reductions the practice ship peculiar to it, it was proper to of publick penances, much upon the employ some exterior pomp and cere. fame footing it prevailed in the pri- mony; and nothing has been spared mitive ages of Christianity. For this to make the proper use of this observa. purpore, the missionaries appoint some tion. All the churches are large, of the most virtuous to inspect the with three, and often five, naves, conduct of the rest. These inspectors, fomewhat too low, indeed, for their as soon as they have surprized any length and breadth, because the root one in a fact capable of giving scandal, is supported by columns of one piece. put on him the penitential habit; In the largest churches there are fire conduct him to the church, where very neat altars, at least; that in the they oblige him to make a publick middle, which is the great altar, ha confeflion of his crime; and then always something august and striking carry him to the square to be whipped. in it. The Spaniards themselves are The criminals always receive this cor- furprized to see them fo magnificen, rection not only without murmuring, and so rich in plate, linen, and orna. but with thanks; and scarce ever re- ments. It is, indeed, the only subjeâ lapse. Nay the men ofter, and the of emulation between the reductions, women lometimes, are seen to con. some of whom have been known to fels in the molt publick manner, rebuild their churches from the very fanlts of this kind, though commit. foundations, merely to put them on a ted in private ; and apply for penance. level with others; and even deprire But a great deal of discretion is ob themselves of the neceffaries of life to served on these occasions ; and it is effect it. with great difficulty the millionaries. All the churches are adorned with permit any of them, the women elpe paintings which represent the princicially, to make such publick contel pal mysteries of our holy religion, and frons, when they wait to ask leave for the most heroic actions of the Saints that purpose.
of the old and new teftament. Thek Thore devout and pious exercises, paintings are feparated by feftoons and which are most approved, and the church companiments of an everlasting verbesides has most authorized, are like dure, interspersed with the mot beauwise so many means successfully em. tiful flowers. On solemn days, the ployed to maintain the spirit of reli pavement is likewise ftrewed with gion, and even increase it in the Howels, and the whole church sprin. hearts of these new Christians. It is kled with 'weet waters, which perfum? a rule not to adinit to the commu- · the air. This, indeed, is eaGly done nion of the body and blood of Jesus as the maierials are to be found in Chrilt those born of inäuel parents, this country all the year round. Be.
1769. The State of the Jesuits in Paraguay. 571 sides, the Indians being very fond of should work such wonders in such pure flowers and odoriferous plants, these souls ; nor that thole very Indians, ornaments contribute to remind them to whom some learned doctors would that they ought, by their innocence not allow reason enough to be reand virtue, to be the good odour of ceived into the boson of the church,
Jesus Christ, and render themselves hould be at this day one of its greats - worthy of becoming the living tem. est ornaments; and, perhaps, the most ples of the Holy Ghost.
precious portion of the flock of Jerus These methods have succeeded be., Christ. It is at least certain, chat, - yond the most fanguine expectations there are to be found a great number
of the missionaries. Nothing can come of Chriftians among them, who have - up to the modesty, respect and tender attained the most eminent fanctity i
devotion with which they allift at the that all, or almost all of them, carry - divine mysteries, and the ordinary their contempt of the goods of this
prayers, which are, almost all of them, life to such an extraordinary degree, Said in the church. Tbe attention, as to be always ready to part with with which they listen to the instruc- what they ponte is for each other's relief, tions and exhortations of their pastors, and the decoration of the house of the almost surpasses belief; and during the Lord. Nay, they scruple making use act of contrition, with which both in themselves of the most precious fruits structions and exhortations are always of their industry. For instance, I concluded, and which is pronounced said that there is in some parts of this with a loud voice, they fob and ligh; country, a kind of bees, called Opemus, and would publickly confess their whole wax exceeds any thing we know faults, did not their millionaries em- of in whiteness. These Neophytes ploy all their authority to prevent it. have consecrated all they can gather
It is by these means that the misfo- of it to burn before the pictures of the paries have succeeded, in entirely ex. Blesed Virgin ; and, a Jesuit having tirpating from this republick certain once endeavoured to persuade some of vices, drunkennels especially, to which them, who happened to be in distress, the Indians have an almost invincible to sell what they had gathered of it, disposition; and inspire them with io in order to procure the neceslaries they great à delicacy of conscience, that, at wanted; “ We have, they answered, present, they rarely bring any but the consecrated it all to our good mother, Nightest faults to the tribunal of pe
and are not afraid of her abandoning Don Pedro Faxardo, bishop us in cur distress.” of Buenos Ayres, wrote to the king of Spain, that he did not believe there An Hiftorical Introduction to the Antiqui. was a single mortal fin committed in ties and Curiosities of Wilton-House. any of thele towns in a whole twelve Continued from p. 508. month.
I I obra de teren before bein imperfe ble for however, before this tribunal with such Lord Pembroke, with all the disposentiments of compunction, that they fitions in the world, to have made a seldom leave it without diffolving into tolerable gallery, but for some incitears. And, indeed, no pains have dents, and there were, the sale of shoe been spared to engrave deeply in their excellent collections, of Justiniani, hearts the falutary fear of di'pleasing Lord Arundel and Valetta of Naples. God; and to keep out of their way The first, with good reafon, was everything capable of endangering efteemed the largeit in Europe belong, their innocence. It is for this purpalé ing to a private person ; it contained, that houses of refuge have been every with duplicates and broken parts, thirwbere establithed for the reception of teen hundred different antiques. Jurwidows, and such married women as tiniani 'bach one hundred and six anhave no children during the absence tique bustos, of which leven were dus of their husband. They are all main. plicates of Homer, and a'jove fixty oid tained in these houses, at the expence heads, unknown and much alike : of the publick, when they cannot the best of the latter were purchaled work, or what they do is found insuf- by Cardinal Albani, who afterwards ficient for their support.
sold many of them. It is no way surprizing, that God The Arundelian collection consisted
572 Thomas Earl of Pembroke's Plan for Not of one hundred and twenty-eight faced, besides fragments of bands, buftos, several balto relievos and mif. fingers, toes, &c. This detail would cellaneous pieces, with thirty-seven make one wonder, how bis lorditi ftatues. All whole and in good pre: came by such a number of useless frag: servation, many of them as white and ments; the fact is, what is not us. . beautiful as when they came from the common, that for the sake of a few eIsculptor's hand, being found'in vaults cellent pieces he was obliged to take and subterráneous places, where no a great deal of trash. tinging or fouling substances touched Lord Pembroke was exceedingly them.
apprehensive of this : when the ArunThe ftatues were placed in Lord delian collection came to be disposed Arundel's house, but that not being of, Lord Arundel's agents proposed capacious enough to contain fo great to have the whole fold together ; but a number of antiques, he was neceffi- his lordship and other noblemen, who tated to set up many of them in his attended, opposed it, and after for: garden, contiguous to his house. It time broņght the agents to divide i is an observation deserving the atten. into three parts. 1. Those in the tion of connoiffeurs, though Lord house; 2. Those in the garden ; 3. Pembroke was the first who made it, Those beyond the Thames. Lord that valuable marbles ought, in this Pembroke gave considerably more than climaté, to be as little exposed as pof- any one else would, to have the firt fible to the external air and the un loc. of the second he was willing ta certainty of seasons. Because the at- buy many, could they bave been lepamosphere of this island being extreme- rated, but the father of Lord Pomfret ly humid and replete with Taline par- gave an advanced price for them, DA ticles, pervades the pores of marble, to be troubled with the third. and destroys their polish as well as sub The last parcel found no purchaser ftance. He found this fully verified until the year 1719, wben it was fold at the Arundelian fale. The ftatues to Mr. Waller, grandson of the poet, in the garden, in the space of a few for seventy-five pounds. Mr. Freemas years, were so honey.combed and dis- Cooke.cook half of it. It was judged figured by the weather, as to make that this parcel would have brought " them little worth, although when first more 'money at Rome, and not imput there, they were in tolerable con. probably, there being always in tha: dition. Among these were fourteen city artists engaged ja mending and ftatues, four only with heads. Cicero repairing broken antiquities. was known, the reft were cloathed The Arundelian marbles were be liks Senators, as Mark Antony, and stowed on the university of Oxford; the father of Julius Cæfar.
they had been brought to England a Lord Arundel caused those bodies an immense expence from the isle of which had good draperies and no heads, Paros, and set up in Lord Arundeli or legs or arms, to be repaired, and garden without Temple-bar, from they looked very well with such addi- thence, they were removed to Oxford tions. Pallas was furnished with a new and placed on the outward wall of the head and arm, and was of the fame theatre. It is fortunate for the learned height with the Colossal Hercules, world, that Selden published them as when measured to that part of the foon as they came, for the weather helmét, where the top of the head was has fo injured them, as to render them fupposed to come. The Egyptian gra. scarce legible. This confirms what nite column, and the black porphyry was before remarked of our climate, pillars, were in this collection, as also which in less than a century destroyed a marble pillar as high as the column, what the warmth and dryness of other but in two pieces.
places preserved for twenty. The In a garden beyond the Thames, marbles now.are in one of the fcbools. belonging to the earl of Arundel, were Lord Pembroke purchased some asmany mutilated antiqires; as eight or tiqnes from Cardinal Mazarine's col. nine mere trunks, a number of heads lection, which had that of Cardinal not fitting any of the bodies, some of Richlieu's incorporated with it. The them with noses, chins and lips de latter intended to build a fine palace