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1769. Description of the horned Indian Pheasant, &c.

509 To the AUTHOR of the LONDON beak is bent in so extraordinary a manMAGAZINE.

ner as to appear broken, and is den. SIR,

tared at the edges. Nothing can be A a

tion of a periodical performance, neck, and its ftill longer legs, in proand as the conduct of your Magazine portion to the fize of its body. The evinces your desire to gratify your covering feathers of its wings are all readers in that respect, I have been of the highest scarlet, and make a most induced to offer you the trifling affif- glowing appearance, from whence intance of my pen.

deed its name is derived. Natural history has, from my in The IB19, à bird which was very fancy, been my darling amusement; ufeful to the Egyptians for destroying nor can it be denied, that the study of serpents, locusts, and caterpillars, and natural history is an amusement of all on this account had divine honours others the most moral, instructive, and paid it. It is all over black, and about entertaining. It is of fingular use to the size of the curlew, with the head the young mind, enlarging the ideas, of a cormorant, and the long beak of communicating a taste for the beauties a heron. of nature, and sublime contemplations, The JACKAL is a very beautiful awakening the curiosity, and guarding creature, about the fize of a small the heart from every idle propensity; hound, and so like a dog as to be mise in a word, was this science properly taken, at first, for some uncommon and timely cultivated, the press might breed of that animal. teem with absurdity and romance, In the east, where it is a native, but absurdity and romance would meet there are valt packs of them, often with deserved disregard.

more than 200 in number, which hunt But do not misapprehend me ; I am animals they would never dare to atnot for presenting the public with ela- tack singly. It is not impossible but botate treatises, or a regular system of lions and other beasts of prey may be natural history; all I mean' is, to alarmed by the cries of these animals collect what is peculiary worthy at in their chase, and fall in and rob them tention, such as the description of ani- of their prey; but the general opinion mals, or other detached articles, and of their attendance upon the lion is throw them into a little train, without altogether fabulous. any critical distinction : as a proof of Such occasional descriptions are which, I have in the first instance what I would prepare for your accep: ranged birds and beafts in the same tance, and by your confideration of class, nor can I conceive there is the the present, shall judge how far agreesmallest impropriety in it, according able future rememberances will be to to the plan I have formed.

you from, sir,

Your humble servant, A Defcription of the Horned Indian Phea

A constant Reader. sant. The Horned Pheasant is a native of To the AUTHOR of the LONDON the East Indies. It is moft elegantly

MAGAZINE. variegated with a profufion of the

SIR,

T low, red, white, a blueish green, and, an agreeable person is better than indeed, almost every imaginable singe: a letter of recommendation, and an obIts tail is very beautiful. It has two servation abundantly justified by the callous fubstances, like horns of a fine conduct of mankind; for whether it blue colour, above the eyes, and on is compaflion or generosity we would each fide hangs a loose skin of the fame with to excite in the boroms of those hue, with spots of an orange colour. we address, we must first render ourIt has a short beak, round head, and felves pleasing, or our purpose will be

eye; nor can any thing in nature but half accomplilhed. That the mind exceed the reflection of the fun on its is in general a faithful monitor, cannot

be denied, but the mind has nothing The FLAMINO is a bird, of which to do with the drapery, the firele acthere is only one known fpecies. Its cidental graces of an object; the lines,

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o&. 1769.

5.10 The great Advantages of an agreeable Perfon. Oct. the characteristic lines of the soul, em- upon her. The tear ftarted to her ploy its whole attention, and where eye. I bid her follow me. She at. those are calculated to convey the tempted to thank me for unreceived impression of merit, all leffer defects favours, but was unable to articulate a infensibly disappear. And yet it must single expression. be confessed, caprice and false refine Having made her fit down, and orment out of the question, that though dered her some. refrelhment, she at we may serve the unhappy, or relieve length said, This, madam, this is too the distressed, without attending to much for me ; I am rendered so delpersonalities, there is a pleasure in be- perate by necessity, that all unfit as holding the elegant, under whatever I am, I have this day ventured to offer disadvantages; I mean mental elegance, some little things to fale. I did not for mental elegance constitutes what mean to beg, but many have repulsed we understand by agreeable ugliness, me with scorn. My industry indeed as the reverse what we understand by merits small encouragement; you, ma. deformed beauty ; sweetness and com- dam, would however have declined placence producing, what affectation purchasing any part of it with a kindand confidence totally destroy. I have ness that would have softened the dismet with many people who have high- appointment. I had prepared myselí ly arraigned this innate prejudice, this for ill. success, and if I had returned fpontaneous partiality of the human home unspurned, I could have supheart: Shall the all-pitying eye of Cha ported the rest. A succession of mis. rity, say they, make distinctions in fortunes, a detail of all which I may its objects? Is not misery misery, where. perhaps hereafter send you, had re. ever found? And are we to consult self, duced her to the low ebb of wretched. when the preservation of an individual ness in which the reached my knowbecomes the question ? I answer most ledge. I was so happy as to be ferassuredly, No; but it is allowed that viceable to her ; a few decent clothes we are wretched only in proportion have given her quite a new appear. to our feelings. I therefore affirm, ance, and those very people who that the informed, the susceptible mind overlooked, or cruelly rebuked her, is intitled to a treble portion of consi on her modeft application, would now deration : it is not hunger and thirst be the first to promote tile work I have that constitute the highest sufferings, began in her favour: but she shall owe except in the extremity of either; it is no obligations to the narrow-minded, the wound of arrogance, the neglect the inhuman; I can and will complete of the little fouled, the insults of the her deliverance from that worst of evils, object, and the keen fensibility of all poverty, and the shall confess me the together.

obliged party, instead of feeling the There is, perhaps, the finest infti. Nightest weight of unreturnable kiedtutions for charitable purposes in Eng- neis. land of any country under the sun, But not to dwell on the more meand yet it is too probable that thou- lancholy effects of this inftinctive acfands of deserving objects, in the utmost tachment, I will ask you, if it is alto. sense of the word, at this hour languish gether safe to communicate it? There for relief, unseen and uncompassionat are people in the world who die at the ed: the hallowest streams are ever the sight of a fat figure, and others who most noisy; nor is it the soliciting, but tremble from the idea of famine on bethe obscured sufferer, that beft inerits holding a lean one. The voice, if not our sympathy, our support, our friend happily cadenced, must offend the ear ly countenance.

of nicety, and who of the smalleft de. I myself met with an instance of licacy can bear a red filt upon their tawhat I now so warmly assert. A few ble? I know a gentleman who declar. days ago, as I was entering my own ed his aversion to a worthy woman, house, a woman of a very mean ap- whose contented spirit was ehe source pearance, with a little child in her of her plenitude of aspect, in the prearms, timidly approached, but in ac sence of her nearest relation ; another cents that could not be reafted, asked that ridiculed a walking skeleton, in no if I wanted any caps. I stopped and other tete-tete than withthe actual huflooked, I hope with tender solicitude, band of the lady so ridiculed ; a third

that

1769. History and Description of A fia.

511 that imputed a boatswain's hollow to from the Georgians, Mengrelians, and the father of his first favourite; and a Muscovites, by the mountains, on the fourth who complained of a red paw, fouth by Mount Taurus from Mesopoto the much-esteemed daughter of its tamia, and by Mount. Niphate from owner. With the rational and the Affyria ; on the west it has the 'Eu. diftinguishing these acknowledgments phrates, by which it is parted from are merely laughable, but if repentance Cappadocia and Armenia the Less. The is not the conlequence, who will say greatest part of it is under the Turks, that they do not experience some mor except a small spoć towards--the east tification on such occasions ? There is possessed by the Persians. In this coun. one thing, however, above all the reft, try both the Euphrates and the Tigris that astonishes me in people of this have their fountains. Armenia Minor caft; though ever alive to the imper- was heretofore a part of Cappadocia, fe&tions of others, they are often to. and is bounded on the north by the tally insensible to their own: before Mengrelians and the Pontus or Euxine we make an attack upon our neigh. sea, on the south by Cilicia and Syria, bour, would it not be both prudent on the east by Armenia Major, and on and political to examine our particular the west by Cappadocia. This whole perfons, dispositions, and endowments? country is now under the dominion of for if we bear teitimony to our neigh- the Turks. bour's want of an eye, while we our

ABYDUS, felves perhaps have not a tooth in our city of the lesser Alia, upon the Borheads, or charge them with a breach phorus, distant about a mile and three of chastity, while we do not scruple quarters from Selto on the Thralian to steal, or other equally glaring cir- sore. Heretofore it was a suffragan see, cumstances; if we escape the censure, under the archbishop of Cyzicum, the contempt we lo juftly deserve, how from whence it is distant 21 miles to can we endure our own consciousness? wards the south; but the bishop is now To pity the infirmity, we cannot but made a metropolitan. It has a strong perceive, and carefully correct those castle, well fortified by Mahomet the we discover in our own persons or con Second after his taking of Constantinoduct, is to make a right use of our ple, and is one of the Dardanels, which reasonable faculties, and to render our has ever in it a good Turkih garrison, felves valuable members of society. to defend the pallage and secure ConI am, fir,

ftantinople. Your humble servant,

AMASIA ANIMADVERTOR. is a city of Cappadocia, in Asia the

Less, upon the river Iris, which falls HiAory and Description of Asia conti- into the Euxine sea. It was once an nued.

archbishoprick, and had four fuffragans; Natolia, is a considerable part of three ages. It is however large, and Asia Minor, extending itself westward the capital of those countries. The begto the shores of Greece.

Jirbeg of Cappadocia has his seat there. It is bounded on the north with the Strabo, the ancient geographer, was Euxine sea, on the east it is separated born in this city, and gives a very from Armenia and Syria by the Eu- particular account of it. phrates, on the south it has the Medi.

AMBOINA terranean, and on the north it is di- is an island of the East Indies, the vided from Greece and Thrace by the whole circuit of which is but fixteen Bosphorus and many other seas. It is leagues, yet, from the spice it affords, all of it in miserable lavery under the is of no small consideration. It was Turks, who have amazingly depopu. discovered by the Portuguese in the lated, impoverished, and destroyed, year 1515. În 1605 the Dutch drove this once most rich and powerful out the Portugalforces, and made themcountry.

selves masters of the Amboina, the ARMENIA MAJOR and MINOR. principal town, by one Heven VanhaArmenia Major, called by the inhabi- gan. But that wbich makes this isļand tants Curdistan, is a very large and most infamous, is the cruelties executed well known country of Alia, divided by the Dutch upon the English in the

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