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1769. Gentlemen, &c. of the County of Devon.
463 I mean by enquiring into the truth of on record that the Count de Guerchy ; the charge. In the summer of the had conspired to assassinate the Cheyear 1764 an overture had been made valier D'Eon, neither has this charge to Sir George Yonge, Mr. Fitzher- hitherto been refuted or answered. bert, and several other members of This not fucceeding, a band of rufparliament, in the name of the Che.' fians was hired to kidnap that gen. valier D'Eon, importing that he, the tleman, and carry off his papers. chevalier, was ready to impeach three Though this second attempt failed, it persons, two of whom are peers and does not follow that these important members of the privy council, of sel- papers are fill secure. I was informling the peace to the French. Of ed by Mr. Firzherbert, so long ago as this proposal I was informed at diffe- the i7th of May, 1765, that he had rent times by the two gentlemen above then intelligence of overtures making mentioned. Sir George Yonge in to the Chevalier D'Eon, the object of particular told me that he understood which was to get the papers out of the charge could be supported by his hands, in return, for å stipulated written as well as living evidence. sum of money. This account I com. The Atep that I urged Lord Halifax municated the following day to Lord to take was to send for the Chevalier Halifax, who ftill perfitted in expoling D'Eon, to examine him upon the sub- these precious documents to fo many ject of this overture, to peruse his pa-' complicated hazards. I say precious pers, and then to proceed according documents, because if they thould be to the proofs. In such a case a more unfortunately lost, the affair must be decisive evidence than the Chevalier for ever involved in uncertainty; an D'Eon could not be wished for. He uncertainty, gentlemen, which may had himself conducted the negotiation be productive of infinite mischiefs ro on the part of the enemy, and was the nation, and cannot tend to the ariknown to have in his possession the vantage or satisfaction of any but the dispatches and papers of ihe Duke de guilty. Nivernois. This gentleman so quali Lord Halifax, in excuse for his refied, and so disposed to give light into fusal, will probably alledge, as he did the affair, did Lord Halifax refuse to to me, his persuasion that the charge examine ; whether from an apprehen. was wholely groundless. I need not fion that the charge would not be made observe how misplaced and frivolous out, or on the contrary that it would, such an allegation is, when applieu I leave you, gentlemen, and every to justify a magiftrate for not exaimpartial reader, to judge.
mining evidence. But I will finppole, It must not be underitood, that I for argument sake, the persons accuscan myself support a charge of cor- ed to be perfectly innocent: Is it not ruption againit che noble lords named the interest and the wish of every inin my informaton. My complaint is nocent man to have his conduct scru. of a different nature, and against a dif. tiniied, while facts are recent, and ferent person. I consider the refusal truth of consequence easy to be dirof Lord Halifax as a wilful obftruc- tinguished from falsehood? Is there tion of national justice, for which I any tenderness in suffering a stain to with to see him undergo a suitable pu- remain upon their characters till it be. nishment. Permit me to observe, gen. comes difficult or even imposible to he tlemen, that such an obstruction not wiped out? Will therefore thele wie only gives a temporary impunity to persons, if their actions have been up. offenders, but it tends' allo to make right; will they, I say, thank Lord that impunity perpetual, by destroy- Halifax for depriving them of an early ing or weakening the proofs of their opportunity of establishing their innoguilt
. Evidence of all kinds is a very cence? Will they not regret and exe. perilable thing. Living witnesses are crate his caution, if the subsequent supexposed to the chance of mortality; pression or destruction of the evidence and written evidence to the not un should concur with other circum. common casualty of fire. In the pre- stances to fix on them the suspicion of fent case something more ihan chele guilt? How will Lord Halitax excuse ordinary accidents might with good bimself to his lovereign for suffering reafan be apprehended. It hands up. fo atrocious a calumny to (pread and
Dr. Musgrave's Address, '&c. Sept. takes root to the evident hazard of guage un supported by experience, his royai reputation ? And what The histories of all ages inform as, that amends will he make to the nation France, where other weapons have for the heart-burnings and jealousies, failed, has constantly had recoarfe to which are the natural fruit of such a the leis alarming weapons of intrigue procedure? Yet these, gentlemen, are and corruption. And how effe&taal the least of the mischiefs that may be there have sometimes been, we have a apprehended from his behaviour upon recent and tragical example in the to. the footing of his own plea.
tal enflaving Corfica. I will venture however to affert, I have been thus particular in enuthat, as far as hitherto appears, the merating the evils that may result weight of evidence and probability is from the refusal of Lord Halifax, not on the contrary lide. Now, supposing from a desire of aggravating that nothe charge to be true, there can be bleman's offence, but merely to evince no need of long argument to convince the necessity of a speedy enquiry, wbile you of the injury done to the nation, there is yet a chance of its not being by suffering such capital offenders to wholely fruitless. Though the courie escape. For what is this but to de- of my narrative has unavoidably led fraud us of the only compenfation we me to accuse his lordfhip, accusation can expect for the loss of so many im. is not my object, but enquiry, which portant territories; a loss rendered cannot be disagreeable to any but Rtill more grievous by the indignity of those to whom truth itself is disagreepaying a pennon, as we notoriously able. In purkuing this point I have do, to the foreign minister who nego- hitherto been frustrated from the very tiated the ruinous bargain? Yet even circumstance which ought to have inthese considerations are infinitely out fured my success, the immense imporweighed by the danger to which the tance of the question. It has been apwhole nation must be exposed from prehended, how justly I know noi, the continued operation of so much that any magistrate who fhould comauthority, influence, and favour, to mence an enquiry, or any gentleman their prejudice, and above all from the who mould openly move for it, would pollibility that the supreme government be deemed responsible for the truth of of the kingdom may by the regency the charge, and subjected to severe peact devolve to a person directly and nalties, if he could not make it good. positively accused of high treason. This imagination, however, did not Even the encouragement that such an deter me, though single and unpro. impunity must give to future treasons, tected, from carrying my papers to is enough to fill a thinking mind with the speaker, to be laid before the late the molt painful apprehenfions. We House of Commons. The speaker live in an age, not greatly addicted to was pleased to justify my conduct, in scruples, when the open avowal of do- allowing that the affair ought to be mestic venality seems to lead men, by enquired into, but refused at the same an eaty gradation, to connexions time to be intrumental in promoting equally mercenary with foreigners and the enquiry himself. What then reenemies. How then can we expect mained to be done? What, but to ill.difpored persons to seift a temp. wait, though with reluctance and imtation of this sort, when they find patience, till a proper opportunity that treason may be detected, and mould offer for appealing to the pubproofs of it offered to a magistrate, lic at large, that is, till the accumu. without producing either punishment lated errors of government should or enquiry? The consequence of this awaken a spirit of enguiry too power. may be our living to see a French par. ful to be refifted or eluded! That this ry, as well as a court parry, in par. fpirit is now reviving, we have a fuf. liament, which, Mould it ever happen, ficient earnest in the unanimous zeal nu imagination can fufficiently paint you have thewn for the appointment the calamitous and horsid state to of a county meeting. In fuch a conwhich our late glorious triumphs juncture to withhold from you fo immight finally he reduced. When I portant a truth, would no longer be talk of a French party in parliament, prudence, it would be to disgrace my I do not speak a mere vilonary lan. former conduct, it would bew.that
With the Chevalier D'Eon's Antwer.
465 had been a&tuated by some temporary The gentlemen whom you have given motives, and not by a fteady and uni as your witnesses, cannot deny you form regard to national good. In this justification of their own veracity deed the declared purpose of your and your's. meeting is in itself a call upon every Though I cannot but commend' freeholder to disclose whatever you are your integrity in citing your au. concerned to know. I obey this call thors, yet it appears to me an act of without hesitation, submitting the pro- the last imprudence, in an affair of so secution of the affair to your judge much weight, to build upon report ment, in full confidence that the re. for naming publicly a person of my sult of your deliberations will do ho character, without having previously nour at the same time to your pru. consulted him. If you had recollected dence, candor, and patriotism. the contradiction I gave in The St. Plymouth, Aug. 12, 1769.
James's Chronicle of October 25, 1766,
No. 881, to an advertisement in the The Cbevalier D'Eon's Answer to Dr. fame paper, No. 875, importing in Musgrave's Letter.
substance what you alledge in your last SIR,
letter, you had saved me the trouble Y OU will permit me to believe of replying to you at this time. What
must be the result? The public will of me, than I have the honour of bave read greedily your letter; will knowing of you; and if in your let. have believed its contents, because ter of the i2th of August you had you appeal therein to my testimony: not made a wrong use of my name, I but what will they think now when should not now find myself obliged to your own interest, my honour and enter into a correspondence with you. truth oblige me to deny all that you
You pretend that “ in the summer have advanced therein with respect to of the year 1764, overtures were made me? in my name to several members of It is the same with your pretence parliament, importing, that I was that “about the 17th of May, 1765, ready to impeach three perfons, two of Mr. Fitzherbert told you, he knew whom were peers and members of that overtures had been made to me the privy council, of having fold the to sell for a sum of money the papers peace to the French.” And you seem that were in my hands." to found thereupon the evidence of a I have always factered myself with charge which you fay you carried being posessed of the esteem and friendyourfelf to Lord Halifax.
ship of the English with whom I have I declare therefore here, fir, that I lived. Who of them then in these never made, nor caused to be made, sentiments would have presumed to ang such overture, either in the win. have thewn sufficient contempt for me ter or summer of the year 1764, to have made me fuch an overture ? nor at any other time. I am on one The injury would have been the more fide, too faithful to the office I filled ; sensibly felt by me, as the character and on the other, too zealous a friend of the person was more respectable. to truth.
I Mall not follow you, fir, either in I confess you do not say it was 1 all the steps you have thought it your that made these overtures ; but only duty to take, or in the arguments you that they were made in my name, make use of to support them : these particularly to Sir George Yonge, and shew the orator, and those, if they be Mr. Fitzherbert,
well founded, prove the patriot, I assure you I do not know either But I here certify to you, on my of these gentlemen, and never autho- word of honour, and in the face of rised any person whatever to make in the public, that I cannot be of any my name such overtures, which the sort of use to you ; that I never en abhorrence alone I have for calumny, tered into any treaty for the fale of would make me detest.
my papers, and never, either by myself I call upon you, therefore, fir, to or any agent authorised on my part, lay before the public the name of the offered to make appear, that the peace audacious person who has made use had been sold to France. of mine to cover his own odious offers, H Lord Halifax, or the speaker, to
ON PREDESTINATION. Sept. whom you say you addressed your- dift. I pitied the fix piqus youths self, in order to call upon me as evi- who were expelled the univerlay, sand dence with respect to the validity of thought they deserved a better fate. your charge, had caused me to be While I was meditating on thefe cited, they would have perceived by things, a clergyınan, to whom I commy answers, that I am of opinion, municated my thoughts, desired me to that England rather gave money to be very cautious in determining for France, than France to England, to or against any sect or opinion. Read, conclude the last peace; and that the says he, on both sides the question. Rehappiness I had in concurring to the member what Solomon observes, " He great work of peace has inspired me that is first in his own cause fecaneth with fentiinents of the juttelt venera- jus, but his neighbour cometh and tion for the English commissioners searcheth him." "If you then doubt, who had been employed in it, and apply to some sober and discreet per: with the most lively élteem and fin- son, on whose judgment and veracity cereft admiration for the late Count you can depend ; if mankind would de Viry, who in his attachment to but follow this advice, probably there the welfare of the two nations then would not be so many sectaries among at war, and thanks to his indefatiga- us. Novelty most people are fond of, ble zeal! had the glory of bringing and the most absurd' opinions have that peace to a happy conclusion, had their admirers and, followers,
Judge now, fir, with what solidity Many flourish for a season, and then you can depend upon me to make your drop into oblivion. Saying this, he charge clear.
put into my hands Dr. Noel's answer I am too well known in England to the above book. I read, admired, to have been under any neceflity of and was again a Church-of-England chis reply, if the frankness of your man. Some time after, Goliath flain letter had not appeared to me to merit appeared. Agreeable to my worthy my preventing you from taking any clergyman's advice, I read the book, further iteps, which could not but and was not a little distressed. The au. turn to your prejudice, in as much as thor of Pietas Oxonienfis, and Gothey would be founded solely on falle liath fain, acquits himself (I ac, reports of my proceedings.
knowledge with the reviewers) as an In order to enable you to be as pru- able advocate in the cause he has undent as patriotic, I sign this letter, and dertaken to defend. Still he persetherein give you my address, that for veres in his opinion, predeitieation to the maintenance of your own veraci. damnation, and once a child of God, ty you may furnith me with the always a child of God. Mentioning means of convi&ting publicly those this to my faithful Mentor, he deli, danderers who have dared to make use vered his opinion in the manner fole of my name, in a manner still more lowing. repugnant to real facts, than the dig. Firit, As to predestination to damnity with which I have ever supported nation. This, says he, is certainly my character.
contrary to the divine attribute of I have the honour of being mercy, and (if I am not mistaken) to Your most humble servant, revelation. The scripture declares,
The Chevalier D'EON. Gen. i. 27. “ That God made man In Petty. France, Westminster, after his own image," and Cor.iii. 22,
“ The Lord laid, Behold the man is ON PREDESTINATION.
become as one of us, to know good
and evil." Here is no room for To be AUTHOR of the LONDON deltination to damnation; no fuch
thought in those early days. Let us SIR,
proceed to later revelation. The my acquaintarce recommended to God is not willing that any thould my serious reading Pietas Oxonienfis, perish, but that all should come to reAgreeable to his advice I read the book pentance and be saved. Can there be with aception, and declare the author a fronger proof against this borrid almof persuaded me to be a metho: doctrine? But let us likewise attend to
1.769. ON PREDESTINATION.
467 what the scriptures seem to hint in fa- children of God, and died the reverse. evour of it, which have been often But not to dwell on these particulars,
applied to this fubje&t. The Lord let us attend to what the apostle st. : added to the church daily fucb as fbould Paul says to the Corinthians.
de faved, A&ts ii. 47. This is a wrong him that thinketh he ftandeth take translation, the Greek is ows suéves, the heed left he fall." Does not this text faved. The Lord added to the church thew there is danger of falling from
the faved. Christians are so filed else. grace ? especially as the same apostle ar. where. See Whitby, vol. i. p. 641. lures us, Heb. xi 26. “ If we fin wilful.
Again. As many as were ordained to ly, after we have received the knowledge eternal life believed, Aets xii. 48. of the truth, there remaineth no more Greek, ritagénoi, disposed. This word facrifice for fin, but a certain fearful TITayu éves is used in scripture to signify looking for of judgment and fiery in a man not outwardly ordained, but in- dignation, which Ihall devour the ad. wardly disposed. St. Paul went on versaries.". Does not this prove we' foot có Alfos, stw zap hy dietetá yjetvos, may fin wilfully? He afterwards gives for so he was disposed. See Whitby this advice, Heb. xii. 15. Looking and Hammond, Profane authors diligently, left any of you fail of the used the word in this sense.
grace, Greek, fall from grace, for as Again. Certain men who were be. St. Peter (ii. 20.) writes it, “after they fore ordained to this condemnation. had escaped the pollutions of the Jude 14. Greek, w gogoy sapapéves, before world, through the knowledge of the written, or foretold, that ungodly Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
, they men should suffer punishment due to
are again intangled therein and overtheir fins.
come; the latter end is worse than Again. Whereunto also they were the beginning. For it had been betappointed. 1 Pet. ii. ?: The Greek ter for them not to have known the Eritreay certainly fignifies appointed. 'way of righteousness, than after they But to what? Not to damnation, but have known it, to turn from the holy to stumble at that stone, that rock of commandment delivered unto them. offence, a crucified Saviour and his But it bappened unto them according doctrine. Hear what the apostle says, to the true proverb, The dog is “ Behold I lay in Zion a chief corner turned to his own vomit again, and stone, elect, precious; he that believes the low that is wathed to the wallowon him Thall not be confounded. But ing in the mire.” Il bappened, does unto them which be disobedient is made not this prove it has been, and consea stone of stumbling, and a rotk of quently may be? From ver. 18. 20. 21. offence, even to them which stumble it seems to be Itrongly argued, that at the word being disobedient they who were once truely faithful, (again repeated) whereunto also they may totally fall away. Whithy, vol. ii. were appointed.” They were before
P.747. These, says my faithful Mentor, disobedient, and as such appointed to are my sentiments till better informned. tumble at that rock of offence.
To which, at present, I subscribe, and At present, I do not recollect any am, fir, your obliged servant, other texts of scripture, which seem to
June 1, 1769.
H. C. favour this doctrine of predeftination to damnation.
On the Afcenfion-Body, by the City Mi. Now, fir, for a few words on once
nister, in Anfruer to the Country Cu. a child of God, always a child of rate.A few more Lines' to the God,
Country Curate, concerning the Af: This affertion seems to be contrary cenfion-Body of Christ. to scripture. There are several per.
TOU appear to be a gentleman of who were for many years children of ingenuity and candor; which God, and fell from grace; yet after has induced me to present you with wards were restored to mercy; which the following remarks upon your roproves they were not always children marks on my second letrer. You cite of God. There are many likewile me as 'taying, “ When Christ had mentioned, whą for many years were quicted his personal converse with his