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1769. THE BRITISH THÉATRE.
405 ther new edition, with a great number first appearance at the theatre in of corrections, in 1747.
And Mr. Goodman's Fields, then under the Theobald's edition was reprinted, with managemeet of Mr. Henry. Giffard. several alterations, in 1757. - In 1760, – The character be first represented appeared an historical play, entitled, was that of King Richard III. in The Raigne of Edword the Third, &c. which, like the sun bursting from bewhich is ascribed to Shakespeare, upon hind an obscure cloud, he displayed, these three concurring circumstances, in the very earliest dawn, a somewhat the date, the Atyle, and the plan, more than meridian brightness.In which, is taken, as several of Shakes- sort, his excellence astonished every peare's are, from Holingshead, and a one, and persons of all ranks flocked book of novels, called The Palace of to Goodman's-Fields, where Mr. Gar. Pleasure.-Thus new monuments are rick continued to act till the close of continually rising to honour Shakes- the season, when, having very advanpeare's genius in the learned world ; tageous terms offered him for the pero and we must not conclude, without forming in Dublin during some part adding another teftimony of the vene- of the summer, he went over thither, ration paid to his manes by the public where he found the fame just homage in general, which is, that a mulberry- paid to his merit, which he had res tree, planted upon his estate by the ceived from his own countrymen hands of this revered bard, was cut To the service of the latter, however, down not many years ago, and the he esteemed himself more immediately wood, being converted to several do. bound ; and therefore, in the ensuing mestic ules, was all eagerly bought at winter, engaged himself to Mr. Fleeta high price, and each single piece wood, then manager of Drury-lane treasured up by its purchaser, as a pre- playhoufe, in which theatre hé concious memorial of the planter.
tinued till the year 1745, in the winThe plays of this great author are ter of which he again went over to too well known, and too universally Ireland, and continued there through admired, to be enumerated in this the whole of that season, being joint place.
manager with Mr. Sheridan in the diDAVID GARRICK, Efq; was born rection and profits of the theatre royal in the city of Hereford, in the year in Smock. Alley. From thence he 1719, his father bearing a captain's turned to England, and was engaged coininission in the army, which rank for the season of 1746 with the late he maintained for several years; and Mr. Rich, patentee of Covent Garat the time of his death was possessed den. This, bowever, was his last of a majority, which that event however performance as an hired actor, for in prevented him from ever enjoying. the close of that season, Mr. FleetOur author received the first rudiments wood's patent for the management of of his education at the free-school of Drury. Jane being expired, and that Litchfield, which he afterwards com- gentleman having no inclination fare pleted at Rochester, under the cele- ther to pursue a design by which, from brated Mr. Colson, since mathemati- his want of acquaintance with the procal professor at Cambridge. On the per conduct of it, or some other rea9th of March, 1736, he was entered Jons, he had already considerably imof the honourable society of Lincoln's paired his fortune, Mr. Garrick, in Inn, being intended for the bar. But conjunction with Mr. Lacy, purchawhether he found the study of the law fed the property of that theatre, togetoo heavy, saturnine, and barren of ther with the renovation of the patent, amusement for his more active and and, in the winter of 1747, opened it lively disposition, or that a genius like with the best part of Mr. Fleetwood's bis could not continue circumscribed former company, and the great addiwithin the limits of any profession but tional strength of Mr. Barry, Mrs. that to which it was more peculiarly Pritchard, and Mrs. Cibber from Coadapted, and like the magnetic needle vent Garden. pointed directly to its proper centre,
In this station Mr. Garrick has comor perhaps both, it is certain that he tinued ever since, and both by his did not long pursue the municipal law; conduct as a manager, and his unefor in the year 1740-1, he quitted it qualled merit as an actor, has from catisely for the ftage, and made his year to year added to the entertain.
THE BRITISH THEATRE. Aug. ment of the public, which he has ever, and Juliet. T. (Altered from Shake. with an indefatigable assiduity, con- speare, with an additional scene.) S. sulted. Nor has the public been by Winter's Tale: (Altered from Shakeany means ungrateful 'in its returns speare.) for that afliduity; but has, on the con Besides there, Mr. Garrick has been trary, by the warm and deserved en- reputed the author of the following couragement which iç has given him, pieces; viz. 1. Catherine and Petru. raised him to that state of ease and af. chio. Farce, in three acts. (Altered fluence, to which it must surely be the from Shakespeare.) 2. Cymbeline. T. with of every honeft heart, to see fu- (Altered from Shakespeare, but by perior excellence of any kind exalted. little more than a transposition of se.
To enter into a particular detail of veral scenes, for the sake of adding reMr. Garrick's several merits, or a gularity to the conduct of the drame.) discussion of his peculiar excellencies 3. Enchanter. Müfical Entertainment. in the immense variety of characters 4. Gametters. C. (Alteration from he performs, would be a task, not on. James Shirley.) 5. Harlequin's Inva. ly too arduous to attempt, and too fion. A Christmas gambol. (This is extentive for our limits, but also en. a fort of speaking pantomime, in tirely impertinent and unnecessary, as which an admirable scene of Lady very few persons can be supposed un- Doll Snip, the çaylor's daughter, was acquainted with them.
written by this gentleman.) 6. Ila. Suffice it in a word, the beholder bella. (Alteration from Southerne's feels himself affected he knows not Fatal Marriage.) 7. Liliput. An enhow, and it may be truly faid of him, tertainment, acted' by children. 8. by future writers, what the poet has Male Coquette. Com. in two acts. said of Shakespeare, that in bis acting, Besides there, Mr. Garrick has been as in the other's writing,
supposed to be the author of an ode on His powerful frokes prevailing truth less than fix weeks, run through four
the death of Mr. Pelham, which, in imprefid, And unrefifted passion formod tbe breaft. and songs which he has written, are al.
editions. The prologues, epilogues, 9 His superiority to all others in one moft innumerable, and possess a degree branch of excellence, however, muft of happiness both in conception and not make us overlook the rank he is execution, in which he ftands une. cntitled to stand in as to another ; nor qnalled. It would, however, be in our remembrance of his being the first vain to attempt any enumeration of actor living, induce us to forget, that them in this place, and is indeed the he is far from being the last writer. less necessary, as I have been informNorwithftanding the numberless and ed there is hope the author himself laborious avocations attending on his will, ere long, oblige the public profession as an actor, and his station with a complete edition of all his as a manager, yet still his active ge- works. nius has been perpetually bursting Having thus, pursuant to our plan, forth in various little productions both given our readers a cursory history of in the dramatic and poetical way, the first dramatic poet, and of the whose merit cannot but make us regret first dramatic performer this country his want of time for the pursuance of ever produced, we now come to the more extensive and important works. very liberal institution projected by He has publickly avowed himself the the latter to celebrate the memory of author of the following, some of which the former; an institution which does are originals, and the reft alterations honour to the age, and entitles Mr. from other authors, with a design to Garrick to a generous regard from adapt them to the present talte of the the fons of genius, the admirers of li. public.
terature, and the friends of humanity, Every Man in his Humour.Com. From the original period of Mr. (Alteration from Ben. Johnson, with Garrick's direction of the theatre, it an additional scene.) 2. Farmer's Reo has been his constant study to enterturn. Interlude: 3. Guardian. Com. tain the public as much as possible of two acts. 4. Lethe. Farce. 5. with the productions of their most disLying Valet. Com. of> two acts. 6. tinguished writer ; which, notwithMiss in her Teens. Farce. 7. Romeo Sanding all their inaccuracy, their vio
1769 THE BRITISH THEATRE
407 lation of the rules, and disregard of distinguished by an honourable menprobability, nevertheless contain a tion, while the Swan of Avon so confund of nature, and a force of fancy, stantly strung the lyre of every pretender, that will secure them an eternal pre- even, to literature. The latter being hapo eminence in the theatre. Actuated by pily the case, the inhabitants of Stratthis view, Mr. Garrick carefully con- ford looked upon themselves as peculia lidered many pieces of his favourite arly bound to honour the memory of a poet, which the ignorance of the man by whom they acquired fo much times had configned to oblivion, and rep::tation; and being lensible that no as his perfect acquaintance with the little share of his fame was due to the stage, made him a masterly judge of labours of Mr. Garrick, they determidramatic effect, he retrenched the su- ned to thew the utmost regard in their perfuities of some, while he affilted power for that gentleman; unanimously the deficiencies of others, and gave a elected him a burgess of their corporanew existence to several inestimable tion, lent him up part of a mulberry tree, works, which had otherwise remained which, being planted by Shakespeare perhaps in everlasting obscurity. As himself, they confidered as a sacred he rendered these plays proper for ex. relique, and requested his picture for hibition, he not only brought then their town hall. Mr. Garrick, on the out, but always appeared in a princi. other hand, meditated how he might do pal character himself, and gave them an essential service to the birth-place of every embellishment that was calculat- bis Shakespeare, and pay a suitable comed to Atrike the eye, engage the ear, pliment at the same time to the poet's or charm the imagination ; by these exalted character; the ensuingjubilee will methods, his Shakespeare's leaft known be the consequence of his determination : writings were constantly represented to and possibly there is not another man in a crowded audience. The world dis. the kingdom, who, as a genius, is pocovered new beauties as often as they pular enough to institute, and as judge were repeated; they wondered how of pleasure is qualified enough to direct such astonishing effects of genius could so arduous a scheme of public entertainbe so long concealed, till at last, from a ment.--The jubilee is to open on the defire to see the Roscius of their age fixth of the present month with an orain his extensive variety of parts, they torio, in the church : Dr. Arne is to came to relish, they came to admire conduct the performance. Mr. Richards, those very performances which the who leads the Drury-lane band, is the critics had taught them to condemn: first violin ; and the fingers consist of the performances, indeed, were wholly Mr. Vernon, Mrs. Baddely, Mrs. Bar. repugnant to the elaborate doctrine of thelmon, and Master Brown. From the the Ichools, but still there were none church the company walk in procession to which so much excited their mirth, the great booth, which has been built on so much interested their sensibility: purpose for the masquerade, or to the their laughter was immoderate, or town hall, where an occasional ode will their tears were excessive, though a be executed, and the evening is to connumber of profound scholars declared clude with an assembly and a ball. it was shameful to laugh or to cry On the 7th, the morning commences where the unities were lacrificed. Not with a procesfion to the Statue of Shaker to trespass on the patience of the speare; the persons, who compose this reader, the feelings of the heart tric procession, are to be dressed in the habits umphed over the laws of the stagyrite, of his various characters; and Mr. Gar. and the simple dictates of nature bid rick is to crown the katue with a wreath defiance to the unbending severity of of laurel. Early in the evening a maga criticism.
nihcent fire-work is to be played off, Shakespeare being thus fecurely esta- under the direction of Mr. Angelo; and blished upon the throne of genius, ir the whole is to terminate with a masquenow became as fafiionable to applaud, as rade. On the 8th, however, a plate will it was formerly fashionable to exclaim be given by the corporation, which will against the irregularity of his compoli. afford another day's entertainment. tions, and he was universally celebrated U pon the whole, the public expectaas the poet of nature. It would there- tion is greatly excited by this festival to fore be wonderful, if the place of his genius; but when the taste of the stewnativity should be loft in the side of po. ard is considered, there can be no great pularity; and in fact it would be won. reason to suppose that this expectation derful, if Stratford was not frequently will be disappointed,