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1769. Lord H-d's Letter to the Lord Mayor, &c. 387 fo? If it is, I am fure Mr. Beckford must the money of the nation had not been regu. have been against it, because he knows, larly audited and accounted for. and could have shewn your lordship in writ That in the department of the Pay-office ing, che utter falfhood of what is there in. I had been informed there were upwards of finuated.
forty millions not properly accounted for; that I have not the honour to know your lord. the officers of the king's Exchequer were ship, so I cannot tell what you may have bound in duty to see justice done to the pube beard to induce you to carry to our fo lic ; that process had issued out of the court vereign a complaint of so atrocious a na of Exchequer, and that all proceedings for a tore.
certain time had been suspended by the king's. Your lord ship, by your speech made to sign manual. I then did declare, that it was, the king at 'delivering the petition, has an high offence for any minister to advise the adopted the contents of it; and I don't king to stop the course of public justice, know of whom to enquire but of your without affigning a very good reason for such lordship concerning this injury done :o an in- his advice. I desired the chancellor of the nocent man, who am by this means (if I Exchequer, and the lords of the Treasury, am the person meant) hung out as an object who sat opposite to me, to set me right, if my of public hatred and resentment.
information was not well founded; but not a You bave too much honour and justice single word was uttered in answer by any of not to tell me whether I am the person the gentlemen in adminiftration. meant, and if I am, the grounds upon
After some days had elapsed, I met my which I am thus charged, that I may vin friend Ms. Woodhouse in Westminster-Hall, dicate myself, which truth will enable me he told me I had been misinformed as to what'. to do to che convi&tion of the bitteref enemy;
I had mentioned in the House of Commons, and tberefore I may boldly say, to your lord and that if I would give him leave, he would fhip's entire fatisfa&tion, whom I certainly send me a paper from a noble lord, which have never offended.
would convince me of my mistake. The I am, with the greateft respect, paper alluded to is in London, I therefore My lord,
cannot speak of the contents with accuracy Your lordship's moft obedient, and precision ; but this I recollect, that the And mot humble servant, perusal of the paper did NOT convince me
H-D. ihat all I heard was faise. It was a private The Lord Mayor's Answer.
paper, and I do not recollect having thewn it Mansion-house, July 10, 1769.
to more than a fingle person. I have no doubt
Mr. Woodhouse has a copy of the paper by THE Lord Mayor presents his compli- him, and hope he will submit the contents
ments to Lord Hud, and in answer to the honour of his lordship's letter deli- tion of an innocent man.
to the judgement of the public, in vindica-, vered to him by Mr. Selwyn, he begs leave to say that he had no concern in drawing
I am, dear, fir,
Your ever faithful and affectionate, up the petition from the livery of London
Humble servant, to his majesty; that he looks on himself
WILLIAM BECKFORD. only as the carrier, together wiih other gentlemen charged by the livery with the delivery of it ; that he does not, nor ever did,
To the PRINTER of the Public Adv. hold himself accountable for the contents of
Kingigate, July 20, 1769.
ORD HOLLAND seeing in your pait, and is a stranger to the nature of the sup L posed charge againk his lordibip.
per a letter from Mr. Beckford to a
liveryman of London, of July 15, 1769, and, Capy of a Letter to a Liveryman of London. sends you an authentic copy of the paper
Mr. Woodhouse being at Spa in Germany, Foatbill, July 15, 1769. which he sent by Mr. Woodhouse to Mr. I Am as much surprised as you seem to be, Beckford: he hopes the perusal of it will at seeing my name, and papers in my por
convince the reader, that all is false that can feffion, appealed to by a noble lord. You, impute any crime to Lord Holland. and
my friends in the city, think it incum The reader will see, that some of Lord Hol. bent on me to vindicate as they are pleased land's accounts were then before the auditor; to express themselves) my honour and chara. and there are two years accounts fiace lodged ter, which is called in question. The only
there. proper satisfaction in my power to give you,
He will see that Lord Holland's accounts my other friends, is to relate plain mat (voluminous and difficult beyond example). ters of fact, to the best of my recolletion. have not been kept back from inclination, la the lart feffion of parliament, on a ques.
but neceßity; and no longer than those of tion of revenue (as far as my memory serves) his predecessors. I did declare to the house that the public re He will see (and is desired to observe pare Penue bad been squandered away, and that,
ticularly) that savings, lo far from remaining Ccc 2
388 Lord Hd's Defence of bimself, && July all in Lord Holland's hands, had been givea lordship's account for the year 1960 is almalt in, and voted in aid of the public service, to ready to be delivered to them the amount of 910,541). and 43,5331. 195.7d. From the nature and extenfion of army Kupon sume regimental and other accounts ben accounts, it is molt evident to those bat are ing adjusted this last winter) have been fince ben acquainted with thom, that it is tediou paid add voted.
and difficult to bring even regimental 16. He will read in it, chat Lord Holland de- counis to a final adjustment; other parts of Sired to be thewn how he could proceed fafter the accounts are more so. Lord Holland, ia than he did. If nobody has shewn, or can the courle of the years 1759, 176o, 5761, thew how that might have been, or may be 5762, 1763, and 1764, has paid to regi, done, does he deserve either punidhment or ments and independent companies 320,391 censure? And had he not a right to think gs. vid. whose accounts are ac bis ime use himself sure that Mr. Beckford muft have adjusted, for want of proper authoritics; and been againft the article in the patition re cili those authorities are obtained, the audilating to him, because Mr. Beckford knew, tors will not allow one filling of said sum ia and could have foown the lord mayor in his lord ship's accounts: to obtain those are writing sbe utter falfebood of wbat is ibere in- tporités, his lordihip has ofçen repeated his Snuated.
sollicitations, Lord Holland prints the memorial examined What is ebe balance of caffa in Lord Holland's by the Treasury, and the sign manual it ob- bands? tained ; stopping process (not accounts) for A. The meaning of this queftion can be fix months, which neither did, nor could sur po other than, What savings are in Lord pend or delay the paymasters's accounts an Holland's hands ? Oi, in other words, How bour.
HOLLAND much bas ihe experce, in «dy case, fallea
Short of the sum vored? Obferu. on ibe Accounts of tbe Paymaster-General.
Ao to the savings, so far as the Pay office Why were Lord Holland's Accounts, as has been enabled io fate the army accouati,
Paymafter General for ibe Years 1757, they have been given into parliament. 1758, and 1759, not delivered to obe Auditors From services that bave fallen fort of the before the year it 1768?
sums voted, and irom monies paid in by ar. A. The paymaster.general's officers being my accomprants, Lord Holland duceted ac. best acquainted with army accounts, are em counts to he made u. and laid before ibe ployed in making up the sccount of the House of Commons; and accordingly (out of preceding paymasters. The acco'n's of the these savings in Lord Holland's hands) pare earls of Chatbam, Darlington, and Kionoul, liament, from time to time, availed itself and Mr. Potter, were made up by them, of the following sums, viz. and regularly, and in due courle, delivered
L 4. de to be auditors.
Voted in aid of extraordinaGreat as the army and its expences were, sies, to Dec. 24, 1763) 239,966 1 4 during the last war, beyond all former exam Vored in the Year 1764, in ple, dispersed in all quarters of the world, aid of German claims 170,905 % % and difficult as it evidendy must have been Voted in the Year 1765, in to keep the accounts in any tolerable order, -aid of ditto service
*31,740 3 7 it will be found, upon examination, that Voted in the year 1765, in ibe accounts of Lord Holland, as paymaster aid of extraordinary fergeneral, are not further back than those of vices
60,63? ? 10 his predeceffors, and that his lord ship's ac- Voted in the year 1967, in counts are not kept back, as has been sug. aid of extraordinaries, and gefiled, from inclination, but neceffity.
171,571 33 3 The late Mr. Winnington's accounts, for Vated in the year 1965, in two years and a half from December, 1743, aid of the supply
15719 IS 7 to the 24th of June, 1946, were declared the 15th of May, 1960. I be earl of Chat
910,541 18 3 ham's accounts, for nine year and a ball, from the 25th of June, 1746, to the 24th His lordchip could by, no other means afof Dec. 1755, are not yet declared. The certain and give into parliament the saviegs carls' of Darlington and Kinnoul, for the on the votes for the army," bụt by the final year 1755, and the earl of Kinnoul's and
adjustment of army accounts; what farther Mr. Potcer's, for Ox months, to the 24th Savings may be, is very uncertain, as they of June, 1757, are now before the auditors. cannot be known before the services are ab
The accounts of Lord Holland, for the solutely determined and elosed years 1757 1758, and 1759, likewise His lordship is very sorry to say it, that in the accounts of his deputies, attending the the years 1759, 1760, 1761, 1762, 763, army in Germany,' from the commencement and 1764, there are not less than fifty fix reto the end of the late war, are allo before. giments and companies now ftanding open the auditors for theis enamination; and his and unadjusted, for want of authorities;
1769. Various Articles respecting Lord Hd, 389 ad in his ledgers there are accounts to a laid before the auditors; the roft will regu. nach greater extent, as the pay of stafi- larly be ļaid before them, as fast as it is officers, &c. &c.
possible to make them ap. Though I have It may be seen here, that though Mr. Win- been two years out of employment, the pay. pington died in April 1746, and his executor, ments for my time are not yet completed. Mr Ingram, used all posible industry to close I therefore pray your lordships will be bis 2counts, they could not be closed till pleased to obtain his majesty's warrant, grant., *760; fourteen years. The earl of Chas: ing me longer time for making up my acham went out in December 755, yet are counts as paymaster-general of his majesty's not bis accounts closed till 1768"; thirteen forces; which is, &c. HOLLAND. years. The earl of Kionoul's are not closed Pay-Office, Horse-Guards, 25th June, 1767. yet, though he has been out of the office eleven years. Lord Holland has been put King's Warrant. Stay of Process againy Lord three years and a hal: where in the
Holland for fix Montbs. wonder his are not closed ?
THEREAS our right:trufty and well. does, he will be very much obliged to them.
, Let it be observed that he has before the
by the annexed memorial, represented, that auditors already accounts for ngre years
from several unavoidable caufes and difficul. than Mr. Winnington of Lord Kinvoul bad
cies he hath been prevented making up his to account fos.
accounts as Jate paymaster-general of our MEMORIAL for Lord Holland te bave longer ter into our royal confideration, are graci
forces : and we having taken the faid MatTime to make up bis Accounts es late Pay. Oully pleafed to grant unto him a further mafie-Gen:rel. May it please your Lordships,
time for making up his faid accounts. Our
will and pleasure therefre is, and we do Bez leave to inform your lordships that 1
: process is in the hands of the theriffs hereby direa, authorife, and require you to of Middlesex againit me, to account to his land, for his accompts as late paymaster.
cause all pr. 'cess againīt the faid Lord Holmajefty for the monies imprefted to me as paymafter general of his majesty's forces.
general of our forces, to be stayed, for and 1 moft humbly apprehend, that the regulas from the day of the date hereof. And for
during the term of fix months, compoted ordinary course of accounting in the Ex. chequer was calculated (when established)
so doing this frall be your warrant. Given for transactions at home, which are casily July, 1967, in the seventh year of ous
at our court at St. James's, the 8th day of and readily to be collected and made up fhort periods of time.
reign. The accounts of the army, when em.
By his Majesty's Command,
GRAFTON, ployed abroad particularly, must unavoidably
C. TOWNSHEND, be much in arrear from the niture of the
Tuo. TOWNSHËND. service. The army payments are necessarily To our rigbt-trifly and well-beloved Samuel in arear, and articles from accidenis inevi. table are obliged often to remain open a very
Lord Marbam, our remembrancer in ons long time before they can finally be closed.
coure of Exébequer. The accounts of the last war are volumi
Α Ν Ε C D Ο Τ Ε. nous and difficult beyond example. The great variety of operations, and the
very great WHEN the auditing the paymaster's distance of the troops, made, and must make, accounts was judged a reasonable cir. the correspondence, and adjusting those cumstance to be mentioned in an august accounts with the paymasters and account afsembly, on a paft occafion, a noble lord, ants attending them, very low and tedious; who has of late been much the subject of Ebele therefore will require longer time tó publick conversation, was pleased to lament Dake up, both from their bulk and difficulty. the delay of auditing, of which he declared
During the course of a war, the troops himself most solicitous; he observed, that tonítantly changing and moving, and the fer- the nature and extenfion of his engagements vice in the utmost hurry, it cannot oben be were such as rendered the preparation of code with the order and regularity absolutely his accounts the work of years, and he Recetiry.
begged it might be remembered, that even at Since the way, the utmost diligence has a time when our connections were limited, been used in them. The great intricate arti- it was only by flow degrees such a work was sle of foreign expence, (viz. the German) has capable of accompliment; that at former bers got together for the whole time, periods, Europe alone was the object of (which, after the former war, was several attention, but it was to the four corners of years about) and one year and a half's general the world that his care was now branched Kaun is sow made outs and ready to be out, nevertheless, it was not bis fault, but
390 On the Objeet of auditing bis Accounts. July the auditor's, that the day of settling had To the PRINTER, not arrived; it was for him to be ready, and
SIR, ready he had been, and did then declare WHEN Lord Holland brought the stage himself, consequently it refted wholly more
of calumny against Mr. Beckford, 1 the auditor to give him
and his country the wonder it should not have struck his lorditi desired satisfaction. The result of this that he had been treated with infinitely me harangue was, that Mr. A-e, the au
cruelty by persons much better informed of Es ditor, who was then present, instantly rofe innocence than that gentleman. The Excke up in his own vindication. He began with
quer process was inftituted against his lordig profeffing his astonishment at what he had
at a time when all the balaaces, upon the is heard : « CAN it be possible (faid he, or
plication of which he founds the maits of a words to such effe&t) for M:.F– to speak a defence, had been actually appropriated to the language fo utterly incompatible with facis, public service. In this circumfance does se and so open to detection? Does not he recol- his lordship's eagerness to assault Mr. BeckJeat that I am present, and have no terms to ford, and his humble, acquiescent submitoa keep with him? The auditorship is beyond to the Court of Exchequer, seem to argue mert his regulation, it is a patent place, and decisively than even the sign manual, a prethough the salary does not amount to more dent disinclination to commit himself any fathan a few pounds a year, it has nevertheless
ther with that court? some very eligible emoluments; the emo If his lordship's defence is to be heard, the luments of the auditorship are not unknown Exchequer has proceeded with as much parciato the right honourable gentleman, Six: lity as severity. When the adjustmeats of pence upon every pound of the sums I audit former paymasters, without the same necefl. are mine. To the good sense of this house
ty, and yet without any proccis againt the I therefore appeal. He has confessed that defaulters, have been futtered to remain ismany millions are yet unaccounted for; compleat for a much longer period, can it be hould I die before these accounts are passed, thought equitable in the Exchequer to reful my perquifites die with me; and who will
the same indulgence to his lordship, the core believe that perhaps forty millions of fix- plicated ftate of whose accounts, arifing fros pences can be an undesirable acquisition for
the augmentation of the forces, and the ex. my family? I am sorry to be compelled to
tent of operations, affords an apparent excelfight againf any man with such keen weapons ; facts cut deep; but where facts are so pation of his default? Is it that those paşnal
iers, tho' unable to bring their accounts to a dariogly challenged, compasion would cease liquidation, were yet honeft enough to delito be a virtue-nor can it be concealed that
ver up ALL their SAVINGS? Or has bis it was Mr. F-'s interest to avoid, what it lordship’s fingular affiduity in this bufrets was my interest to bring to an issue., The been requited with that ingratitude to which fatigues of the paymaster are very confiderable, all living merit is condemned
? his salary very trifling ; 40001. a year are
One happy consequence will I hope flos the whole of his stipend, if we except the from this attack upon his lordthip. It will 100,00ol. allowed at all times by the wisdom
be a lesson to our present refpe&table pay. of government to remain in his hands, as a
master, not to confide too much either to bis neceffary appendix to his employment, the distinguished talents for accompts, or to the produce of which, on the most fimple and undisputed purity of his intentions. The legal plan, is an additional 3000l. annually, moft confummate, disinterested virtue and From this just state of the case, which will - prudence (Lord Holland has experienced it) the judicious part of mankind be inclined to
are not a sufficient barrier againft the cutblame, the auditor, or the paymaster? Will
rages of licentious liverymen : nor should they suppose the auditor indolent out of
Mr. Robę induced to suffer either a forcompliment to the paymaster, or the paymaster tunate escape at Dublin from an ignoriremiss from the apprehension of being nious fate, or his creator's miraculous pretroublesome to the auditor? The tale tells ill. servation at Exeter, to full him into a Mr. F-frequently complains of the diffi- dangerous indifference to the result of culty, the length of time requisite to ob- popular inquifitions. tain proper teftimony of his disbursements;
VALERIUS. but whence this difficulty ? -Might not his deputies be multiplied in proportion to the' To Doctor WILLIAM BLACKSTON, necessity? Might not a due balance be struck Solicitor General ro ber Majefty. at the clofing of every period, and such perSpicuity observed as would obviateriale rimpico I Shall make you no apology for condering Jay the labouring oar on his shoulders, but if
a certain pamphlet, in which your late, he denies himself, for wise purposes, the
conduct is defended, as written by yourfelt. affiftance it generouny grants him, he hould
The personal interest, the personal refent. at least be politically Glent."
ments, and, above all, that wounded spirit, voaccustomed to leproach, and I hope pat frea,
1769. Junius to Dr: Blackstone,
391 quently conscious of deserving it, are figoals, pose with triumph, to the honeft jollity of a which betray the author to us as plainly, as tavern, it might have occurred to you that, if your name were in the title page. You although you could have succeeded in boxing appeal to the public in defence of your repu- a charge of inconsistence upon Mr. Grenville, tation. We hold it, fir, that an injury of- it would not have tended in any shape to exfered to an individual is iaceresting to society. culpate yourself. On this principle the people of England made Your next infinuation, that Sir William common cause with Mr. Wilkes. On this Meredith had hastily adopted the fase gloffes principle, if you are injured, they will join in of his new ally, is of the same fort with the your resentment. I Thall not follow you first. , It conveys a faeer as little worthy of througla the insipid form of a third person, but the gravity of your character, as it is useless address myself to you dire&ly.
to your defence. It is of little moment te You seem to think thc channel of a the public to enquire, by whom the charge pamphlet more respectable and better suited was conceived, or by whom it was adopted. to che dignity of your cause than that of a The only question we ask is, whether or not, news-paper. Be it so. Yet if acws-papers it be true. The remainder of your reflectibe fcurrilous, you muft confess they are im- 'ons upon Mr. Grenville's conduct destroy partial. They give us, without any apparent themselves. He could not possibly come prepreference, the wit and argument of the mi pared to traduce your integrity to the house. niftry, as well as the abufive dulness of the He could not foresee that you would ever opposition. The scales are equally' poised., speak upon the question, much less could he It is Lot the printer's fault, if the greater foresee that you would maintain a direct conweight inclinès the balance.
tradi&tion of that doctrine, which you had Your pamphlet then is divided into an at solemnly, dilinterestedly, and upon roberet tack upon Mr. Grenville's character, and a reflection delivered to the public. He came defence of your own. It would have been armed indeed with what he thought a respece more confiftent perhaps with your professed table authority, to fupport what he was con.. intentions to have confined yourself to the vinced was the cause of truth, and I doube laft. But anger has some claim of indulgence, not he intended to give you, in the course of and railing is usually a relief to the mind. Í the debate, an honourable and public testihope you have found benefit from the expe mony of his esteem. Thinking highly of his riment. It is not my design to enter into a abilities, I cannot however allow him the gift, formal vindication of Mr. Grenville upon his
of divination. As to what you are pleased to own principles. I bave neither the honour call a plan coolly formed to impose upon the of being personally known to him, nor do I House of Commons, and his producing it witha pretend to be compleatly master of all the out provocation at midnight, I conlider it as fa&ts. I need not run the risque of doing an the language of pique and inve&tive, there., injustice to his opinions or to his conduct, fore unworthy of regard. But, fir, I am seno when your pamphlet alone carries, upon the fible I have followed your example too long, face of it, à full vindication of both.
and wandered from the point. * Your firft refe&ion is, that Mr. G:enville The quotation from your Commentaries is was, of all men, the person who should not matter of record. It can neither be altered by have complained of infolence with regard to your friends, nor misrepresented by your enea, Ms. Wilkes. This, fir, is either an un
mies, and 'I am willing to take your own meaning ineer, a peevish expreflion of re
word for what you said in the House of Com.' kniment, or, if it means any thing, you plain
mons. If there be a real difference between ly beg the question; for whether his parlia what you have written and what you have mentary conduct with regard to Mr. Wilkes. spoken, you confess that your book ought to has or has not been inconfiftent, remains yet be the standard. Now, fir, if words mean
But it seems he received upon any thing, I apprehend that, when a long the spot a fufficient challisement for exercir- enumeration of disqualifications (whether by ing so unfairly his talent of misrepresentation. Statute or the custom of parliament) concludes You are a lawyer, fir, and know better than with these general comprehensive words, ? do, upon what particular occasion a talent “ but subject to these restrictions and disqua. for misrepresentation may be fairly exerted ; “ lifications, every subject of the realm is elie but to punish a man a second time, when be “gible of common right," a reader of a plain has been once sufficiently chastised, is rather understanding must of course rest satisfied too severe. It is not in the laws of England; that no species of disqualification whatsoever it is not in your own Commentaries, nor is it had been
omitted. The known character of yet I believe in the new law you have reveals the author, and the apparent accuracy with ed to the House of Commons. I hope this
which the whole work is compiled, would do&rine has no existence, but in your own
confirm him in his opinion ; nor could he heart. After all, fir, if you had consulted poffibly form any other judgment, without that loker discretion, which you seem to op- looking upon your Commentaries in the same
to be proved.