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The Benevolent Society.

May ject of his choice. The fainilies at propriety--no Lady Bristow to tel. length beginning to precipitate matters ter her from insult.' Dear madam, he confessed his resolutionciold added the, addressing Mrs. Milnham, the tale of our accidental interview- are we to be the only favoured beings and intreated to be allowed at lealt to in the creation? remain single, as affection for ady How amiable, returned Mrs. Milnother woman was not in biş power. ham, is the emotion of humanity !

The storm now burst upon my mi. No, my good Caroline, if my power. Yerable head: I was insulted, confin. was but as extensive as my will, not ed, tortured, and opprefied, The a diftress should be unrelieved. We unworthy Charlotte, by fome means will give a whole fucceeding meeting or other, hearing of my wretchedness, to the confideration of the affairwith a crucky which could alone be what lesions of inttruction may not equalled by the injuftice, flew to ag- be derived from it!-not to cultivate gravate it. She laid open all my in- is to destroy, consequently, when padiscretions, exaggerated beyond mea. rents fail in their duty, the errors, the sure every really unfavourable circum. misfortunes of children claiın a double stance, and as all possibility of detec- portion of compafliun. 'tion was out of the question, dared to Mrs. Lloyd hastily catching up a intinuate that the worst of evils bad letter from the opened packet, as it befallen me. -Thus am I now not lay upon the table, intitted on its only vilified, and spurned by the au- being immediately read. The attack, thors of my existence, but contemn- added nie, is personal, the object of it ed, where I was so lately esteemed.- myself you cannot therefore be fur. How has my life been marked out by prized that I am impatient to hear it. calamity neglected in my insancy, milled in my earlielt youth, and uow

To the BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. barely nineteen, irreparably undone.

“ Ladies, 0! lay, is it in the power of benevo. YOU must allow me to tell you, lence to soften ills like these? Can be that it is far from genteel to set up nevolence pity, can benevolence par- your sentiments as the standard of prodon, such errors as mine? Or is there priety, when at the same time they lo a means on earth of rescuing from the severely censure the sentiments of the molt distressful of all situations, belt bred people in England. Ladies,

I beg to know your opinion of my Your most unbappy AMELIA?" mamma.—She has been twice married; Mrs. Milnham and Lady Bristow, yet as neither her age, or figure, exaccording to their general custom, kept clude her from admiration, he does their eyes upon the younger part of not scruple to excite it by every possible the society, during the peruíal of this improvement and display of her perlittle history. The features bore faith- fections. -How say you then, may ful testimony to the heart. Miss Bris. not her heart be as valuable, and her tow's humane fensibility, Miss Middle. principles as good, as even your celeton's haughty contempt, and Miss Can brated Niobes, your amiable Mrs. roline Middleton's compationate na- Lloyds, notwithstanding the has been ture, were strongly depicted--the la- such an honour to her husband's medies exchanged a lignificant look. We mory by her inceffant suivelling? For cannot, said Mrs. Milubam, at pre- my pari I do not scruple to confess, sent enter into the merits of so extra whatever may be your opinions, that ordinary a caure.

I think myself more rational when reDon't you think, madam, demand- solving to follow my mother's examed Miss Middleton, that it is very ple, than if I could adopt your gloomy confident to publith such folly and precepts. So withing you all imagimeannels

nable felicity in your elysian of deliO filter, said Miss Caroline, surely cacy, I am you and I have too recently experien

Your humble servant, ced the misery of an unprotected itate,

FLORA. not to feel for the unfortunate. This The lively unreflecting Flora, said poor girl bad no Mrs. Milnham to Mrs. Lloyd, how abundantly do I pity point out to her the advantages of her. The same filial partiality, uns



The Benevolent Society.

249 der a happy regulation, would, in all my 'diftress is not to be described. I probability, have been productive of knew my husband possessed an alarmthe happiest consequence.

ing warmth of temper, knew him unBut how utterly, said Mrs. Miln. speakably tenacious, where honour ham, has she mistaken the society's was the question, and trembled at the unotive for publishing their sentiments. bare imagination of the rage and anIf a young, welldisposed mind could guilh his friend's conduct would excite have derived a happy hint from their in a breast like his. experience, or have been confirmed I committed the letter to the flames; in their judgment by their example- and with the mild dignity of conscious 'twas all their aim — -but the shall propriety, looked the author into bear from us hereafter,

Thame and repentance. Never was beThe third letter was of a very dif- haviour more unexceptionable than ferent nature.

his, never was the triumph of virtue

more complete. It was, notwithstandTo the BENEVOLENT SOCIETY. ing, a triumph that led to destruction. « Ladies,

At a public hunt, some years from IF the Benevolent Society is a rea- the described period, when intoxicality, and if the members are actually tion had seized the reins, a profligate fuch as described in the London Ma- young fellow began to boast of his galgazine, why should I hesitate to com. lantries, declaring, that he had never municate my misfortunes.

yet met with a repulse. Youth and prosperity once were

My husband's friend unguardedly mine, but the gloom of obscurity, and asked him, if he was acquainted with the unceasing pangs of affliction, have me? he answered in the affirmative :blated the one, and destroyed every Then for the honour of the sex, rejoinsusceptibility of the other.

ed he, make an attack there. The After a few years of felicity, it was glass still continued circulating ; one my fate to he united to one of the assertion brought on another, until in moft amiable of men. Our affection, the fullness of his regard for female our defire to promote each other's reputation, he confessed all that had satisfaction was almost unexampled. passed between him and me, to frike

We had been married seventeen them dumb for ever, months, and had one sweet boy to My husband was not indeed of the claim our tender attention ; when a party, but the conversation was infriend and school-fellow of my hus. Itantly conveyed to his ear. Astonishband's returned from abroad, and ment and displeasure fat on every feamost unfortunately made us a visit. His ture. He dispatched a challenge to heart I do believe was naturally good, his friend, and returned home to inbat he had lived so long in the land of terrogate me. Chilled with horror gallantry, that to behold a woman, (for I felt all that ensued) I funk down whose person was not absolutely frights at his feet. He fpurned me from him. ful, was to form the most unwarrant- All power of utterance was denied me. able designs upon her.

I endeavoured to hold him by his My life had been so retired a one, clothes ; but he broke away-never, that I was of all others the least fufpi- never more to hear me attempt my juscious of evil appearances unvio. tification. lated, I looked no farther without In about two hours of suspence and the vanity, the desire of pleasing, I distraction, I beheld him on a litter, apprehended no such disagreeable con and covered with blood, entering the fequence, nor was all his assiduity in court-yard. He expired, darting a any degree intelligible, until he daring- look of detestation and reproach upon ly affronted me with a written declara- me! tion of love. It was then, and then Was there a consolation on earth for only, I learned a proper idea of mascu- me? He died unknowing of my innoline depravity. To profess a guilty cence, and by his death not only fixed attachment, was to give proofs of ade an everlasting stain on my character, miration and to infinuate a bold hope but lodged a dagger in my heart. of being forgiven, the way to subdue The dear babe soon followed him.--, the relentment of offended Uofit for society, I have ever since May, 1769.

I i


250 A Simile of Mr. Addison's latinised. May shunned the human species. A mean Tbe miserable State of the Slaves in Bes apartment, and the bare subsistence of bice, a Dutch Settlement in America. nature, are all I have allowed myself. My jointure has been undemanded by me, and I believe the general opinion AGRICULTURE, and all other

labour, in these colonies, is alis, that I am both guilty and insane. most wholly performed by negroes (who

If I am considered by you, ladies, as are sufficiently known in England) either the one or the other, my way of as the white inhabitants undertake no living shall be unrenounced ; but if you laborious employment; and even the can admit a wretch like me into your mechanics do but little more than overamiable assembly, if you think the see and direct the Naves, which are at voice of friendship, and the foothings least five times more numerous than of humanity, are not too much for me the whites, and are therefore kept at to enjoy, I will immediately exert a submissive and bumble distance by myself: the glow of benevolence shall severity of discipline, which not only warm my heart, and my fortune be contributes to the safety of the white employed for the benefit of the wor. inhabitants, but even to the happiness thily distressed. I am, ladies, with of the llaves ; the impoffibility of atgreat approbation,

taining, is ever found to deftroy the Your's, &c.

desire of enjoyment; and rigid treat.

MARINDA." ment, by annihilating every hope of The Benevolent Society have receiv. liberty, renders them content with the ed and established this lady ainongst enjoyment of Navery. The late insurthem ; her name, family, and other reation of the Naves in Berbice, who particulars, will be given the ensuing of all others were the most favoured, mionth, as well as their proceedings in affords a recent example of the danger consequence of the first presented let. of too much indulgence to Naves, by ter, and answer to the second. which they are excited to attempt the [To be continued montbly.] perfect recovery of liberty. In this

kate there is no medium ; either the To the AUTHOR of the LONDON minds of Naves' muft be depressed by MAGAZINE.

abject Navery, or the lives of their

masters are in imminesit danger. For THE following lines are a much this reason they have been oppressed celebrated poem called the Campaign. tinctions. Their evidence, relative to a " As when an angel by divine com

white person, is of no validity; anat. mand,

[land ;

tempt to strike a white inbabitant, is With rifing tempests shakes a guilty punished with death; and their mas(Such as of late o'er pale Britannia paft) ters, or overseers, have not only the Calm and serene he drives the furious power of inflicting corporal punish

ment, but are in fome measure allowAnd pleas'd th Almighty's orders to

ed to exercise a right over their lives, perform,


fince the putting a negro to death, is Rides in the whirlwind and directs the attended only with a pecuniary punishAttempted in Latin.

ment. In this fituation they are sub

jected to many complicated species of Angelus haud aliter cala si misus, iniquum mifery, exposed to the tyranny of the Terreat borrendis ut irinpeslatibus orbem ; imperious,' and luft of the libidi(Impia te nuper talis pavor Anglia fira. nous, and to an inceffant toil, which vit *)

will have no period but with their Ille ferox rapidos agit in certamina ventos: lives. This treatment has the appear. Erpatris æterni mandala

jacefiere gaudens, ance of cruelty, and cannot be reProzebitur nimbo, vibrataque fulmina conciled to the principles of juttice jatiat.

and equity; many things, however, T.I. which

are repugnant to humanity,

mortalia corda
Per gentes humilis firavit pavor. Virg. Georg. lib. 1. l.


blast ;



1769. The unbappy State of Slaves in Berbice. 251 may be excused, on account of their most commonly to hard labour and neceflity, for self-preservation.

oppreffion, though with very little apThe expence of maintaining the pearance of reason, since they are flares in this climate, is very trifling. much more robust, healthy, and vigoThe first year that a llave is purchased, rous than their masters. They are, be is supplied with food by his master, indeed, spurred to industry by the and is assigned a piece of ground, whip of correction, which is ever at which on Sundays he clears from the their heels, and not sparingly exerci. wood, and plants with yams, plantins, fed ; but coarse food, with hard labour, edda's, cassava, ocro's, &c. but especi. are ever accompanied with the blessings ally the former, which produce ten of increased health and vigour, which thousand pounds per acre. When the the pampered effeminate fons of luxuyear is expired, he recurs to bis plant. ry, may justly envy, but can never ating ground for his future provision, tain; and the true cause of their want which he is ever after to keep sup- of increase results from the intercourse plied with a fufficient stock for his of the whites with the young wenches, fuftenance, for which he is allowed who derive no inconsiderable emoluevery Sunday only; receiving, how ment therefrom; and as child-bearing sver; from his master a weekly allow. would put an end to this commerce, ance of dried fith, to the amount of a they follicitously, use every precaution pound and a half, which is all that his to avoid conception; and if these prove master contributes towards his food, ineffectual, they ever procure repeated The females receive the same treat- abortions, which incapacitate them ment, and the drink of both is nothing from child-bearing in a more advanced but water ; yet from this water, and age, when they are abandoned by the these farinaceous and esculent vegeta- whites. For effecting this, they have bles, with a morsel of dried him, these various means; but the most artful people derive fufficient nutriment to prepare themselves by a diet on ocro's, futain the hardest labour in the most by which they lubricate the uterine enervating climate.

passages, and afterwards expel their The cloathing of the negroes (the contents usually by the sensitive plant; houshold laves excepted) is Icarce luf. though in Barbadoes, a vegetable, ficient to answer the demands of mo. called by the name of gulley-root, is defty. Several modern compilers of commonly used for this purpose. This the history of our Weft-India settle. unnatural practice is very frequent, and ments have enumerated stockings and of the highest detriment to the planhoes among the articles of clothing ters, whole opulence must otherwise be for the negroes, though nothing could immense, in a country where their more certainly betray their ignorance Naves are fed with little or no expence of this subject, since a Nave in stock to their masters, and where winter ings and shoes, in these countries, would neither interrupts their labour, nor be as uncommon a spectacle, as a 'ne. renders cloathing neceslary. To avoid inftructed in the principles of the disadvantages of this practice, maChristianity; and if any of them have ny of the planters of this colony are either shirts, breeches, or petticoats, endeavouring to encourage the wenches they are the produce of their own to child-bearing, by particular rewards private industry, as their masters fure and immunities, which, in several innith only a piece of coarse blue, or ftances, have proved successful. That brown línen, which is applied to the this is the true cause of their demiddle in both sexes, and a blanket, crease, is farther evident, from ob. with which the have covers himself at serving the fituation of Virginia and night, sleeping on boards only. Maryland, where the Daves increase,

In these, as in all other Welt-India without any addition by importation, colonies, the flaves diminish in num because this pernicious copulation is ber, unless recruited by successive fup- there detelted, as infamous and unplies from Africa. This decrease bas natural. been attributed to various causes, but

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Continued from p. 306. O

UR last number was concluded ments; the purposes of his faction

with a reflection on the very in were now compleatly answered, his judicious as well as very unreasonable affiftance was no longer necessary, and demand which the present administra. he was consequently cast off to contion thought fit to make on the gra- tempt. This was not all; to palliate titude of America, for having been their own conduct, they pleaded the instrumental in the repeal of the stamp immorality of his private character as act we shall now proceed to the an excuse for deserting, and menmore active parts of opposition to go. tioned the levity of his life with an vernment, to those springs which affectation of horror, though that le. have poured in such a torrent of con- vity was not considered as the minutfusion upon the kingdom, and which est stain, when they employed him as will require not only more wisdom, a writer againft the governmeat. But but more fortitude, than any of the the sentiments of the great generally ftatesmen now employed seem to por- change with the nature of the times

. fels, before they can be expected to Out of oflice, the most abandoned li

. resume their original tranquillity. centiousness is but the genuine mark

At the first adjuftment of the pre- of freedom. In office, the mere molesent administration, the name of Mr. hill imperfection of an enemy is in. Wilkes, who then refided an exile in ftantly aggravated to the magnitude France, began to be forgotten, note of a mountain. This was Mr. Wilkes's withstanding all his former popularity; case, when his aslistance was necessary; and the public attention being called the accusations of his enemies were off by the unexpected breach between treated by the duke of G. and Mr. Mr. P. and Lord T. that gentleman P. with ridicule; the most conspicuous had possibly funk into an immediate errors of his practice they defended as oblivion, if his old intimacy with

the the result of extraordinary fire; the Duke of G. now advanced to office, most palpable mistakes of his pen they and the services which the whole par- attributed to the ungovernable imty in power were imagined to derive pulse of too warm an imagination. In from his pen, had not furnished him hort, he had no indiscretions which with a probable expectation of being they could not excuse, and no faults re-establittred in his own country. On which they could not mitigate. How the elevation therefore of his friends different is the tone of these great and patrons, Mr. Wilkes, whose re. personages, when Mr. Wilkes is no fidence abroad was rendered addition- longer wanted to trumpet forth the ally disagreeable by the narrowness of misconduct of their enemies: he is then his circumstances, applied to the duke too arrogant to be heard, and too criof G. for a pardon, and entertained minal to be pardoned; what they forno doubt of his grace's readiness to ob- merly extolled as his public spirit, they lige him with the whole exertion of now brand as his turbulence; and dishis influence: here however Mr. card him for the very actions, to Wilkes had the mortification of a dife which he was chiefly stimulated by appointment; the duke either wanted themselves. the power or the inclination to serve A treament of this nature was but him; he either thought it too dange- ill calculated to agree with the vindicrous to folicit an indemnity for a man tive spirit of Mr. Wilkes, who, if he who had given personal disguft to the merited no kindness at the hands of sovereign, or confidered hiin as a the newly appointed administration, mere adventurer in politics, who de.. was at least entitled to no reproach. served to be delerted on account of his He therefore, as they might have reavenality - let the duke's motive be sonably expected, upbraided them what it would, Mr. Wilkes Phared the with great acrimony for their infincecommon fate of all men who join a rity, and in a printed letter to the party not as principals, but as instru. duke of G. communicated a variety


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