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Moral Observations on Capital Puniflıments. May there were no preceding appearances no rational hope of his falvation of such disorder? -But I fall lay could be entertained i.--could it yield no more (and ask pardon if I have this reverend gentleman any fatisfac. said too much) as I do not find that tion, to consider himself as the chief the thought entered the mind of any instrument in sending him out of the of those, who were immediately con-' world, and destroying body and soul cerned in this melancholy afiair. Ac. at once; and, at the same time, incordingly, after about a week's re- curring the censures of his more conspite (obtained, as I am informed, by siderate and compassionate neighbours, the worthy clergyman who attended who are acquainted with the affair ; her, and found her very ignorant) she before the sad conclufion of which, was executed the 27th ult. acknow- they might well suppose his superior ledging the fact, and her punishment knowledge, and jufter sense of things, juft, and not wishing to live. -There would have led and disposed him thus were three criminals besides, condemn- to reflect ?---" This young fellow has ed for theft and robbery, but all re.

robbed me? but what has he taken prieved.

from me ?...that which is really of I Mall next mention a young man very little value. But what am I (about twenty), who, at the last af- about to do?.--to take away his life, lize held for the county of Wilts, was which is infinitely valuable. To detried, condemned, and executed, for prive him of that which is absolutely robbing his master, to the great con irrecoverable : and as I am afraid he cern of every one (my correspondent will die impenitent, he will, in that informs 'me) except his said master, case, by my means suffer a loss for who, it is said, might have procured ever irretrievable; and be delivered him a reprieve, but would not; tho' into the bitter pains, of eternal death! a clergyman, a minister of the gospel Will this conduct of mine bear a calm of Christ,.--the mild, the gentle, the review ? --- Is not he my fellow-crea. benevolent, forgiving, Jelus, who ture ?---placed in the same rank of came not to destroy men's lives, but to being with myself? and am not I a fave them; and who laid to the woman miserable offender as well as he ? and taken in adultery, whom the Scribes though I have not made myself ob. and Pharisees were intent upon sto- noxious to the sentence of the law in ning---neither do I condemn thee, go and like manner; yet, as I have lived F1 n10 more. What pains were tahen much longer, can I say, I am not so by his master to convince the poor great a criminal in the light of God as young man of bis guilt and bring him he? And if he should be allowed to to repentance, I know not; but the live longer, may he not reform, how regard I have for the gentlemen of little prospect of it soever there is at his character induces me to hope, that present ? If he lives to work and fare he used his endeavours to prepare bim bard, and thus to suffer the punishfor death, though he had no inind to ment of his iniquity, may not a happreserve him wom it. I would hope too py change be hereby wrought ? can. that such endeavours (by the divine not divine almighty grace loften the blelling) were successful, and that the hardest heart? and have not buch young man was truly penitent in con means been frequently rendered effecsequence of his master's instructions, tual to so defirable a purpose ?...If exhortations, expoftulations, and pray- they 'be bound in fetters (lays Elihu,

If 10---one would be apt to ima. Job xxxvi. 8.) and bolden in cords of gine, his matter Mould be inclined to affliction; then be showerb them ther intercerie for him, as there would be work, and their tranfgrefjions that they realon, in that case, to hope that his have exceeded. He opencih also their ear life would be spared to fome valuable to discipline, &c. The young prodipurposes ; and that, if confined to gal in the parable, having by his vi. bard , labour for a time, he might cious courses brought himself into cir. prove an useful member of society. cumstances of fore distress, foon formBut if, on the other hand, his mastered a resolution of returning to his fafound hin unoffeEled --- unimprefjed, ther. Who knows but that this young without any marks of concern, or lor. man may at length bethink himself? ļow, for wha: he had done; so that and that his sin having found bim cat,



StriElures on the Charailer of Charles I.

239 and he finding himself doomed to an tween you and the Rev. Dr. Nowell, ignominious fervitude, and thus to relative to the expulsion of the fix ftua eat the fruit of his orun ways, may dents from the university of Oxford, grieve and be in bitterness ai the re must, I think, be convinced that it membrance of what he has done, was arbitrary and iniquitous. That while he feels the effects of it? And the Doctor's answer to your Pietas that; almighty God granting bim true Oxonienfis, is very little to the purrepentance, and his holy spirit, the rejt of pose ; and your reply to it unanswere bis life may bereafter be pure and boly, so able. ibat be mag at last come to bis eternal I was therefore greatly surprized to jp, through Jesus Chrif our Lord. In find you agreeing with the Doctor in hope of this, though I was obliged to his opinion of that arbitrary monarch, prosecute him, I will now do what I Charles the First. His ftyling him the can to save him. What profit is there in best of kings, occasioned my writing bis blood? What good end will be an him a letter, which was inserted in fwered by cutting him off, and mas the London Magazine for February king him soon forgotten? Will it not last. You, fir, very little differing be better to make him a Nanding ex from him, ftyle him, one of the best of ample, to deter others from the like kings : which certainly he could not practices, as well as to give him space be, if tbe tree is known by its fruit. før repentance ? -.. The more I think And I am sorry. I am obliged to say, of it, the more fully persuaded I am, your giving him this character disco, that my preserving bis life will not on vers you to be less an enemy to despo. ly conduce to the comfort of my own, tic and unjust measures than one is but to the public good : and that in apt to infer from the censures you consequence of my obtaining his re have palied on the gentlemen Expelprieve, I shall be more easy in my LERS at Oxford. 6*mind, as well as serviceable to Be so good as to inform the world, the community.

To say the least, by a few lines in the aforesaid Magah.: destruction is, I think, unnecessary; zine, what it is that has possessed you and why then should I not, if possible, with a belief, that Charles the Firsi was prevent it? This I am determined to one of the best of kings. And that you do." Such sentiments, such rea may write to the purpose, let me inSonings, and resolutions as these, if I treat you to consider, that his polleraca not greatly mistaken, would have sing some virtues (whilft destitute of highly become this reverend divine be- others) is no proof of what you assert. fore the execution of his poor unliap- His being in a great mealure free from py servant. If this mould fall under the enormities of the brutal sensualifi, his eye, I cannot but hope he will when it is so evident that the diabolical now take it into serious consideration : vices of pride, diffimulation, cruelty, and if he fould think fit to make &c. were so prevalent in him, will not any remarks upon it, and you afford intitle him to this character. You them a place in your much-esteem- cannot, fir, be infenfibie that there is ed Magazine, I thall not fail (if God no better rule whereby to judge of the permit) to give a due attention to GOODNESS of any thing than it's fitthem; being desirous of knowing, and nefs to answer the end for which it disposed to weigh and congder what is made and designed. A king therethe learned and wife have to offer on fore who is not disposed and qualihed a subje& which has much einployed to govern well; who consults not the my thoughts, and which I take to be happiness of his people, for the proof very considerable consequence. For motion of which he is placed in his fuwhich reason I beg you would be so perior Aation, but invades their rights. good as to insert this in your next, and liberties, instead of protecling them and thus oblige afresh

in the enjoyment of them.

Such a Your, &c. PHILANTHROPOS. one, whatever he he besides, cannot be

a good king. To prove Charles fuch, it To tbe Autbor of Pietas Oxoniensis. will vot be sufficient to say, ibat he

April 14, 1769. was no debauchee, no drunkard, no VERY unprejudiced and impar- adulterer, as his son and fucceffor was,

nor expended the publick money on


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A Defence of the Confeffional.

May wh.-es and b-ods as be did that he fenters here? But the case is exactly attended the solemnities of divine the same And the truth is, neither worship that he was zealously of them can be said to tolerate the attached to the established church of other. The state has with great wilEngland -a warm friend to epil- dom and justice deprived all christian copacy and the liturgy, &c. Such focieties, or churches, of any tempoembellishments of his character carry ral power over others, or even over in them no evidence at all of the truth their own members, as well knowing, of what you advance. If he was far from uncontradicted experience of all from discharging the trust reposed in ages, that such a power would be abuhim as king -- far from acquitting him. sed. It is the state which tolerates, self well in his regal capacity.--faror allows, all the different churches, from acting the equitable and honour or sects, of profeffing Chriftians aable part, and from taking proper mongst us. And it is the accident measures to render himself amiable in of a public maintenance from the the eyes of his subjects. In a word, state, which gives that seeming fupeif his government was tyrannical (ra. riority and preference to the church ther than just and gentle) which has of England in South-Britain, and the been abundantly proved... he was not presbyterian church in North-Britain. one of the bep of kings. If you, sir, A more complete ignorance and think otherwise, I intreat you again, assurance seldom have met together produce your proofs, and thereby than in this blusterer. He seems to oblige multitudes, besides, fir, have no sense of moral honefty or

Your humble servant, conscience; no idea of a just reli.
PHILANTHROPOS.' gious liberty. He never once natres

the holy scripture as the only standard In Defence of the Confessional. of a christian man's faith. And he is To the AUTHOR of the LONDON for anathematizing, and curfing by MAGAŽINE.

bell, book, and candle, the author of SIR,

the Confeffional, as discarding all artiAD it not been for some marks cles' of belief, although that author H Н

of extreme malignity, and a is a professed advocate for every arti. certain incendiary disposition, I shoald cle of belief in holy scripture ; but have suspected one Touchstone in your indeed, for such only; and here i fup. Magazine for February, to have been pofe lies the great offence. playing booty in his invective against But, to his honour be it named, he the Confessional. For he absolutely only stands up for the prerogative of advances nothing in disproof of that the word of God above that of man, noble work, but some general com and for the common principle of all mon-place declamation, which, to a protestants, the principle of truth itdiscerning and dispassionate reader, felf, namely, the suficiency of holy would suggest, that there must be scripture to all the purposes of etersomewhat excellent, where not so much nal salvation: Upon this principle oor as one false fact, or bad argument, forefathers, those noble reformers, secould be discovered. His trite ha- parated from the church of Rome, sangue upon overturning, all order, and never dreamed of erecting their and bringing in confusion, is a calum- decisions as to be for ever submitted to ny against the holy scripture, because in lieu of the infallible popith Dago it is this in it's purity, for which the which they had palled down. . The Confessional pleads. Had such orators, Confessional seeks to bring us all back, of the stamp of one Demetrius in the in deeds as well as words, to this firft book of the Acts, been listened to, we principle. And in this, the author might now have been bowing before has the secret prayers, and open apThomas à Becket's shrine, or worship- probation, of thousands of our present ping a wafer deity of the priest's making. clergy, who have long groaned under

What would he say, if the presbyterian the burthen of subscription to articles, church of Scotland hould give itself the which few think necessary to be besame superior airs, that it tolerates our lieved, and scarce any that examines church, that he does in saying, that can believe. He has also the concur. the church of England tolerates dif rence of many illuftrious predeceffors


Meditations on a Teapot.

241 upon record; all those much injured sketch of anatomy and of our diffolumeo, the puritans, from Dean Samp- tion, expreiles it ihe pitcher (or water fon down to old Mr. Dodd; Lord pot) is broken at the fountain. But Treasurer Burleigh, Lord Chancellor to proceed. Bacon, the Bishops Rudd, Bilson,

in this said warehouse we see things Usher, Williams, Brownrigg, Sander of the fame material and composition; fon, and Dr. Hammond, before the though differently modified. There restoration: fince that period, Lord are ranged only in different orders ; Keeper Bridgman, Lord Chief Justice each in its own, some in higher and Hale, the Bishops Wilkins, Croft, fome in more inferior ftations, some of Stillingfileet, Wetten ball, Tillotson, finer clay and of more gaudy outlides, Burnét; still nearer to us, the vene some made to honour and fome to dir. rable names of Prideaux, Whiston, honour. But alas ! all are alike as to Clarke, Sir Isaac Newton, Wake be-- the colour and make of parts within : fore he was archbishop, Sir Peter' and both high and low are subject to King before he was lord chancellor,' the same dilalters, though not equally;, Bishop Hoadley, Hare, Dr. Whithy, the high being more out of reach : but &c. &c. All these were openly for a those that are higher are liable to farther reformation, more or less, in greater falis, and to be broken into harmony with the candid difquifition, smaller fragments; all alike must be who were all members of our own mended by the same ways and means, church, some of them very diftinguith. if niended at all, and when not to ed, fome now living, others gone to

be mended, must meet with one comtheir long home, ere long to awake mon fate, be swept among the 'mass to the reward of their faithful though of things and forgotten. fruitless virtuous endeavours ; in har. As to man, the teapot, the epitome mony also with the author of the of this warehouse, who makes so reConfeffional, whose work will · live spectable a figure in it, was he not and fourish' to support the cause of formed out of clay, like his brother? truth and christian liberty, till it thall Was he not originally manufa&ured have answered it's great end of abo. in the Asiatic country? Is he not equallithing for ever all systematic confef- ly as brittle in his texture, as eatly fions of faith in the churches of pro- broken, and when broken, does he teftants of all de nominations and all not as readily return to, and mix with countries. I am, fir,

earth, his firit principle? And this Your humble servant, analogy has been very happily and

HUBERT. juftiy confidered by one of our molt Meditatioras on a Teapot.

celebrated poets, who says, or rather

fings, II certainly may be excused if men Here*, living teapots stand, one arm

are sometimes visionary (the wiselt and best being often fo) and carry One bent, the handle this and that their speculations beyond the bounds the spous. of reality: and fanciful people, by A walking tripod is mentioned by right reason, can never be convinced Homer, and two speaking pots by of their miltakes. Pray reader be se- Alop. rious while I let down one of my reve. Does not a teapot, as well as man, ries.

it's semblance, contain the four eleWhat is the world faid I. to myself ments, air and water, earth and fire? but a large cbina warehouse? And Is it not, as well as man, devoted . what is man, who makes so useful a mostly to the service of women, who, part of it, but a china teapot ? St. after those principles are exhausted, Paul says, man is of the earih earthy, pay as little regard to either as to 4 divines call him a tenement of clay, potter's common eastern veffel? Has philosophers and physicians affert that it not been observed that foreigners the stamina of the buman body are have been often more courted, and mere earth, .chemists find, by an ana kad higher places afligned them, than lysis, that while earth is all that re our own natives? And is not every mains of us at the bottom of the cru. teapot, of external excellence from the cible , the preacher, in his elegant Indies, placed in the most conspicuous.


place, That is, in this world of China ware,

held out,


May, 1769

242 Different Sentiments on the Refurretion. May place, and more prized than any of our ducees concerning the resurrection. home commodities, though equally

The Pharisees conceived that certain strong, useful, and handsome? What is passages of scripturé implied, that there a nabob but a large rich china jar, or would be a resurrection of the body. if you please a teapot, finely orna Observing a promise also, in the law mented, though fit only for thow in of Moses, of such external bleffings as the dressing room of a lady? Is not his those of milk and honey in the land exotic dress, like the outside figures of Canaan, and being lensible that of an Indian vessel, both alluring and such promise was not made good, in 'engaging ? What is a citizen but a tea any extraordinary degree, and that no pot of greater magnitude, ready to re very diftinguishing blessings of this naceive and as ready to pour out what ture were conferred on them in that be receives ? What is a tradesman but land in this life; they inferred from a teapot of coarser ware, and fit only these premises, that the happiness for common use, who, when cracked, which was to be enjoyed by them af is treated with carelessness, and when ter the resurrection, would conlift in broken (no uncommon incident to a corporal and carnal pleasures and gra. tradesman), is counted as dirt, and tifications. This notion they extendconfigned to oblivion, among the frag ed even to the enjoyment of women. ments of plebean earthen ware? The Sadducees, who held that there

Is not a fine lady a vessel of pencil. would be no resurrection, puzzled ed china ? Is not her reputation as

them with this query, Whose wife frail ? Can you folder up the flaws

fall a woman beat the resurrection, either of the one or the other so com

that has had seven husbands? This pleatly as not to be pried into and com. question was proposed to our Saviour, mented on? If white lead repairs the who, though denying the happinefs of blemishes of a lady's face, does it not

a future state to be of such a gros also repair the cracks and defects of nature, as to admit of carnal enjoychina ? And are not both liable to a ments; by no means says, that there failure in the same places where they will be no distinction of fex in that were mended before?

ftate. Nor can such a change of the If then mortal man be a teapot, in body be deemed needful, there being this world of china ware, would it not no reason for suppofing such an inclibe a laudable custom to try fufficiently nation between the sexes in a future the ware we want, to be sharp fighted State, wherein propagation will be un. with regard to defects before we buy, necessary (even as it is among the and wink wilfully at, or be blind to blesed and immortal angels), as there defects after the ware is called our own, is in a state wherein propagation is nefuit as we ring and examine suspected cessary. But yet he allows, as appears vessels before we purchase them, and from the tenor of his argument, that pretend not to see afterwards those the blessings of a future life are of such parts that are clouded with impurities ? a nature, that they cannot be enjoyed And might not this practice prevent by a disembodied spirit. And indeed that loathing and dilike we inew to if they could, where would be the living vessels, which for some time benefit of a resurrection ? I conceive have ornamented our houses, and made then, that the bodies, to which our a considerable, at least a showy part of souls will be united at the refurrecour furniture, and not treat those laid tion, will consist of Aesh and blood, living vessels as we do a piece of vul. and bones, even as our Saviour's regar china ware, suffering them to be surrection and ascension-body did, as Toiled with dirt, and placed so low as to was evident to the senses of his discibe insulted by every common broom? ples ; but yet that they will be entire

No wonder, gentle reader, after those ly free from those qualities and prosublime meditations, that I should perties, that now belong to them. fancy myself a

TEAPOT. For whereas our bodies are now weak,

terrettrial, and corruptible, they will To the AUTHOR of the LONDON then be glorious, spiritual, and power MAGAZINE,

ful; be diverted of the principle of SIR,

fermentation and corruption, of graHERE was formerly a dispute vitation and all other earthly qualities; between the Pharisees and Sade and possessed not only of very different,



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