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King Charles the First defended. May foul perceives it; there is, consequently, Oliver, upon a disgust between the no time, unless the soul thinks, there. army and parliament, made some adfore the soul thinks at all times, or al. vances of reconciliation with the ways.

king,—whom he offered to restore, not I hope what I have said will not only to his legal authority, but to prevent a replication from the ingeni make him as abfolute as the grand figous author of the essay; I shall read nior, on condition he would maintain with pleasure whatever Aows from his the army, govern despotically, and pen. I hall add no more ; but for support their ambition. But the good your greater present satisfaction refer king, lo far from being guilty of those de. you to the writings of the sagacious figns, which his enemies taxed' him and worthy bishop of Carlisle, who, I with, that he would not purchase his am told, has written on the soul, and life, liberty, and revenge, at the exsoul sleeping, in a very masterly man pence of his conscience. Upon this ner. As for you, Sir, I believe it may refusal, Oliver never left him, till he be as well if you trouble yourself no brought him to the block. He conmore to write on these abstruse matters. demned, and killed the just, who de I am, Sir,

served another fate.-But certain it is, if Your most humble Servant, the king would have facrificed the church, Bristol, May 18. C. Benson. discharged the biskops, and have made

Calamy, and such-like, his chaplains, To the AUTHOR of the LONDON there would have been no civil war, MAGAZINE.

and he would have been reputed not :SI R,

only the best of kings, but even a saint, 1

Was highly entertained with Phi- by those very men who took up arms

lanthropos's letter to Doctor N-l, against him." p. 91. of you Magazine for February. As to his political errors, who was What pains does he take to ridicule to blame? Let Philanthropos answer that gentleman, who is an honour to this question. Magna eft veritas et prethe university of which he is a member, valibit. In his note, p. 93, he oband greatly esteemed by all his acquain. serves, that all the Stuarts were ruined tance? Can Philanthropos make us by the time-serving adulations of the bigbbelieve that the doctor leffens himself in church-clergy, who so infifted on palmagnifying King Charles, as the best of five obedience and non-resistance, that kings? No, Sir, this is not only the even James the Second was lulled doctor's opinion, but the opinion of alleep.- Is not this, Sir, an apology numberlels persons wlio ftill revere his for an ill advised, unhappy family? memory, by a decent and constant at Let us now attend to what that tendance at church on the anniversary amiable divine, the bishop of St. Daof his martyrdom, while Philanthro. vid, observes in his excellent sermon pos, with some diflidents, may be re before the House of Lords, January galing themselves with calves heads laft.-" Corrupt and interested in

Certainly the king that structors impressed his youthful Jays down his crown and life in defence (Charles) mind with exalted notions of his religion, may properly be call. of kingly power. Court sycophants ed the best of kings, (unless Philan. were not wanting to confirm him in throp us can thew such another) with. sentiments that were flattering to his out paling a course compliment on any age and fation. The reigns of the last croruned heads. Comparisons, Philan race of princes furnished precedents to thropos, are odious, and the doctor, I authorise exertion of power unknown believe, meant offence to none.-Phi to the constitution. And the opinion Janthropos affects to be arch, in asking of those who presided in the seats of the doctor many questions. To an. judgment gave a sanction to ideas, swer all his interrogatories, is need. that had been carefully inculcatle's. Let us see what hiltorians write ed, and, his lord ship adds, wil. of this great, good, and just king. I lingly embraced." If so, they were believe my authors are of as much as willingly refigned. For the credit as Philanthropos. " It was re king soon made an atonement, by ported-(reports, Philanthropos, are a renunciation of all such preten. utien true) lays a certain author, that fions for the future. Obliging him.



17692 The Hiftory of Lucy Miranda.

229 felf to do so no more. Repentance is him, in a manner he little dreamed all the satisfaction we can make to Hea- of. Mangora, cacique of the Timven for our failings, and certainly buez, happening, in one of the fresugbt to have contented his subjects. quent vifits he paid Lara, to see Lucy But what could content such subjects ? Miranda, a Spanish lady, and wife of Puritans, Oliverians, Presbyterians, Sebastian Hurtado, one of the princiand Independents. Tell me, Philan- pal officers of the fort, became deeply thropos, and eris mibi magnus Apole enamoured with her. It was not long is. The army, the parliament, in before the perceived it; and, knowing those times, confifted chiefly of such. what she had to fear from a barbaThe prerogative of the crown, and the rian, with whom it was so much the hberty of the subject, were not settled, commander's interest to live upon good as in these our halcyon days.-More terms, she did all that lay in her is Beedleis. Only permit me to add, power not to be seen any more by that James the Second (I hate Jacobi. him, and to guard against any viotiím) was a bigot to a religion, cruel, lence or surprize. Mangora, on his and persecuting; witness the dire ef- fide, thinking, that if he could but feas of it now in Poland. Charles the get her to his habitation, he might First, fteady in a religion the reverse to dispose of her as he pleased, often inpopery; witness the blessed effects of it vited Hurtado to come and see him, in the British dominions. Let us and bring his wife along with him. therefore revere his memory, as But Hurtado as often begged to be exour forefathers have done. Let us cused, alledging, that he could not make allowance for the prejudice of absent himself from the fort, without education, and cast a veil over his in- the commander's leave; and that he förzsities; as tbe befit may err. Let us was sure he should never be able to with pleasure reflect that his virtues, obtain it. with his crown, are descended to his Such an answer as this was enough present majesty, who is an honour to to let the cacique see, that to succeed that religion for which his royal an- in his designs upon the wife, he must cefior died a martyr.-Long, very first get rid of the husband. While long, may he live to defend this church, he was therefore considering ways and which in its most excellent form of means to do it, he got intelligence, prayer juftly ftiles him, most religious, that the husband had been detached and most gracious.

with another officer, called Ruiz More I am, Sir,

chera, and fifty soldiers, to collect proYour most obedient servant, visions. Looking upon this therefore May 11, 1769.

H. C. as a favourable opportunity, fince it

not only removed the husband, but Ite affeting History of Lucy Miranda. weakened the garrison, by which the N the year 1539, Gabot, the go. wife might expect to be protected, he

vernor of the fort of the Holy posted four thousand picked men in a Ghost in Paraguay, having occasion marsh in the neighbourbood of the to embark for Spain, appointed Nu, furt, and set out for it, with thirty Dez de Lara to succeed him in his ab. others loaded with refreshments. On fence, but left him no more than one his arrival at the gates of it, he sent bundred and twenty men, with a small word to Lara, that, hearing how much quantity of provisions, in a place he was in want of provisions, he was where the Spaniards had few certain come with enough to serve him, till friends, and an immense number of the return of the convoy. Lara redeclared enemies.

ceived the treacherous cacique with Lara, on his fide, seeing himself sure the greatest demonstrations of grati rounded by nations, from whom be tude, and infifted upon entertaining could expeá no respect but in propor- him and his followers. This was what tion as he could command it, thought Mangora had expected ; and he trad the best thing be could do, would be accordingly given his men instructions to gain over those nearest to him, how to behave, and appointed signals which were the Timbuez; and he suce for those he had posted in the marih. ceeded pretty well in the attempt. 1527–30. The entertainment began But his success soon proved fatal 'to with a great deal of chearfulness on


The History of Lucy Miranda.

May hoth sides, and lasted till the night was thought was most likely to exasperate far advanced ; when, the Spaniards ri- him, in hopes his love might change fing to break up, Mangora gave some into fury; and a speedy death put he of nis attendants the signal for doing innocence and honour beyond the wbat he had before-hand directed ; reach of his brutal inclinations. which was to set fire to the magazines But in this she was greatly mistaken of the fort, as soon as the Spaniards Her refusals served only to increare the should be retired.. This was accorda esteem Siripa had conceived for her ingly done, without the Spaniards hia and heighten his passion, which he stii ving the least suspicion of the matter. Aattered himself he should be at la The officers were scarce composed to able to satisfy. He continued, there reit, when most of tbem being alarm fore, to treat her with a great deal of ed hy, the soldiers crying out fire! fire! lenity, and even thewed her more ci and jumping out of bed to extinguishvility and respect, than could be wel it, the Indians seized the opportunity expected from a barbarian. But his of dispatching them. The rest were moderation and gentleness served only killed in their sleep; and the four to make her more sensible of the danger thousand, men posted in the marsh, the was exposed to. In the mean time, having been at the same time Jet into Hurtado, being returned with his the fort, it was immediately filled with convoy, was greatly surprized to be

Daughter and confufion. The gover- hold nothing but a heap of ashes, • nor, though wounded, having espied where he had left Gabot's tower. The

the treacherous cacique, made up to first thing he did was to enquire what bin, and ran him through the body; was become of his wife ; and, being but being more intent upon fatisfying informed she was with the cacique of his revenge, than consulting his safe. the Timbuez, he immediately set out ty, he continued so long . venting to look for her, without confidering bis now useless fury on the dead body what dangers he thereby fruitlessly exof his enemy, that the Indians had poled himself to. Siripa, at the fight time to intercept his flight; and iin- of a man, who was the sole object of mediately dispatched him.

all Miranda's affections, could no lonThere now remained no living foul ger contain himself, but ordered him in the fort, but the unfortunate Mi. to be tied to a tree, and there shot to randa, the innocent cause of so bloody death with arrows. a tragedy, four other women, and as His attendants were preparing to many little children, who were all tied obey him, when Miranda, drowned in and brought before Siripa, brother tears, threw herself at the tyrant's and succesor to the late cacique. This feet, to obtain the life of her husband; barbarian, at the light of Miranda, and, such is the power of a passionate conceived the same passion for her, affection, it calmed the violent form, that bad proved so fatal to his bro. which it had but a little before excited ther, and ordered her to be unbound, in the heart of a barbarian. Hurtarelinquishing to his attendants all do was unbound; he was even, fomethe other prisoners. He then told her, tinies, perinitted to see his wife. But that she must not consider herself as a the cacique, at the same time he thus flave in his house; and that it would indulged them, gave them to undereven be her own fault, if the did not ftand, that they must not, on pain of become the mistress of it; and that he death, attempt to go any further hoped she had sense enough to prefer lengths. It is therefore probable, he to an indigent forlorn husband, the only meant this indulgence as a snare bead of a powerful nation, who would to obtain a pretext for recalling the take pleasure in submitting to her, conditional reprieve he had granted bimself and all his subjects. Miranda Hurtado, who roon supplied him with mighe well exped, that, by refusing one. A few days after, Siripa's wife his offers, the mould expose herself, came to inform him, that Miranda at best, to a perpetual and most cruel. was lain down with her husband; the Slavery; but her virtue got the better barbarian immediately ran to examine of every oi ber confideration. She the truth of the report with his own gave Siripa the aniwer the eyes; and, in the firlt emotion of his


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1769. Instance of the Divine Interpofition.

231 paffion, more to the satisfaction of his factress the most sensible proofs of her wife's jealousy than his own, he con gratitude; but never returned from demned Miranda to the flames, and searching her own daily subsistence, Hurtado to the kind of death he had but without laying at the feet of Maldolately escaped. The sentence was im. nata enough for her's, till the whelps mediately executed, and this faithful being strong enough to walk abroad, pair expired in light of each other, the at last took them out with her, and full of sentiments worthy of their never returned, leaving Maldonata to virtdes.

Thift for herself.

Maldonata soon after fell into the An uncommon Instance of the Divine In- hands of some Indians, who made a terpofition.

Nave of her, and kept her in captivity URING the government of for a considerable time. Being at

Don Diego de Mendoza in Pa. length retaken by some Spaniards, the raguay, a dreadful famine raged at was brought back to Buenos Ayres, Buenos Ayres, yet Don Pedro, whose where Don Francis Ruiz de Galan forces were very much weakened by commanded for Don Pedro de Mendomortality, and the attacks of the bar. za, who happened to be ablent. Ga. barous nations, being afraid of giving Jan was a man, whose severity often the Indians a habit of spilling Spanish degenerated into cruelty. Therefore, blood, forbid the inhabitants, under as he knew that Maldonata bad stolen pain of death, to go into the fields in out of the city, contrary to orders, search of relief. But, as hunger is and did not think her fufficiently pu. one of those extremities, which make nished by a very long and very cruel people blind to the greatest dangers, Navery, he condemned her to death, and deaf, even to the most sacred in- and to a kind of death, which no man junctions, he placed soldiers at all the but a tyrant could have thought of. out-lets to the country, with orders to He ordered some soldiers to take her fire upon those who thould endeavour into the country, and there leave her 10 transgress his orders. A woman, tied to a tree, not doubting, but some however, called Maldonata, was lucky wild beast or other would loon come esough to elude the vigilance of the and tear her to pieces. guards; and God twice preserved her Two days after, the same soldiers by one of those exertions of his pro- being sent to see what was become of vidence, to which public notoriety her, they were greatly surprized to alone can extort belief from the in- find her alive, and unhurt, though credulous, apt to take offence at every surrounded by lions and tigers, whom thing beside the common course of a lioness, lying at her feet with her things. This woman, having for a whelps, kept at a distance. As soon long time rambled about the country, as the lioness perceived the soldiers, took notice of a cavern, where she she retired a little, as it were to give fattered herself she might at last find them leave to unbind her benefactress, a fore retreat against all the dangers which they accordingly did. Maldothat threatened her: but he had nata then related to them the history farce entered it, when the Ipied a of this lioness, whom the knew to be lioness, the light of which terrified her the same she had formerly asfilted; to the last degree. She was, however, and the soldiers remarked, that, on foon quieted a little by the carefles of their offering to carry away Maldothis animal, at the same time that the nata, the lioness fawned greatly upperceived they were not dilinterested. on her, and seemed to express some The lioness, it seems, was reduced to concern at losing her. On the rethe last extremity, as, though ber port the soldiers made to the comterm for littering was expired, the mander of what they had seen, he could not get rid of her burthen. saw that he could not but pardon a Maldonata upon this took courage, woman, whom heaven had protected and gave the poor creature the alliit- in so signal banner, without appearance she seemed so earnestly to require. ing more inhuman than lions themThe lioness, being happily delivered, felves. The author of Argentina, the not only immediately gave her bene- first author to relate this adventare,


as an

232 Some Pellages in the Divine Legation considered. May assures us, that he had heard it, pot But that his readers may be further only from the public voice, but from indulged, he brings in, as another me. the mouth of Maldonata herself; and dium of proof, an extraordinary and Father del Techo says, that, when he special providence, fubfisting among arrived at Paraguay, a great many them, through all ages of their gopersons spoke to him of it,

vernment, from Moses to Jesus Christ, event which had happened within their in which, according to him, the good memory, and of which nobody doubt. were always rewarded, and the evil ed the truth.

punished. This the Bible history proves

to be false, as well as the nature of To the AUTHOR of the LONDON things how it to be impossible. MAGAZINE.

Though it must be allowed that the SIR,

odd manner of the expression, of some S you inform us in your Review, of their writers, may make some ignomade from materials furnished by the sense, but their national calamities Bishop of Gloucester, it is no wonder plainly evince the contrary. When if it is calculated to enhance the cha. they were carried into captivity, were racter of the bishop. What truth there not one righteous good man there is in the story relating to Lord amongst them? If that was the case, Bolingbroke, I do not pretend to they must have been the wickedest naknow : But it is well known that his tion upon earth. lordship had great reason to be offend. I am, Sir, ed with Pope, for printing an edition

Your humble servant, of The Patriot King, in order to pub

and constant reader, lith it immediately after his lordship's April 19, 1769.

Criton. death, which he thought would probably happen before his own. How. To the AUTHOR of tbe LONDON ever, as to the bishop's attachment to

MAGAZINE. the religion of his country, no one Stoke, Gloucesterfbire, May 22, 1769. can now doubt it. As he got a bishop

SIR, rick for writing his Divine Legation T the latter end of the scholium, of Moses, this event may perhaps have made him more steadily ortho. Principles, he gives a correction for dox. But the argument of his book the angle at the upper focus of the does not seem to be sufficient to con. mean anomaly by four analogies, but vince any one, that a person of bis Dr. Halley in his works gives two consagacity can think it deserving the Atant quantities which thorten the name of demonstration.

work, viz. $1567, and 137513 ; ! He asserts, that men cannot be require therefore the law for obtain. kept together in society withoat the ing the aforesaid conftant quantities. opinion of a future ftate, though he I also require the method of investiat the same time afferts that the Jews gating the magnitude, &c. of the were. He asserts, that all other an. moon's shadow, of the sun's eclipse, cient legislators, Moses only except. April 1, 1764, that is to determine ed, taught the doctrine of a future the angle of the thadow's direction state, and blended it with their laws, with the meridian of the given place ; which is false, as Mr. Sykes has fully and agreeable to circumstances, whe, proved.

-ther the solar azimuth is to be added Having asserted, that no nation can or substracted from the aforesaid angle, possibly sublift without the belief of fu. to assign the position of the transverse turity, and that the Jews were never axis of the umbra; likewise the comtaught this doctrine; he infers from putation of the breadth of the shade, hence, that Moses's law must be di- and umbra, at the given time.-An an. vine, and the Jews under a theocracy. swer to these enquiries will very much Thus, the inferring his propofition, oblige without proof, from false premisses, is

Your humble servant, the promised demonstration.


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