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121 Íbe HISTORY of PARTÝ during ibé PRESENT REIGN.

continued from p. 72. H

disconrinued the narrative part ment. - This general warrant for the of this hiltory, where we mentioned apprehension of his person, and the the difmifon, or as it was politely ft;. seizure of his papers, even if Mr. fed trie refignation, of Mr. G. G. oa ac. Wilkes was actually guilty of every count of his proving less tractable in crime with which he was charged, the frammels of power than the fa. was absolutely, illegal, and the nation charité expected; we must now pre- exclaimed at their rulers, who, to puFate to give fome reasons for the nith others for violating the laws, comHititë popularity of his character, mitred an evident violation of the laws ter a display of independency which themselves.- Had the ministry, howmight be naturally expected to raise ever, only ifjüed the warrant, the preHihi very bighi in the estimation of the cedents of former administrations, and kingdom. To account for the gene the example of Mr. P himself, raldiqike ftill entertained again it this might have given them some realongentleman, the reader muiť be made able arguments in extenuation of their atquainted with more than a fingle conduct, though nothing could have Gule. - In the first place, thole who been urged as a luficient excuse.--But at any time attached themselves to their error did not lie to much in an Loti Bafier Mr. Pitt's retreat unconscious illegality, as in defending it, from butinels, rendered themselves to when they were actually convinced of disagreeable, that the people rejoiced the fault. whenever they saw them facrificed to Mr. Wilkes, notwithstanding the the difptt's fure of that noblemani, and indignation of government, toon ob confidered their loss of office, as a ve- tained his discharge, on account of y proper mortification for their has his parliamentary privilege, and com, ing abandoned'the cause of the king menced proper actions to recover dadom.- But beides this, Mr., G. G. mages for false imprisonment, while though he affected to proceed upon a several of bis friends exerted them. fillem of his own, nevertheless pro: selves in the House of Commons to ob, ceedef upon a system whichi was to tain a vote, declaring general warrants the full as offensive to every sensi- utterly illegal.- Hert the administration ble'mind, as the most indefensible in; had an opportunity of proving the rec. ftanices' of Lord B 's immediaté titude of their intentions at least, and adminiftratior, and possibly in fome of the wing that their end was jurt, cales even more injurious to the king: however they had been miltaken in domi.

thie means.-Vet instead of a fisting in To deal however in proofs, and not a certaining the right of inuing these in affertions, it will be proper to reca: warrants ex officio (it they thought there pitulare some of the principal circum- was an official rigne) in the courts of Kances during Mr. Go's continuánce at law, they made ule of every artifice to the helm of government. --We have deleat an enquiry into their legality, alrearly mentioned, chat among a num. and chole rather to expose their fellow ber of writers who took up the pen subjects to the danger of being on-, atai:At Lord B- and his adhicre'nts juitly committed to prilon, than to be the North Briton, who was universally convicted of an error themselves..--. supposed to be Mr. Wilkes, the nhem- The warrants certainly were either ker for Aylesbary, gave great une'afi. lawful or they were riot.--- If lawful,' ness to the ministry; and at lat grew it was their duty to support the conitiforintolerabte, chat a general warrant, tụtional authority of government.--from the earls of Hallitax, and Egre. If otherwise, it was their business to acition, the secretàries of itáte, was knowledge themselves in the wrong, illued to apprehend Mi. Wilkes, and not to leave their unofend ng in confequence of woich he was co'm. countrymen at'one mercy of arbitrary, mitted to the Tower, and several ministers. Did they entertain any of his papers terrà peizeit

, to'be made“ doubts about the legality of the prouse' of in evidence of his having ceeding against Mr. Wilkes, it was



March, 1764.

Two ways

The History of Party

March for the interest of the nation to clear with this went another act for obliging up those doubts by a judicial determi. the colonies to provide quartets for nation. But this they avoided with foldiers... Instantly followed another indefatigable industry, and what ag- law for levying, throughout all Amegravated their conduct on this occa. rica, new port duties upon a valt vas tion, some gentlemen, who held em ‘riety of commodities, and some of ployments under the crown, and yet which lay heavy upon objects necessary in the House of Commons expressed for the trade and fishery.-- Immeditheir dilapprobation of general war. ately upon the heels of these, and a rants, fell victims to ministerial ven 'midit the uneasiness and confusion progeance, and were turned out of place. duced by a crowd of new impositions

A celebrated writer, speaking of this and regulations, some good, some evil, period, expresies himself in the follow. fome doubiful, all crude and ill confiing manner : “ Whilft all things were dered, came another act, for imposing managed at home with such a spirit an universal Stamp duty on the colo of disorderly despotism ; abroad there nies; and this was declared to be little was a proportional abatement of spirit. more than an experiment, and a fourSome of our molt just and valuable dation of future revenue. To render claims were in a manner abandoned... these proceedings more irritating to with regard to our domestic affair's the colonies, the principal argument there was no want of industry; but used in favour of their ability to pay there was a great deficiency of temper such duties, was the liberality of ihe and judgment, and manly comprehen- grants of their asemblies during the fion of the public intereit. The na Jate war; never could any argument tion certainly wanted relief, and go- be more insulting and mortifying to a vernment attempted to adminifler it. people habituated to the granting of

were principally chosen their own money." for this great purpose.... The first by " Taxes for the purpose of raising regulation ; the second by new funds a revenue had hitherto been sparingly of revenue.--- Agreeably to this plan, attempted in America-..Without ever a new naval establithment was form- doubting the extent of its lawful power, ed at a good deal of expence, and parliament always doubted the proto litile effct, to aid in the collec. priety of such iin positions. And the tion of the cuftoms. Regula- Americans never thought of contefttion was added to regulation, and the ing a right by which they were little stricteft orders were given for a pre. affected. Their assemblies in the vention of all contraband trade here, main answered all the purposes necef. and in America.... The greatest part fary to the internal æconomy of a free of these regulations were made for people, and provided for all the exi. America ; and they fell so indifcrimi- gercies of government which arole nately on all sorts of contrarand, or amongit themseives. In the midst of fupposed contraband, that some of the all that happy enjoyintilt, they never most valuable branches of trade were thought of critically fertling the exact driven violently from poris; limits of a power which was neceflary which caule an universal coniterna to their union, their safety, their equa. tion throughout the colonies. Eve. Tey, and even their liberty.... Thus the ry part of the trade wis infinitely ito very difficult points, superiority diftrefied by them. Men of war now in the presiding itate, and freedom in for the first time, armed with the the subordinate, were on the whole regular.commifica of custom house suficiently, that is, practicaliv retoofficers, invested the coasts, and gave ciled, without agitating those vexato the collection of tevenue the air of rious quettions, which in truth behoftile contribution. About the time ing rather unetaphytics, than politics, tiine that thiele regulacions leemed 10 never be moved without thak. threaten the destruction of the only ing the foundation of the best go. trade from whence the plantations de. vernments that isave ever been conltirived any specie, an act was inade pit- trited by human wisdom. By this ring a stop to the future e niliion of measure was ler loole that dangerous paper cuiiency, which wf-d to supply spirit of diquitition, not in the coudits place allrung thun. Hand in hand neis of philosophical enquiry, lue in


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1769. During the present Reign.

123 lsmed with all the passions of an the loudest to exclaim against their haughty and resentful people, who former idol. Lord T. as he had rethought themselves deeply' injured, signed with Mr. P. and had all along and that they were contending for eve- supported his measures, thought himsy thing that was valuable !"

self exceedingly ill-treated, because he From this cursory view of Mr. G.'s was not allowed an equal thare in the adminiftration it cannot be fupposed, nomination of ministers; the quarrel notwithstanding the difference with between these two great personages Lord B. that he could be poffel- quickly put an end to the famous ailo. fed of

any extraordinary popularity; ciation of patriots who conitituted the yet though he was thus conceiveit to Minerity, and the oppreslions, under be as obnoxious to the favourite, as which their poor country groaned, disagreeable 10 a great majouiry of the were no longer remembered, but the people, bis removal froin vitice threw oppressions under which they themthe court into no little confufion.--. le ves groaned, who were not advanLord B. himself did not chule to ap. ced to some profitable place. An opfear again in the management of public position was therefore immediately affairs, and the people of molt weight formed against the new administration; and ability to direct them, did not the malcontents of the various facchule to accept of employments in tions united in one band, which was which they expected to continue no headed by Lord T. and every measure longer than while they acted in confor- which be disapproved was to be defeatmity to that nobleman's inclination. ed, if possible--- not because the mea. In hort, the various departments of sure was injurious to the national wel. the adminiftration were fuppo ed to be fare, but because he was at enmity held by lo precarious a tenure, that it with Mr. P. was with the utmost difficulty a new Here there is no possibility of sup. arrangement was made, and even this pressing the indignation of an honeit arrangement could not be effected till mind, at the infamous quarrels which fome of the premiers were actually the ambition of power, and the love of paid for flooping to fill up the most lu- money, so frequently give birth to in cative places, and had penlions al- this unfortunate kingdom.... Two faclowed them in case of any fillure dil tions contend for the direction of pubmillion from government.

lic affairs, and one is fuccessful... The The administracion now formed, was other upon this in ftantly refolves, riglit faid to be formed under the aulpices of or wrong, to difturb ihe adminiftrahis royal highness the late riuke of tinn of their more fortunate antagoÇumberland ; and Mr. P. who was nists, and endeavour to counteractine courted very much, and raised to the best measures, because thele measures earidom of C. did himself a material are propoled by their enemies. Tous injury at this time in the opinion of the private animosity of individuals the whole nation, and it was generally is to be revenged upon the kingdom; concluded that Lord B. had made a and the interest of a whole people is facrifice to his ambition, merely to to be prejudiced, because Lord T. and lellen bim in the eyes of the people.... Mr. P. have had a despicable dispute. The conduct of Lord Bath, who part.. Lord T. neither broke with Mr. P. ed with all his patrioritm for a litle, an account of any difference in prin. was every where revived, the levereit ciple, or any doubt of Mr. P.'s capa. comparisons were continually made city...but entirely on account of Mi. between them, and the preis iwarmed P.'s having filled up ile various of with publications, lamenting eitherine fices of the adininutration. The first fall of Mr. P. or cenioring his coo. feat of the Treasury was reserved for nexion with Lord B. in a train of the Lord T. himself, and he was to have utmost invective.

the nomination of the whole board. These publications were considera. This, however, would not do, he bly auginented, and the public indig- must have the nomination of half the pation was industriously increased by ministry; and not being induiged in Lord T. and his friends, for whom this claim, the patriotic nobleman not Mr. P. had made no provision in the only declined to atlitt his country in new miniftry, and who were therefore this hour of exigence, but prep.itd



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