A Report of the Decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, and the Opinions of the Judges Thereof, in the Case of Dred Scott Versus John F.A. Sandford. December Term, 1856
The points considered in the Supreme Court were: Negro citizenship, jurisdiction of the Circuit Court and the Missouri Compromise Act.
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abatement acquired action admitted adopted African appears argument authority become belonging born brought cause ceded cession character Circuit Court citizens citizenship claim clause colonies colored common condition Confederation conferred Congress consent consider Constitution decided decision defendant determine Dred Scott duty effect Emerson entitled equal error establish examine exclusively exercise exist extend facts Federal follow force foreign freedom give given Government grant ground held hold Illinois importance independent inhabitants judges judgment judicial jurisdiction Justice JUSTICE CURTIS lands legislation limits master meaning ment Missouri nature necessary needful negro objection operation opinion particular parties passed persons plaintiff plea pleading political present principles privileges prohibited protection provision question race reason recognised record referred regard regulations relation residence respecting rules Sandford slave slavery sovereignty status taken territory tion treaty Union United writ
Seite 594 - There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory otherwise than in the punishment of crimes, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted; Provided, always, That any person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid.
Seite 405 - On the contrary they were at that time considered as a subordinate and inferior class of beings, who had been subjugated by the dominant race, and whether emancipated or not, yet remained subject to their authority, and had no rights or privileges but such as those who held the power and the Government might choose to grant them.
Seite 558 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States and admitted as soon as possible according to the principles of the federal Constitution to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages and immunities of citizens of the United States, and in the mean time they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property and the Religion which they profess.
Seite 419 - ... to borrow money or emit bills on the credit of the United States, transmitting every half year to the respective states an account of the sums of money so borrowed or emitted: to build and equip a navy: to agree upon the number of land forces, and to make requisitions from each state for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in such state...
Seite 408 - They had for more than a century before been regarded as beings of an inferior order, and altogether unfit to associate with the white race, either in social or political relations ; and so far inferior that they had no rights which the white man was bound to respect, and that the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit.
Seite 502 - ... in all cases of taxation and internal polity subject only to the negative of their sovereign, in such manner as has been heretofore used and accustomed...
Seite 539 - Resolved that provision ought to be made for the admission of States lawfully arising within the limits of the United States, whether from a voluntary junction of Government and Territory or otherwise, with the consent of a number of voices in the National legislature less than the whole.
Seite 547 - Waiving the question of the constitutional authority of the Legislature to establish an incorporated bank as being precluded in my judgment by repeated recognitions under varied circumstances of the validity of such an institution in acts of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the Government, accompanied by indications, in different modes, of a concurrence of the general will of the nation...
Seite 446 - Hence it has been argued that Congress cannot vest admiralty jurisdiction in courts created by the territorial legislature.
Seite 427 - ... and as long as it continues to exist in its present form, it speaks not only in the same words, but with the same meaning and intent with which it spoke when it came from the hands of its framers, and was voted on and adopted by the people of the United States. Any other rule of construction would abrogate the judicial character of this court, and make it the mere reflex of the popular opinion or passion of the day.