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according action activity animals arises attained authority basis becomes beginning beneficence birds calls Chap character complete conduct consciousness consideration constituted continual Darwin dependent derived desires doctrine duty effects element essential Ethics evolution evolutionary Evolutionism existence experiences explain fact feelings follows further give greatest Green growth happiness higher highest human Ibid idea ideal implies importance increasing individual instinct intelligence interest justice Kant Kant's knowledge less lives means merely mind moral moral law motive mutual natural Negative never object offspring organism origin parental particular person philosophy pleasure political positive possible practical principle progress race rational reached realization reason regarded relation remarks rules says scientific sense sentiment social society species Spencer sphere spirit Sutherland sympathy tenderness theory things thought tion treated true universal utilitarian whole young
Página 66 - Duty ! Thou sublime and mighty name that dost embrace nothing charming or insinuating, but requirest submission, and yet seekest not to move the will by threatening aught that would arouse natural aversion or terror, but merely holdest forth a law which of itself finds entrance into the mind...
Página 19 - But the view for which I contend is that Morality properly co-called — the science of right conduct — has for its object to determine how and why certain modes of conduct are detrimental, and certain other modes beneficial. These good and bad results cannot be accidental, but must be necessary consequences of the constitution of things...
Página 69 - One God, one law, one element, And one far-off divine event, To which the whole creation moves.
Página 22 - has freedom to do all that he wills, provided he infringes not the equal freedom of any other...
Página 14 - I believe that the experiences of utility organized and consolidated through all past generations of the human race, have been producing corresponding nervous modifications, which, by continued transmission and accumulation, have become in us certain faculties of moral intuition — certain emotions responding to right and wrong conduct, which have no apparent basis in the individual experiences of utility.
Página 50 - Social progress means a checking of the cosmic process at every step and the substitution for it of another, which may be called the ethical process; the end of which is not the survival of those who may happen to be the fittest, in respect of the whole of the conditions which obtain, but of those who are ethically the best.
Página 62 - The history of civilization details the steps by which men have succeeded in building up an artificial world within the cosmos. Fragile reed as he may be, man, as Pascal says, is a thinking reed ; there lies within him a fund of energy, operating intelligently and so far akin to that which pervades the universe, that it is competent to influence and modify the cosmic process.
Página 49 - Cosmic evolution may teach us how the good and the evil tendencies of man may have come about ; but, in itself, it is incompetent to furnish any better reason why what we call good is preferable to what we call evil than we had before.
Página 20 - I conceive it to be the business of Moral Science to deduce, from the laws of life and the conditions of existence, what kinds of action necessarily tend to produce happiness, and what kinds to produce unhappiness. Having done this, its deductions are to be recognized as laws of conduct; and are to be conformed to, irrespective of a direct estimation of happiness or misery.