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Our Children to Be Invalids?
PERHAPS not, but how much attention do our

schools give to teaching our children the rules of health, by which they may avoid tuberculosis and other preventable diseases?

The average schoolbook on arithmetic, geography or what not costs $1 or more. It improves the child mind, but does nothing to secure for him that greatest of all assets-Good Health.

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For less than five cents a copy school children can be supplied with the HEALTH FIRST READER, which teaches not only the physical rules, but the psychology of health as well.

It is the recognized child's book on good health; endorsed by the National Tuberculosis Association and many of the foremost men and women in the anti-tuberculosis movement.

It is already in use in the schools of Washington, D. C.; Rochester, N. Y.; Philadelphia, Pa.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Birmingham, Ala.; Memphis, Tenn.; Des Moines, Iowa, and many other cities.

IT Send for free sample copy and price list today The Strobridge Lithographing Co. 112 West Canal Street

Cincinnati, Ohio

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A TEXT-BOOK OF CRAFTS
for HANDICAPPED WORKERS

By Herbert J. Hall, M. D. and Mertice M. C. Buck

"Handicrafts for the Handicapped,” is intended as a text-book of a few crafts which have proved to be of special value to handicapped workers outside the institutions. The directions given are elaborate and detailed as far as possible, so that the individual worker may be able to study and practice a vocation for himself. The book will also be found of value to crafts workers who are dealing with handicapped labor in the various institutions; and in the private practice of physicians who realize that a patient at work is a patient half cured.

CONTENTS INTRODUCTION

V. BOOKBINDING-a. Albums, Portfolios GENERAL SUMMARY

and Guest Books; b. The Rebinding of Old Chapter

Books. I. BASKETRY-a. Woven Baskets; b. Sewed

VI. CEMENT WORKING or Coiled Baskets. II. CHAIR SEATING-a. Caning Chairs;

VII. POTTERY MAKING b. Rush Seating.

VIII, LIGHT BLACKSMITHING III. NETTING

IX. APPENDIX-List of Books on Crafts and IV. WEAVING-a. The Old Looms; b. Put

Dealers in Craft Work Supplies. ting on the Warp ; c. Adjustment of Harness for Rag Rug Weaving; d. Starting the Weav. Illustrated with sketches and photographs. ing; e. Pattern Weaving.

$1.25 postpaid TUBERCULOSIS WORKERS NOTICE Here is a practical suggestion for those who are studying employment of consumptives. Get this book and learn how to make tuberculosis patients happier, healthier and wealthier.

Order from Journal of the Outdoor Life 381 Fourth Avenue

NEW YORK

A Book For Those Who Have or May Have Tuberculosis

Saints' Rest

By SADIE FULLER SEAGRAVE

of the Iowa State Sanatorium, Oakdale, Iowa. 180 pages, with frontispiece, and jacket in two colors. Price, postpaid, $1.00.

Beautifully Printed-Handsomely Bound AN of '

experience and close contact in institutions for the treatment of tuberculosis. An attempt is made to show the physical benefits that may be derived under the proper regime of regulated life, and the mental stimulus and fresh outlook on life that come with the increase of bodily vigor, and with the freedom from physical and mental overwork. The story is principally in the form of letters written by a girl to her fiance after she has been found to be tuberculous, and cover a period of one year. The letters combine the humor and pathos which are to be found in any such institution, and incidentally convey to the reader a considerable amount of reliable and helpful information respecting the proper treatment of tuberculosis.

order from

Journal of the Outdoor Life, 381 Fourth Avenue, New York

When dealing with Advertisers please mention JOURNAL OF THE OUTDOOR LIFE

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PORTRAIT OF DR. BOWDITCH AS AN OLD MAN, BY ALEXANDER

Journal of the OUTDOOR LIFE

IMPORTANT NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS
When your subscription expires, renew at once. If it expires with this issue, your renewal
must reach us before July 15, to avoid missing the next number. Use Money Order if possible,
but bills or postage stamps may be sent.

MEDICAL REMINISCENCES*

II. RECOLLECTIONS OF EPISODES IN THE MEDICAL CAREER OF

HENRY INGERSOLL BOWDITCH, M.D.

Born 1809, Died 1892.
BY VINCENT Y. BOWDITCH, M.D., BOSTON

The three subjects with which the name of known surgeons to invent some less heroic my father, Dr. Henry Ingersoll Bowditch, has method by which the fluid could be withdrawn. been and will continue to be most intimately

His theories met with no encouragement, howconnected, are doubtless: First, Paracentesis ever, and were pronounced, by most of his (tapping of the chest for pleuritic effusions); compeers as impractical, even dangerous. His Second, Soil moisture in its relation to the opportunity came, however, in 1849, when prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (con- called in consultation by Dr. Morrill T. Wysumption) in New England; and Third, His man, of Cambridge, who had invented an inconnection, from 1869 to 1879, as president, strument consisting of a trocha, a canula and with the Massachusetts State Board of Health, suction pump, with which a small puncture --the first organization of its kind in Amer- could be made through the chest wall and ica, and from 1879 to 1883 as a member of fluid withdrawn gently and slowly from the the National Board of Health. His resigna- pleural cavity. After consultation, it was detion from the former position was handed in cided to put the experiment to the test upon a after vainly endeavoring for months to get or- patient who was then suffering from acute der out of the chaos caused by the foolish action pleurisy, with a large effusion and apparently of the Governor, who from mistaken motives in imminent danger of suffocation. The fluid of economy merged the three boards of was slowly and successfully withdrawn, with Health, Lunacy, and Charity into one, with infinite relief to the sufferer; and from that consequent disaster to all. His work in these moment my father devoted himself to teachsubjects has been dwelt upon in detail in the ing the profession the value of Dr. Wyman's “Life and Correspondence of Henry Ingersoll invention and the comparative simplicity of Bowditch," published by myself through the operation, which did not require great Houghton, Mifflin & Co., in 1902, but a short surgical skill and could be easily performed by allusion to them has seemed appropriate when any intelligent practitioner. alluding to personal reminiscences of his

As is so often the case, opposition to his medical career.

views followed, one eminent surgeon declarFrom the early years of his practice he had ing that he would as soon send a bullet into been convinced of the lack of proper treat- a patient's chest as to insert a trocha and ment in cases of severe pleuritic effusions, canula into the pleural cavity. Nothing dauntwhich were often the cause not only of in- ed, however, my father persisted and by the tense suffering but of sudden death. Opening large number of cases (over four hundred) in of the chest wall by direct incision had been which he never had a fatal result, finally conresorted to as a surgical procedure before vinced the profession of the great value of 1850, but only in cases of a chronic nature. the operation. Subsequently, Dieulafoy, in Convinced that some simpler method could France, invented his excellent aspirating bottle, be devised for giving immense relief in acute claiming the discovery of paracentesis and cases, without the suffering caused by a sur- utterly ignoring my father's published records gical incision, he was continually urging well- of cases operated on at least ten years before

Dieulafoy had given his results to the world. * This is the last of a series of Medical Reminiscences by Dr. Rowditch. (See March and pril

Incidentally, it may be mentioned that with numbers.)-THE EDITOR.

characteristic indifference to priority of claim, work, my father wrote: "How such effects are produced, I do not and cannot pretend to explain. I am inclined to believe that the explanation will remain long, if not forever, among the arcana, of which so many exist in our apparent knowledge of the causes of disease." The subsequent discovery by Koch of the specific germ, the bacillis tuberculosis, twenty years later (1882), in no way lessened the force of the clinical evidence given by competent observers; nor did it throw especial light upon the reason for what appears, in the light of experience, to be an undoubted fact. Theoretical discussion upon this point, however, would be out of place in the present article. Suffice it to say, that knowledge of these facts may make an essential difference to the well-being of many who are making the selection of a home.

The third episode of his medical career which brought him especial distinction was his connection with the Massachusetts State Board of Health, in which position he worked with untiring energy for ten years. During the course of this oftentimes difficult routine pioneer work, my father found time to make investigations upon subjects of public importance, the chief one perhaps being his researches as to the comparative prevalence of drunkenness in the civilized countries of the world. This involved an enormous correspondence with well-known authorities in different countries, with results which would seem to

be of particular interest at the present time THE HOUSE ON OTIS PLACE

when our own country is about to enter the

much debated test of national prohibition. my father merely regarded with amusement

What his attitude would have been at the presthis lack of courtesy, to say the least, on Dieu

ent time, it would of course be impossible to lafoy's part, and rejoiced that a procedure which could be safely entrusted to any intelli

say with certainty, but his firm conviction at

that time as a result of his investigations was, gent physician had been finally accepted by

that in the countries in which light wines and the profession, and that thousands of lives doubtless would be saved in consequence.

beer were used, there was much less drunken

ness than in those where the free use of the During this period, between 1850 and 1860,

stronger alcoholic liquors was permitted. One he was also busily engaged in correspondence of the most temperate and abstemious of men with medical men throughout New England, himself, and loathing drunkenness, he believed to determine if possible factors which favored

nevertheless that the moderate use of the the production of pulmonary disease. The lighter alcoholic liquors was not necessarily result of these exhaustive researches was given injurious to health, and he advocated the subin a pamphlet entitled "Consumption in New stitution of these in place of the stronger England,” in which he speaks of his firm

forms, and especially of the abominable and conviction, derived from what seemed indis

undoubtedly deleterious mixtures usually doled putable proof, that residence upon a damp

out in open saloons in our country. This consoil is a potent factor in laying the foundation

servative attitude as contrasted with that of for the development of consumption (pul- ardent prohibitionists brought down the wrath monary tuberculosis), and that the converse,

of the latter upon his head soon after the viz., that a dry soil is unfavorable to its

publication of his pamphlet entitled “Intemgrowth, is equally true. Received with acclaim

perance in New England and How Shall We by the Massachusetts Medical Society, this Prevent It?"* One well-known lecturer at that pamphlet was re-published and spread through

time announced as the subject of his public out New England. By a curious coincidence,

discourse, "Dr. Bowditch and Free Rum,"such as frequently happens in such cases,

an incident infinitely amusing to those who George Buchanan, a famous physician of Eng

knew the character and habits of the object land, had come to the same conclusion from

of the lecturer's diatribes. Whatever possible his researches in England, neither having had modifications he and others who agreed with any knowledge of the other's work until the simultaneous publication of their observations.

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* Massachusetts State Board of Health Report, In his comments upon the results of their

1871.

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