« AnteriorContinuar »
proceedings of the Highland army; at Prestonpans, Gladsmidr, where the Clanranald, with tlieir chief, was placed, as a distinct mark of honour, on the right of the front line; in the march to England and retreat to Scotland, and in the final and disastrous engagement with the King's troops on Culloden Moor. An eye-witness at Duddingston relates an incident which indicates his position and lofty bearing. "One day young Clanranald was conversing with the Young Pretender with his head covered, and Major Macdonald (Glenaladale) standing behind Clanranald uncovered." He was wounded in the head at Culloden, but managed to escape to his grandmother's house in Inverness, after which he proceeded, with his men, to Moydart, where he remained in concealment for a considerable period. The King's troops in time followed him, and, on one occasion, he escaped capture only by a miracle. A mean, base countryman, bribed by the enemy's officers, pointed out his hiding place, on the side of a steep hill; but hearing them approach he threw himself down the precipice at the risk of being dashed to pieces on the rocks, and marvellously escaped, though so near as to hear one of the soldiers saying, "the nest is warm, but the bird is flown." A few days after three French ships of war arrived in Loch-nan-uagh, which were placed under Clanranald's command as Commodore, a commission in his favour as such having been brought from France in one of them. Here Clanranald again met the Prince, and strongly recommended him to distribute a sum of forty thousand pounds, brought from France for his use by these ships, among the more necessitous of those who had suil'ered so much in his cause, and were now without houses, food, or shelter; the whole country having been given to the flames, and all their cattle driven away by the King's troops.
During the whole time Prince Charles was in hiding in the Long Island Clanranald remained concealed in Moydart, waiting an opportunity to remove to some other part of the country, from which he could effect his escape to the Continent. This he ultimately managed in spite of the attempts of the Government to capture him. He succeeded in finding his way to Brahan Castle, the seat of the Seaforths, where he met a daughter of Basil Hamilton, and sister of the Earl of Selkirk, whom he had engaged to marry some time before. She was a relation of his own, her mother being a sister of Ranald's grandmother. The marriage was celebrated in presence of Lady Fortrose, her husband, Viscount Fortrose, who had the forfeited estates, but not the titles, restored to him some time previously, being from home, and supposed to know nothing of his interesting visitors; for he kept out of the Eebellion, and was, so far, on friendly terms with the Government. Leaving Brahan Castle Clanranald and his Lady proceeded to Cromarty, where they embarked on board a ship bound for London under the names of Mr and Mrs Black. They arrived at their destination safely and unmolested, and soon after effected their escape to Paris. Here, finding it necessary to procure some means of subsistence, he endeaveavourod to obtain an introduction to those in power in France. Prince Charles shortly after came to Paris, and Clanranald requested his Koyal Highness to introduce him to Louis XV,, "to whom the Prince declared that he was the only person who had served him without fee or reward. He soon after got some military employment from the Court of Franoe, and continued so employed until he became acquainted with Marshal Saxe, who appointed him his aide-decamp ; and he remained for several years in that capacity, until the Marshal's death, with the official notification of which to the King he was charged, and delivered to his Majesty, at a public levee, when the King seemed so affected that he shed tears, and said to the company around him, that he had lost his right arm. During this time his lady had become pregnant, and returned to Britain for the purpose of being delivered and naturalising the child. She went to reside with her grandmother, the widow of Lord Basil Hamilton, at Edinburgh, in whose house she was delivered of a son, and died a few days afterwards. Many of the chiefs who wore ongaged in the unfortunate I£ebelli< >n, refusing to deliver themselves up, a bill of attainder was brought against them, which received tho Boyal assent on the 4th of June 174G. In tliis bill was included the names of Donald Macdonald, younger of Clanranald, Donald Macdonald of Loehgarry, Alexander Macdonald of Koppoch, Archibald Macdonald of Barrisdale, Alexander Macdonald of Glencoo, and others. Many suffered tho penalty of the law, and, amongst others, Kinlochnioidart. He was executed at Carlisle on the 18th of October. As to Clanranald, by mistake he was named Donald instead of Ranald in the act of attainder passed against him. His friends took advantage of this, and, after some years' delay, he succeeded in recovering his estates, to which he retired, and became a steady and loyal subject of the king. It is pretty well known that of all those who joined Prince Charles, none was more devoted to him than young Clanranald, or acted more from less interested motives. He uniformly refused all pecuniary reward, maintained his own troops, and, it is said, for this truly noble conduct, the Prince signified liis intention of conferring on him the dignity of a peer of the realm, by the title of Earl of Clanranald."*
All the transactions to which we have referred took place during the life of his father, who, an old man even at the close of the Rebellion, a few years later on, on the 28th of November 1753, and being quite unable to attend to any business, renounced tho life-rent of the estates in favour of his ron, Ranald by whose energy and business habits the debts on the property were soon paid. For the rest of his days Ranald lived quietly and unostentatiously on his property.
He married, first, Mary, daughter of Basil Hamilton, eventually Earl of Selkirk, younger son of the Duke of Hamilton, and by her (bom 8th of May 1720, died 11th of May 1750) he had issue—
1. Charles James Somerlcd, who died in his fifth year at Edinburgh, on the 25th of May 1755, and was buried at Holyrood.
He married, secondly, Flora, daughter of Mackinnon of Mackinnon, a celebrated beauty, with issue—
2. John, his heir.
3. James, a Lieutenant-Colonel in the army.
4. Margaret, who died unmarried.
5. Mary, who died unmarried.
G. Penelope, who married William, seventh Lord Delhavon and Stenton (who died 2'Jth of October 1814), with issue—(1), Robert Montgomery, who, born in 1793, succeeded as 8th Peer; (2), William, born in
* History of the Family, pp. 170-171.
1799, in the HKI.C.S., and four daughters, Penelope, Susan Mary, Flora(diedin 1810),and Jean (diedin 1820). Lady Belhaven died in 181(5. Ranald was succeeded by his eldest son,
XXIV. John Macdonald, seventeenth of Clanranald, quite a youth at his father's death. He travelled for several years on the Continent with a learned tutor, who gave him a very liberal education. On his return home, he obtained a commission and became a Captain in the 2 2d Dragoons. Having made up titles to the family estates, he, soon after, retired from the army, and resided chiefly on his property, among his retainers, by whom he was greatly esteemed while he lived, and much lamented on his death, in 1794, at the early age of twenty-nine.
He married, first, Katharine, daughter of the Eight Hon. Robert Macqueen of Braxfield, Lord Justice-Clerk of Scotland, with issue—
1. Reginald George, his heir, born in Edinburgh on the 29th of August 1788.
2. Robert Johnstone. 3. Donald.
He married, secondly, his second cousin, Jean, daughter of Colin Macdonald, II. of Boisdale, and grand-daughter of Alexander, first of Boisdale, second son of Donald, fourteenth of Clanranald, without issue.
He died in 1794, and was succeeded by his eldest son,
XXV. Reginald Geokgb Macdonald, eighteenth of Clanranald. He was born in Edinburgh on the 29th of August 1788, and was thus a minor only six years of age when he succeeded to the property. He was first sent to Edinburgh, and afterwards to Eton to complete his education. He then proceeded to the Continent, where he remained for several years. Coming of age in 1809, he returned home, and was soon after appointed to the command of the Long Island Regiment of Inverness-shire local Militia, which he held for many years. He represented the Burgh of Plymton (disfranchised by the Reform Act of 1832) in Parliament from 1812 to 1824. He lived to a very old age, and, two years before his death, in 1871, he visited his native land, "and delighted his friends by his never failing vivacity and comparatively youthful appearance." According to the Statistical Account the rental of Clanranald's estate in 1837 was about £4500 per annum; but shortly after that date the property was sold by this chief for a large sum to Colonel Gordon of Cluny, Aberdeenshire.
He married, on the 1st of April 1812, Lady Caroline Ann Edgcumbe, second daughter of Richard, second Earl of Mount Edgcumbe, by whom (who died 10th of April 1824) he had issue—
1. Reginald John James-George, his heir, now of Clanranald.
2. Caroline-Sophia, who married, 8th September 1842, the Hon. Charles Cust, second son of John, first Earl of Browrdow, with issue—one son, Ernest-Richmond Charles, and three daughters, one of whom, AliceMarian, married, 9th of September 187G, her cousin, Allan-Roger-Charles Porcelli, youngest son of Baron Porcclli, a Sicilian nobleman, who had married Sarah Anne, her aunt.
3. Emma-Hamilla, who married, 21st of April 1840, the Hon. and Rev. Alfred Wodehouse, youngest son of John, second Lord Wodehouse, with issue; Hobart; Reginald, who died 25th of August 1861 ; Charles; Ilamilla-Caroline, who, on the 8th of November 187C, married Edward Taylor, British vice-consul at Dunkerque; Ernestine-Emma, who on the 17th of May 1866 married John Marshall, second sou of H. C. Marshall, of Westwood Hall, Leeds; and Laura-Sophia.
4, Louisa-Emily, who married Charles-William Marshain, eldest surviving son of Kobert Marsham of Stratum Strawless, County of Norfolk; and secondly, 4th December 1856, Colonel Hugh Fitz-Roy, Grenadier Guards, son of Lord Henry Fitz-Roy.
5, Flora, Maid of Honour to the Queen,
6, Sarah-Anne, who married, in 1848, Baron Porcelli, a Sicilian nobleman, with issue, one of whom married his cousin, as above.
Clanranald married secondly Anne, daughter of William Cunningham, and widow of Richard Barry Dunning, Lord Ashburton, without issue; and thirdly, Elizabeth liebecca Newman, also without issuo.
He died at his residence, Clarendon Road, London, on the 11th of March 1873, in the 85th year of hi* age, when ho was succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest son,
XXVI. Sib Reginald-john James-ceorge, nineteenth and present Clanranald, Vice-Admiral, R.N., K.C.S.I. He married, on the 12th of June 1855, the Hon. Adelaide Louisa, second daughter of George, fifth Lord Vernon, with issue—
1. Allan Douglas, his heir, born in April 1856.
2. Angus Roderick, bom in April 1858. 3. Adelaide Effrida.
[The Complete History Of The Macdonalds, with Genealogies and Biographical Notes of the principal branch families of the name, will be in the hands of Subscribers (whose names will be published in the work) before our next number is issued. It is therefore not intended to continue a consecutive account of the other and minor families of the clan in the Celtic Magazine any further. What we have already published has been carefully corrected, revised, and considerably extended; and in addition, a full account, with genealogies to date, of the cadet families of Sleat, Glengarry, and Clanranald, in the order in which they branched off from the main stem—including Balranald, Kingsburgh, Castleton, Vallay, Scotus, Lochgarry, MacEachainn-Macdonalds, Glenaladale, Kinlochmoidart, and Boisdale—have been already printed in the separate volume. Accounts will also appear in the separate work of the Macdonalds of Sanda, Glencoe, Keppoch, Dalchoisnie, .and several others. Price to Subscribers—One Guinea; large paper edition (of which only 75 copies are printed, and of which but a few now remain), a Guinea and a half. To non-subscribers, the price of any remaining copies will be, in the meantime, £1 5s and £2 2s respectively. To secure copies names should be sent in at once, as the issue is strictly limited to 425.]
THE CLAN CAMERON.—The next Clan History (after a few chapters on the Mathesons) which will appe.ir in these pages will be that of the Camerons. The Editor will esteem it a great favour if all interested in any way in this clan will communicate v. ith him privately, and supply nim with any information in their posset*.i 1j, i>r direct him to where he can obtain any. A. M.
THE FEXIAN SKIRMISHING EUXD AND THE HIGHLANDS.
The following correspondence appeared in recent issues of the Scui^ni'in:
Sir,—I have read your article in to-day'.- i--ue on tli•: AiiKriean Fenians and the Skirmishing Fund with considerable interest, 1 am, Iwwever, surpri-^l that you made no reference to the portion of tile fund which is alieu^d to have iounu its wav to the Scottish Highland*). A friend sent mo a Canadiau paper yesterday in which a telegraphic summary appears of the proceeding at Chicago under date of 8th Au_~ust. Patrick Crowe, who claims to have ori^inatu.l the Skirmishing Fund, held forth at the "Fenian conclave," and said that the fund "ha* been squandered; 7000 dollars of it being lent by one of the managers to himself; 20,000 dollars used in building a torpedo boat, which never worked, but was profitable to the ring; and 2000 dollars going to support an Irish paper in the Highlands of Scotland, and the disposition of the rest being known only to heaven and the insiders." What paper can it be that has received substantial aid from Irish-Americans? It is to be hoped a contradiction and repudiation will be at once forthcoming in the name of, I wont say patriotism, but common decency.—I am, &c, No Fenian.
Sir,—A correspondent of yours, "No Fenian," referring to this subject, quotes certain figures mentioned by Patrick Crowe at the "Fenian Convention" held in Chicago on the 8th August, and, amongst these, 2000 dollars as having been given to an Irish paper in the Highlands of Scotland in support of the movement, and he asks —"What impel- in the Highlands of Scotland can it be that received substantial aid from the Irish-Americans*'" There is no Irish paper in the Highlands of Scotland, but thero is a paper published at Inverness, 'J he Highlander, which I heard some time ago had received "substantial aid" from the Irish-Americans, and which, I have reason to believe, would like to have closer relations with the Irish Land Leaguers at home. The editor and proprietor, Mr John Murdoch, some time ago made a prolonged visit to America, and, after a short stay at home, has again gone out to America. The Highlander was, until recently, published weekly, but now appears in the form of a monthly magazine.—I am, &c, One Behind The Scenes.
The Highlander Office, 76 to 82 Castle Street, Inverness, August 29, 1881. Sir,—A letter under this heading, signed by "No Fenian," appearing in your Friday's issue, contains an inuendo that an Irish paper in the Highlands had received Fenian support. As The Highlander is, I believe, the only paper in the Highlands— or even in Scotland—that has prominently advocated the Irish land question, there can bo no doubt that it is the paper alluded to, and I shall therefore be glad if you will allow ine, through your columns, to state as plainly and as eniphatiea.lv as possible that The Highlander newspaper newr in any v\uy reoeivtd pecuniary aid from the "Skirmishing Fund." As a p.ip- r advocating the people's right to the soil they cultivate, The Highlander received the warm support of Irish Americans, who readily subscribed for it; and when Mr Murdoch, its proprietor and editor, visited America and ('anada in 1879, he received as hearty a welcome from the Irish as from the Scotch, the former assisting him as much as possible by crowding upon him invitations to lecture, for which he was paid by the local committee inviting him. In January 1*80, Mr Murdoch (then in Toronto) was urgently pressed to take part in the "Famuli reception " at Philadelphia, and he thereafter, by invitation, took part in a number of Mr Parnell's meetings, for which he was paid by the Central Committee in New York. But never under any circumstances has Mr Murdoch advocated Fenianisin or other violent measures (on the contrary, he has always been most careful to comlcnm thein), and never has he in any way connected himself with, or received a cent from, the "Skirmishing Fund." Mr Murdoch's present absence in America (fulfilling a second series of lecturing engagements) prevents him writing you himself, bat my knowledge of the facts stated above warrants me in giving the statement an unqualified denial,—I am, &c, A. K. MlDDLElON, Manager.