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5 and 6. Marion and Janet, t>oth of whom died without issue.
Donald died in lO&tj in the Inland of Carina, and was buried at Tomar. He was succeeded by his second and eldest surviving son,
XIX. Allax Macdoxald, twelfth of Clanrauald, who was only about sixteen years of age when his father died. He was placed under the tutorship of his brother-in-law, Donald Maedonald of Benbecula, who was at the time nearest male-heir to Chnr.mald, after Allan himself and his brother Banald. Benbecula, afterwards known as Tutor of Clanranald, spared no pains in the education of his ward, whose natural sympathies in favour of the Stuarts were strengthened by the traditions of his house and the personal influence of Benbecula, himself a firm supporter of the Stuart succession, and a young man otherwise of great ability and judgment. Both tutor and ward came to meet Viscount Dundee when, in May 1689, he joined Maedonald of Keppoch at Inverness, and there ottered their services. These being joyfully accepted, they returned home and raised their vassals. Dundee proceeded to Lochaber with Keppoch, where he was joined by Sir Donald Maedonald of Sleat and his eldest son, with 500 Skye Macdonalds. Proceeding from thence to meet General Mackay at Blair-Athol, he was joined on the way by Clanranald, by his Tutor, and a body of 700 men. These were formed into a regiment under the Tutor's command, with the rank of Colonel. They took a leading part in the victory of Killiecrankie, in which "the Highlanders threw away their plaids, haversacks, and all other utensils, and marched resolutely and deliberately in their shirts and doublets, with their fusils, targets, and pistols ready, down the hill on the enemy, and received Mackay's third fire before they pierced his line, in which many of the Highland army fell, particularly Lord Viscount Dundee, their General, the terror of the "Whigs, the supporter of King James, and the glory of his country. Then the Highlanders fired, threw down their fusils, rushed in upon the enemy with sword, target, and pistol, who did not maintain their ground two minutes after the Highlanders were amongst them; and I dare be bold to say there scarce ever were such strokes given in Europe as were given that day by the Highlanders. Many of General Mackay's officers and soldiers were cut down through the skull and neck to the very breasts; others had skulls cut off above their ears like night-caps; some soldiers had both their bodies and cross-belts cut through at a blow; picks and small swords were cut like willows."* Other particulars of this campaign have been already given under Si-eat and GLEXGARBY,t and they are otherwise well known to the reader.
The Proclamation issued by the Government, ottering protection in their persons and property to all who had been in arms, if they would surrender and take the oath of allegiance, before the 1st of January 1692, was spurned by Clanranald, who proceeded, with his brother Kanald, to France, where he completed his education, under the eye of James VII., and became one of the most accomplished gentlemen of his age. Having resided for some time at the Court of St Germains, ho obtained a commission in the French service under the Duke of Berwick, and soon acquired a distinguished reputation as a brave and gallant ollker. When peace was restored he returned to St Germains, and was
* Memoirs of Dundee, by an Officer in the Army, 1714, pp. 19-20. f Celtic Magazine,
glad to learn that, through the influence of his Tutor, Donald Macdonald of Benbeeula, and other influential friends in Scotland, his estates had been preserved to him.
While in France Clanranald made the acquaintance of Penelope, a daughter of Colonel Mackenzie, who had been Governor of Tangiers under Charles II. "This young lad}' was not more distinguished by the beauty of her person than by the brilliancy of her wit and sweetness of temper. She was universally admired at a Court famed for the beauty of its women, and her prudence added not a little to the lustre of her charms. With such a person, possessing such a mind, it cannot be doubted that she had various offers of marriage, but she preferred Clanranald to all others, and satisfied that, with such a man, happiness could be obtained anywhere, she at once agreed to marry, and accompanying him to his native hills."* They soon returned to Scotland, and arrived safely in South Uist, whore, though remote from society, "Yet so completely did their tempers accord with each other, that their uniform hospitality, polite attention, and affable manners, drew company from all parts of the kingdom, and a little Court, well befitting that of a chief, was actually formed," which was favourably spoken of in all classes of society throughout the country.
On his return to Uist, Clanranald made up titles to his estates, as his father's heir, by precept, dated 28th of July 1704, and was infefted thereon in November and December 1706.
It is generally believed that he was in correspondence with the Court of St Germains before the rising of 1715, for no sooner had the Earl of Mar raised his standard at Braemar, than Clanranald sailed from Uist with his followers, and summoned his vassals of Moydart, Arasaig, and the small isles. Ho is among the chiefs charged to appear in Edinburgh to give security for his good behaviour, by a certain day, and refusing, he was denounced, with other leaders of the clans, a rebel against the Crown. His reply was at onco to declare openly for the Chevalier, in whose service he was appointed a Colonel. He received orders to march into Argyleshire to harass the Earl and prevent the Campbells and other neighbouring clans from joining the Government forces; and while on his way he was joined at Fort-William by a body of Camerons and Macleans, with whom he attempted to surprise the garrison at Inverlochy. In this he failed, but on the 17th of September he captured two redoubts, which, however, he was unable to retain for want of artillery. On the Gth of October he arrived at Strathphillan with about, 700 of his own clan, and was joined by Glengarry and several other chiefs with a considerable following, the army on the 10th numboring some 2400 men, with whom on the following day he marched back in the direction of Inveraray, arriving there on the 19th. The town was defended by a large body of Campbells, who refused a demand to surrender made in writing, by Clanranald and Glengarry; but Sir Duncan and Colonel Campbell came out to meet them next morning on a rising ground betweeii the town and the invaders' camp, when the two Macdonald chief's stated that the Earl of Mar's orders were to respect the country if thoy disbanded their men, but that, if they kept in arms, it was to be laid waste. Next morning a message was received, Lord Isla (the Earl's brother), who was in command, declining
* History of the Family, p, 148.
to treat with any one in arms against the Government. The Macdonalds immediately proceeded to waste Kintyre and the Earl's lands in the district, after which they returned to Strathphillan. This raid kept many of the Campbells at home to protect their property and friends, and Clanranald compelled many others to pledge themselves not to more out of the district. This proved of great advantage to Mar. On the 3d of November the camp was broken up, and the whole body marched by Castle Drummond to Perth, where they joined the main army, under the Earl of Mar; and about the same time, Sir Donald Macdonald, Seaforth, the Chisholm, and other Highlanders, made their appearance. On the 9th a council of war was called, at which it was decided to march to Dunblane. The history of this march and the battle of Sheriilmuir are sufficiently well known. All the Macdonalds behaved with their wonted valour and bravery, and no one more so than the gallant Chief of Clanranald, who fell mortally wounded—"a man universally esteemed and respected by foe as well as friend, and whose memory is still cherished in the Highlands with the utmost fondness." Even Patten, the renegade author of "The History of the Kebellion," after stating that the Captain of Clanranald, with 1000 men, all with their chief, were against the Government and in the rebellion, says :—"This clan did act the part of men that are resolute and brave, under the command of their chief, who, for his good parts and genteel accomplishments, was looked upon as the most gallant and generous young gentleman among the clans; maintaining a splendid equipage; keeping a just deference to the people of all sorts; void of pride or ill humour. He performed the part of one that knew the part of a complete soldier; but a fatal bullet from the King's forces, through the body, disabled him but did not daunt him; so finding a necessity of yielding to the fate of his wound, he withdrew, and told he could do no more; only his well-wishes attended his King and his country. He was lamented by both parties that knew him." It was on this melancholy occasion that Macdonald of Glengarry exclaimed to those who were disposed to mourn over the fallen hero, "Let us have revenge to-day: mourning to-morrow "—a suggestion which was instantly acted upon with terrible effect.
As already stated, he married Penelope, daughter of Colonel Mackenzie, Governor of Tangiers, without issue. He was interred at Innerpephry. in the burying-place of the noble family of Perth, when he was succeeded by his only brother,
XX. Ranald Macdonald, thirteenth of Clanranald. During the rebellion of 1715 he was in Prance. When tho news of his brother's death at Sherifmiuir reached hhn, he determined to set off for the Highlands, but before he could start information arrived that the rebellion was suppressed. He therefore decided to remain until he could hear further particulars from his friends at home. Intelligence soon came that he was among those who had been attainted, and that steps were being taken to deprive him of the family estates. He delayed coming home; but an excellent friend of the family, Alexander Mackenzie, Principal Clerk of Session in Edinburgh, interested himself in Kanald's behalf, purchased large debts which had been accumulated by the late chief and lianald himself, mainly for prosecution of the Stuart cause, and got them all vested in his own person. He then raised an action of abjudication in the Court of Session against all the Clanratialrl estates, for the accumulated sum of JE95,00C Scots, and obtained a decree in his own favour, all with the view of handing the property over to the representative of the family as soon as a pardon could be procured or the attainder removed. Ranald, however, who was never married, died at St Germains in 1725, before a pardon could bo procured or the estates conveyed to him. Thus the whole male line of Sir Donald Macdonald, ninth of Clanranald, became extinct, and tho dignity and succession reverted to the nearest male heir of Ranald Macdonald, immediate younger brother of Sir Donald last named, as follows :—
Ranald Macdonald, second son of Allan, eighth of Clanranald, and immediate younger brother of Sir Donald, ninth of Clanranald, by his wife, a daughter of Macleod of Macleod, received from his father, Allan, the lands of Barrow in Benbecula, Gartgimines, Baile-naii-Cailleach, Bailefmlay, Bailemeanaeh, Uaehdar, Benbecula (called the two Airds), Knockworlane, and part of Machar-meanach; also tho lands of Ardness, Lochylt, and Essan in Arasaig. Afterwards, John Macdonald, tenth of Clanranald, granted to this Ranald and to his son, Ranald Og, a feu-charter, dated 12th of April 1025, for infefting themselves in these lands, and infeftment followed in favour of the elder Ranald, recorded at the Chancery of Ross on the 21st of June following. These deeds are afterwards confirmed by the superior, the Earl of Argyll, on the 1 -4th of March 1633.
Ranald, son of Allan, ninth chief, and immediate younger brother of Sir Donald, ninth of Clanranald, married, first, Maria, daughter of Archibald Macdonald, brother of Donald Gorm Mor, seventh, and sister of Sir Donald Macdonald, eighth baron and first baronet of Sleat. By this lady (who was forcibly seized and ravished by Sir Lauchlan Mackiunon of Strathardale, and for which act he was afterwards forfeited in 1722) Ranald had no issue. He married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Angus Macdonald of Dunyveg, with issue—
1. Ranald, designed "Ranald Og," to distinguish him from his father.
2. Angus Og, so called to distinguish him from his uncle, Angus of Clanranald. From Angus Og descended the families of Dalilea and Milton.
Ranald was succeeded in the lands of Benbecula and others above mentioned by his eldest son,
Ranald Oo Macdonald, who had some difference with the chief of Clanranald about the payment of his feu-duties and services. This landed him in an action in the Court of Session, where judgment went against him. They soon, however, arranged matters, and became reconciled. On the 7th of October 1652 he was infeft as fiar upon his father's charter of 1625, and the infeftment is duly registered in the Chancery of Ross. On the 16th of December 1655 he obtained from John Macdonald, tenth of Clanranald, a discharge of all feu-duties and services; and on the 25th of March 1675 ho entered into an agreement with Donald, eleventh of Clanranald, by which his lands were to be held direct from the superior, the Earl of Argyll; but this arrangement was afterwards departed from beforo it was finally ratified.
Ranald married, first, a daughter of Macneil of Barra, by whom he had issue—
1. Donald, who succeeded, as fourteenth of Clanranald, on the death, without issue, of Ranald thirteenth chief, and of whom presently.
Eanald married, secondly, in 1653, Anne (or Agnes) Macdonald, daughter of John Macdonald, tenth of Clanranald,* with issue—
2. James, to whom his father gave the lands of Belfmlay, Ardbeg, Ardmore, and others. This James had a son, Allan of Belfiiilay, who also had a son, Allan of Beltmlay, who married Jane, eldest daughter of Lachkn Mackinnon of Corry, the entertainer of Pennant and Dr Johnson, with issue—Allan, a Major in the 55th Regiment, who married Flora, daughter of Peter Mcolson of Ardmore, with issue—Captain Allan Macdonald, now of Waternish, Isle of Skye, and others.
3. Donald Og, who died without issue.
4. Moir, or Marion.
On the death of Ranald, thirteenth of Clanranald, in 1725, in Eianc*. he was succeeded by his cousin as above.
(To be Continued.)
THE HON. ARCHIBALD LOVAT was quite a character; many are the stories told about him. Once, while staying at Eraser's (afterwards Bennett's) Hotel in Inverness, he took a fancy to divert himself by ringing all the bells in the house between two and three o'clock in the morning. As soon as he heard the waiter or chambermaid coming to answer one bell, he ran into another room and rang another, and so on. until the whole house was disturbed. An English traveller happened to be in the hotel, and, understanding who it was that was making such a disturbance, and knowing Lovat to be a very vain man, he ran out and caught him, exclaiming, "You scoundrel, do you not know that my Lord Lovat is in the house?" Quite flattered by what he considered such a high respect paid to him, he at once retired, and sent for the traveller in the morning, whom he complimented on being a gentleman, knowing the respect due to his superiors.
Another story of the same Lovat is as follows:—In his time the Beauly was famous for the great quantity of salmon it contained. In one part especially, called the Salmon Leap, it is said that a person could not stand for ten minutes without seeing the fish leaping high out of the water. Lovat made a bet with another gentleman that he could cook a salmon without its being touched by any one, and he won the wager thus. He caused a fire to be made close to the water with a large pot of boiling water placed on it. He and his friend stood by, and, within a quarter of an hour, a fine salmon, leaping out of the water, fell into the pot of hot water, and so was cooked to perfection without being touched.—Invernessian for August.
* There is a dispensation, "dated at Elian Raald, the 8th of June 1653," granted for this marriage by "Dominions Dingin," under authority of a commission from the Pope, "to dispensate in such business," written on the 10th of December 1651. The parties are described as "in the second and third degree of consanguinity," whereas all marriages "contracted within the fourth degree, inclusively, are, by the universal Church of God, prohibited and declared of no force or value without a special dispensation from the said Church."