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Islands, and sailed from Castletirrim with one vessel only; lie was, at the time, on the very worst terms with Maclean, the chief of the Clan Maclean, and had been engaged in hostilities with him; ho unfortunately obsorved him approaching with a fleet of ten sail, and seeing no possibility of escape, he ordered his men to stretch him out as a corpse, and directed them to bear down without any concern towards Maclean's squadron. On reaching it, his men communicated the melancholy tidings of the death of their chief, whom, they stated, they were conveying to be interred with his ancestors in Iona, and they were allowed to pass; but before Maclean's return, Allan had overran a great part of his lands, carried away the most valuable part of his effects to Castletirrim, and laid waste the country."*

Allan married, first, Florence, daughter of Donald Macian of Ardnamurchan, with issue—

1. Ranald, his heir, generally known as " Ranald Ban Allanson."

2. Alexander, "Portioner of Muidwort," whose son, "Ian Muidartach," afterwards became Captain of Clanranald. Alexander, according to the History of Clanranald, married a daughter of Farquhar XII. of Mackintosh, described as a "celebrated beauty." In the recently published History of Clan Chattan, p. 169, we are told that a daughter of tills Farquhar married "Alaster Mac Alan, captain of Clan-Ranald." Alexander's sou, John Moydartach, is, however, described as a "bastard" in that work throughout,and even in the Clanranald Historyit is curious to notice that while in all other instances the chiefs are said to have had theii sons " by" their wives, in the case of Alexander it is said, after describing the marriage, that "He left three sons and a daughter," of whom John Moydartach is one. It is not said that all or any of these were by hi* n-ife. This apparently slight, but very important, distinction would probably escape the ordinary reader; but there it is, and it shows that the author had slight scruples in stating that John Moydartach was by Alexander's lawful wife.

Allan married, secondly, late in life, Isabella, daughter of Thomas, fourth Lord Lovat, with issue—

3. Eanald GaUda, who fought and was overthrown at the Battle of Blarleine by his nephew, John " Muidartach," when the latter became de facto Chief and Captain of the Clan.

Allan MacRuari was tried and executed before King James IV. at Blair Athole (where ho was also buried) in 1509. This sentence is supposed to have been for the part he took in a raid upon Athole under bonaldDubh of the Isles, who made such a stout claim for the Lordship (if the Isles, as already fully described.

Ho was succeeded by his eldest son,

XII. Ranald Ban Allanson Macdonald, fifth of Moydart, who, as we have seen, took a prominent part in public affairs during the life-time <.['! i is father. He was very popular, and much esteemed by his vassals, and is highly praised by the author of the Red Book of Clanranald, the family historian, for his excellent qualities.

He married "a daughter of Roderick Macleod, surnamed The Black, tutor to the lawful heir of the Lewis,"t with issue, an only son—

• History of Clanranald—pp. 82-S1.

t Hugh Macdonald's MS.—Collectanea de Rebus Albanicis.

1. Dugall, who succeeded him.

Ranald, like his father, was tried in presence of the King and executed at Perth, for some unrecorded crime, in 1513, when he was succeeded by his son,

XIII. Dugall Macranald Macdonald, sixth of Moydart, who, for his extreme cruelty and crimes against his own kindred, became detested by the clan. He was in consequence assassinated, and his sons were formally excluded from the succession. He was married, and had several lawful sons. "Allan, the eldest son of Dougal, and the undoubted heirmale of the Clanranald, acquired the estate of Morar, which he transmitted to his descendants. He and his successors were always styled 'MaeDhughail Mhorair,' i.e., Macdougal of Morar, from their ancestor, Dougal MacRanald." * On the death of Dugall MacRanald, the command of the clan, with the family estates, was given to Alexander Allanson, second son of Allan MacRuari, fourth of Clanranald, and uncle of Dugall MacRanald, assassinated as above. This position Alexander held until his death in 1530. On the exclusion of Dugall's heirs, Ranald Gallda, son of Allan MacRuari by Isabella Eraser of Lovat, became the nearest male heir, but he seems to have taken no steps to assert his rights. This is perhaps not to be wondered at, for he and his friends might naturally conclude that if the clan passed over the nearest legal heirs-male —the sons of Dugall MacRanald—they might with equal justice at least refuse to receive and acknowledge as their chief ono whose claim was legally not so good, and whose reputation, in so far as it had reached them, was not such as they would admire in a Chief of Clanranald. Indeed, once the clan had deposed the legal representative and heir-male, we do not see why they were not just as much entitled to choose the elder uncle Alexander and his natural son, John "Muidartach," as they were to choose the younger uncle Ranald Gallda and his successors, who so long as any of Dugall's lawful representatives remained had no legal right to succeed, and of whom they knew nothing, as ho had from his youth been brought up with his mother's family at Lovat, from which circumstance they called him Gallda, or the Foreigner.

John "Muidartach," Alexander's son, was a man of unsurpassed capacity and talent in diplomacy and war. His "mental endowments, with his great physical prowess, made him so popular that the circumstance of his illegitimacy was ignored, and on the death of his father, he was unanimously elected by the clan to be their captain and chief—to the exclusion of cousins and his uncle Ranald Gallda, any of whom had legally a preferential claim." A full, graphic, and exceedingly interesting account of the Battle of Blarleine, in which Ranald Gallda was overthrown and slain by John "Muidartach" and his followers, by the Rev. Allan Sinclair, M.A., Kenmore, appeared in the Celtic Magazine^ and it is therefore unnecessary to repeat the particulars in detail here; but a short quotation may be given from Gregory (p. 158):—" On the dealh of Allaster (second son of Allan MacRuari), which took place in 1530, his bastard son, John Moydertach, a man of uncommon talent and ability, was acknowledged by the whole clan as their chief; and lie even succeeded in procuring charters to the estates. These he possessed without intemip

* Gregory's Highlands and Isles, p. 158. t pp. 89-94, vol. vi.

tion, till, with other chiefs, he was apprehended by James V. in the course of that King's voyage through the Isles in 1540, and placed in prison. Lord Lovat and the Erasers then bestirred themselves for tbe interest of their kinsman, Ranald Gallda, and made such representations on the subject, that the charters formerly granted to John Moydertach were revoked, and the lands granted to Ranald Gallda, as the heir of his father, Allan MacRuari. The existence of prior legal heirs (the sons of Dougal) seems to have been carefully concealed; and, by the assistance of the Frasers, Ranald was actually placed in possession of the estate, which he held only as long as John Moydertach remained in prison; for immediately on the return of that chief to the Highlands he was joined by the whole of the Clanranald, including the sons of Dougal, and again acknowledged as their chief. Ranald, who had lost favour with the clan by exhibiting a parsimonious disposition, was expelled from Moydart, and forced to take refuge with Lord Lovat, who once more prepared to assert the rights of his kinsman. The Clanranald, however, did not wait to be attacked, but, assisted by Donald Glas of Keppoch and his tribe, and by the Clanchameron, under their veteran leader, Ewin Allanson of Lochiel, they carried the war into the enemy's country." They soon over-ran the lands of Stratherrick and Abertarff, belonging to Lord Lovat, the lands of Urquhart and Glenmorriston, belonging to the Grants, and even possessed themselves of the Castle of Urquhart. They plundered indiscriminately the whole district, and even aimed at a permanent occupation of the invaded territories. The Earl of Huntly was ultimately sent against them with a large force, among whom we find Lovat, the Laird of Grant, and Ranald Gallda. On the approach of this strong force, the Highlanders of Clanranald retreated to their mountain fastnesses, leaving Huntly and his followers to penetrate through the country without any opposition. Ranald Gallda was again, without opposition, put in possession of Moydart, while their lands were at the same time restored to those who were driven from them by Clanranald and their allies. Huntly now returned with his followers, accompanied out of compliment by Ranald Gallda. The Clanranald kept a close watch upon their movements, followed them at a distance, overtook them at Kinlochlochy, where the desperate Battle of Blarleine was fought, on the 15th of July 1544. Lovat, the Master of Lovat, and Ranald Gallda, with almost all their followers, were slain; the result being that the Clanranald maintained in possession of the estate and chiefship a distinguished leader of their own choosing, the famous John "Muidartach," against onewho possessed greater legal claims, and who was supported by all the influence of the feudal law. John "Muidartach" afterwards transmitted to his descendants, without serious difficulty, the great possessions which he had so bravely won by the sword.

Regarding the parsimony and alleged effeminacy of Ranald Gallda we find the following in the Clanranald Family History (pp. 92-93):—" This interference of Lovat could ill be brooked by the Macdonalds, and the unlimited control which they observed the former to have over his young friend, convinced the clan that what they had heard of his effeminacy, was but too true, for it was circulated in the country that he was a boy, unfit for command or rule. A circumstance, trifling in itself, tended to strengthen this conviction. A day or two after Ranald's arrival at Castletirrim, preparations were made fi-r :; feast to be given to the clan on his succession. Many sheep and cattle were slaughtered, and Ranald observing a great number of fires in the court of the Castle, and the busy faces of the cooks employed in dressing immense quantities of victual, inquired the cause of such a scene, when he was informed that the 'feast of welcome' was to be given on that day, in honour of his succession; and, unused to the sight of such feasts, and having no idea of such preparations, he unfortunately observed that 'a few hens might do as well.' Such an observation was not lost upon the clan; they despised the man who could, for a moment, think of departing from the ancient practice, and they were confirmed in their belief of his weakness and want of spirit. They rose in arms and expelled both him and Lovat from the Castle, and the feast which was prepared for them served to commemorate the election of John (Muidartach), who was formally declared chief of the clan." This occurred on Eanald's first appearance at Castletirrim. At the desperate Battle of Blarleine he amply proved by his heroism that whether the charge of parsimoniousness was well founded or not, effeminacy had no seat in his soul; for it is admitted by friends and foes that no one exliibited greater bravery and determination on that bloody field than he did. He was never married, but left three natural sons, Allan, John, and Alexander, all of whom received a charter of legitimation from the Crown, dated 18th of June 1555; and, on the 28th of January 1562, Allan, the eldest son, received a gift of the non-entry duties of his father's lands of Moydart and Arisaig since his father's death in July 1544. This Allan left one son, Angus, who, as we shall see, afterwards claimed and held the lands of Arisaig and Moydart, until he was dispossessed of them by Donald, John "Muidartach's" grandson, for which act he was forfeited and declared a rebel; but this sentence, on the death of the children of Angus—a son and daughter—was soon after removed. The result of the Battle of Blarleine cleared the way from active opposition to John "Muidartach," and left him in indisputed possession as Captain and actual Chief of Clanranald of Moydart How he conducted himself in that responsible and honourable position we shall see in our next. (To be Continued.)

THE MACDONALDS OF GLENGAEEY—A CORRECTION.— In our last a few errors have crept into the family genealogy, all of which will be corrected in the separate work. In all cases where Stetoart appears it should be Stuart. Sir William Stuart Forbes, Bart. (p. 297), is of " Monymusk and Pitsligo." James Edmund Stuart, son of Jemima Rebecca, third daughter of Alastair Banaldson Macdonell, fifteenth of Glengarry, was born in 1851, not in 1854. Allan Brown, son of Giulelmina, is in Australia, not in New Zealand. Josephine Bennet, who married iEneas Eanaldson, sixteenth of Glengarry, was ^ranrf-niece, not niece, of the Bishop of Cloyne. At p. 297, the paragraph " Margaret, who married Major Downing," &c, should read " Margaret, who married Major Downing, killed during the Peninsular war, with issue—one son, George Downing, captain in the Madras Army, who married Margaret Macdonald, daughter of Coll Macdonald of Dalness, "W.S., with issue, an only child, Elizabeth Margaret Downing Macdonald, who married Dugald Stuart of Lochcarron, eldest son of the late Eight Honourable Sir John Stuart of Ballachulish and Lochcarron, vice-chancellor."

TALES AND ADVENTUEES OF A BOTANIST:

ItLCSTKATIVB OP THE Manxers. AND SUPERSTITIONS OF THE

Highlands Op Scotland.

A U L D O IT B.

The weary traveller who has pursued his journey for many tiresome houts over the bleak heaths of Strath-Eihre, hails with joy the amiling mansion of Auldour, which suddenly bursts upon his view as he turns the steep ridge of Druim-na-gair. If an equestrian he checks his steed, or if more humbly provided with the means of locomotion, he seats himself on the grey stone by the way-side to feast his eyes for a short time with the goodly prospect before him. When he has hastily run over the general coup (Tceil, he proceeds to examine in detail the various parts which enter into the composition of the landscape.

The house, an irregular old building without any pretensions to elegance, may not long arrest his contemplations, except for the pleasing air of comfort which surrounds it. But he fails not to admire the well-chosen site, a commanding elevation near the junction of the rival streams of the Eihre and the Luina. In the disposition of the grounds nature has left little for the hand of art to improve. Wherever the latter has been called in, convenience and utility seem to have directed her labours rather than the hopeless desire of adding to the charms of the scenery, on the severe but captivating features of which her frivolous ornaments were utterly thrown away. The garden, well protected from the bleak winds of the north and east by an aged clump of ulnis and beeches, lies immediately behind the house. Thriving plantations skirt the base of the adjoining hills; and the neatly enclosed fields—some pastured by cattle, some waving with yellow grain, and some covered with hay-cocks—impress the mind at once with the conviction that the proprietor of Auldour id no negligent agriculturist.

The snug and cheerful aspect of the whole, heightened by contrast with the rugged and dreary waste which the lonely tourist has left behind him, has so reviving an influence on his spirits that, though he should have no prospect of making Auldour a stage, he resumes his journey with increased alacrity. Much more delightful are his feelings, however, if, in addition to these pleasing emotions, he enjoys the anticipation of a warm welcome from the amiable family who make this their residence. Their dinner-hour is probably long past; but he knows well, unless this be his first visit to Auldour, that he can never enter that hospitable mansion without finding ready and ample provision for his wants.

If matters of importance, however, should render expedition requisite on his journey, of all things let him beware of coming within the enchanted walls of that abode of so much that is pleasing to its guests, for if once he give his horse the rein and suffer him to follow his own inclination, on reaching the avenue that leads to the gate, he may count it among the certainties of the way-faring man's experience that, for that day, his travels are at an end, and his most urgent business must await

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