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Kintail went to Mull to visit Maclean, by whose means he hoped to prevent the Macdonalds of Lsla from giving assistance to their relations in the north. In his absence Angus Macdonald, the young chief of Glengarry, desirous to revenge the death of his kinsman, MacGoirie, had collected all his followers, and proceeded northwards to Lochcarron (in which the Macdonalds now only held the Castle of Strone, with a small garrison), he loaded his boats with the plunder of that district, after burning all the houses within reach, and killing many of the inhabitants. The inhabitants of Kintail and Lochalsh having been drawn together in the absence of their chief, and encouraged by the example of his lady, posted themselves at the narrow strait or kyle which separates Skyo from the mainland, intending to annoy the Macdonalds as much as possible on their return. x\'ight had fallen before the Macdonalds made their appearance; and some of Mackenzie's vassals, taking advantage of the darkness, rowed out in two boats towards a large galley of the enemy, wliich was then passing the Kyle. Being allowed to approach within a very short distance, they suddenly attacked the Macdonalds with a volley of musketry and arrows. The latter, iu their alarm, crowding to one side of the galley, already heavily loaded with their plunder, it overset, and the whole crew were precipitated into the water. Such of them as contrived to reach the shore were immediately dispatched by the Kintail men; and among the slain was the young chief of Glengarry himself, whose boat it was that the Mackenzies had happened to attack. The rest of the Macdonalds, hearing the alarm, and discovering their lo^s, returned on their own route as far as Stratkordell in Skye, where they left their boats; and, proceeding on foot through the island to Sleat, they crossed from that district to Morar. Finding that Mackenzie was not yet returned from Mull, they sent a large party to take post in an island near which he must pass, so that they might have an opportunity of intercepting him, and thus revenging the death of their young chief. Tliis party was only one night in the island when the chief of Kintail came past in Maclean's great galley, commanded by the captain of Carneburgh. At this time it was low ebb, and the boats of the Macdonalds were aground; but, in order to detain them as long as possible, the captain, suspecting whose vessels they were, pretended that he was going to land on the island. The stratagem took effect; for the Macdonalds, not to deter him from landing, retired from the shore and concealed themselves among tho rocks; when suddenly he hoisted his sails and bore away from the island, and was soon out of reach of pursuit. "When Mackenzie came to Kintail he observed a number of dead bodies lying on the shore, and was soon informed of the success which his vassals had met with. He then collected his men, and laid siege to the castle of Strone, which was, in a short time, surrendered to him, on which he caused it to be blown up, that it might no longer be a stronghold against him and his successors. After this the Clanranald of Glengarry, under Allan of Lundie, made an irruption into Brae Boss, and plundered the lands of Kilchrist, and other adjacent lands belonging to the Mackenzies. This foray was signalized by the merciless burning of a whole congregation in the church of Kilchrist, while Glengarry's piper marched round the building, mocking the cries of the unfortunate inmates, with the well-known pibroch, which has been known ever since, under the name of Kilchrist, as the family tune of tho Clanranakl of Glengarry. Some of the Macdonalds, chiefly concerned in this outrage, were afterwards killed by the Mackenzie 5; but it is somewhat startling to reflect that this terrible instance of private vengeance should have occurred in the commencement of the seventeenth century, without, so far as we can trace, any public notice being taken of such an enormity. Eventually, the disputes between the Chiefs of Glengarry and Kintail were amicably settled by an arrangement which gave the Eoss-shire lands, so long the subject of dispute, to Mackenzie; and the hard terms to which Glengarry was obliged to submit in this private quarrel seemed to have formed the only punishment inflicted on this clan for the cold-blooded atrocity displayed in the raid of Kilchrist.* After this the two powerful families continued on friendly terms much to their mutual advantage, and that of the wide district of country over which they held sway.
Angus, the eldest son and heir, having been killed, and Donald MacAngus being now advanced in years, the actual command fell into the hands of the second son Alexander, known among the Highlanders as "Alister Dearg." Ho appears to have been of a much more peaceable disposition than his deceased brother Angus. His father, who outlived him, was very frail and confined to bed in his latter years, and after the death of "Alister Dearg" the actual command of the clan devolved upon Angus, or vEneas, son of Alister and grandson of Donald MacAngus, afterwards, in 16G0, created "Lord Macdonell and Arros." That Alexander predeceased his father is clearly proved by an order of the Privy Council, dated Edinburgh, 3d December 1641, at the instance of "William Mackintosh of Toreastle and others, for committing Angus, Donald's grandson, to Edinburgh Castle for refusing to exhibit several of his clan, named in the order, who had murdered Lauchlane Mackintosh and William Millar within the burgh of Inverness, upon a Sabbath day named "in the criminal! letres" issued against them. Angus was in Edinburgh at the date of order, and is designed, though his father was still alive, as "the Laird of Glcngarie, who is Cheofo Maister landslord to the saids rebells," and who "ought to be answirablo for thame, aud cxhibite thame to justice conformo to the laws of the countrie and severall Acts of Parliament." The applicants pray that "the Laird of Glengaric" be committed to ward in Edinburgh till the said rebels be exhibited to answer for the said slaughter committed by them or else to take responsible caution of him to exhibit them " at a eertano day vnder great soumes." After hearing parties the Council decided as follows:—
"Quhereunto Angus Macdonald oy (ogha, or grandson) to the Laird of Glengarie being called to answyr, and he compeirand this day personally before the saids Lords, together with Lauchlane Macintosh, brother to the supplicant. And the saids Lords being well and throughlie advised with all that wes proponned and alledged be both the saids parteis in this mater. The Lords of Secreit Counseill, in regard of the knowne old ago and infirmitie of the old Laird of Glengarie being neir ane hundreth yeers of age; and that the said Angus Macdonald his oy (ogha, or grandson) is appearand heir of the estat, lies the management and government yairof, and is followed and ackowledged bo the haill tomicnts of the bounds, and
• Highlands and Isles, pp. 299-303.
such as hes ane dependence on his goodshir. Therefore they find that he is lyable for exhibition of the rebells foresaids, men tennants and servants, to his said goidshir, as he would have beene if his age did not excuse him. And the said Angus being personallie present as said is, and this sentence being intimate to him, and he ordained to find caution for exhibition of the saids rebells, before the saids Lords in the moneth of Junii next, and to keepe the peace in the meane time, he refused to doe the same; and therefore the saids Lords ordains him to be committed to waird within the Castell of Edinburgh, therein to remaine upon his owne expenss ay and whyll he find the said cautioun, and till he be freed and releeved be the said Lords, and siclyke ordanis lettres of intercommoning to be direct aganis the rebells foresaids."
By an order dated 1st of Maich 1642 he is set at liberty "furthe of the Castle/' but to continue at open ward within "this Burghe of Edinburghe," Sir John Mackenzie of Tarbat having become cautioner for him. He was imprisoned in the Castle for "ye space of 13 weekis or thereby," and, in the order, he is again designed "Angus Macdonald, oy (orjha or grandson) to the Laird of Glengarie." This establishes beyond question that "Alister Dearg" (as well as Angus Og) predeceased his father, Donald MacAngus MacAlister, and that, although he commanded the Macdonakls of Glengarry during his father's life-tiine, he never was, and ought not to be reckoned one of the Chiefs of Glengarry.
It should also be mentioned that hitherto we have not met with a single instance where " Macdonell" is used as the family name. It will be observed that during his grandfather's li!e-time the future Lord Macdonell and Arros was designated Angus Macdonald, and the first instance of "Macdonell" as a family name, in connection with Glengarry, is in the patent of nobility granted to the grandson and successor of Donald MacAngus, on the 20th of December 16G0. The name having at that date been assumed, we shall also use it hereafter in connection with the family.
Wo have already seen that Donald's father entered into an agreement with Grant of Freuchy that Donald, his son, should marry Grant's daughter, and that Angus suffered seriously in consequence of Donald's refusal to carry out that engagement. She, however, appears to have been living with him as his wife in Strone Castle, Lochcarron, probably in accordance with the outrageous custom which then to some extent prevailed among some of having their betrothed living with them on probation. The inhabitants of the district looked upon her, erroneously, however, as his lawful wile; and one of the charges made against him before the Privy Council, in 1G02, was that "he lived in habitual and constant adultery with the Captain of Clanranald's daughter after he had put away and repudiated Giant's daughter, his married wife."* The author of the oldest Mackenzie MS. extantt refers to the same irregularity in the following terms :—" His young lady MacRanald's, or Captain of Clanranald's, daughter, whom he had newly brought there (Strone Castle), and had sent away Grant's daughter." This would go far to explain the determination with which Grant decided upon punishing the father, and insisting upon the penalties provided for in the agreement between Grant and old Glengarry failing the due solem
* Letterfearn MS.
t The "Ancient" MS. of the Mackenzie*.
nization of the marriage. It is from this position of affairs that any plausible foundation is found for the charge made by the Clanranald champion in his letters to the Inverness Journal in 1818 and 1819, that "Alister Dearg" was ^legitimate, and that therefore the Glengarry line was in the same position as that alleged in the case of John Muideartach's descendants. This argument, however, could not apply, for it is admitted by all parties, including Clanranald, that a legitimate marriage had taken place between Donald of Glengarry and the daughter of Allan of Muidort or Clanranald. The only question which could affect it was a previous legally constituted marriage with Helen Grant of Grant, and that no such union existed has been proved beyond any possibility of doubt.
It is, however, hardly worth while to discuss seriously the charges made by tho Clanranald champion, for ho not only maintains that Donald, first of Scotos, was "Donald of Laggan," but that "Alister Dearg," tho undoubted son of Donald MacAngus, and father of /Eneas, Lord- Macdonell and Arros, was the son of Donald of Scotos—tho brother and the son of the same man at the same time. "Regarding Allister Dearg," in his letter of 1st of October 1819, he says, "I admit he was the son of Donald of Laggan." He has been proved to be the son of Donald MacAngus MacAlester and brother of Donald first of Scotos, whom Clanranald calls "Donald of Laggan." Stuff like this is almost beneath notice, but it was the oidy possible retreat that tho champion of Clanranald could find from the false position which he had assumed; for he himself declares, when taken to task, that ho never "attempted to insinuato" that Alester Dearg's father, the real Donald of Laggan—Donald MacAngus MacAlistor—was not legitimate,
Donald married, first, Margaret, daughter of Allan Macdonald of Muidort, Captain of Clanranald, and grand-daughter of John Muideartach, with issue—
1. Angus, who died before his father, unmairied.
2. Alexander, known as "Alastair Dearg," who married Jean, daughter of Allan Cameron, XVth of Lochiel, with issue—/Eneas Macdonell, created a Peer of Scotland as Lord Macdonell and Arros in 1660, and his father, " Alastair Dearg," having died before his grandfather, Donald MacAngus, succeeded the latter in the lands and as Chief of Glengarry.
3. Donald, first of Scotus, or Scothouse, who married Mary (]), daughter of Sir Donald Macdonald of Sleat, with issue—Reginald, second of Scotus, who married a daughter of Macleod of Macleod, with issue— "Alastair Dubh" Macdonell (who succeeded to Glengarry on the death, ■without lawful issue, in 1682, of his cousin, Lord Macdonell and Arros), and four other sons, of whom hereafter.
i. John, known as "Ian Mor," from whom tho family of Ard-naheare, all of whom emigrated to America.
5. John, or Ian Og, whose descendants also went to America.
He is said to have married secondly a daughter of Macdonell of Keppoch. He died at an extreme old ago—over a hundred—on Sunday, the 2d of February 16-15, the same day on which the great Montrose victoriously fought the battle of Inverlochy, aided by the men of Glengarry, under Donald MacAlester's grandson and successor.
(2o be Continued.)
TALES AND ADVENTURES OF A BOTANIST: Illustrative Of The Hammers And Superstitions Of The Highlands
RORY OF THE GLEN AND THE SMUGGLER. During one of my frequent botanical excursions in the Highlands, I one day rambled further than usual, and so engrossed was I in the pursuit of my favourite science that I "lost my bearings" as a sailor would say, and was uncertain in what direction to turn to regain my lodging. I stood on the level summit of a range of very precipitous rocks, which commanded an extensive prospect of the subjacent valley, which I knew was called Glenaverain, and as I looked in all directions in dire perplexity, I was greatly relieved to see a shepherd, accompanied by his collie, approaching me. Quickening my iiagging steps I soon joined him, and in answer to my enquiries, I found that I was much further from my destination than was at all pleasant for a tired pedestrian. The shepherd was evidently pleased to meet with some one to have a " crack" with, to relieve the tedious monotony of his solitary employment, and I found him a very intelligent, sensible man, who, though quite uneducated, evinced, by his quaint and original remarks, a fund of common sense and dry humour. In short, we were mutually pleased with each other's company, and, finding I was so far out of my way, he kindly invited me to spend the night at his cottage, where he assured me his wife, Erich t, would make me comfortable as well as welcome; for during the summer season she always kept the house in readiness to receive visitors, who, liko myself, traversed these remote parts in pursuit of science or pleasure.
"Last year," said Allan, "there was a fine, frank fellow in your own line that spent a few nights with us, and seemed very well pleased with our homely way. Ho said he camo from Edinbro', and that his name was Graham. I'm thinking, though he did not tell me, he was one of the folk they call professors there."
Making due acknowledgments to my hospitable friend, I readily agreed to accept of the shelter of a roof, however humble, that had been honoured by the presence of one for whom 1 entertained so much esteem, and who has done so much to enrich the department of science in which ho has so long and so industriously laboured. With somo difficulty the shepherd made me discern his little hut, situated in a solitary nook at a considerable distance in the deep hollow of the mountains. Having engaged to meet him there by dusk, I took temporary leave of him, and commenced my sauntering way, along the brow of the precipice, not a little pleased with myself in having been able meanwhile to give to my honest friend kindly advice which I hoped would be useful to him and his family. Some time insensibly passed away while I was threading my downward way through the rocks, occasionally turning aside by a ravine, or goat path, to examine some tempting tuft of herbage that attracted my eye. While scrambling to reach a bed of saxifrage, a distant growling noise arrested my attention, and on looking around for its causo, I discovered that the sky meantime had become suddenly overcast, and that a dense mass of