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The Chairman proposed the Queen, in eicellcnt Gaelic He spoke of the loyalty whirli always uLaracteristd Highlanders. (Cheers.) He then said that he would continue to piopose the other toasts in Oaelio if it were i-.ot that he bad a delicacy on account of those wlose education had been neglected. (Ureat laughter.) With due syu.|. [thy for these people—(laughter)—he wanted to give them a little variety. (Hear, hen) He then proposed the Prince and Prince-s of Wales, which was heartily honoured.

The Chaihm.yn then proposed the Army, Navy, and Reserve Forces. We had lately, he said, very great honour in conferring the fieedoni of the burgh on one connected with the army, and ot whom we ought all to be proud. (Applause.) He is a clansman, and connected with the north. Of the army I cannot give you a better idea than in his words. He stated that those who fought with him in Afghanistan, as also the soldiers of the present army generally, were equal to those who fought with the Duke of Wellington in the Peniusular war. (Applause.) I think that is about the highest compliment that could be paid to the army. (Applause.) The march to Candabsr was one of the moat brilliant military exploits. He next spoke of the navy and the reserve forces. As to the reserve forces, he said, I hope we won't have to send them to Ireland, but I know Major Macandrew on my left here, as also Captain Grant, are quite ready for service. (Laughter and applause). Burns speaks of people that bad no other idea in his time than to "kill twa at a blow." (Laughter). It is to be trusted, however, that the services of the gentlemen named will never be taken into request in active fight, but that both may be allowed to remain among us as useful oitizens and very ornamental (Laughter). There is certainly no fear of any enemy ooming up the Moray Firth as long as we have the volunteers. (Hear, hear, a'ld laughter). The toast was coupled with the name of Major Macandrew, and was cordially received.

Major Macandrkw, in reply, said—As the Chairman very gracefully remarked, the army needs no commendation from any one, and all that the volunteers can hope is that we may, if ever we are called on, imitate in some respeot what the army have done. (Applause.) I remember reading recently some lines by an old gentleman, who remarked generally on the degeneracy of modern times, and went on to say that what he wished to be remembered for was his being one that stood on the heights of Quatre Bras with the gallant 42d. If we have not done mighty servioe, we have the authority of General Macpherson for this—that those who stood in the ranks of the 92d at Afghanistan were as good men as those who stood at Quatre Bras, and as we belong to the same rice as those who stood at Quatre Bras, the volunteers of Inverness will do their duty if ever they are called upon. (Applause.) I should not like to see servioe of any kind, but I am sure you will not think I am failing in warlike sentiments when I say I hope the Highlanders of the north of Scotland are not going to be culled upon to shoot the misguided Celts of Ireland. (Applause.) However far wrong these poor men may go, it is not their fault—(applause, and a voice, "Question ")—and we must remember that they are Celtic brethren. (Applause.)

The Secretary then read the annual report, in Gaelic, as follows I—

Bba e mar chleachdadh again aig an am so, cunntas gearr a thoirt air obar na bliadhna cbaidh seachad; agus a reir a' ohleachdaidh sin, is e mo dhleasnas faoal na dha a thoirt dhuibh a noohd mu ghniomharan a' Chomuinn bho 'n am so an uiridb.

Mar tba fios aig a' chuid inhor agaibh, choianioh sinn an uiridh fo riaghladh Ceann a' Chomuinn, Fear Sgiaeost, agus ohaith sinn oidhohe oho aighearaoh 'a a dh' iarradh cridbe mac Gaidheil.

An deigh sin bha sinn mar bu ghnathaoh leinn a' ooinneachadh bho sheaohdain gu seaohdain; ach mu mheadhon an Earaioh cbaidh a' Pharlamaid a sgaoileadh, agus ohuir an sgaoileadh sin agus an taghadh a thainig na 'lorg, sgaoileadh ami an ooinneamhaii teachdaineach a' Cbomuinn bho dheireadh an Fhaoillich gu meadhon a Ghiblin.

An deigh sin bha iomadh coinaeamh againn, agus aig te dhiubb thug "Meall-fuarmhonsidh " coir dhuinn eaohdraidh air buidseachd agus air buidsiohean an Strathghlaia anus na liantean a ohaidh thairis.

Aig a' ohoinneimh mhoir a oh' againn aig am Feill-na-oloimhe, bha am nor Ghaidheal sin an t-OUamh MaoLachlainn anns a' chathair, agus bha gach soirbheaohadh againu mar dh' iarramaid.

An uair a thainig an Geamhradh, bha sinn a' ooinneachadh bho am gu am, agus am meisg cuid de na nithean a ohaidh a thoirt fa chomhair a' Chomuinn ainmiohidh mi cunntas air' Oidhohe Shambna" leis na t-sar-Ghaidheal sin. Iain Maoaoidh, an Lochna-h-eala.

Bidh sibh air son a ohluinntinn am beil ionmhas mor aig a' Ohomunn am bliadhna, agus ni mi mo dhiohioll air innseadh dhuibh mu dheibhinn. Eadar airgiod bho 'n uiridh agus na thionail sinn fad na bliadhua, ohaidh £115 10» 9d, troimb mo lamhan ta. Phaidh mi dluth air tri fichead punnd Saauunaoh *s a coig, aoh an deigh sin, tha rou'n cuairt do leth-chiad punnd Sasunnach again a noohd. Tha beagan fhiachan again fhathast ri phaigheadh as an tsuim sin, ach an deigh na h-uile car, bidh a' oheart uiduir a db-airgiod agam air son na bliadhna tha nis air dol seachad.

Mar tha fbios agaibh oha 'a 'eil an leabhar bliadhnail aig a' Ohomunn a mach fhathait; aoh is e is coireach rl gin gu 'n do slmoainlch luohJ-r:a0'til iilh a' Chomuion gu 'in biodh e, na b' fbearr ga'u tugadh an leahhar ioraradh air guiomh iran a' Oho i.urn u gu eeireadh na bliadhun, oir smuainioh iad gar e Bin a b' fbearr na »ud aig rneadhon an t'Sarahraidh mar a b' abhaist duinn. Tha mi an dachas gu 'm faigh gacb fear agaibh a leahhar eadar ao agua oeana sheaseachdainean.

An am dhnmb co dhunadh, ghuidhiun air gach fear agaibh aig a bbeil math a' Obomainn na chriilhe, toirt air a chainlean aonachadh ria a' Chomuon agua mar ain & dbennamh niiidh ;)ir a cbliu a bhuiueaa do ohlann nau Gaidheal.

The CHAIBMAN proposed the toaat of the evening, the Gaelic Society of Invei n< ■(Ghetrs.) I have, he said, to express the very great regret I feel at the absence of our chief, the Rev. Dr Maclauchlan, but the weather being so very severe, it could scarcely be expected that at bis time of life he oould come. (Applause.) Hence I am here, and I feel very muob the compliment of being asked to pieside at the annual re-union of this Society—a meeting where so much patriotism and kind hearty feelings towards the land of our birth are always brought out. (Applause.) Hut the want of our Chief on ■uch an occasion ia a great loss, particularly so when th.it Chief is a man who has studied the origin of the Gaelic language and written so much on the subject. (Hear, hear.) His paper recorded in the Transactions is highly valuable, and should make ua glad to meet each other, were it only to have a talk in two lmguagea, which give those blessed with that privilege a great advantage over many others of our countrymeu. (Lxugut.r and applause.) Then you have that indefatigable champion of Gaelic, Professor B'aokie, of whom any country ought to be proud. (Cheers.) His exertions to benefit us are above all praise, snd I wish we had now got the Celtic Cbair filled, for wbioh be has collected the funds. Allow me next to mention Sir Kenneth Mackenzie— (cheers) —whose thoroughly practical remarks on the crofter system are highly valuable. We have also Cluny and many others, whose names I need not mention ; but tbey assist muob in adding to the information we have of our forefathers, iuformation which this Society so carefully reoords. There is no object which this Society should pursue more strenuously than the collection of what it can find of the literature and oustoms of the people of the Highlands; and I have no hesitation in saying that in this it has a valuable assistant in the editor of the Celtic Magazine, a periodical, I believe, deatined to do much good by its researches, under the management of its energetio and persevering publisher. I should also mention the Highlander, as conducted by Mr Murdoch, than whom there is not a more enthusiastic Highlander among us. The report just read by the Secretary is highly satisfactory, and shows the interest taken in the work by the officials. This is a labour of love, and evinces a great amount of patriotic feeling with whioh parties not members of the Society oordially sympathise. The other societies of a similar kind in the country assist very much. In alluding to the objects of the Society, and the work it desires to forward, I have often thought that there is nothing m<ro interesting than observing the applicability of the names of places in Gaelic I know a shepherd's oroft called "Laggan-a-bhainne," than which no name oould be more appro priate, seeing that this particular place would at once strike Odo as "a place flowing with milk and honey." I could give many other examples of this kind, but I must defer to the Rev. Mr Maogregor and tbe Rev. Mr Mackenzie, Kilmorack, who scarcely ever hear an odd name but they can trace it to Gaelic origin. (Laughter and applause.) It may be a strong thing for an Inverness residenter to have any opinions as to the crofting system, but my experience is not favourable to the idea of letting crofters have their own way. They should be asked to pay fair rents, and they should be guided as to manage* meat. (Hear, hear.) Tbey do not go much from home, and, if they are not told what to do, I rarely find prom ess among them. Allowing them to continue as tbey are, means vegetating. I would give them rules and prices as muoh as possible for fulfilment of engagements, taking care always that I carry their understanding and their good will with me. (Hear, bear.) I have no hope of a orofter doing good unless he has enough of land to keep him in work. A cow is necessary to existence, and when he can take suoh a place as could keep a horse, so much the better. The west coast crofters sra peculiarly placed. They axe half fishermen, half farmers. They occasionally get a great haul at the fishing, and the money realised is in band at onoe. This spoils them for their work at the oroft, and they do not ptr*evere in the fishing. As seamen, they are excellent when properly trained, and tbey know all the oreeks on their own coast where shelter is to be had, and if a wind springs up they know where to go. What Sir Kenneth Mackenzie said is quite my experience—that an east coast fisherman takes three times aa many fish as a west coast man, even in his own loch. I, therefore, think that crofts ought to be large enough to give full employment, and the possessors should be ebliged to adopt a certain system of working them. In travelling over some land not far from Inverness, I recolleot having remarked to the owner that it had a fine face, and a good exposure. "Well," he said, "I will tell you about that. Some years ago I took all the people here from the hills—12 or IS families—I saw they were making no progress. They were existing, but not improving; and I resolved to transfer them all down te the low country, and give each family 20 acres to improve and cultivate, Acfording!*, I sent {or an Inverness suryeyor to plan out the ground, bat on going over it with hin. be dis..UB<Ud mo very much from the proposal, and insisted lout the ground was Lot tit for culture, and suitable only for au outrun for sheep, being then all in heather. After a good deal of talk, I found I could only get my plan carried out by my aaying to my Inverness friend that I sent for him to lot out the land, and not to give me advice—(laughter)—and if he was not prepared to carry out my wishes I would get some one else to do so. (Laughter and applause.) Accordingly the plan was prepared, and the people settled in the place; and there is the land now, than which there is no better in the district, and no more contented tenants or better farmers in the north. And all they asked me to do for them sinoe was merely to assist in leading drains, in regard to which they should be instructed and assisted, as, otherwise, eaoh only does what belongs to his own croft." (Hear, hear.) Guidance is, therefore, beneficial, and after that ordinary competition and rivalry comes in. Progress is effected, and the people and the country benefitted. (Applause.) Planting is a thing that should be extensively carried on in the Highlands. It is a landlord's improvement, and there is plenty land for it, without interfering with that fit for cultivation. In all these things the Society should take a leading part, and in this way it is eminently fitted for doing good. As a race, there is not anywhere a finer or more intelligent, when instructed, than the Scottish Highlanders—(cheers)—but aa to this, and in a company of Highlanders in the capital of the Highlands, I am not expected, I presume, to say much. They are known everywhere, and, as to their valour, I may be allowed to quote a passage from a speech of Lord Chatham's, who, though not a Scotchman, was above all prejudice. (Cheers.) Chatham, speaking of the natives of the Highlands, said—

I care not whether a man is rocked in a cradle on this or the other side of the Tweed. I ■ought for merit, and I found it in the mountains of the North. I there found a hardy race of men, able to do their country service. I called them forth to her aid, and sent them to fight our battles. They did not disappoint my expectations, for their fidelity could only be equalled by the valour which signalised their own and their country's renown all over the world.

(Loud Cheers.) I need say no more. The Gaelio Society of Inverness has for its object the improvement of this race, aa well as the preservation of the Oaelio language and Celtic literature, and I propose that we devote a hearty bumper to its success. Gentlemen, let as pledge with cordiality, "The Gaelio Society of Inverness." (Loud cheers.)

Mr Allan Macdonald, Commissioner for the Mackintosh, next gave the Members of Parliament for Highland Counties and Burghs—gentlemen who discharged very onerous duties with marked ability. (Hear, hear.) Their duties in the past had been very onerous, and there was no indication that they would be less so in the session upon which they had entered. The present and many previous generations in this country had been in the habit of priding themselves as being in the land of the brave and the free—a land that waa held up to the admiration of all the nations ia the civilised world, aa the landWhere freedom broadens slowly down From precedent to precedent.

(Cheers.) But in one part of our empire a large section believed that they w> re suffering grievous wrongs, and, whether this was well or ill founded it was improper to seek redress by turning freedom into licence, and order into lawless anarchy. (Applnuie.) Our representatives in Parliament, be felt sure, would ever be actuated by true tim.iotisni, and would strive to maintain the integrity of the United Kingdom. (Cheo.-.j

Mr Wat Mackay, Solicitor, proposed "The Language aud Literature of the (jaeL" In this subject, he said, great interest had been taken during the last ten jo.is. This interest and good feeling must not be looked upon Ah something altogethet > ew ; it is a revival of a state of things whiob, to some extent at least, existed huudreos uf years ago. The glimpses whioh we are able to get of the distant past are unfm tenately few and slight, but they are sufficient to show that Gaelic—or Irish, as it was ten culled— waa held in considerable esteem, even in the Lowlands, for centuries after it had ceased to be the language of the Scottish Court. On this oocasion it is impossible fully to enter into this subject, but I may be allowed to mention one or two things whioh snow that what I have now said ia true. In the fifteenth century we find the Ayriliire poet, Dunbar, singing the praise of Gaelic in the following strain :—

It could be all trew Scottis mennia leid.

It was the aud burgage of this land,

And Scuta it causit to multiply and spreid.

Scots, at yon will remember, was that daughter of Pbaroah from whom, aoocrding to anoient chroniclers, the Scottish nation sprung. (Laughter.) In the sixteenth century the scholars of Aberdeen, who were prohibited from speaking English or Sootcb, were expressly permitted to converse in i.atin, Greek, Hebrew, French, or Gaelio. (Cheers.) In the seventeenth century Gaelio formed part of the educational routine of tome of tbe highest in the land. Thus in 1633 Archibald, Lord Lome (afterwards Marquis of Argyll, and Montrose's great opponent), a man who was not supposed by the Highlanders of bis time to be specially Celtic in his sentiment*, sent his eldest hon (afterwurds the l£irl of Ar,jK who *ai executed in 1085) to JSir Duncan Can pbell of Uieu Urquliay, alienator of the E;tils ot Breatlaibane, to be educated ; and part of the arrangement was that the pupil's tutor was to be "ane sufticieut man quba lias botho (iiachaud KngliRch." In 1037 the pupil's moth r, although a Lowland lady—bring daughter ot the JS.irl of Morton—wrote from Koseneath to Sir Duncan ia the following terms :—

I hear my son begins to weary of the Irish language. I intreat you to cause bold him to the speaking of it; for since he has bestowed so lon» time and pains in the getting of it, I should be sorry he lost it now with laziness in not speaking it.

(Cheers.) The General Assembly of the Church of Scotland early took an interest in our language. In 1643 young students "having the Irish language" were ordained to be trained in the Universities. In 1G43 bursaries were instituted tor such students ; and while each. Presbytery in the provinces of Moray, Kois, and Caithness were ordained to maintain a Gaelic-apt aking student at college, each congregation over the rest of Scotland had to pay forty shillings Scots yearly towards the maintenance of Highland bursaries. In conuectiou with these enactments I find that on 23d October 1649 the Presbytery of Dingwall granted a bursary to an "Irish" boy from Alness. (Laughter.) Other Presbyteries also maintained their bursaries. You all know of the mote modern Gaelic bursaries and associations. In our day the most important event in connection with my subj-ct, ia tbe endowment of a Celtic chair in the University of Edinburgh. (Applause.) That chair is as good as established. In April last the committee recommended that it should not be established before May 1881, and that lectures could not begin before November 1881. The intention now is to finally place the chair on its legs in May 1882, and to commence the lectures in the following November. The reasons of the delay are purely financial, and notwithstanding tbe impatience of some good Highlanders, for my part tbe delay has my hearty approval. To us the future is uncertain, and it would be unwise to depend too much upon a lsrge income of olass fef s ; and to ensure that the Celtic professorship will command the highest talent we must allow the amount which our good fin. ii-l Professor Blackie collected to increase by the accumulation of interest until we have a principal sum sufficient of itself to yield a fair income. (Applause.) From the Celtic professorship I anticipate important results. In this place it is unnecessary to refer to its importance from a linguistic or philos* pliical point of view. On a former occasion 1 pointed out the necessity of a knowledge of ancient Gaelic to him who would profitably study tbe early history of our country. Similarly, although perhaps in a less degree, Gaelic would be of use to the student of our family charter cheat*, the contents of which throw so much light on the domestic life of our forefathers. Let me illustiate this. In the charter chest of the Breadalbune family there is an inventory of the year 1603 in which are mentioned four "glaslawis chauyeit with four shaikhillis." Mr Cosmo Innes, who deciphered this document, and printed it in the Black Book of Taymouth, was at a loss what to make of the four "glaslawis;" but he surmised that they were "instruments of torture." Now, if the learned antiquarian had the advantage of a session or twe at the feet of the Celtio professor, he would, without doubt, have been able to see that "glaslawis" was a very fair attempt to ante phonetically the word "glai-lamh," which you all know is the Garlic of handcuff. Thus the mysterious sentence becomes "four baudcutfs chained with four shackles." (Applause and laughter.) I could multiply instances ot this kind, but I must olose. I ask you to driuk to the Language and Literature of the Gael; and let me couple the toast with the name of our venerable father in Celtic matters, the Kev. Alexander Macgregor.

Kev. A. Macoregob, in replying to the toast, said—The Gaelic is a language for whioh I entertain a very great love. (Applause.) Itis the hist language which I lisped—(hear, hear)—the first language in which, I may say, I spoke for nine or ten years without knowing very much at all of the English language, and it is a language that it well worthy of all the best and all the most scrutinising processes of tho«a who have any regard whatever for philology. (Applause.) It is a primitive langurg>>. I believe it is the root of all the languages over tbe length and breadth of Europe—(.,uplause)—and perhaps muoh moie— (Kev. Mr Mackenzie—"Hear, hear. That is realty so")—and to go a little further than that, I believe we may truly speak of it at "a Ghaidhiig"—

Bha aig Adhamh a's Eubha
Gun fheuui ac' air aithreuchas—

Mu 'n chiontaich iad an Eden
Gun eucail gun smalan orr'.

(Applause.) Whether that be true or not, it it not necessary for at in tbe meantime to consider. It it frequently alleged that the Gaelie language has no literature. I maintain quite the opposite of thit. It has a very extensive literature, as my good friend on my left here can testify. (Kev. Mr .Mackenzie —Yes.) The Gaelio language, ss you all knew, consists of various languHgea, Take the Welsh, the Irish, tbe Manx; take your own gofil Hish'ai il lingn g»—there aie manywnrks published in that. It is preached in the vaiiuu* c.tuicues in the Highlands of AVaL1* now-(near, htarj—add we all know tbat it i» preached in the Hi^hlan'ls of Scotland. I mys-.lf nave pi*ached in it fur upwards of twenty yean without hardly preaching at all in Knglish. It ia, an I liavu affirmed, a language that I eLtertain a high regard for in respect of its own Dative qual ties and from its being, as I truly believe, the root of Greek anil Latin and the various other languages. (Applause.) To see that it has its own liteiature you have but to look at the various bards in the Highlands who have published beautiful poems, such as Dugald Buchanan., my own namesake Macgregor and others. (Applause.) And not only so, but in more modern times we have our own blessed Word of God transited into Gaelic, and I believe that that translation is much more perfect than any oth<*r translation we have—(hear, hear)—and it is used in all our churches where Gaelic ia preached. And to go further hack, as has been already pointed out, we have the old deeds that were written in Gaelic, "The Book of Deer," "Caisewell's Prayer Book," and the book of my namesake, the Dean of Lismore. (Applause.) All these we have still, thanks greatly to our chief Dr Maclauchlan. (Applause.) After alluding to local and other Celtic literature, and paying a high compliment to the Celtic Magazine for the real good work it was doing—(cheers)—and congratulating its editor for the ability with which it was conducted, he referred to the interesting book of Highland proverbs which the Sheriff of Kirkcudbright was to publish that week. Mr Maogregor then spoke of those, such as Professor lilackie, Principal Shairp, Professor Geddes, of Aberdeen, and Mr William Jolly, who, though they were not Highlanders, and had not a single drop of Highland blood in their veins, sought to pry into the origin of languages, and were most enthusiastic in their admiration of Gaelic. The chief, said Mr Macgregor, is that indefatigable beggar—(laughter)—Professor John Stuart Blackie. I cannot say he is a Bturdy beggar—(laughter) —but lie is a most enthusiastic one--(ap

Slause)—and by means of his begging and intercession with all those who would supply im with funds you see he has established the Celtio Chair, and it is a matter of certainty that that chair is fixed—(cheers)—and that it will carry down and spread throughout the world a knowledge of tho beauties of the Gaelic language for ages after we are all gone, and after the language has ceased to be spoken in the Highlands of Scotland. And in this respect the Celtic Chair is a chair as to which Professor Blackie may say in the words of Horace, "Exegi momentum aero pferenuius." (Applause.) There ia no fear of the Gaelic language being lost. It may be lost as a spoken language, but it will never be lost in regard to its own intrinsic qualities and characteristics. (Applause.) I regret very much that Gaelic is not taught in our Highland schools. I think the School Boards themselves are considerably to blame for tbat, and I consider that Government is to blame too, because it cannot be expected that teachers will teach a language unless they are paid for doing so. (Hear, hear.) But perhaps through the instrumentality of our members of Parliament this matter may be rectified. And now, in conclusion, I may say that I hope this Gaelic Society of ours will continue to prosper. In the record of its transactions there are many valuable things that will be handed down to succeeding members of the society when we ourselves shall be removed from earth's soene. (Applause.)

Major Macandbew proposed Kindred Sooieties. I propose this toast with great pleasure, he said, because it is always well to be brotherly and to be mindful of lioae who are labouring to a like end with ourselves. (Applause.) As regards othei Celtic societies, to which this toast more particularly applies, I am glad to think that t • > are now bringing their aims to somewhat different objeotB to what they did whpn I c u first remember. It seems to me in looking back that I can remember two phi is of the Celtic sooiety. I think I can remember that thj great object of what wis i.u;i,poseil to be a Celtic society was to exhibit the mere outside of a Highlander—(hear, iiear)— kilts and cocked bonnets and feathers and plaids, all beautiful things in them . Ives—(laughter)—but yet perhaps the attention was too exclusively directed to them. (Applause.) Bat lately, as my learned friend Mr Mackay has said, the attention has been directed to a better subject perhaps, and that is to the language of the Gael, and within the last teu years there is no doubt whatever—whatever may have been done in past centuries, whatever attention may have been paid to it in past centuries—Celtic sohulars have done much toresoue what remains of our Highland literature. (Applause.) But I think I have noticed that within the past few years the sympathy of Celtic Societies has been directed to something better even than that. Wo have come to recognise the fact that one hundred and fifty years ago the whole of this land was inhabited, and the whole of it waa possessed by people ef the Celtic race—(applause)—and we have come also to recognise the fact that the plaids and the bonnets and the targets and the broadswords covered the bodies of Highlanders, and that the language which we all wish to preserve

few out of the hearts and out of the feelings aud sympathies of Highlanders. (Applause.) look around with some regret to think tbat while Celtic societies were presetving all that remained of the anoient language and its ancient liteiature a process was silently going on by which the ancient way in which they have behaved in respeot of the Highlander was (ait disappearing from the land—(applause)—and I think it has now come to

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