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of Archaeology. To the ordinary reader it presents an interesting science in a most agreeable and fairly complete form. From its perusal the student will learn more than he could hope to do in a lifetime from personal research and study of the various subjects so ably treated in its learned pages. The typography and general get-up are just what might be expected from a publisher of the experience and high reputation of Mr David Douglas.
KINMYLIES: ITS OWNERS AND TITLES—1232-1780.
Among the diversified and picturesque surroundings of Inverness, the lands of Kinmylies possess a history and interest second to none.
The lands within the parish of Inverness, as granted to the Bishop of Moray in the year 1232, comprehended all the land bounded by Bunchrew and the Beauly Firth on the west, Dunain on the south, the Moray Firth on the north, and the River Ness on the east, except part of the lands of Bught, the town's burgage west of Ness, and the lands of Merkinch, then an island.
Dr Aitken, whose capital map of the locality, and who has made the thorough investigation of the subject a labour of years, has satisfied those who take an interest in such matters that the palace of the Pictish Kin<j Brude stood upon one of the Torvean ridge tops, and that the capital stood on the Leachkin slopes near the Asylum. This name of Leachkin is not found among the old titles, neither is that of Craig Phadrick, and the origin of the latter, though long an object of research with antiquarians and historians, is not satisfactorily determined.
The object of the present paper, however, is to deal with the subject so far as authentic information exists. The first written document found in connection with Kinmylies is the charter by Alexander II. before referred to. The description is very brief, being "the whole land of our Collegiate Church of Kinmylies," with certain exceptions. A translation ia given in No, 11 of " Invernessiana," to which reference may be made.
There was a church and burying-ground. The old spelling is Kilmylies, and may have some connection with a Saint Maillie or Marion. Just opposite to the lowest of the three islands on the Ness (west side) there is a pool marked in Peter May's very scarce map of June 17G5, Poul-malie, which may have had some connection with the name. As showing how Gaelic names may be destroyed in the hands of ignorant men, it may bo stated that in John Home's better known plan of September 1774 this spot appears as "Pollevaine "—a radical and fundamental change.
The extent of the Barony of Kinmylies is ascertained in the rental of the Bishopric of Moray made in 1565, and besides Kinmylies in Inverness parish, included lands and fishings in tho parishes of Bona, Urquhart, Kiltarlity, Kirkhill, Boleskine, and Dores, and altogether was one of the most valuable possessions of tho comparatively slenderly endowed Bishopric of Moray.
The terms of the charter would seem to infer that certain instruction was to be given, that being tho interpretation we put on the word -prepositure; and though this has been doubted, we point iu confirmation to the names, unfortunately long disused, of Bal-na-boddich and Ach-na-boddich. These are shown on Home's map before referred to, and formed part of the present farm of Charlestown. The inferences drawn are these—1st, That the school and residences were at the Bailie; 2d, the Ach was the sustenance land adjoining; 3d, the name was given in consequence of the dress and appearance of the preceptors, sedate, elderly men, and it cannot escape attention that the word is used in the plural; 4th, the equivalent name for woman, Bal-na-chaillich, is found applied to religious houses of instruction for females in South Cist and elsewhere. The following is a list of the Deeds wherein Kinmylies is referred to, prior to tho sale to the family of Lovat in 1544 :—
1. Charter by Alexander II. to Andrew, Bishop of Moray, dated at Cullen, 5th October 1232.
2. Mentioned in a deed by John, Bishop of Moray, relative to the salary of the chaplaincy of the blessed Virgin Mary of Inverness, dated at Spynie, the Wednesday next after the feast of the blessed Peter ad vinculam 1360.
3. Mentioned in a charter by Alexander, Bishop of Moray, dated 20th February 1361.
4. Convention 'twixt Alexander, Bishop of Moraj', and Hugh Fraser, dominus de Lovat, whereby Lovat binds himself to be a good and faithful friend to the Bishop and his men in all their lands, and in especial those of the two Kinmylies, dated at Inverness, 30th November 1384.
5. Warning by William, Bishop of Moray, against those masterfully occupving the lands of Kinmylies, dated Cathedral Church of Moray, 20th November 1398.
6. Charter of erection of the whole lands of the Bishopric of Moray into one free Barony and Eegality, that of Spynie, including Kinmylies, by James II., dated Stirling, 8th November 1451.
The family of Lovat acquired a deal of Church lands during the troubles antecedent to the Beformation, and there follows an inventory of some of the titles of Kinmylies during its possession by that family. Part of the Barony had been acquired long previous, but Kinmylies proper only in 1544. It is held by good Catholics, and works have been written to show that those families who practically seized on Church lands did not flourish. Be this as it may, it is not a little curious that Hugh, 5 th Lord Lovat, and his eldest son Hugh, Master of Lovat, who received the charter to Kinmylies, 13th May 1544, were both killed two months thereafter, at the battle of Blair-na-leine, fought on the 15th July 1544. Mr Anderson in his history of the Frasers states that it was not inteuded the Master should accompany his father, on the dangerous expedition to Moydart, but taunted by his step-mother, Janet Ross of Balnagown, who wished her own son to succeed, the Master went forth to his doom.
Janet Boss's (Lady Lovat) son Alexander did succeed, but she had it not all her own. way. Serious quarrels and prolonged litigation occurred 'twixt mother and son about 1557. Follows the writs 1544-1649 :—
1. Charter. Patrick, Bishop of Moray, with consent of the chapter, in favour of Hugh, 5th Lord Lovat, and Hugh Fraser, his eldest son, of Easter and "Wester Kinmylies, Ballifeary, Easter Abriachan, Wester Abriachan, Kilwhimmen, with the mill of Bught and fishings of Freschott, part of the Barony of Kinmylies within the Regality of Spynie. Reddendo £78 17s 3Jd Scots and services used and wont.—Dated Elgin, 13th May 1544.
2. Instrument of Sasine following thereon, dated 25th May 1544.
3. Charter by said Patrick, Bishop of Moray, in favour of Alexander, 6th Lord Lovat (second son of Hugh), dated Elgin, 20th February 1550.
4. Another charter, do. to do., of same date.
5. Instrument of Sasine in favour of Alexander, Lord Lovat, dated 23d February 1550.
6. Precept of Clare Constat Patrick, Bishop of Moray, in favour of Hugh, 7th Lord Lovat (son of Alexander), dated Edinburgh, 28th January 1567.
7. Instrument of Sasine thereon, dated 10th and 11th May 1567.
8. Another Instrument of Sasine in favour of Hugh, Lord Lovat, dated 5th February 1568.
9. Instrument of Sasine in favour of Simon, 8th Lord Lovat (son of Hugh), dated 18th, 20th, and 25th April 1579.
10. Another Instrument of Sasine, do., do.
11. Charter of Confirmation, under the Great Seal, in favour of Simon, 8th Lord, dated 10th October 1586.
12. Procuratory of Resignation by Simon, Lord Lovat, in the hands of the Bishop of Moray, dated Beauly, 30th November 1609.
13. Charter of Resignation by Alexander, Bishop of Moray, proceeding upon No. 12, in favour of Simon, Lord Lovat, dated Elgin, 23d November 1610.
14. Instrument of Sasine following thereon, dated 20th June 1611.
15. Procuratory of Resignation. Simon, Lord Lovat, in favour of Hugh, Master of Lovat (afterwards 9th Lord Lovat), his eldest son, dated Dalcross, 9th June 1621.
16. Charter. Simon, Lord Lovat, with consent of Hugh, Master of Lovat, in favour of SiiMm Fraser, his grandchild, eldest son of Hu<;h (afterwards 9th Lord), reserving liferents, dated Dalcross, 8th May 1626.
17. Instrument of Sasine following thereon, dated 16th May, legistercd 22d June 1626.
18. Instrument of Sasine in favour of Simon, Lord Lovat, dated 16th May, registered 23d June 1626.
19. Instrument of Sasine in favour of Hugh, Master of Lovat. second son of Hugh, 9th Lord Lovat (his elder brother Simon referred to in No. 16 having died in 1640), dated 15th April, and registered at Edinburgh, 1st May 1643.
20. Disposition of her liferent rights by Dame Anna Leslie, relict of the last-mentioned Hugh, Master of Lovat, in favour of Sir James Fraser of Brae and others, dated 26th March 1646, and registered at Edinburgh, 19th March 1647.
21. Commission in favour of Hugh, 10th Lord Lovat, for serving him heir to Hugh, Master of Lovat, his father (who died in 1643) and to Simon, 8th Lord Lovat, his great-grandfather (who died in 1633), under the Great Seal, 16th January 1647.
22. Precept in favour of the said Hugh, 10th Lord Lovat, dated 19th April 1647.
23. Instrument of Sasine thereon, dated 27th May 1647,
24. Another Instrument of Sasine of same date.
25. Instrument of Sasine in favour of Hugh, 10th Lord, dated 23d June 1647.
26. Contract of Sale 'twixt Hugh, Lord Lovat, with consent of Sir James Fraser of Brao, his tutor testamentar, and other friends, of Easter and Wester Kinmylies, Ballifeary, Easter and Wester Abriachan, the mill of Bught, the fishings of Freschott, &c, and Colonel Hugh Fraser of Kinneries, dated 20th January 1647.
27. Instrument of Eesignation following thereon, dated Edinburgh, 23d June 1647.
28. Charter of Confirmation in favour of Colonel Hugh Fraser, now of Kinmylies, dated 23d August 1647.
29. Charter of Confirmation under the Great Seal in favour of Colonel Hugh Fraser, dated 24th May 1648.
30. Instrument of Sasine in favour of CoL Hugh Fraser, in Kinmylies, dated 22d January 1649.
It will be observed that in the century after acquiring Kinmylies, there were no fewer than six Lords Lovat, an unprecedented occurrence, and it was finally lost after about a hundred years' possession. It is stated that Simon, 8th Lord Lovat, sold Muirtown to Thomas Scheviz as early as 1620. He also mortgaged Kinmylies to Fraser of Strechin, and it is recorded by Anderson that Strechin lived at Kinmylies because the air of his own place did not agree with him, a striking testimony to the salubrity of the locality. It is well known that the sun, whenever visible, shed.s his rays on Kinmylies. Simon, 8th Lord Lovat, built the Castle of Dalcross, and his initials, with the three strawberries, still remain on one of the ruined dormer windows.
(genealogical $otzs anVdJueroa.
ANSWER TO QUERY. According to Douglas, the first of the Camerons of Glennevis was John, second son of Sir John Cambrun, 5th Baron of Lochiel. He is mentioned in Prynne's Collection in 1296. M. A.
A Supplement of eight pages is given this month to enable us to present our readers with a full report of the annual dinner of the Gaelic Society, ,
GAELIC SOCIETY OF INVEKXESS.
NINTH ANNUAL DINNEK. On Friday evening, the 14th ultimo, the Ninth Annual Meeting of the Gaelic Society of Inverness was held in the Caledonian Hotel, Inverness. Despite the severity of the weather, there was a good attendance of members. Provost Fraser occupied the chair, and was suppoited on the right by Rev. Mr Mackenzie, Kilmorack; Rev. Mr Maegrcgur, Inverness ; Councillor Charles Mackay; and on the left by Major Macandrew and Dean of Ouil I Mackenzie. The croupiers were—Mr G. J. Campbell and Mr Win. Mackay. There were also present—Mr Colin Chisholm; Mr Uunn, draper; Councillor Jonathan Kins, Mr Peter Baillie, Mr Menzies, Caledonian Hotel; Mr James Macbean, Parochial Inspector; Mr Fraser Campbell, draper; Mr James Fraser, O.K. ; Mr John Macdonald, Eiohsn.e; Mr William Mackenzie, secretary; Mr Mactavish, Castle Street; Captain Robert Grant, the Tartan Warehouse; Mr Donald Campbell, draper; Mr A, Macleod, Bridge Street; Mr Maoraild, Mr Mackintosh, Bank of Scotland ; Mr Jas. Mackay, Mr Donald Campbell, editor of the Chronicle; Mr George Murray Campbell, Ceylon; Dr F. M. Mackenzie; Mr Allan Macdonald, commissioner for The Mackintosh; Mr Giant, lolioitor; Mr Jenkins, do.; Mr Clarke, do.; Mr Juhn Whyte, the Highlander; Mr William Bain, the Courier; Mr Cruickshank, do.; Mr Mackilligau, the Advertiser; Mr Nairn, the Chronicle; Mr Maopherson, draper; Mr Donald Mackintosh, Castle Street; Mr John Marshall, Inverness; Mr W. G. Stuart, draper; Mr D. A. Macrae, Monar; and Mr Robert Margregor Campbell.
Aa the company filed into the hall where the dinner took place pibroch music was discoursed by Pipe Major Alexander Maclenuan, piper to the Society, who also played while dinner was proceeding and between the toasts. The diuner, which was an excellent one, purveyed by Mr Menzies of the hotel, was done ample justice to. The Kev. Mr Mackenzie, Kilmurack, said grace and returned thanks.
Dinner over, the Seckitary intimated various apologies for inability to be present that had been received.
Lochiel said—" Important matters detain me in London in the meantime."
Mr Fraser-Mnckiutosh's letter ran thus:—" I regret that I oannot be present at your ninth annual supper on Friday, but I wish it every suocess. I am much disappointed at the answer of the Home Seoretary as to the Gaelio census, but 1 don't hold we are yet finally beaten."
Sir Kenneth S. Mackenzie, Bart, of Gairloch, wrote under date 13th iust. :—" Will you please offer my apologies to the Gaelio Society to-morrow evening for my absence lrom the annual dinner. I am suffering from a troublesome oough, and the extreme severity of the weather makes me hesitate to go from borne for the night. I hope the Society will have a pleasant meeting under the presidency of your worthy Provost, whom, under the circumstances, I should have been glad to support." (Applause.)
Mr John Mackay of Swansea sent the following telegram :—"Pisearh aira'Chomunn! ■eirbheachadb, oridhealas agus duinealas do na buill, agus do na Gaidheil uil■• leia a' Bhliadhna uir."
Mr Charles Mackay (the poet), Fern Dell, Dorking, wrote:—" I am glad to think that the Highland and Gaelio Society of Inverness holds on its way rejoicing, and I hope prosperously."
Among others from whom apologies for absence were received were—Kev. Dr Maclauohlan of Edinburgh (the Chief); General Sir Patriok Graut, KGB. ; Mr Forbes of Culloden; Mr Jolly, H.M. Inspector of Schools; Mr Walter Carruthers, Gordonville; Dr Mackenzie of Eileunach; Mr James Fraser, Manld; Mr Cameron of Clunea ; Dr Stratton, Sheriff Nicolsoo, Rev. Mr Maolaohlan, Tain; Mr Mackintosh Sbaw of London (who presented the Sooiety with a oopy of his History of the Mackintoshes); Rev. Mr Cameron, Blairour; Mr Maorae, Ardintoul; Rev. Mr Bisset, Stratherriok; Captain Chisholm, Glassburn; Mr A. 0. Mackenzie, Maryburgh; Mr Mackay, Meadowbank; Mr Colin Stewart, Dingwall; Mr Thomas O'Hara; Kev. John Maopherson, Lairg; Mr T. D. Campbell, Inverness; Rev. Mr Sinclair, Plockton; Captain Soobie, Fearn, and several others.
The Rev. Mr Maogregor, who did not enter until after dinner, was received with great applause,