The Hunters Or the Hunted?: An Introduction to African Cave Taphonomy
University of Chicago Press, 1983 - 375 páginas
"Amongst scientists involved [in taphonomy], C. K. Brain stands out as the pioneer; this impressive book is a statement of his investigations. . . . The Hunters or the Hunted? is a very important book for paleoanthropology. It presents the first thorough analysis of the Sterkfontein Valley assemblages, contributes significantly to the resolution of lingering controversies and, by placing the old information in a fresh perspective, enables new and more sophisticated questions to be asked not only of the South African material but of similar assemblages elsewhere. Another contribution is that it reinforces the recent change in feelings as to what constitutes data, for the value of looking at fossil and contemporary bones as closely as this is clear. Brain urges the necessity of recovering fossils with a high regard for subtle detail. I hope excavators of any vertebrate fossil site will be persuaded to follow his advice and pay more attention to these features of bone accumulations that have been previously neglected; for taphonomy can be a powerful tool in elucidating the problems of fossil assemblages, especially when handled with the care and caution that Brain brings to the subject."—Andrew Hill, Nature
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adult Age estimate Antelope class Antidorcas assemblage australopithecine baboon barn owls bone accumulation bone flakes bone pieces bovid breccia breeding lair Broom brown hyenas calcaneus calvaria capensis carnivore carnivore damage cheetahs Cranial pieces cranium Crocuta Damaliscus dassie deposit described Dinofelis Distal pieces Ewer excavation Family feeding femur food remains fossil genus gnawed goat Hendey hominid horn-core humerus hunting indet isolated teeth juvenile killed Kromdraai Layer left mandible piece leopard limb bones Makapansgat Material maxilla maxillary pieces Megantereon metapodial Minimum Number molar National Park Numbers of Individual Oreotragus Parapapio pellets percentage phalanges Pomongwe porcupines Postcranial pieces prey primates Procavia Proximal pieces represented right M3 right mandible piece roost sample Scapula Shaft pieces skeletal skeletons skull southern Africa species spotted hyenas Steenbok Sterkfontein Sterkfontein Member Sterkfontein valley caves Stone Age Subfamily Swartkrans Swartkrans Member taxon tibia Total Transvaal ulna vertebrae Vrba
Página 350 - Account of an assemblage of fossil teeth and bones of elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, bear, tiger, and hyaena and sixteen other animals: Discovered in a cave at Kirkdale, Yorkshire, in the year 1821; with a comparative view of five similar caverns in various parts of England and others on the Continent.
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