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Tim. ? Be a whore ftill! They love thee not that

use thee; Give them diseases, leaving with thee their lust: Make use of thy falt hours : season the Naves For tubs and baths; bring down the rose-cheek'd

youth 3 To the tub-fast, and the diet.

Timan.

2 Be a whore fill! They love thee not that use thee;
Give tbem disiafes, leaving with bee their luft:

Make use of thy falt hours, &c.]
There is here a Light tranfpofition. I would read,

Th: y love thee not that use thee,
Leaving with thee their luft; give them diseafes ;
Make use of thy falt hours; seafon the flaves
For tubs and baths;

JOHNSOK. 3 To the fub-fast, and the diet.] One might make a very long and vain search, yet not be able to meet with this preposterous word fub-fas, which has notwithstanding passed current with all the editors. We should read tub.faft. The author is alluding to the lues venerea, and its effects. At that time the cure of it was performed either by guaiacum, or mercurial unctions: and in both cases the patient was kept up very warm and close; that in the first application the sweat might be promoted; and leít, in the other, he should take cold, which was fatal. The regimen for the course of guaiacum (fays Dr. Friend in his Hiftory of Phyfick, vol. II. p. 380.) was at first Prangely circumstantial ; and jo rigoreis, that the patient was put into a dungeon in order to make him jweat; and in that manner, as Fallopius expresses it, the lones, and the very man himself was macerated. Wiseman fays, in England they used a tub for this purpose, as abroad, a cave, or oven, or dungeon. And as for the unction, it was fometimes continued for thirty-leven days (as he observes, p. 375.) and during this time there was necessarily an extraordinary abftinence required. Hence the term of the tub-fast.

WARBURTON So in Jasper Maine's City March, 1639,

-You had better match a ruin'd bawd, “One ten times cur'd by sweating and the tub." Again, in The Family of Love, 1608, a doctor says,

6-O for one of the hoops of my Cornelius' tub, I lhall burk myself with laughing elfe.”

So

Timan. Hang thee, monster !

Alc. Pardon him, sweet Timandra ; for his wits Are drown'd and lost in his calamities. -I have but little gold of late, brave Timon, The want whereof doth daily make revolt In my penurious band. I have heard and griev'd, How cursed Athens, mindless of thy worth, Forgetting thy great deeds, when neighbour states, But for thy sword and fortune, trod upon them,Tim. I prythee, beat thy drum, and get

thee

gone. Alc. I am thy friend, and pity thee, dear Timon. Tim. How dost thou picy him, whom thou dost

trouble? I had rather be alone.

Alc. Why, fare thee well :
Here is some gold for thee.

Tim. Keep it, I cannot eat it.
Alc. When I have laid proud Athens on a heap,
Tim. Warr’st thou 'gainst Athens ?
Alc. Ay, Timon, and have cause.

Tim. The Gods confound them all in thy conquest, And thee after, when thou hast conquered !

Alc. Why me, Timon ? _Tim. That by killing of villains thou was born To conquer my country. Put up thy gold. Go on, -Here's gold, -Go on;

So in Beaumont and Fletcher's Knight of the Burning Peple,

-whom I in diet keep
“ Send lower down into the cave,

“ And in a tub that's heated smoaking hot, &c." Again in the same play,

-caught us, and put us in a tub,
" Where we this two months sweat, &c."
6. This bread and water hath our diet been, &c.”

STEEVENS.

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* Be as a planetary plague, when Jove,
Will o'er some high-vic'd city hang his poison
In the sick air. Let not thy sword skip one :
Pity not honour'd age for his whice beard,
He is an usurer. Strike me the counterfeit matron,
It is her habit only that is honest,
Herself's a bawd. Let not the virgin's cheek
Make soft thy trenchant sword; for those milk-paps,
s That through the window-bars bore at mens' eyes,
Are not within the leaf of pity writ,
Set them down horrible traitors. Spare not the babe,
Whole dimpled smiles from fools o exhaust their

mercy;
Think it a' baltard, whom the oracle
Hath doubtfully pronounc'd thy throat shall cut,
And mince it fans remorse. Swear against objects ;
Put armour on thine ears, and on thine eyes ;
Whose proof, nor yells of mothers, maids, nor babes,
Nor sight of priest in holy vestments bleeding,

5 De as a planetary plague, ruhen Jove
Will o'er some bigh-vic'd ciiy hang his poison

In the fick air.mod :]
This is wonderfully sublime and picturesque.

WARBURTON, That through the window-barn--] How the words come to be blundered into this strange nonsense, is hard to conceive. But it is plain Shakespeare wrote,

-zindow.lawni. e. lawn almost as transparent as glass windows. WARBURTON. The reading is more probably,

-window-bars, The virgin that shews her bosom through the lattice of her chamber.

Johnson. -exhauft their mercy;] For exbaus, sir T. Hanmer, and after him Dr. Warburton, read extort ; but exhaust here fignifies literally to draw forib.

JOHNSON. 7-board, -] An allufion to the tale of Edipus.

JOHNSON.

Shall

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Shall pierce a jot. There's gold to pay thy soldiers :
Make large confusion; and, thy fury spent,
Confounded be thyself! Speak not,

be

gone. Alc. Haft thou gold yet ? I'll take the gold thou giv'st me, not thy counsel.

Tim. Dost thou, or dost thou not, heaven's curse

upon thee!

Both. Give us some gold, good Timon. Hast thou

more? Tim. Enough to make a whore forswear her trade, 8 And to make whores a bawd. Hold up, you sluts, Your aprons mountant : you are not oathable, Although, I know, you'll swear, terribly swear Into strong shudders, and to heavenly agues, The immortal Gods that hear you. Spare your oaths 9 I'll trust to your conditions. Be whores still : And he whose pious breath seeks to convert you, Be strong in whore, allure him, burn him up; Let your close fire predominate his smoke,

8 And to make whore a bawd.] The power of gold, indeed, may be supposed great, that can make a whore forsake her trade; but what mighty difficulty was there in making a whore turn bawd? And yet, 'tis plain, here he is describing the mighty power of gold. He had before shewn, how gold can persuade to any villainy; he now shews that it has still a greater force, and can even turn from vice to the practice, or, at least, the semblance of virtue. We must therefore read, to restore sense to our author,

And to make whole a bawd. i.e. not only make her quit her calling, but thereby restore her to reputation.

WARBURTON. The old edition reads,

And to make whores a bawd. That is, enough to make a whore leave whoring, and a hawd loove making whores.

JOHNSON 9 I'll trust to your conditions. — -) You need not swear to continue whores, I will trust to your inclinations. JOHNSON,

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And be no turn-coats. Yet may your pains, fix

months, Be quite contrary: and thatch your poor thin roofs :

With Yet

may your pains, fix months, Be quite contrary -] This is obscure, partly from the ambiguity of the word pains, and partly from the generality of the expression. The meaning is this, he had said before, follow constantly your trade of debauchery: that is (says he) for six months in the year. Let the other fix be employed in quite contrary pains and labour, namely, in the severe discipline necessary for the repair of those disorders that your debaucheries occasion, in order to fit you anew to the trade; and thus let the whole year be spent in these different occupations. On this account he goes on, and says, Make falsè bair, &c. But for, pains fix mon:bs, the Oxford editor reads pains exterier. What he means I know not.

WARBURTON. The explanation is ingenious, but I think it very remote, and would willingly bring the author and his readers to meet on easier terms. We may read,

ret

may your pains fix months

Be quite contraried. Timon is withing ill to mankind, but is afraid left the whores should imagine that he wishes well to them; to obviate which he Jets them know, that he imprecates upon them influence enough to plague others, and disappointments enough to plague themselves. He wishes that they may do all posible mischief, and yet take pains fix months of the year in vain.

In this sense there is a connection of this line with the next. Finding your pains contraried, try new expedients, thatch your bis roofs, and paint.

To contrary is an old verb. Latymer relates, that when he went to court, he was advised not to contrary the king.

JOHNSON. -Vet may your pains six months Bequite contrary. I believe this means - Yet for half the year at least, may you suffer Juch punishment as is infided on firump.is in boules of corrition.

STEEVENS. 2 --thatch your poor bin rauf, &c.] About the year 1995, when the fashion was first introduced in England of wearing more bait than was ever the produce of a single head, it was dangerous for any child to go about, as no:hing was more common than for wo.

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