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DIVISION FIRST.

PART I.

TITLE XIa.

New title added March 21, 1905. Stats. 1905, 588.

CORPORATIONS FOR THE FORMATION OF CHAMBERS OF

COMMERCE, BOARDS OF TRADE, MECHANICS' INSTI-
TUTES, AND OTHER KINDRED ASSOCIATIONS.

§ 591. Formation, organization and powers of. § 592. Capital stock and certificates of. 8 592a. Powers which may be conferred on the trustees, di.

rectors, or the executive committee. § 5926. Power to acquire, sell, possess, and use property. § 592c. The by-laws. $ 592d. Power to levy and collect assessments. § 592e. Pre-existing corporations may become entitled to the

benefit of this title,

§ 591. Formation, organization, and powers of. Corpurations for the formation and organization of chambers of commerce, boards of trade, mechanics' institutes, and other associations formed for the extension and promotion of trade and commerce, or the advancement, protection, and improvement of the mechanic arts, may be formed by twenty or more persons, who must execute and file articles of incorporation as prescribed in chapter one of title one of part four of this code. Upon receiving from the secretary of state a certificate of the filing with him of a certified copy of its articles of incorporation, such corporation becomes a body corporate, and by its corporate name has succession for the period limited in its articles, and power: (1) To sue and be sued in any court; (2) to make and use a common seal, and alter it at pleasure; (3) to lease, purchase, hold, sell, mort. gage, convey in trust, convey, release from trust or mortgage,

such real and personal property as hereinafter provided; (4) to elect and appoint such officers, agents, and servants as the business of the corporation may require; and (5) to make by-laws, not inconsistent with the laws of this state, providing for the organization of the corporation and the management of its affairs. No corporation formed under this title must engage in any mercantile, commercial, or mechanical business. En. Stats. 1905, 588. 591, 592, 592a, 592b, 592c, 5920, 592e. Adds a new title to the

Code, designated "Corporations for the Formation of Cham. bers of Commerce, Boards of Trade, Mechanics' Institutes, and other Kindred Organizations, the matter contained in said chapter being a codification of the statute of 1865-6, page 469, as amended in 1867-8, page 5, and 1885, page 76, respecting chambers of commerce.-Code Commission. er's Note.

§ 592. Capital stock and certificates of. Every corpuration formed under this title may have a capital stock and issue certificates to represent the shares thereof, if the articles of incorporation contain a statement of the amount of its capital stock and the number of shares into which it is divided. The rights and privileges to be accorded to stockholders are distinct from those to be accorded to members at large of the corporation, and the obligations to be imposed upon stockholders in the same relation must be fixed and established in the by-laws of the corporation. En. Stats. 1905, 588.

See note to s 591, ante.

$ 592a. Powers which may be conferred on the trustees, directors, or the executive committee. The corporation may confer upon a board of trustees or directors, or upon a body to be styled the executive committee of the corporation, the right to exercise all or any of the corporate powers, if the articles of incorporation state that the right to exercise the corporate powers is to be confided to such board of trustees or directors or to such executive committee, and the number of trustees, directors, or committee, and the names of those selected to take charge of the affairs of the corporation for the first six months. En. Stats. 1905, 588.

See note to § 591, ante.

$ 5926. Power to acquire, sell, possess, and use property. Every corporation formed under this title may lease, purchase, have, hold, use, take possession of, and enjoy in fee simple or otherwise any personal or real property within the state necessary for the uses and purposes of the corporation, and may sell, lease, deed in trust, alien, or dispose of the same at its pleasure. En. Stats. 1905, 589.

See note to § 591, ante.

§ 592c. The by-laws. The by-laws of any corporation formed under this title without capital stock must preseribe how members of the corporation shall be admitted and how expelled, and how officers, agents, and servants shall be appointed. Such provisions in the by-laws have force and effect as between private parties and the corporation. All corporations formed under the provisions of this title must determine, by their by-laws, the manner of calling and conducting their meetings, the number of members that constitute a quorum, the manner of levying and collecting assessments, the officers of the corporation, the manner of their election or appointment and their tenure of office, and may prescribe suitable penalties for the violation of such by-laws, not exceeding in any case one hundred dollars for any one offense. En. Stats. 1905, 589.

See note to § 591, ante.

$ 592d. Power to levy and collect assessments. Every corporation formed under the provisions of this title has power to levy and collect, from the members thereof, for the purpose of paying the proper and legal expenses of the corporation, assessments in such manner as may be prescribed by its by-laws, but not otherwise. En. Stats. 1905, 589

See note to g 591, ante.

$ 592e. Pre-existing corporations may become entitled to the benefit of this title. Every corporation, association, or institution formed prior to the enactment of this title, for any of the purposes contemplated thereby, may, by a vote of the majority of its members voting at a meeting called for that purpose, become entitled to the benefit thereof on filing the certificate hereinafter required. Notice of such meeting and of its object must be published in a newspaper of general circulation in the county in which the principal place of business of the corporaticn, association. or institution is located, for at least two weeks before the

day on which the meeting is to be held. Such certificate must be signed and acknowledged by at least five members of the corporation, association, or institution, must contain a list of the members who desire to become members, and must be filed with the county clerk of such county, and a copy thereof, certified by him, must be filed with the secretary of state. Thereupon such corporation, association, or institution possesses all the powers and privileges conferred by this title. En. Stats. 1905, 589.

See note to $ 591, ante.

$ 593. Number of directors when formed other than for profit. Any number of persons associated together for any purpose, where pecuniary profit is not their object, and for which individuals may lawfully associate themselves, may, in accordance with the rules, regulations, or discipline of such association, elect directors, the number thereof to be not less than three nor more than twenty-one, and may incorporate themselves as provided in this part. En. March 21, 1872. Am'd. 1880, 6; 1905, 113.

$ 595. Amount of real estate to be owned by certain corporations. All such corporations may hold all the property of the association owned prior to incorporation, or acquired thereafter in any manner, and transact all business relative thereto; but no such corporation must own or hold more real estate than may be necessary for the business and objects of the association, and providing burial grounds for its deceased members, not to exceed six (6) whole lots in any city or town, nor more than fifty (50) acres in the country, the annual increase, income or profit, whereof must not exceed fifty thousand ($50,000) dollars; provided, that any such corporation now or hereafter having, and having had continuously, for the next preceding three (3) years, the care, custody, control, and maintenance each year, upon an annual average of not less than one hundred (100) orphans, half orphans, and indigent minor children, at any one orphan asylum, shall be entitled and allowed to own and possess any number of acres not exceeding one hundred and sixty (160) acres of land in the country, outside of any incorporated city or town, and the annual income or profit of which does not exceed fifty thousand ($50,000) dollars; and provided further, that the limitations herein provided for shall not apply to

corporations formed, or to be formed, under section six hundred and two (602) of the Civil Code, when the land is held or used for churches, hospitals, schools, colleges, orphan asy. lums, parsonages, or cemetery purposes or to corporations organized for social purposes and purposes of recreation and not for profit; and provided further, that the limitations herein provided for shall not apply to corporations organized other than for profit, when the land is timber land, and not exceeding one hundred and sixty (160) acres in extent, and is held or used for the purposes of the organizations, in which case said land shall be subject to all laws regulating the preservation of forests. En. March 21, 1872. Am’d. 1881, 9; 1899, 10; 1903, 136; 1905, 18.

§ 599. Supp. Cal. Rep. Cit. 142, 495.

DIVISION FIRST.

PART IV.

TITLE XIIa.

New title added March 21, 1905. Stats. 1905, 590.

SOCIETIES FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHIL

DREN AND ANIMALS. $ 607.

Formation of corporations. Š 607a. Power of to receive and dispose of property. $ 6076. Complaints for violating any law relating to

children or animals. 8 607c. Magistrates and police officers to aid the corpora

tion and its officers. $ 607d. Pre-existing corporations, $ 607e. Fines, penalties, and forfeitures, and the disposi

tion éo be made thereof. $ 607f. Members and agents may be authorized to ac

police officers. § 607g. Children who may be arrested and brought before

a court or magistrate for examination.

as

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