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into consideration what measures ought to be taken in to certain bills being embraced within the resolution, and vindication of the authority of the House, contemned by the mode of doing so, the violation of order, reported by the chairman of the Mr. WHITTLESEY, of Ohio, moved to except the Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union. bill to transfer certain appropriations from the Potomac
Mr. PEARCE, of Maryland, iben moved his as a sub bridge to other uses. stitute.
Mr. MASON, of Virginia, accepted the above as a Mr. ROBERTSON remarked that there was no differ. modification. ence of opinion in the House as to the violation of or Mr. THOMAS moved to include in the resolution a der on the part of the member from Kentucky; but Mr. joint resolution annulling certain laws of the Legislative R. appealed to the House whether it ought to be visited Council of Florida, and called for the yeas and Days on by its censure and punishment at this late period. He his motion; but they were not ordered. asked what member would have escaped censure, if cen. The amendment of Mr. T. was then agreed to. sure had fallen upon every breach of order during the Mr. T. moved further to amend the resolution by empresent session? It was too late in the session to com. bracing the bill to amend the judicial system of the mence this vindiclive course towards the member from United States. Kentucky.
Mr. LYON called for the yeas and nays; which were Mr. PARKER moved to amend the resolution, by in ordered, and were: Yeas 94, nays 61. serting the subsequent declaration of Mr. Williams, So the amendment was agreed to. that his intention was to insult the Chairman; but the Mr. CAMBRELENG moved to include the bill to House evincing an indisposition, Mr. P. withdrew it. aller and amend the act imposing duties and imports.
The substitute of Mr. PEARCE was then agreed to as Lost. an amendment, with only one dissentient voice; and the Mr. CAMBRELENG then moved to include the bill resolution, so amended, was concurred in, (only two supplementary to the act for the relief of the sufferers voices cried no at first, and after a short time a third by the late fire in New York. was heard, ] with only three dissenlient voices. It was Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, called for the then half past four, A. M.
yeas and nays. The House then went again into committee, (Mr. Mr. MASON, of Ohio, demanded the previous ques. SUTHERLAND resuming the chair,) and, on motion of Mr. tion. PATTON, immediately rose, and reported the various Mr. VINTON moved to lay the whole subject on the bills acted on to the House.
table, and called for the yeas and nays; which were not The House continued to sit till nearly 5 o'clock act. ordered. ing upon various bills, when it arijourned to meet again The motion to liy on the table was then decided in on Monday morning, at 8 o'clock.
the negative: Ayes 43, noes not counted.
The previous question was then seconded: Ayes 95, MONDAY, JULY 4.
noes not counted; and the main question was ordered to
be put. SUSPENSION OF THE RULES.
Mr. ADAMS called for a division of the question. Mr. MASON, of Virginia, asked the consent of the The CHAIR decided that the motion to suspend was Ilouse to offer the following resolution:
not divisible, inasmuch as the object for which a suspen. Resolved, that the 16th and 17th joint rules of the two sion of the rules is asked must necessarily form a part of Houses, which provide that no billibat shall have passed the motion. one House shall be sent for concurrence to the other on Mr. ADAMS appealed from the decision of the Chair, either of the three last days of the session, and which and called for the yeas and nays on the appeal; which also prohibit any bill or resolution that shall have passed were not ordered. the House of Representatives and the Senate shall be The decision of the Chair was then affirmed without presented to the President of the United States for his a division. approbation on the last day of the session, are hereby si1g. The question was then taken on the motion to sus. pended until half past 2 o'clock of this day, so far as pend the rules; which was decided in the affirmative: respects bills of the Senate now in the House of Repre. | Yeas 111, nays 53. sentatives, and bills of the House of Representatives now Mr. JARVIS moved to amend the resolution by inin the Senate.
cluding the bill for the enlistment of boys in the navy, Objection being made, Mr. M. moved a suspension of and the bill in relation to the marine corps. Lost. the rules, and briefly explained bis object to be to em Mr. RICE GARLAND moved to include the bill al. brace some bill, that had passed the iwo Houses, but | lowing the Appalachicola Railroad Company to locate on had not received the signatures of ihe presiding officers. the public lands.
Mr. RIPLEY asked for the yeas and nays; which were Mr. PINCKNEY moved to amend the amendment by ordered.
including the bill for the relief of Thomas Cooper. Lost. The question being taken, the House refused to sus Mr. DUNLAP moved to amend the amendment by in. pend-84 10 77_not two thirds.
cluding the bill to extend the time of issuing certain Mr. MASON then moved a suspension of the rules for scrip certificates. the purpose of offering the following:
Mr. GARLAND accepted this as a modification. Resolved, That the 17th joint rule of the two Houses, Mr. FRENCH moved to amend the amendment by in which declares that “no bill or resolution that shall have cluding the bill for the purchase of the Portland and passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, Louisville canal stock. Los'. shall be presented to the President of the United States Mr. HARDIN moved to lay the whole subject on the for his approbation on the last day of the session," be sus. table. Lost, without a division. pended until the hour of 12 o'clock this day, so far as to Mr. SPANGLER moved the previous question; wbich embrace those bills which have passed the two Houses. was seconded: Ayes 87, noes not counted.
Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, asked for the Mr. BOND called for the yeas and nays on ordering yeas and nays, for he said he did not wish to be detained the main question; which were not ordered, and the There all night; which were ordered.
House ordered the main ques:ion to be put. After various suggestions by Messrs. VINTON, Mr. ADAMS called for a division upon the original PATTON, WHITTLESEY of Ohio, and THOMAS, as resolution and upon the amendment.
JULY 4, 1836.)
(H. OF R.
The CHAIR decided that the resolution was not sus erson, Doubleday, Dunlap, Forester, French, W. K. ceptible of division.
Fuller, Galbraith, J. Garland, R. Garland, Gillet, Graq. Mr. ADAMS appealed from the decision of the Chair. ger, Griffin, Haley, J. Hall, Hamer, Hardin, Harlan,
After a few words by Messrs. ADAMS, PARKER, A. G. Harrison, Haynes, Henderson, Hiester, Hopkins, and HARRISON of Missouri,
Howard, Hubley, Hunt, Huntington, Huntsman, IngerMr. GARLAND, of Louisiana, moved the previous soll, Ingham, J. Jackson, R. M. Johnson, C. Johnson, question on the appeal.
H. Johnson, J. W. Jones, Kinnard, Lane, Lawler, Lay, Mr. ROBERTS UN moved to lay the whole subject on
G. Lee, T. Lee, L. Lea, Lewis, Loyall, Lucas, Lyon, the table.
J. Mann, Martin, J. Y. Mason, W. Mason, Maury, May, Mr. HARLAN called for the yeas and nays, but the McCarly, McKay, McKennan, McKim, McLene, Mercer, House refused to order them.
Miller, Milligan, Montgomery, Morgan, Morris, MuhThe motion to lay on the table was decided in the lenberg, Owens, Page, Parker, Patterson, Patton, F. negative, without a division.
Pierce, Pettigrew, Peyton, Phelps, Pinckney, Rencher, Mr. ADAMS then withdrew the appeal.
John Reynolds, Ripley, Robertson, Rogers, Seymour, Mr. RENCHER called for the yeas and nays on agree.
A. H. Shepperd, Shields, Sbinn, Sickles, Sloane, ing to the resolution; which were ordered.
Smith, Spangler, Standefer, Storer, Sutherland, Talia. Mr. EVANS renewed the appeal taken by Mr. Adams. ferro, Thomas, J. Thomson, Toucey, Towns, Under
Mr. ADAMS called for the yeas and nays on the ap wood, Ward, Washington, E. Whittlesey, T. T. Whitile. peal; which were not ordered, and the decision of the sey, L. Williams, S. Williams—128. Chair was affirmed without a division.
Nars— Messrs. Adams, H. Allen, Bailey, Beale, The question was then taken on agreeing to the reso.
Clark, Ciane, Grennell, II. Hall, Hazeltine, Jarvis, lution, and decided in the affirmative: Yeas 111, nays Lawrence, Lincoln, Love, D. J. Pearce, Phillips, Potts, 50.
Reed, Russell, Slade, Vinton--20.
So the first resolution was adopted.
The question was then taken on the second resolution,
“1. Re-olved, that the independence of Texas ought eng, Carr, Carter, Casey, G. Chambers, Chaney, Chapto be acknowledged by the United States, whenever sat. man, Chapin, N. H. Claiborne, J. F. H. Claiborne, jsfactory information has been received that it has in sic Coffee, Connor, Cushing, Cushman, Denny, Dickerson, cessful operation a civil Government, capable of per- Dunlap, Farlan, Forester, French, W. K. Fuller, Gal. forming the duties and fulfilling the obligations of an in- braith), J. Garland, R. Garland, Gillet, Grayson, Haley, dependent Power.
Hamer, Hardin, Harlan, A. G. Harrison, Haynes, Hen. * 2. Resolved, that the House of Representatives per- derson, Hopkins, Howard, Hubley, Huntington, Ilunts. ceive with satisfaction that the President of the United man, Ingersoll, J. Jackson, Jarvis, R. M. Johnson, c. States has adopted measures to ascertain the political, Johnson, H. Johnson, J. W. Jones, Kinnard, Lane, Law. military, and civil condition of Texas.”
ler, Lay, G. Lee, T. Lee, L. Lea, Lewis, Lucas, Lyon, J. Mr. ADAMS moved to lay the report and resolutions Mann, Martin, W. Mason, Maury, May, McCarty, McKay, on the table.
McKennan, McKim, McLene, Mercer, Miller, MontgomMr. PINCKNEY called for the yeas and nays on this ery, Morgan, Morris, Muhlenberg, Owens, Page, Paller. motion; which were ordered, and were: Yeas 40, 'nays 108. son, F. Pierce, Pettigrew, Peyton, Phelps, John Rey.
So the motion to lay on the table was decided in the nolds, Ripley, Robertson, Rogers, Seymour, A. H. Shep. negative.
perd, Shields, Shinn, Sickles, Sloane, Smith, Spangler, Mr. PEYTON said this was a subject upon which he Standefer, Storer, Taliaferro, Thomas, J. Thomson, had a great desire to give his views, but ihey all knew Toucey, Towns, Underwood, Ward, Washington, E. that it would be impossible to discuss it at this late period Whittlesey, T. T. Whiitlesey, L. Williams, s. Wil. of the session. For the first, and probably for the last liams-113. time in his life, if it was not out of order for him to do NAYS-Messrs. Adams, H. Allen, Bailey, Beaumont, such a thing, and if it would not be considered as inter. Bouldin, Clark, Coles, Darlington, Grennell, H. Hall, fering with the prerogative of any other gentleman, he Hazeltine, Hiester, Lawrence, Lincoln, Love, Milligan, demanded the previous question upon the adoption of D. J. Pearce, Phillips, Potts, Reed, Russell, Slade 22. the resolutions.
So the second resolution was adopted. Mr. WILLIAMS, of North Carolina, thought it not The joint resolution adopted this morning having been necessary, and he therefore begged the gentleman from returned from the Senate with the following amend. Tennessce to withdraw it.
ment: “Strike out all after the word • suspended,' and Mr. PEYTON refused, on the ground that there was
insert 'so far as relates to such acts as have already no time to discuss the subject.
passed boih Houses, and have been signed by the preThe previous question was seconded: Ayes 80, noes siding officers thereof.'» not counted.
Mr. THOMAS moved that ihe House concur. Mr. REED called for the yeas and nays on ordering Mr. JARVIS moved to except from the operation of the main question; which were not ordered, and the this resolution the bill passed on Saturday night last, conmain question was ordered to be pui.
firming the titles to certain land claims in the State of Mr. HARDIN called for the yeas and nays on the main Missouri. question; which were ordered.
Mr. GARLAND, of Louisiana, demanded the pre. Mr. ADAMS called for a division of the question. vious question; which was seconded by the House: Yeas
'The question was taken on the first resolution, and €7, nays 39. was: Yeas 128, nays 20, as follows:
Mr. JARVIS called for the yeas upon ordering the YEAS—Messrs. Ash, Bell, Bockee, Bond, Bouldin, Boyd, main question, but they were refused; and the main Bunch, Bynum, J. Calhoon, W. B. Calhoun, Cambrel. question was ordered. eng, Carr, Carter, Casey, G. Chambers, Chaney, Chap. Mr. BOND asked for the yeas and nays on the main man, Chapin, N. H. Claiborne, Cleveland, Coffee, Coles, question; but they were refused, and the amendment of Connor, Cushing, Cushman, Darlington, Denny, Dick the Senate was concurred in without a count.
H. Or R. )
Compensation to Messengers-Pay for Books, &c.
[JULY 4, 1836.
COMPENSATION TO MESSENGERS.
Williams) on the subject of the vote of censure passed
upon that gentleman at the last sitting, and stated that Mr. HARDIN moved to take up the resolution to pay he was authorized by his colleague to say that he in. $250 extra to each of the little boys attending in the tended by bis course on that occasion to offer no disre. House, (in addition to their pay of $1 50 a day;) which spect to the House or the Chair. Mr. C. accordingly was agreed to.
moved that the vote adopting the resolution of censure Mr. TALIAFERRO offered an amendment, to give be reconsidered. the Post Office messengers $750 per annum.
Mr. SUTHERLAND expressed his entire satisfaction Mr. HARDIN moved the previous question; which at the explanation, and his wish that the occurrence was seconded: Ayes 79, noes 59; and the main question should be erased from the record and the memory of the was ordered, put, and agreed to.
House. He professed a high regard for the gentleman PAY FOR BOOKS, &c.
from Kentucky personally, and stated that, in his own
course, upon the occasion alluded tn, he was governed Mr. EVANS asked the consent of the House to offer solely by what he considered the strict rules of parliaa resolution directing the Clerk of the House to pay out mentary propriety, without regard to the individual to of the contingent fund the amount of the expenses in which they might apply. He also stated, in justice to providing books for the new members. [The Senate himself, as the chairman of the committee, that he did had stricken out the ite from the supplementary appro. not hear the motion which the gentleman from Kentucky priation bill on Saturday last.]
was said to have made, or he should certainly bave atMr. CAVE JOHNSON objected.
tended to it. Mr. EVANS moved a suspension of the rule. Agreed Mr. S. WILLIAMS rose and informed the House that to--91 to 35.
he concurred in the explanation which his colleague Mr. CAVE JOHNSON hoped the House would con. [lir. Calhoon) had made in bis behalf, and he wished sent to the yeas and ways, so that the country might see further to state to the House what were the circumstances who it was that voted in the affirmative. He wished, under which he was placed as to incur their censure. also, an opportunity of recording his vote in the nega. He had made a motion in the Committee of the Whole, tive. The yeas and nays were accordingly ordered.
which he had a right to make, and which the Chair did After some remarks by Messrs. PATTON and EV. not notice; and he then rose to a point of order in referANS,
ence to that neglect or the Chair. One of his colleagues, Mr. CAMBRELENG said the resolution was a blank, at the time, came to him, and asked him why he did not for there was not a dollar remaining of the contingent insist upon his motion. fund, out of which the Clerk could pay this money. He In taking the course which he did, he was governed said it was extraordinary that the resolution should be in by no consideration except a wish to maintain his rights, troduced and advocated now, when, on Saturday night, as a member of that committee. He had not the slight there was not a single dissentient voice heard to concur. est intention of embarrassing the business of the commit. ring in the amendment of the Senate striking out this very tee, or of offering any personal disrespect to the Chair. appropriation from the bill.
He was now extremely happy to learn from the honora The question was then taken, and decided in the nega ble chairman, that he did not hear that motion, the nego tive: Yeas 56, nays 79.
lect of which prompted his (Mr. W's) course; this being So the resolution was not agreed to.
the case, he most cheerfully disclaimed ally intention On motion of Mr. R. M. JOHNSON, the House took to offer the slightest disrespect to the Chair or to the up the joint resolution from the Senate proposing the llouse. appointment of a joint committee to wait on the Presi. Mr. JARVIS remarked that the explanation by the dent of the United States with the usual message, and gentleman who first spoke [Mr. Calloon] was entirely the committee on the part of the House was ordered to satisfactory; but that the explanation of the gentleman consist of two.
from Kentucky [Mr. Williams] was too much qualified Mr. LEWIS moved a su pension of the rules for the in regard to the Chair. purpose of offering a resolution to pay to the sergeant. The question was then taken on the motion to recon. at-arms, doorkeeper, assistant doorkeeper, and post- sider the vote by which the resolution of censure was master, $300 each for extra services during the present adopted, and there appeared: Yeas 90, nays 20—not a session. Lost, only 65 voting in the affirmative. quorum.
Mr. VINTON asked the consent of the House to sub Mr. WILLIAMS said he had been misunderstood by mit a proposition to repeal the rule requiring a vote of the gentleman from Maine, [Mr. Jarvis,) and added two thirds to suspend rules in relation to the order of some explanatory remarks. business. Lost. Mr. CAMBRELENG moved a suspension of the rule, the charac!er of the explanation offered by the gentle.
Mr. PARKS warmly expressed his dissatisfaction at for the purpose of offering a resolution to pay extra to man from Kentucky. It was made to depend upon the the lamplighters, &c. Mr. LEWIS moved to amend the resolution, by adding nia, and was placed solely on that ground. He was for
previous explanation of the gentleman from Pennsylva. the one he had just offered.
maintaining the rules, even against å brother or his dear. Mr. HARDIN briefly opposed the amendment, and it est friend. was negatived.
Mr. PEYTON said it was quite sufficient that the gen. The House agreed to suspend the rules for the origi- tleman from Kentucky had concurred in the explanation al proposition of Mr. CAMINELENG—83 10 37.
offered by his colleague. The House would bave no On motion of Mr. HARDIN, all the committees of the reason to demand or expect a humiliating apology. House were discharged from the further consideration Messrs. MERCER and HUNT took a similar view; of such subjects as had been referred to them and liad but Messrs. PARKER and LUCAS were of a different not been acted on.
opinion. Mr. R. M. JOHNSON, from the select joint commit
The question being again put, the motion to reconside tee appointed to wait on the President of the United er was agreed to without a count. States, made the usual report.
The resolution was then negatived. Mr. CALHOON, of Kentucky, made some explana. On motion of Mr. PARKER, at 2 o'clock, tions to the House, in behalf of his colleague (1r. S. The House adjourned, sine dic.
Jan. 12, 1836.]
IN SENATE, THURSDAY, JANUARY 12, 1836. and the resolution therein recommended, were ever
called up for consideration, and he was at a loss to under
stand how or when that proposition was rejected by the The resolution offered yesterday by Mr. Benton, Senate, as he understood the gentleman to say it was, un. being taken up for consideration, as follows:
less it was incorporated in the general bill for appropriResolved, that the surplus revenue of the United tions for fortifications, which was lost in consequence States, and the dividends of stock receivable from the
of the difference between the two Houses, in respect to Bank of the United States, ought to be set apart and ap. that bill, on the last night of the last session. plied to the general defence and permanent security of (Mr. BENTON was understood to say he believed he The country. That the President be requested to cause had himself withdrawn the proposition.] the Senate to be informed of
Mr. Leigu said that his attention was early attracted 1st. The probable amoun: that would be necessary for to the whole subject, and most anxiously directed to it, fortifying the lake, maritime, and golf frontiers of the
because the aspect of our affairs with France had struck United States, and such points of the land frontier as may him, from the first, as very serious, and because he had require permanent fortifications.
expected some recommendation, not from any individual 2d. The probable amount that would be necessary to or from any committee of the Senate or of the other construct an adequate number of armories and arsenals House, but from the President himself, to strengthen the in the United States, and to supply the States with field arm of national defence, as a precautionary measure against artillery (especially brass field pieces) for their militia, possible, and, as he supposed, probable contingencies. and with side arms and pistols for their cavalry.
Such were his sentiments on the subject, that when the 3d. The probable amount that would be necessary to appropriation bills for the army, for the navy, and for supply the United States with the ordnance, arms, and fortifications, were first sent to the Senate from the other munitions of war, which a proper regard to self-defence
House, he went to the Secretary's table to examine the would require to be always on hand.
bills, in order to see whether any provisions were made 4th. The probable amount that would be necessary to or proposed, founded on or plainly referrible to an ap. place the naval defences of the United States (including prehension of serious collision with France suited to the increase of the navy, navy yards, dock yards, and such a contingency, and calculated to put the nation in steam floating batteries) upon the footing of strength a state of security and defence. He found nothing of and respectability which is due to the security and to the the kind in any of those bills; and he took upon himself welfare of the Union.
to say that there was nothing that had respect to any After Mr. Benton had addressed the Senale,
possible interruption of our pacific relations with France Mr. WEBSTER said, I do not propose, sir, to discuss or any other nation. He said iba! he himself had thought, the subject of our affairs with France, which bave been and had said, as those with whom he was in the habit of alluded to by the Senator from Missouri.
familiar intercourse might perhaps remember, that some duty, however, to take care that neither in this House, extraordinary appropriations were proper; and he was nor out of this House, should an impression exist derog- ready to vote for such appropriations, though in respect atory to the character, unfavorable to the diligence, or to the amount he had formed no opinion, having, in reproachful to the patriotism of this body. I remember truth, no data on which he could form an opinion. the progress of the bill to which the Senator has refer. The general appropriation bills sent from the House red, and I shall at a future day detail the incidents of its
of Representatives to the Senate, were, of course, imme. history, and the true reason of its loss; and will satisfy diately referred to our Committee on Finance. Such every one that the loss of it was not attributable to this appropriation bills, he had remarked, generally came body. The means of so doing are not, at present, all in from the House in an imperfect form; that is, it general. my possession; nor can they be, according to the estab- ly occurred that some alierations, most usually additions, lished rules of the Senate, until after we shall have been were required and proposed, in consequence of sugges. again engaged in executive business. I shall then dis. tions made by the several Departments to the committee charge this duty. I shall then show that neither the of the Senate, or by the members of the Senate them. Senate, nor any one of its committees or officers, can selves. The particular bill of appropriations for fortifi. be charged with the slightest dereliction of duty in re. cations being referred to the Committee on Finance of gard to tbat bill.
the Senate, they reported it, with several amendments; Mr. LEIGH said he was not now going to enter upon they did not, according to his memory', propose to abate the more interesting topics presented by the remarks of a single dollar from any appropriation provided in the the gentleman from Missouri-those that related to pros. bill from the House for any one object; they did not propective measures for national defence; but there were pose to dispense with appropriations for any one object. some facts belonging to the history of the propositions of The amendments they proposed consisted (chiefly, if measures of that kind made at the last session which were not entirely,) in proposing increased appropriations for matters of publicity, and which he thought it proper to objects provided for in the bill of the House, and in aptake the first opportunity of stating:
propriations for new objects. He supposed, at the time, In the first place, he said, he had a distinct recollection and he still believed, that these increased and additional of the report made by the Committee on Military Affairs, appr priations were, for the most part, settled by the mentioned by the gentleman from Missouri, which, it ap- | committee, upon consultation and conference with the peared by the journal, was made on the 18th of Febru. executive department; but on that head he knew noth. ary, 1835; but he had no recollection that that report, | ing. He referred to the chairman of the committee,
It is my
is required. He demands that the thirty millions be
becomes of the residue! In order of time, the resolu
(Jax. 12, 1836 (Mr. Webster,) who was able to correct him if he bad | $500,000 for the naval service, and $300,000 for fortifica. fallen into any misapprehension in this respect. At pres. tions. The Senate was informed of this agreement be. ent, he had only to state, positively, upon the authority tween the committees: but as the bill was in possession of of the journal of the Senate, that this bill of appropria. the other House, we could not act on the report of our tions for fortifications was reported to the Senate by the committee; and, though the House had asked this conser. Committee on Finance, and passed, with the amendence, we heard nothing further from them on the subments proposed and agreed to, as early as the 24th Feb. ject. We waited for a long time, some hours, with ruary. From that day, the bill remained in the House patience; and then sent a message to the House, remindof Representatives until the 3d of March, without any ing them of the conference; no answer came. It became action on it there; without any notice of it, at least in at last apparent that the House intended to do no other any way communicated or known to the Senate; and business; at least, none in co-operation with us; and, without the least apprehension (he believed) on the part therefore, the Senate auljourned. of any member of the Senate, that any thing at all new Mr. Leigh said he had thought it proper to give this or important was intended to be proposed.
history of the facts, according to his recollection of them; The Senate commenced its evening session on the 3d he believed it was correct and accurate. It was not his of March (as it appeared by the journal) at five o'clock. purpose, at present, to make any commentary on them, The other House had had this important bill in its pos. or to deduce any inferences from them. Why or how it session from the 24th of February; and it was not until happened that the result of the conference was not re. after five o'clock of the last day of the session that it was ported to the House of Representatives-why or how returned to the Senate, with the following memorable that House was induced to suffer a bill of that importance amendment, (among others,) proposed as an amendment to be lost by its own inaction, Mr. Leigu said he did not to one of our amendments:
pretend to know; he bad heard something, and he had " And be it further enacted, That the sum of $3,000,000 his suspicions or conjectures: but it was not proper or be, and the same is hereby, appropriated, out of any decent, it would be disorderly, to say what he suspected. money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to Mr. PRESTON. The gentlemav from Virginia, who be expended, in whole or in part, under the direction of has just addressed the Senate, has given us a clear, and, the President of the United States, for the military and I believe, a correct statement of the proceedings of the naval service, including fortifications and ordnance, and last session in reference to the appropriation bills
; but, increase of the navy; provided such expenditures shall sir, I do not feel myself called upon to explain the rote be rendered necessary for the defence of the country which I tben gave. It wants no apology-it was given prior to the next meeting of the Senate.”
because the appropriation of three millions, proposed to The bill, with the amendments proposed by the other to be placed within the control of the Executive, was House, was promptly, Mr. L. believed instantaneously, unauthorized, unconstitutional, and dangerous. Sir, if, taken up. Upon this particular amendment a short but instead of the vague and indefinite rumors of war which very animated debate ensuell. The opposition to it was have been alluded to, the war had actually come, and founded, principally, on constitutional grounds. It was our seaboard had been ravaged, I should not repent of objected that it was, in fact, a general vote of money to
The responsibility would have been, where it the Executive for the defence of the nation, to be used now is, upon the Executive, who shrunk from his duty at his absolute, unlimited discretion; that the proposed in calling upon Congress for appropriations which were appropriation was not sufficiently specific; that the
necessary, and specifying their application. What was amendment would place this large sum of money in the that most extraordinary transaction? At the end of the President's hands, with power to apply every dollar of last session, when the table was loaded with unfinished it to whatever arm of the national defence he thought business; when everything was crowded upon us; af proper, and to judge when defence would be proper; in midnight of the last night, that appropriation sprung other words, to determine the question of war or peace. The objection was not so much to the amount, though time, much less at such a time, are we called upon for
upon us, no one knew whence or by whom. Sir, at no no estimates had been laid before us, and we had no data legislation of this kind, without receiving from the heads on which we could judge of the reasonableness of the of Departments all the information which it may be in appropriation. Nor was the objection rested on any dis. their power to afford. They are bound to assume the trust of the Executive in the exercise of such a discre responsibility of such measures-a responsibility which tion: the objections chiefy relied on would equally have I was not iben, and am not now, disposed to release them applied to such a vote of money to any Chief Magistrate from. whatever.
The Senator from Missouri, sir, has submitted a resoluOn the strength of these objections, the Senate disa. tion authorizing the application of the public money to greed to the amendment. The bill was returned to the purposes of general security and defence. He asks for other House, which insisted on the amendment, and very the appropriation of the iwentyfive or thirty millions quickly sent the bill back to us. We then adhered to of money, to be applied to objects which are not specifour disagreement. And upon this the House asked a cally indicated; and he requires it, too, at the very conference, which was agreed to.
time when two important measures, that of the Senator By this time (Mr. Leigh said) it had been intimated to from Kentucky, and that of my colleague, are already be: him that an idea was entertained that the session would
Without, as the gentleman says, any immediate necessarily terminate at twelve o'clock; and thus bis at. tention was called to the time at which the committee of tion making the largest appropriation
or pressing occasion, he has brought forward a resolu: conference on the part of the Senate left the chamber; any one time, either in peace or war, and then, bych it was, by his watch, not the clock, about fifteen minutes strangely inverted order, a resolution asking how muchos was, therefore, ample time (if bis watch had not deceive it the Executive says five millions are sufficient, what ed him) to have acted on the report of the committe of conference, even supposing the session necessarily ter tion of inquiry should be acled on first. If we make minated at midnight. The commiitees agreet in the conference that there inquiry, the appropriation is out of time.
the appropriation, the inquiry is useless; if we make the should be additional appropriations, in specific terms, of
The gentleman proposes a heavy appropriation for the
ever asked for at