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IV.
The Palmer lent his eare unto the noyce,

To weet who called so importunely:
Againe he heard a more efforced voyce,
That bad him come in haste: He by and by
His feeble feet directed to the

cry;
Which to that shady delve him brought at

last, Where Mammon earst did funne his threa

sury: There the good Guyon he found slumbring

fast In fenceles dreame; which fight at first him fore aghaft.

V. Beside his head there fatt a faire young man,

, Of wondrous beauty and of freshest yeares, Whofe tender bud to bloffome new began, And Aorish faire above his equall peares: His snowy front, curled with golden heares, Like Phoebus face adornd with sunny rayes, Divinely thone; and two sharpe winged

sheares,

think, must be pleased with the hafiy repetition of the words, ('onie hether. Church. V. 1. Beside his head there satt a faire young man,

Of wondrous beauty &c.] Milton, in his description of Satan under the form of a ftripling-cherub, has highly improved upon Spenser's angel, and Tatlo's Gabriel, c. i. ft. 13; both which he seems ve had in his eye, as well as in his Raphael, Par. L. B. v. 276. T. WARTON.

Decked with diverse plumes, like painted

jayes, Were fixed at his backe to cut his ayery wayes.

VI.

Like as Cupido on Idæan hill,

When having laid his cruell bow away
And mortall arrowes, wherewith he doth fill
The world with murdrous spoiles and bloody

pray,
With his faire mother he him dights to play,
And with his goodly fifters, Graces three ;
The goddesse, pleased with his wanton play,

Suffers herselfe through Neepe beguild to bee, The whiles the other ladies mind theyr mery

glee,

V.9.

to cut his ayery ways.) Aerias vias, Ovid, Art. Am. ii, 44.

“ Quis crederet unquam Aërias hoininem carpere poffe vias.Upton. VI. 1. 'Like as Cupido &c.] Compare F. Q. i. Introduct. ft. 3, F. Q. ii. ix. 34, iii. vi. 49. T. WARTON.

VI. 6. And with his goodly histers, Graces three :) I have often observed how Spenser varies his mythological tales, and makes them always fubfervient to bis poem. Another gene, alogy of the Graces is mentioned in F. Q. vi. x. 22, according to Hefiod. Concerning this geuealogy, the reader may at his leisure consult Falkenburg. Ad Nonnum, p. 539. And Boccace, L. iii. C. 22. “ Dicunt Venerem Gratias peperise : nec mirum; quis unquam amor absque gratia fuit ?” So Milton :

“ But come, thou Goddess fair and free,
“ In heaven yclepd Euphrofyne,
“ And by men heart-easing Mirth,
“ Whom lovely Venus at a birth,
With two hister-Gruces more,
To ivy-crowned Bacchus bore.” Upton,

VII.

Whom when the Palmer saw, abasht he was Through fear and wonder, that he nought

could say, Till him the Childe bespoke ; “ Long lackt,

alas, Hath bene thy faithfull aide in hard assay ! Whiles deadly fitt thy Pupill doth dismay, Behold this heavy fight, thou reverend Sire ! But dread of death and dolor doe

away ; For life ere long shall to her home retire, And he, that breathlesse seems, shal corage bold

respire.

VIII.

“ The charge, which God doth unto me arrett,

Of his deare safety, I to thee commend;
Yet will I not forgoe, ne yet forgett
The care thereof myselfe unto the end,
But evermore him succour, and defend

VII. 3.

Long lackt, alus, &c.] The sense, I think, is this. “ Alas! your faithful aid has been much wanted in Guyon's late adventures. But contemplate this melancholy sight! And yet, be not apprehensive that he is dead; he is only in a fwoon, and fall soon come to himself.” All the editions place a comma only after ajay; Spenser's own editions, a semicolon after dismay; the first folio, Hughes, and the edition of 1751, a colon; and the subsequent folios, a full stop. All place a comma only after Sire. But the lines should be pointed as we have given them.

CHURCII. VIII. 1.

arrett] Appoint, allot. Fr. arreter, arreter. See also F. Q. ii. xi. 7, iii. viii. 7.

UPTON.

Against his foe and mine: Watch thou, I

pray;
For evill is at hand him to offend."

So having faid, eftfoones he gan display
His painted pimble wings, and vanisht quite

away.

IX.

The Palmer seeing his lefte empty place,
And his Now eies beguiled of their sight,
Woxe fore affraid, and standing still a space
Gaz'd after him, as fowle escapt by flight:
At last, him turning to his charge behight,
With trembling hand his troubled pulse gan

try ; Where finding life not yet dislodged quight,

VIII. 6. Watch thou, I pray;] Considering the dignity of the angelical speaker, this reading I would alter; and either read, “7 Watch thou und pray;" because these words are joined in scripture, Mark xiii. 33. “ Take ye heed, watch and pray,' and again xiv. 38. “Watch ye and pray:” or rather thus, “ Watch thou, I say: 'And this emendation is becoming the dignity of the angel, and is likewise fcriptural. Mark ii. 11.

I say unto thee, arise.” "Tis in several other places, but one occurs much to our purpose, Mark xiii. 37. “And what I say unto you, I say unto all, watch." Upton. IX. 1. The Palmer seeing his lefte empty place,

And his Now eies beguiled &c.] That is, the Palmer feeing his place left empty, and his eyes being beguiled of their light, woxe sore afraid. And his now eyes &c. is put absolute. We have the same construction, F.Q. i. v. 45, ii, iii. 36.

UPTON. IX. 5.

to his charge behight,] To the charge entrusted to him. See the note on hight, F. Q. i. iv. 6.

TODD.

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He much reioyst, and courd it tenderly,
As chicken newly hatcht, from dreaded destiny.

X.
At last he spide where towards him did pace
Two Paynim Knights al armd as bright as

skie,
And thern beside an aged Sire did trace,
And far before a light-foote Page did flie
That breathed strife and troublous enmitie,
Those were the two fonnes of Acrates old,
Who, meeting earst with Archimago slie
Foreby that Idle Strond, of him were told
That he, which earst them combatted, was

Guyon bold,

IX. 8.

and courd it tenderly, As chicken newly hetcht,] And protected it, as a hen fits couring over her young chicken, Skinner, To coure, ab Ital. corare, fr. couver, incubare; metaphora sumpta a gallinis ovis incubantibus." See Menage in v. Couver. But Junius brings it from the old British word, cwrrian, Milton applies this expreflion to the beasts bending or cowring down, Par. Luft, B. viii. 530, But I believe Spenser uses it in the former senie, as Skinner and Menage explain it. In the Glossary, usually printed with Spenter's Works, it is said to be put for covered, as if corrupted from it. Spenser plainly bad in view the affecting simile of our Lord, Matt, xxiii. 37. Upton,

In the first edition of Ganimer Gurton's Needle, we find “ They coure so over the coles;" which in all the subsequent ones is very improperly altered to cover, To coure, is to bend, soop, hang or lean over, See Beaumont and Fletcher's Monheur Thomas, A. iv. S. vi. and Nash's Pierce Pennilele's Supplication to the Devil, 1592, p. 8. (Old Pl. edit, 1780, vol. ii. p. 9.) REED,

X. 7. Who'meeting earst &c.] See before, C: iv. it. 41, and C. vi, 1t, 47, Upton,

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