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CHAPTER VI.

Treasury Report for 1829. - Appropriations for 1830. — Sup

port of Government. - Discussion on Bill. Naval Service. Marine Corps. - Fortifications. - Engineer Department. Military Service. - Indian Department. Massachusetts Claim.

The annual report of the new Leaving an estimated balance in Secretary of the Treasury (Mr the Treasury on the 1st of JanuIngham), on the state of the ary, 1830, of $4,410,072. public finances was transmitted to It thus appeared that during Congress on the 15th of Decem- the first year of an administration, ber, 1829.

which was elected upon professed This report showed a balance principles of retrenchment and in the Treasury, on the 1st of reform, the expenditures exceedJanuary, 1829, of $5,972,435. ed the receipts $1,562,364, while

The actual receipts into the they exceed the ependitures of Treasury during the first three 1828 by the sum of $675,281, quarters of the year 1929 were and the expenditures of the preestimated at $19,437,231, viz: ceding year by the sum of Customs,

17,770,745 $3,507,83). Lands,

972,059 The receipts for the year 1930 Bank Dividends,

490,000

were estimated at $23,840,000 Miscellaneous,

204,427 Estimated receipts during the fourth quarter,

$22,000,000

Lands, Total receipts, $24,602,231 Bank dividends,

1,200,000

490,000 Incidental receipts,

150,000 The expenditures during the three first quarters of the year The expenditures at $23,755,1829, were estimated at $18,- 527,viz : 919,114, viz;

Civil, diplomatic and miscel.
laneous,

2,473,226 Civil, Diplomatic and Miscel.

Military service, &c. laneous, 2,482,416 Naval service,

5,525,190

4,257,111 Military service, including

Public debt,

11,500,000 pensions, fortifications, Indian affairs and internal im.

Leaving an estimated excess of provement, &c,

5,155,256

the receipts over the expenditures Nával service, buildings, &c, 2,565,979 Public debt,

8,715,463

of $84,473. Estimated expenditures dur

The gross amount of duties acing the fourth quarter, 7,245,481

cruing during the first three quarTotal expenditure for 1829, $26,164,595

ters of 1829 was estimated at

viz: 5,165,000 Customs,

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$21,821,500, and the debentures twelve months the average terms for drawbacks during the same of the credits on all importations. period amounted 10 $3,059,060. Nothing was definitely said as to

The amount of debentures out the propriety of the tariff policy, standing on the 30th of Septem- from which the sentiments of the ber, 1829, chargeable on the administration could be gathered. revenue of 1830, was $1,111,- The Secretary's report and the 136.

necessary estimates baving been The total amount of the public furnished to the House, it devolydebt on the 1st of January, 1829, ed upon Congress to make the was $58,406,415.

necessary appropriations for the Consisting of six per cents, $16,279,822

public service. Five per cents, including

As the party which had been $7,000,000 subscribed to

so clamorous for economy and Stock of United States

retrenchment was now in power, Bank,

12,792,000 Four and a half per cents, 15,994,064 but little opposition was to be exThree per cents,

13,296,250 pected to those appropriations, Unfunded debt,

41,232

which were deemed necessary for The payments made on ac- the ordinary service of the Govcount of the public debt during ernment; although those items 1829 were, on account of interest, during several years past had fur$2,563,994 ; towards the reduc- nished the most fruitlul topics of tion of the principal, $9,841,012, debate. It was to be presumed leaving the total debt on the first that a reforming party would conof January, 1830, at $48,565, fine the public expenditure within 406.

the proper limits; and so long as The Secretary, besides fur- no extraordinary drafts were made nishing the above statements con on the treasury, there was no cerning the public finances, went necessity- for the interference of into an examination of the antici- those who were not ranked among pated demands upon the Treasu- the supporters of the administrary, and came to the conclusion, tion. that the duties on various articles The bills providing for the remight be reduced without any spective branches of the public detriment to the public service. service having been reported, on Certain regulations were also re- the 17th of January, 1830, that commended to prevent frauds on making provision for the revoluthe revenue, and the erection of tionary and other pensioners was public warehouses for the purpose taken up, and having passed both of storing goods entered for draw- Houses without opposition, be: back or on which the dutiescame a law. By this act $1,should not be paid. A change, 157,961 were appropriated for too, in the credit on bonds for pensions for 1830, and $101,700 duties was proposed, so as to per- for the arrearages of 1829. mit the purchasers to bond the The bill making appropriations goods instead of the importer, and for the support of the Government to make the term of six, nine and for 1830 was taken up in the

House on the 9th of February. ment. He said it would be inefWhen the bill was before the fectual to accomplish the object it Committee of the Whole, Mr professed to have in view, inasMcDuffie moved to fill up the much as froin the very nature of blank of the section of the bill contingent expenses, it would be containing the appropriation for impossible to enumerate all the the contingent expenses of both articles which the circumstances Houses of Congress with the sum of Congress may render necessary of 135,000 dollars.

hereafter. He also said, that it Mr Wickliffe moved to amend implied a reproach on the charthe bill by adding thereto the fol- acter and integrity of the two lowing paragraphs :

Houses of Congress, since it deTo defray the expenses of prived them of the discretionary printing for the two Houses of power vested in the other departCongress, performed by the public ments of the Government to manPrinter of each House, agreeably age their own funds as their exito his contracts.

gencies may require. Stationary, book binding, fuel, Mr Polk supported the amendnewspapers, post office, carpen- ment. ters' work, furniture, repairs to Mr McDuffie said he would the Senate Chamber and Hall of have no objection to the amendCongress and Rooms.

ment of Mr Wickliffe 'if he was Messengers and horses, blank certain it embraced all the artibooks and ruling paper and books. cles of the contingent expenses of

Expenses of the Police of the both Houses of Congress. He Capitol.

suggested to Mr Wickliffe to Expenses of witnesses, includ- amend his proposition by reserving officers' fees, for summoning, ing the sum of five thousand dol

lars to meet expenses which may Expenses of engraving maps possibly be omitted in the enuand surveys, ordered by either meration he has made. He inHouse.

quired from what source the speMourning and funeral expenses. cifications in his amendment were

Hack hire, when employed in procured. the public service.

Mr Everett and Mr Ingersoll Extra clerk hire.

severally opposed the ainendment Mr Wickliffe said his object in and expressed their regret that proposing this amendment was, the appropriation bills should be to confine the contingent fund to thus encumbered. Mr Ingersoll the legitimate expenses of both said that it would be a better Houses of Congress, and for that mode to introduce a specific bill purpose he procured from the embracing the objects of Mr Clerk of the House an enumera- Wickliffe's amendment, especially tion of the different items of ex- as it would be impossible to anticipenditure for the last session of pate the contingent expenditures Congress, which are all embraced of both Houses of Congress. He in the amendment.

asked in what department of Mr Coulter opposed the amend- Government this discretionary

&c.

yeas 55.

nays 53.

power which the amendment pro- ings of either House of Conposed to take away, could be de- gress, and executed by the pubposited, if not with the represen- lic printer, unless the same be tatives of the people?

authorized by a joint resolution, or Mr Barringer opposed the a law providing for the same.' amendment, and condemned the The amendment was agreed practice of thus attempting to to remedy special evils by general After a few observations from legislation.

Mr Taylor the amendment as Mr Ellsworth and Mr Hunting- amended, was also agreed to ton were also opposed to the yeas 65, nays 61. amendment.

Mr Semmes moved to amend Mr Daniel supported it at con- the bill by adding the following siderable length.

proviso: Mr Wilde opposed the amend Provided, That nothing herement, and said that the object of in contained shall be construed to it would be much better accom prevent any expenditure already plished by the introduction of a authorized by either House of distinct bill to liinit the expendi- Congress.' tures as proposed.

The question on this amendMr Polk suggested to Mr

to Mr ment was negatived - yeas 49, Wickliffe a modification of his amendment so as to meet the Mr Everett proposed to amend views of Mr Barringer who

Barringer who that part of the bill relative to the expressed his disapprobation of library, by adding to it the followgeneral acts of legislation for par- ing words: ticular cases. He said he would For the library of Congress, make such a motion if Mr Wick- 5,000 dollars.' liffe would not accept it as a This amendment was agreed modification of his amendment. to yeas 56,

nays

49. Mr Wickliffe replied that it After further amendwas not in his power to comply ments in Committee on the 10th with the request of Mr Polk, as. of February, the bill was reported the amendment he offered was to the House on the 11th, when not at his own instance, but pro- the question being on agreeing to ceeded from the Comınittee on the amendments of Messrs WickRetrenchment.

liffe and Polk, in relation to the Mr Polk then moved to amend printing, a division was demanded the amendment by adding to it and the vote was 91 yeas, 68 the following words:

nays. * To the payment of the ordi The question recurring on the nary expenses of the contingent bill, Mr Wickliffe asked why th fund of the Senate and House of appropriation for the diplomatic Representatives : Provided, That service was greater than that for no part of this appropriation shall the last year? be applied to pay for any printing Mr McDuffie replied that, unnot connected with the proceed- til the last year there had been

some

this year.

an accumulation of unexpended recalls; and under these circumbalances, which being expended, stances it was hardly wonderful a larger sum was required for that some additional appropriation

was necessary. The administraSome further conversation oc non now asked two hundred and curred, in which Mr Ingersolltook ten thousand dollars. The amount a part, when Mr Verplanck rose (he presumed) which would be and disclaiming any intention to called for during the two first inake party allusions, stated thai years of this administration for Mr Adams provided liberally for foreign intercourse would be three the foreign intercourse during the hundred and fortyseven thousand first year of his own term, hav- dollars. Making a difference of ing when Secretary of State, nearly one bundred thousand doldrawn the bills, or suggested the lars in favor of the present adappropriations; there being, when ministration. The administration he came in, a large unappropriated meant to go back to the good old balance. Notwithstanding this, act of 1810 - an act drawn with and the fact that his own political more than usual precision friends filled the diplomatic de- which left nothing to come from partment, he asked for two bun- the contingent fund. There dred and thirteen thousand dollars would be no more constructive for this fund during his first year. embassies no more forty thouThe year after, corresponding to sand dollars appropriated for the present year of the present hunting up Congresses which administration, he asked for one were not to be found; unless, hundred and eightynine thousand indeed, they were in the moon, five hundred dollars; then came a or in that other place described call for forty thousand dollars for by the poet as the receptacle of the Panama Mission. Making a things lost upon earth.' total of four hundred and forty Under these circumstances, he two thousand five hundred dol- presumed the Government would lars, deemed proper and conve get along the two years for one nient to be used, and passed by hundred thousand dollars less than the House, during the two first the last administration. years of that administration. At Mr Ingersoll replied that, since the close of that administration Mr Verplanck got up to put me there was on hand a surplus fund to right, lie has put himself doubly a considerable amount. The Sec- wrong. I understood him to say retary of State, with a laudable that, during the two first years of desire to do up his business, asked Mr Adams' term two hundred for no addition to the surplus and thirteen thousand dollars were fund. Under these circumstan- appropriated for the foreign interces only one hundred and thirty- course. If he will take the seven thousand dollars was given trouble to look into the statute for contingencies.

books he will see that the sum Certain reasons induced the was but one hundred and fortypresent Executive to make some seven thousand five hundred dol

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