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does not need a traveling Presiding Elder, could at last with a proportionate ruin. He judged he not be stationed? The District chairman- from a view of its original ministerial powers, ship of the Wesleyan Methodists is an example of and the supposition that men having power what I mean. All along our northern line, in would not consent to new limitations on it. the British Provinces, it works well; the itiner- But he judged amiss. We have been incesaucy suffers no harm from it. Could it not work santly conceding, and we shall always do so as well a few miles further southward ? It when expediency demands it. Let us only would supply at least two hundred more men keep two things—the favor of God, aud the to our pulpits. Let me add, that the experi- favor of our devoted people—and the mighty ment has actually been introduced by one of mission begun by our fathers can never be your Episcopal colaborers. He thus arranged defeated. the Liberia Conference appointments, and, I While I have taken only loyal, and what may doubt not, exercised his usual good sense in be called, I trust, Methodistic views of these doing so. After all, may we not find that questions, I know I may be liable to misapour alarms about this "vexed question” are prehension and even hostility from some of my mostly imaginary, and that a little more cour- brethren. Let me say, however, in conclusion, age in its practical solution will overcome its that I proposed no controversy, and shall hare seeming difficulties?

I have stated my honest convictions, and I have thus, with what clearness and force I here drop these questions to proceed to others. can command, reviewed these important ques. I am conscious that they will commend themtions. I have studiously avoided hypothetical selves to many, though not to all frank and opinions. I have recommended nothing but thoughtful men. I acknowledge the right of what has already been indorsed, though not any one to discuss them; but I must be excused sufficiently experimented. I believe that Meth- from replying. Besides my indisposition to do odism is on the safe route in those continual so, I shall, by the time this article can appear, changes (much more extensive than usually be temporarily absent from the country-a fact supposed) which it has adopted. This, under that must be my excuse for any apparent disthe blessing of God, is the only safe policy regard of opposing opinions, and at the same for it. A former distinguished senator, the time my claim upon the courtesy of any opelder Bayard, who was familiar with the ponent, so far as personal reflections are conChurch, from intermarriage with a Methodist cerned. family, predicted that Methodism would spread In my next I shall treat of a topic of more over the continent and become the religion general interest, if not of more importance. of the masses, but only to break to pieces

I am, &c., A. STEVENS.


Editorial Notes and Gleanings.

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In our last Letter to Bishop Simpson we dealt | thing more than the topographical figuration of largely in statistics. It must be understood the capital. But the Academy of Sciences at that all our figures and the deductions from Paris has pronounced this opinion to be a deluthem were given on the authority of the report sion, as we learn from an article in the London of Dr. Bangs, referred to in the letter.

Athenæum. In the first place, it appears that

it is not only at London, but at Paris, Vienna, We give in our present number the remainder Berlin, Turin, St. Petersburgh, and almost of Goldsmith's Deserted Village," with the every other capital in Europe—at Liege, Caen, illustrations of the “ London Etching Club." | Montpelier, Toulouse, and several other large The original plates, by this club, were, as we towns—wherever, in fact, there are not great stated last month, destroyed after a limited local obstacles—the tendency of the wealthier edition ; these cats are exquisite copies of them. inhabitants to group themselves to the west is The poem itself will never grow old; we should almost as strongly marked as in the “great be glad to re-insert it every year, if we could metropolis.” In the second place, at Pompeii as often present it with as new and as good il- and other ancient towns the same thing may be lustrations.

noticed; and in the third place, where the local

figuration of the town necessitates an increase BIBLICAL PAPERS.—We complete in this num- in & different direction, the moment the obber the article on the Dead Sea and its Ex- stacle ceases, houses spread toward the west. plorers. In our next will be commenced a This last fact may, it is stated, be particularly learned and interesting paper on Nineveh and observed at Rome, and, to a certain extent, at its Story, as shown by Layard, Rowlinson, and Edinburgh. When, then, all cities and towns other discoverers. It is designed that these have their best districts in the west, it is pretty papers shall comprise the best results of the clear that the cause of it must be some general latest discoveries, in illustration of Biblical law entirely distinct from local situation. criticism,

What is that law? “It arises from the atmos

pheric pressure," answers the Academy of West Ends.—Most persons think that the Sciences. “When," it continues, "the baroreason why the west-end of London or New- metric column rises, smoke and pernicious York is more fashionable than the east, is no- emanations rapidly evaporate in space. In the

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contrary case we see that smoke and pernicious have also introduced reading and writing with the vapors remain in apartments and on the surface Arabic language, besides many other things which

have raised the Africans from mere brute existence of the soil. Now, every one knows that of all

to social and political confederacies. But they have winds, that which causes the greatest ascension failed in teaching the knowledge of the true God, as of the barometric column is that of the east, revealed in the Christian Scriptures.'” and that which lowers it most is the west.

The committee add :When the latter blows, it has the inconvenience of carrying with it to the eastern parts of a

Ignatius Pallme, a Bohemian, who traveled in town all the deleterious gases which it meets Kordofan in the years 1887 and 1838, strongly urges in its passage orer the western parts. It results European societies to direct their attention to Central

Africa. from that that the inhabitants of the eastern

'If they delay much longer,' he says, 'it

will be too late; for when the negroes have once adoptpart of a town have to support not only their

ed the Koran, no power on earth can induce them to own smoke and miasma, but those of the west- change their opinions. I have heard,' Pailme con

tinues, that there are but few provinces in the interior ern part of the town, brought to them by the

of Africa where Mohammedanism has not already west winds. When, on the contrary, the east

begun to gain a footing.' wind blows, it purifies the air by causing to ascend the pernicious emanations which it cannot WOMAN AND HER Position. The authoress, drive to the west. Consequently, the inhabit- Mrs. Jameson, has recently published in Enants of the west receive pure air from what gland a brochure, entitled Sisters of Charity, ever part of the horizon it may arrive; and it Catholic and Protestant, Abroad and at Home. may be added that, as the west winds are those It is a lecture which she has delivered in several which most frequently prevail, they are the private circles, on the question “Whether there first to receive the air pure and as it arrives

be any hope or possibility of organizing into from the country.” After thus explaining why some wise and recognized system, the talent the western parts are the best, the Academy and energy, the piety and tenderness of our makes these recommendations: 1. That persons women, for the good of the whole community." who have the liberty of choice, and especially She takes the largest views of the subject those of delicate health, should reside in the without, however, the extravagances which western parts of towns; 2. That all establish- have been broached upon it in this country, ments from which emanate pernicious vapors Her arguments are drawn chietly from statistics and gases should be placed to the east; 3. and matters of fact.

She says: That in building a house in a town, and even in the country, the kitchens and other depen

"In the last census of 1851 there appears an excess dencies from which pernicious emanations may

of the female over the male population of Great Britain

of more than half a million, the proportion being one arise should be placed to the east. The men- hundred and four women to every one hundred men. bers of the Academy who have announced the How shall we employ this superfluity of the feminine preceding discovery, and made the preceding element in society, how turn it to good and useful recommendations are Messrs. Pelouze, Pouillet,

purposes, instead of allowing it to run to waste !

Take of these five hundred thousand superfluous wcBoussingault, and Elie de Beaumont-all of men only the one-hundredth part, say five thousand them of European reputation as savants.

women who are willing to work for good, to join the communion of labor, under a directing power, if only

they knew how-if only they could learn how - best An important project is on foot in England, to do their work, and if employment were open to for “ Exploring and Evangelizing Central Africa them-what a phalanx it would be if properly organ: by means of Native Agents,” and it is rapidly and intelligent men corroborative of my own observagaining a solid basis of strength, says one of tions and conclusions. In spite of the adverse feeling our transatlantic journals. The object seems of that other public, to which we the sensible reflectto be, to dispute the possession of Interior ing public are not in the least degree related,'-inspite Africa with the followers of Mohamned. “No

of routine and prejudice- the feeling of those who in

the long run will lead opinion, is for us. They say: obstacle,” says the prospectus, “exists among In all our national institutions we want the help of ·any of the Arab tribes, or the Twareg, the women. In our hospitals, prisons, lunatic asylums, lords of the Sahara,' to induce them to oppose

workhouses, reformatory schools, elementary schools,

--everywhere we want efficient women, and none aro or impede the circulation of the Bible, since

to be found prepared or educated for our purpose.' every Moslem has the highest respect and vene- The men whom I have heard speak this, seem to reration for Torat, Elanbeyae walangeel Saidna gard this infusion of a superior class of working vo

men into our public institutions as a new want, a new Asia, 'the law, the prophets, and the testament

expedient. They do not seem to feel or recognize of our Lord Jesus.' We can also mention the the profound truth, that the want now so generally name of a Mohammedan prince and that of a felt and acknowledged arises out of a great unacknowcadi, residing in an oasis of the desert, who

ledged law of the Creator--a law old as creation itself

- which makes the moral health of the community have actually already done much toward so

to depend on the cooperation of women in all work desirable an object. Mr. Richardson, previous that concerns the well-being of man. For as I have to his departure for Central Africa, in 1849,

said before, it is not in one or two relations, but in all

the possible relations of life, in which men and women drew up a paper in which he

are concerned, that they must work together for mutual

improvement, and the general good." *• While endeavoring to excite the Christian Churches to dispute Central Africa with the Mohammedans, I

We give one passage more, which is as apwould not assert that Africa has not benefitted by the introduction of Mohammedanism. I would not be propriate to our

own country as to Great guilty of such injustice, even to the followers of the Britain :false prophet of Mecca. The Mohammedans have introduced deism in contradistinction to fetishism, and “We require in our country the recognition - the the worship of many gods. They have abolished hu- public recognition-by law as well as by opinion, of man sacrifices. They have limited and regulated the wornan's privilege to share in the communion of polygamy, and so protected the rights of widows and labor at her own free choice, and the foundation of inchildren. They have introduced principles of abstinence stitutions which shall train her to do her work well. and moderation in living by the Ramadhan. They I am anxious that you should not misunderstand me


at the outset with regard to this woman question,' Once in a while we hear something like as it has been called. I have no intention to discuss primitive Christian sentiments from Catholic that on this question our relations across the Atlantic prelates; lately the Archbishop of Lyons, have gone a mile beyond the winning-post, and brought Cardinal de Bonold, has rebuked the common discredit and ridicule on that just cause which, here in vices of the French in an uncompromising England, prejudice, custom, ignorance have in a man

manner. In his Pastoral Letter for Lent he ner crushed and smothered up. It is in this country, beyond all Christian countries, that what has been

declared the cholera was sent as & punishcalled, quaintly but expressively, the feminine element ment for the eagerness with which the ladies of society,' considered as a power applicable in many of Paris run after pleasure, “joining in a cerways to the amelioration of many social evils, las been not only neglected, but absolutely ignored by

tain lascivious dance called polka, suffering those who govern us. The woman cries out for the every man but their own husbands to clasp them occasion and the means to do well her appointed and in the waltz, which latter dance may be conpermitted work, to perform worthily her share in the natural communion of labor. Because it is denied to

sidered the last sigh of expiring virtue.” His her she perisbes, and no man layeth it to heart.'”

Eminence then goes on to say that "the only

way to induce the Almighty to sheathe the SLAVERY-A NEW IDEA.—It would not be sword of vengeance, which he has drawn from contrary to the history of Divine Providence if the scabbard to punish our sins, would be to the great problem of American slavery should, abstain from all balls, reunions, theaters, and after all, receive a solution which has never promenades. Then his wrath may be appeased. been anticipated by agitators on either side of Let us, therefore, seek no other remedy than the question. Our new access to China by way this against the epidemic diseases which at this of California, and the new changes taking place moment are destroying, without mercy, men, in that ancient empire, may yet afford us a plants and animals." peaceable relief to the perplexities of the con- The Pastoral Letter of the cardinal would troversy. A writer in the National Intelligencer not have had much effect had not Count Monthas advocated the introduction of Chinese labor- alembert and Father Ravignan taken up the ers at the South, to supply the place of the subject against the Archbishop of Paris, who negro, whose labor, it is said, is unproductive loudly condemned the sentiments of his colto the planter. The subject has for some time league, asserting that display at balls, theaters, engaged the attention of individuals in the and promenades kept up the industry of France, Southern States, and also in Cuba and England. and gave labor to the poorer classes. A project was started, says the Boston Journal, some time since, for the introduction of six Wigs—THE PURITANS.—An American corthousand coolies into Cuba, and English capi- respondent of the London Notes and Queries, talists were to furnish them; but the demand represents that our Puritan fathers entertained for transports by the British government ren- a very devout abhorrence of periwigs. The dered it difficult to obtain suitable ships for the fashidn of wearing wigs, from its first introducenterprise. Lately, however, the project has tion, was strenuously opposed, especially in been revived, and a vessel fitted at New-York Massachusetts; and there were not wanting for China to return to Panama with a load of those who looked upon it as "a sin of the first Chinese laborers, from whence they will be magnitude.” The following notes from the transported to the Atlantic side by the Panama diary of Judge Sewall (Chief Justice of Massarailroad and thence to Cuba.

chusetts) prove with how jealous eyes the proThe writer in the Intelligencer is an advocate gress of innovation was watched :for slave labor, and recognizes servitude as a blessing conferred by Heaven upon the inferior

“ 1685, Septornber 15. Three admitted to the Church;

two wore periwigs." races of men. But in regard to the present " 1696. (Rev.] Mr. Sims told me of the assaults he condition of slavery at the South he makes had made on periwigs; seemed to be in good sober admissions in accordance with the views of other sadness." Southern gentlemen, which from time to time

“1697. Mr. Noyes of Salem wrote a treatise on peri.

wigs, &c." have been expressed, and which conclusively * 1704, January. Walley appears in his wig, having show, that slavery begins to yield to the pres

cut off his own hair." sure of public sentiment. He says:

“ 1708, August 20. Mr. Cheever died. The welfare of the province was much upon his heart. He aboini

nated periwigs." "But African slavery has become more and more unproductive, and has graulually been running out in every section of Northern and Southern America.

The Society of Friends, at their monthly An agitation, most unjustifiable, it is true, yet not the meeting in Hampton, Mass., December 21, 1721, less effective for evil, has been prevailing for years at voted that "ye wearing of extravagant superhome and abroad, which is making the system of African slave labor more and more unpleasant and un

flues wigges is altogether contrary to truth." productive in our Southern States.

" It may be that, in the orderings of that Providence WHAT IS POETRY?- Professor Scherb remarkwhich is so much more benign and gentle and benefi- ed in a late lecture in the New-York University cent than man to his fellows, a gradual introduction of Asiatie laborers is to take the place of the Africans Chapel, that, many years ago, when a boy, he in our sunny South. Their habits, and the climato asked the German poet, Goethe, What is poetry, and productions of their country, specially fit the Chi- and how can one become a poet? And he laid nese to be hardy and efficient tillers of the soil for Southern planters, and active and intelligent porters

his hand upon the boy's heart and told him for New-Orleans and Charleston merchants."

that poetry was not the exclusive possession of

a few strong individuals; it was not a handiIn conclusion, the writer asks, whether any craft's knack; it belonged to all men and woother New-York shipping merchant has thought men who earnestly and with all their heart of bringing a cargo of coolies to other markets and soul yearned for it. It was the pure ether; than Cuba?

the kernel of life; yea, life itself. And what was the kernel of life? He repeated from Plato The first of these extracts will answer those the story of Glaucus, the young and beautiful “heretics” who ask how the virgin could die fisherman whom the sea nymphs carried down without sin—the cause of death. The second to their crystal home to live with them, and upsets the pretension of intelligent Catholics, how after he had lived there for many years, his heretofore so commonly asserted, viz.: that body became incrusted with shells and pebbles, they only venerate not worship the saints and go that he was not the same Glaucus that he was images. Mary is here certainly made a deity. before ; and Plato went on to say that it was just so with the soul of man, when it fell from A Dr. Davy has recently published a work in its home in heaven down upon this exiled earth. England, in which he advocates “ fish diet” as So it was. And faith alone assured us that the

very pabulum of human vigor. "There is," beneath all these shells and pebbles, these he says, “much nourishment in fish, little less marks and conventional disguises, there was yet than in butcher's meat, weight for weight; a kernel of life. To that, poetry spoke ; from and' in effect it may be more nourishing, conthat, poetry spoke. In every human soul there sidering how, from its softer fiber, fish is more was a yearning for something higher than the easily digested. Moreover, there is, I find in enjoyments of mankind; a yearning for endless fish, in sea-fish, a substance which does not exbliss, for infinite happiness. Poetry was the

ist in the flesh of land animals, namely, iodine: manifestation of the higher life in the human a substance which may have a beneficial effect spirit, revealing itself through the medium of on the health, and tend to prevent the producthe imagination. They were all one and the

tion of scrofulous and tubercular disease, the same; the good, the true, and the beautiful. latter in the form of pulmonary consumption,

one of the most cruel and fatal with which MARIOLATRY. - The new step forward in civilized society, and the highly-educated and heathenism, taken by Rome in the doctrine of refined, are afilicted. Comparative trials prove the immaculate conception, is having its

that in the majority of fish the proportion' of heathenish results. The following (the italics solid matter, that is, the matter which remains its own) is an extract from an editorial in the after perfect desiccation, or the expulsion of Pittsburgh Catholic:

the aqueous part, is little inferior to that of the

several kinds of meat, game or poultry. And if "The beloved Son, the Man-God, had to pass himself through the valley of the shadow of death;' so

we give our attention to classes of peoplehad his dearest, his chosen saints; and her example of

classed as to quality of food they principally dying was also needed for us. But her death, if death subsist on-we find that the ichthyophagous it can be called, (for it was only a passing away, (i class are especially strong, healthy, and prolanguishing into life) was the easiest, quietest, smoothest passage of any saint whatever; and it is

lific. In no class than that of fishers do we called by the Latin fathers dormitio, or the sleep of see larger families, handsomer women, or more the virgin, and by the Greeks koimesis, repose or robust and active men, or a greater exemption passage. Death,' says Liguori, being the punishment from the maladies just alluded to.” Owing to of sin, it would seem that the divine mother, all holy and exempt from every strain, should not be subject to

the absence of iodine in fresh-water fish and its death, nor suffer the same inisfortune as the children

presence in sea-fish, there can be no doubt but of Adam, who are infected by the poison of sin. But

that the latter are more nutritious. It is the God, wishing Mary in all ihings to be like to Jesus, required that as the Son had died, the mother should iodine in cod-liver oil which reuders the oil also die; and because he wished to give to the just an so efficacious in arresting the progress of conexample of the blessed death prepared for them, he de

sumption. creed that the virgin should die, but by a sweet and happy death."

The survivor of the Brothers Cheeryble of The Catholic Herald gives its readers the fol- Dickens, Daniel Grant, Esq., of Manchester, lowing translation of a Prayer, which has been

died lately. extensively circulated in France, for the conversion of “heretics." It informs us that A LITERARY SCREW.-An English paper says “the Bishop of Mende especially recommends that Sharon Turner, author of the History of it, and attaches to the devout recital of it by the Anglo-Saxons, who received three hundred the faithful of his diocese an indulgence of pounds a year from government, as a literary forty days.”

pension, wrote the third volume of his Sacred “I know, 0 Immaculate Virgin, that thou lovest thy History of the World upon paper which did not children, and that thou art pleased to yield to their cost him a farthing. The copy consisted of desires. Full of a sweet and tender confidence, I dare

torn and angular fragments of letters and notes, to beg a favor of thee, O benign mother. Thou wishest to be importuned; thou lovest to see thy children

of covers of periodicals, gray, drab, or green, press around thee. Then, O holy virgin, by that triumph written in thick round hand, over a small which onr devotion has applauded with servent joy; print; of shreds of curling paper, unetuous by that last title, the inost glorious that remained for ns to claim for thee; by that redoubling of love for our

with pomatum of bear's grease, and of white mother, of veneration for our queen, grant to those wrappers, in which his proofs were sent from who have the misfortune not to love thee, to all those the printers. The paper, sometimes as thin as who do not pray to thee, O Mary, the grace to know thee, and to embrace the doctrine of thy divine Son.

a bank note, was written on both sides, and Yes, I conjure thee, O best of mothers, to make them

was so sodden with ink, plastered on with a pen know that thou art the dispensatrix of the treasures worn to a stump, that hours were frequently of Jesus. Soften his wrath by thy prayers. Thou

wasted in discovering on which side of it cercanst do everything: the compassionate heart of Jesus can refuse thee nothing. Ah, merciful mother, im

tain sentences were written. Men condemned maculate virgin! deign to look upon our wandering to work on it saw their dinner vanished in brethren; touch their hearts in order that they may illimitable perspective, and first-rate hands participate in the immense joy which we experience, and that for them, as for us, it may be a foretaste of tho

groaned over it a whole day for tenpence. One ineffable delights of a blessed eternity. Amen.' poor fellow assured the writer of that paper

that he could not earn enough upon it to pay were as 1 to 445 of the whole native populahis rent, and that he had seven mouths to fill tion, and the foreign insane were as 1 to 368 besides his own. In the hope of mending mat of the whole number of aliens. The State ters in some degree, slips of stout white paper treasury supports eighty-seven per cent. of all were sent frequently with the proofs ; but the the foreign lunatics in Massachusetts, and fiftygood gentleman could not afford to use them, seven per cent. of the native lunatics. Without and they never came back as copy. What an doubt, much insanity is occasioned by inteminveterate miser this old scribbler must have perance. The printed reports of the hospital in been, notwithstanding his pension and his copy- Worcester show that seventy-two per cent. of rights!

the cases are produced by religious excitement;

seventy of those caused by ill health, fifteen of The very rare and interesting spectacle of those occasioned by epilepsy, and only eleven solemnly “crowning" a poet has been witnessed per cent. of those occasioned by the lowest senin Madrid the present year. The Spanish poet, suality are cured. The State pays annually Quintana, was taken in procession to the palace more than $146,000 for the support of insane of the senate, where he found the queen, the paupers king, the members of the royal family, the ministers, the members of the Royal Academy of A depository for Bibles and other religious History, and a vast number of personages of dis- books, in various languages, has been opened tinction, assembled to receive him. After the in the Frank quarter of Constantinople, as a delivery of a speech setting forth the history branch of the similar establishment existing in of his life and works, and the singing of a Stamboul. A committee has been appointed to hymn in his honor, a crown of gold, represent- make the necessary arrangements, and a room ing leaves of laurel, was handed to the Queen has been engaged in the main street of Pera, by the Duke de la Victoria, President of the near the British Consulate. In connection Council of Ministers; and Her Majesty, amid with the hook-store, it is proposed to provide shouts of applause, placed it on the poet's head, accommodation for reading a few of the prinsaying, as she did so, that she felt pride and cipal English and American newspapers, one or pleasure, in her capacity of the Queen and Span- two of the French and Italian journals, and iard, in honoring a man who had distinguished some of the religious and secular periodicals himself by his genius and patriotism. An ode, published in Great Britain, America, and on written by a lady, and exalting the poet to the the Continent. Although pecuniary help is exskies, was then recited. He was afterward en pected from one or more of the religious societertained at a banquet, and was then conduct ties at home, whose publications will be offered ed home in a grand procession—the crown of for sale in this new depository, yet the foundgold being borne in a triumphal car before him. ing and support of the whole institution must

chiefly depend upon local resources. INSANITY AND Idiocy.—The Legislature of Massachusetts appointed a commission to report The latest, and apparently the fairest, estion the condition of the insane and idiotic in mate of the population of the world, makes it the State. They have produced a very interest- eleven hundred and fifty millions; viz.: Pagans, ing document, the outlines of which are given 676,000,000; Christians, 320,000,000; Mohamin the Boston Journal :-" There were in the medans, 140,000,000, and Jews, 14,000,000. Of State of Massachusetts, in the autumn of 1854, Christians, the Church of Rome numbers 2,632 lunatics, and 1,087 idiots-making a 170,000,000, the Greek and Eastern Churches, total of 3,719 of those persons who need the 60,000,000, and Protestants, 90,000,000. care and protection of their friends for their support, restoration, and custody. Of the lu FOOD FOR REFLECTION.--The total number of natics, 1,522 were paupers, and 1,110 were commitments to the City Prison of New-York supported by their own property or by their during the last year was 30,691 ; of whom friends. Of the idiots, 670 were supported by 6,966 were natives, and 23,725 foreigners. The their friends, and 417 by the public treasury. whole number of criminals convicted in the The lunatics comprised 2,007 natives, and 625 United States was 26,547: native, 12,856; foreigners; and there were among the idiots, foreign, (about one-fifth of the population,) 1,043 natives, and but 44 foreigners. Of the 13,691, independent lunatics, 387 are in hospitals, 7 in prisons, and 716 at home. Of the pauper Mr. M'Gee, editor of the American Celt, (Rolunatics, 954 are in hospitals or places of cus manist,) was this spring on a visit to Ireland, tody, and 568 at home. The commissioners and delivered in Cork a lecture on "Society in state that idiocy and lunacy predominate among America,” in which he advised such of his the poorer classes of society, where there is countrymen as could live at home, to stay at less vital force, a lower tone of life, more illo | home. In the course of his remarks he stated health, and more weakness, than in the higher that in the United States “the Church (Roman) classes. In Massachusetts, the pauper class loses sixty per cent. of the children of Roman furnishes, in ratio of its numbers, sixty-four Catholic parents.” times as many cases of insanity as the independent class. About eighty-six per cent. of The Boston Transcript gives the following as the pauper lunatics are incurable, and of the the newspaper issues of the three great Atlantic independent class seventy per cent. are returned cities : — Boston, 113 papers, circulation 54,as beyond hope of restoration. Among the 000,000; New-York, 104 papers, circulation lunatics there is a larger proportion of foreign- 78,000,000; Philadelphia, 51 papers, circulaers than of natives. In 1854 the native insane tion 48,000,000. It is observable, if these

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