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hose,) Chinese joss-houses, and Hin- | than her decks are covered with sooty doo temples. A Hindoo festival is in officials, boarding-house keepers, newsprogress, and vast is the display of lights paper reporters, ship-chandlers' clerks, blazing in and around their temple and its "dobeys" and "compradores," parading turrets by night, grand are the processions their cards and references, seeking and by day, and, saving the unrhythmical ac- imparting news, and soliciting custom. companiment of a terrible druin, sweet and The “dubash” or “ compradore," a pleasant are the combination and effects handsome Hindoo with rings in his ears of the musical instruments employed on and nose, and robed and turbaned in spotthe occasion. The principal Chinese less white, is engaged to provision the temple is an expensive model of their pe- ship during her stay, and every day culiar architecture. Dragons spring from brings off refreshing loads of fresh beef, the roofs, forming, with the arching of fresh fowls, fresh eggs, fresh milk, fresh their scaly backs and sting-armed tails, vegetables, fresh fruits, pine-apples, bathe festoon style of roof which we have nanas, cocoa-nuts, and Boston ice. We all seen in the blue landscapes with which shall fare like princes after the stale bill the table services of our grandmothers of fare of a ship three months out of port. were ornamented. Its interior is barbari- The meek-looking dobey-washerman takes cally gorgeous-gods, resembling the old- away cargoes of foul linen. A ship is a fashioned red-faced, beer-mug represent- filthy place, and no washing, gentle houseations of John Bull, with his cup of flip, wise, can be done at sea. Damp and millook mildly or glare hideously out of dew make terrible havoc with your “ nice recessed shrines. Swallows twitter in things on a protracted voyage. Here the lofty roofs, and fly unmolested about are peddlers of clothes, shoes, fancy boots, their nests in the eaves, reminding you canes, shells and coral, five dollars a boatthat the temple at Jerusalem was built in load, a rich acquisition to any college the same open-work style, and the habita- cabinet ; bum-boats,” with full assorttion of like feathery occupants. On the ments of eatables, and drinkables, and hill in the distance, beyond these temples, wearables for the common sailors; and stand the hospitals, and around the point venders not a few of native birds and at which the view terminates, with a few animals, particularly of those familiar straggling habitations, lies New Harbor caricatures of humanity, parrots and and the wharves and coal-yard of the monkeys. You are boarded by a band of Peninsular and Oriental Steam Company, the far-famed Indian jugglers, who, upon the transporters of passengers and mails the open deck of the ship, in broad dayfrom China to Suez, monthly, since the light, watched by a hundred eyes, play commencement of the siege of Sebastopol. all manner of deceptions with cups and The harbor is thronged with foreign ships, balls, change dust into chalk, sand into and those rudest of all specimens of charcoal, balls into eggs, and eggs into marine architecture this side of Noah's serpents, besides swallowing cold steel at ark-Chinese junks. Sanpans” ply in such a fearful rate as to revive the old all directions, rowed by swarthy men suspicion of collusion with the devil. naked from the loins upward, and down- | This ready deception of the eye, the ward, with the occasional exception of a keenest and most trusted of all the senses. glossy coat of olive oil! The costume is in open daylight, within three feet of you, certainly adapted to the climate, and the and in a hundred ways, is enough, one force of custom is such that the well-would suppose, to make us forswear trust habited foreigner soon learns to regard it in the evidence of sense altogether. The as a matter of course, and to think it as “ serang,” or stevedore, with his gang of singular to see a Malay in Christian ap- / “ lascars,” comes each morning, with the parel as it originally was to see him with coming of the sun, to lade or unlade the

And so great is the power of vessel. They are dark-skinned, muscular, habit, that those Malays who dress in nearly naked Madras-men, who hoist the light clothes of English fashion always cargo from the lighter to the hold, or wear the waist-cloth—by way of superflu- from the hold to the lighter, with a wild ous ornament as it would seem-over the wailing solo and chorus similar to those garments of civilization. The anchor of of the negroes of the South. More carethe stranger ship is no sooner dropped | ful of their religion than of their morals are

out any

these semi-heathens; for when one of our principal landing, float, like half-grown men maliciously threw a bit of pork—as pumpkins, a lot of little heads, the proper. great an abhorrence to the Mussulman as ty of any quantity of sable arms and to the Jew-into their pot of rice and black legs, kicking and sprawling like so curry, the old cook, with averted eyes, many frogs beneath the surface. “ Pice, took the polluted vessel from the fire with sir! piçe!" is screamed in deafening din a couple of sticks, and threw the dinner from this mob of juvenile aquatics. of the whole gang, pot and all, over the Throw overboard a few half-pence, and ship's side into the sea; yet when Mr. witness the skill and avidity with which

Serang” was detected with charging these divers of six or eight summers—it the ship with the labour of twenty-nine is always summer here—will bring them hands, when, upon count before his eyes, to the surface! Throw coin from your it was found to consist of only twenty-ship's side and they rarely fail to overtake five, he coolly replied that they had it before it reaches the bottom. How “ laboured very hard, and in his judgment their little coal-black eyes twinkle as they had done the work of twenty-nine !" rise to the surface, give their hairless They get fifty cents a day and board skulls a shake, and exhibit the coin sethemselves, deem it a sacrilege to eat curely viced between two rows of beautiwith a Christian or touch his meat, yet fully white and glistening teeth, which the every day send a delicious dish of rice future use of the betel-nut and its vile acand curry to our cabin table. They are companiments will make blacker than the nightly rowed ashore by a handsome copper itself. young Chinaman, who frequently rests Syce"-cabmen-throng the covered his diligent sanpan under our lee, smokes landing-place, a roof supported by neat his pipe with a bamboo handle three feet columns, and highly essential in a climate long, cooks his rice in the stern of his which vibrates between burning suns and boat with a few pine sticks over an pouring showers. These clamorous Jeearthen furnace, plies his chopsticks as if | hus, the same, black or white, in Newfor a wager, and at the conclusion of his York or Singapore, struggle in noisy meal makes a finger-glass of the clear competition for your custom, restrained He is one of the multitude of somewhat by the presence

of Sepoy" “ ship and shore" adventurers who come (native soldier) strutting to and fro in annually in junks to Singapore in quest of British regimentals, the gaudy badges of the proceeds of labor or the gifts of for- his own and his country's subjection. tune. He will spend the summer here, Well-armed are these dark officials, and paddling about the harbor at two to ten not disposed to dodge around the nearest cents a passage, and return home passing corner when a row occurs. “Syce, sir ! rich, at the change of the monsoon, with syce !" is the substitute for “Cab, sir !" forty Spanish dollars concealed in the from these troublesome "whips," who are, waistbands of the great, broad, grass- withal, by no means unwelcome, particucloth trousers flowing from his loins to his larly if you have a lady on your arm, as knees. The “dingey,” or boat hired to heat, custom, and the tenacious dust of a wait on the ship during her stay in harbor, red soil, peculiarly attractive to white is manned by Malays, sinister-looking muslins, prevents her from indulging fellows, with good reflective faculties and extensively the exercise of the powers large fun, prone to sarcasm, suspicious, of locomotion. The carriages are small, deceitful, cruel, more readily managed by lumbering, glazed only in front, with Veirony than argument, as devoted to their netian blinds to slide down all around if religion as faithless to employers and necessary, and drawn by a single mule wives, sometimes full dressed in cotton pony, at whose head runs the half-naked shirt, turban, and trowsers, at others syce at the top of his speed. The novelty scantily clothed, and exposing a closely- of this six-legged mode of conveyance shaven skull fearlessly to the equatorial provokes mirth at first, but mirth is quicksun. Comfortably seated on matting, ly supplanted by admiration at the elegant and sheltered from sun and rain by a roof grace and litheness of limb, the elastic of bamboo, four or six of these sturdy oars- speed, and equestrian ease with which men will quickly set you ashore.

these long-limbed, slender-bodied, sableAt the foot of the stone stairs of the haired runners keep pace with their thick

blue sea.

66

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set, shaggy-maned, cantering, panting, decay. Here are English and Americans, willful, and often vicious fellow-ministers missionaries and merchants, naval officers to public convenience and pleasure. Fif- and common sailors, distinguished men teen cents an hour, or a dollar a day, are the with simple head-stones, and infants under terms prescribed by law upon which you preposterous colonnades of brick-work and may indulge in the luxury of a ride about marble. Below us lie the roofs of elegant town, or an evening drive among the dwellings, imbedded in evergreen foliage, carriages that deluge the esplanade. or glimmering among thick tropical shade

The streets of Malay Town are long, trees; beyond is the harbor, with its flowell-shaded avenues, thickly bordered tilla of junks, ships, steamers, and proas; with small inclosures, in which, a little the chime of vesper bells comes with the back from the road, cluster the rude but dying hum of the business of the day ; populous huts of the natives in the midst images of the distant living consort with of tall, ever-verdant shade trees, so numer- images of the distant dead, and throng ously interspersed as to convey the idea of the excited recollection ; familiar voices a city in the woods.

seem to mix with the murmurings of life ripRecessed in one of these shady inclos- pling up from below upon the silent wastes ures-you would not notice it unless it was of death, and tears mingle freely with the pointed out to you-stands the Malay Mis- dew-drops wept by evening upon the sion-chapel, in which Rev. Mr. Keasberry, graves of the lost and loved ! Over the formerly of the London Missionary Society, dense hedge-row is the Romish cemetery, preaches twice a week to a congregation carefully separated from the English, as of seventy-five Malays and half-castes, if corruption could be tainted by corruptwelve of whom are baptized members of tion, or heresy infect the dead, or the the Christian Church. A square or two devil, in quest of crosiers and miters, could from the chapel are extensive “dobey” mistake his own! Let us drive hence to grounds. Imagine the perspective of a the Chinese quarter. How its busy shops, winding brook, in which, for a quarter of built, like Pennsylvania villages, as near a mile, “ dobeys" stand in water up to the curb-stone as possible, are thronged their knees, alternately sousing linens and with artisans and tradesmen of every dewoolens in the running stream, and then scription! Why do not the cities of civswinging them over their heads as they ilization roof in their side-walks from sun beat them clean—of buttons at least—upon and rain by porticoes projecting from the the flat rocks that line the shore! Acres second story, supported upon rows of slenof vacant green-sward are whitened with der columns, and affording secure observathe robes of Parsees, the turbans of Mo- tories to women and children above, and hammedans, and the shirts and pants of safe quarters for displayed goods beneath. Christians, indiscriminately mingled and Awnings of canvas are miserable substimangled by these human washing—or tutes for the substantial coverings of the rather threshing-machines, yclept “do- eastern bazaars. Here are fifteen thou

If you reflect that quicklime is sand of the miserable victims of opium ; substituted for soap, in addition to “cold and here are the conscienceless Euroscalds” and rough usage, all through the peans—there is no American house in the East, you will not wonder if the ward- place—that enrich themselves with the robes of residents, in a climate where sale of the drug. The members of the white is so universally worn, (even to slip- Church of England are better churchpers and umbrellas,) stand in need of fre- goers than the Americans engaged in quent replenishment. To the elevated and business abroad. The East India Combeautiful grounds of the governor—the em- pany's chaplain reads prayers and sermons, bodiment of the majesty of the East India at a salary of $400 a month, to a congreCompany-we can have no access, since gation of three hundred merchants and the arrival, a day or two since, of his ex- officials, half-castes, women and children. cellency, with all the pomp of banners, Malays manage the organ and orchestra ; bands, salutes, and military display. We England and America prefer buying music may, however, linger at sunset in the em- to making it; while Mohammedans, stabowered burial-place of the Protestant tioned outside, work the “punkahs,” or dead, full of recent tombs blackened by huge fans, suspended from the ceiling the climate, and crumbling to premature l of the church, neutralize the effect of a

beys.”

drowsy sermon, do away with the flutter dividual benevolence. The temples of of a thousand fans, and give the men, as Romanism and heathenism are rising. well as women, a chance at fresh air. The only spire of Protestantism has fallen Such an arrangement, for summer use, down. Is this typical of the fate of Chriswould be of incalculable service to the tian effort for the salvation of this vast United States, as necessary in July as people? God forbid ! stoves in January. Here they are used the year round, and glass and chimneys

THE CALIFORNIA OYSTER. are alike superfluous. Singapore publishes two or three weekly newspapers, subscrip

Our in California's gulf,

In the deep Pacific sea, tion price eight dollars a year! and its

There's an Oyster ever working, annual almanac and directory—a shilling Dreary, damp, and silently! pamphlet in New-York-costs a dollar Sad and lonely is his dwelling and a half here. The thermometer ranges

On the banks beneath the tide

No one ever calls upon him between seventy-five and eighty-five; sea

In the realms of ocean wide, breezes and frequent showers modify the Save, perhaps, some widow'd Mermaid, heats of the climate, and render it health

As she braids her dripping locks, ful and pleasant. The roads, thanks to

Sits, a moment, down beside him,

On the sharp and sedgy rocks, the rascality of British subjects, are beau

Twining in her tangled hair tiful. They are the work of convicis.

Sprigs of coral, fresh and fairBritain always builds good roads. At Heedless of her late disaster, home, in Canada, in India, the valleys are

Longing for another master

And she wonders how a shell-fish filled and hills brought low in obedience

Can become so very selfish, to that principle of political economy that As to shut his lip and eye teaches the connection between facility When such charms as her's are nigh! of communication and national prosperity. Melancholy Fatalist ! I saw licensed carriages numbered as high

Hermit of the ocean-cave, as four hundred and seventy-nine; and one

Monk-marine, in cloisters gray,

Fathoms ten beneath the wave, boat whose number figured nearly four thou

Never moving, never stirring, sand. In mine ignorance, I once happened Lock'd within his coral walls ! to call Singapore a "city,” and was taken Sharks and whales and daddy dolphins, to task by a good-natured church-woman

Sporting in those cavern halls,

Far and wide forever roaning, for denominating that a city which had no

On each other madly prey : cathedral! Church and bishop are as es But the Oyster, anchor'd firmly, sential to the British corporation as mayor

Never sceks the upper day. and aldermen. The forms of social life

He is quiet, peaceful, lonely,

Never asks another's aid, conflict somewhat with the ideas of those

Opes his mouth when food floats by him, Americans who have adhered to the modes Shuts it when the debt is paid ! of their fathers, and eschewed the Euro Robbers they, but, miser he, pean customs of " tiffin” at eight o'clock, Takes the spoils that round him whirl, breakfast at twelve, dinner at five, and

And with patient, toilsome temper,

Coins the Oyster's wealth-& Pearl ! tea at any time between that and midnight,

Whales are spear'd to give us light, and saying “good-morning" till sun down.

Oily beams dispel the night; The hospitalities of Singapore are gener Dolphins die to glut the palate, ous, and life there as free from annoyances Sharks vindictively are slain, as elsewhere. Mosquitoes are no more

But the daring Diver plunges

Deeply in the boiling main, troublesome than in New-York, Balti

Dragging from their tranquil rest, more, or St. Louis; lizards sport by lamp Pearls to sleep on beauty': breast ! light on the whited walls of well-furnished

Thus, within their silent cells, parlors, and tea-tables furnish their des Lonely STUDENTS toil forerer, serts of dissected reputations. The min While the striving world around them iature crocodile is a harmless fly-catcher,

Stills its pulse of passion never ;

But, at length, the sturdy Diver and mangling the characters of the absent

In the philosophic deep, is not peculiar to this hemisphere. A Drags the hermit from his cavern score of missionaries have labored at Sin Never more to rest or sleep gapore. There is not one there now. Ef Drags him from his book and taper forts for the salvation of its teeming

To the blazing light of fame,

And the thought he coin'd in sorrow, multitudes of heathen are all those of in

Like a pearl, enshrines his name !

TH

Do you

[For the National Magazine.]

that it will ever reach the specific object

for which it is intended. But all that has THE BLESSEDNESS OF GIVING.

nothing to do with the question. You are THE Great Teacher said, “ It is more not responsible for the integrity or the

blessed to give than to receive." Is honesty of those through whom your gift it? Did Jesus speak the truth? Do not passes. be offended now, as if I were offering you Nor is it essential to the validity of the an insult by asking such a question. It sentiment that the man should be peris most manifest that the great mass of fectly satisfied that the object for which mankind do not admit the truth of the he is asked to give be a good one. It is sentiment. They do not believe a word right for him to use his own judgment in of it. Their main object is to get all the matter ; but I am speaking of the senthey can. They give as little as possible. timent itself, as it fell from the lips of Their happiness consists in accumulating. Christ. He does not say, It is more With them the saying is a paradoxical blessed to give to a good object than to absurdity.

receive. If he had said that, nobody But is it more blessed to give than to would have questioned the truth of the receive? Do the professing followers of saying ; for human selfishness would have the Nazarene-Christians—assent to the found flaws everywhere, and a really good truth of that saying of their Saviour ? object would have been, just as it is inVery few venture to brand it as palpably deed, an exceedingly rare thing. false ; and yet the number of those who Here now is an applicant for a portion, assent to its truth as a simple proposition, a small pittance, of that abundance whereapplicable to all classes and at all times, with God has intrusted you.

His family is not a great deal larger.

are in want. Jesus says, “It is more It is true with certain qualifications. blessed to give than to receive." As, for instance, if a man is rich it may believe him? Well, yes that is, provided be more blessed to give than to receive. he and his family are sober, and honest, No doubt of it. But did you ever know and industrious. Do you require all a rich man? I never did. I have been three? Very convenient that, and econearly half a century in this world, have nomical. It is about the same as saying : traveled somewhat extensively in both If no one needed charity I would give, hemispheres, yet have I never inet the for most certainly you may live many man who admitted himself to be rich. I years without meeting a sober, and honest, have seen some who call a large piece of and industrious beggar who will afford the earth's surface their own, men whose you an opportunity to receive the blessing signature will procure an almost fabulous which Christ assures to them whomgive. amount of gold, yet they assure me that When there is an opportunity of pracI labor under a great mistake if I sup- tically evincing belief in this saying of pose them rich. And thus the Saviour's the Lord Jesus, when there is a beggar at saying is made a complete nullity. The the door, how exceedingly fearful we are wealthiest man of your acquaintance com of being imposed upon. Is there any pares himself with one who is wealthier, guilt incurred by being deceived ? Shall or with some imaginary standard, and ad- we lose the promised blessing if it turns mits that it may be more blessed to give out that the pauper was not half so badly than to receive when he shall have attain- off as he pretended to be? The common ed the ignis fatuus that dances in his law regards every man as innocent until vision; but not yet.

he is proved guilty. The Christianity of I repeat the question. Is the saying our day seems inclined to reverse the of the Saviour true ? Is it more blessed process, and to conclude every applicant to give than to receive? Yes, provided for alms as undeserving until the contrary we are perfectly sure that what is given is made so clear that there is not a peg will be faithfully appropriated. Here to hang a doubt upon. again is an impossible condition annexed Certainly, if I know a cause to be in itto the Saviour's language. You do not self bad, or if I am quite sure that he who know that what you give to the mission- seeks my bounty is an impostor, I shall do ary cause, for instance, or to any other, wrong to give. But if I do not know; if, will be used wisely. Nor are you sure on the contrary, there is equal room for

Vol. VII.-36

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