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the ingenuity with which they have been Sheffield ; and more especially for the adapted to the purposes of the hymnolo- Wesleyans, to which body he always had gist:
a warm attachment, he was ever ready to "Spirit, leave thy house of clay;
meet applications for the service of his Lingering dust, resign thy breath : muse. Our article has already reached Spirit, cast thy chains away;
the limits assigned to it, and we may not Dust, be thou dissolved in death.' Thus thy guardian angel spake,
dwell upon them at further length. We As he watch'd thy dying bed ;
cannot conclude, however, without briefly As the bands of life he brake,
adverting to one or two of his hymns for And the ransom'd captive fled.
family or private devotion. They are “ * Prisoner, long detain'd below; superior, we think, to anything of the kind
Prisoner, now with freedom blest; in the English language. The first we Welcome from a world of woe,
notice has a place, with the omission of Welcome to a land of rest!' Thus thy guardian angel sang,
four stanzas, as No. 619 in the Methodist As he bore thy soul on high;
Collection. It is a social hymn for the While with hallelujahs rang
evening of the Lord's day, ending with the All the region of the sky.
expressive petition :“ Ye that mourn a father's loss, Ye that weep a friend no more,
“Yet one prayer more; and be it one
In which both heaven and earth accord: Call to mind the Christian cross
Fulfill thy promise to thy Son;
Let all that breathe call Jesus, Lord !" Grief, and penury, and pain,
Still attended on his way;
It was our privilege, some time ago, to
visit one of God's suffering ones, who had
been for a long time deprived, by sickness, “Yet while traveling in distress
Mont('T was the eldest curse of sin)
of the public means of grace. Through the world's waste wilderness gomery's poem, entitled A Sabbath in the He had paradise within.
Sick Chamber, was the solace of many a And along that vale of tears
solitary hour; and the consolation and Which his humble footsteps trod, Still a shining path appears
even joyousness imparted by its repeated Where the wanderer walk'd with God- | perusal would have amply repaid the “ Till his Master, from above,
author, could he have been present, for all When the promised hour was come,
his labor of love in the composition of Sent the chariot of his love
similar strains. The verses alluded to To convey the wanderer home.
are found in the Methodist Episcopal Saw ye not the wheels of fire,
Hymn Book, (No. 665,) and, as yet, in no And the steeds that cleft the wind ? Saw ye not his soul aspire
other collection with which we are acWhen his mantle dropp'd behind ? quainted. Not long after our last visit to “Ye who caught it as it fell,
that sick chamber, the poet and the Bind that mantle round your breast;
patient sufferer, to whom we refer, hailed So in you his meekness dwell,
each other in the better land with “ songs So in you his spirit rest!
of everlasting joy." Yet rejoicing in his lot
Still shall memory love to weep On the venerable spot
Young GenerALS.-Alexander the Great Where his dear cold relics sleep.
died at the age of thirty-two. Hannibal "Grave! the guardian of the dust, gained the battle of Cannæ at about the Grave! the treasury of the skies,
same age. Scipio fought at Zama when Every atom of thy trust Rests in hope again to rise.
not much over thirty. Julius Cæsar had Hark! the judgment trumpet calls conquered Gaul when he was forty-five.
"Soul, rebuild thy house of clay: Germanicus was poisoned in his thirtyIMMORTALITY thy walls,
At the battle of Plassey, And ETERNITY thy day!'”
Clive's age was not so advanced as that. In that most difficult poetic task, the Napoleon gained his mighty victory at preparation of hymns for children, Mont- Austerlitz when he had scarcely comgomery was frequently very successful. pleted his seventh lustrum ; and at the For the children of his own Church, the time Wellington finished his campaigns on Moravian; for the anniversaries of Sunday the plains of Waterloo he was only fortyschools of the different denominations in | six years of age.
STORY OF ANCIENT NINEVEH.
and though it seems to have been fertile,
must have been dependent for that cirMHE foundation of the city of Nineveh, cumstance upon the art and toil of hus
by one to whom Moses gives the name bandry. In addition to the rains which of Asshur, and who seems from the dis- watered the soil, it is probable that from interred sculptures to have been after an early period the fields were irrigated by ward worshiped as a god, is a fact clearly artificial canals. decided; but the period of that event The earliest king with whom Rawlinson cannot be ascertained, and conjecture is makes us acquainted through the inscripvain. However, long before the his- tions he has explained, reigned, according toric age which our enterprising travel to him, about 1250 B. C., and took his ers have disclosed to us, there the city name from Derceto, whom he identifies as stood upon the banks of the Tigris, by the Semiramis, a personage evidently transdelta which the Zab, flowing into the river, formed by the Ninevites into a goddess, forms at its junction. The country around, which so far accords with the tradition of though undulating, was anything but hilly, | Ctesias. Another king, named Divanu
bara, next gleams out of the past, reflected from many a slab and brick bearing his name, but nothing more -indicating, however, that he must have been a famous
Two other names occur afterward, not
satisfactorily deciDAP phered yet ; — but
before the end of the eleventh century, B. C., there are evidences of a monarch, whom Rawlinson considers to have been the first to carry the Assyrian arms into foreign countries.
“ His exploits are recorded on a slab which was found at Nimroud, a relic of some ancient palace; and they are of value
in defining the limits JAVENY.SC
of the Assyrian empire at
that early period. The king boasts that he had extended his sway from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean; but it is evident from his lists of conquests, that neither Syria to the west, nor Asia Minor to the north-west, nor Media to the east, had been yet visited by the armies of Nineveh. In a later age indeed, when Sardanapalus led his troops beyond the Taurus, he expressly says that the king in question had not penetrated so remote a quarter. In the eleventh century B. C., the empire of Nineveh comprised Mesopotamia, Syria, and Babylonia; and incursions seem to have
been then first made into Armenia, and the to picture the king, Sardanapalus, going mountainous countries about the sources of forth from the gate of his palace guarded the Tigris and Euphrates."
by winged lions—the symbol of Assyrian The historical epoch of Assyria fairly power employed by Daniel. He appears begins with the tenth century, and thence in the midst of his eunuchs, officers, serforth we trace a nearly uninterrupted series vants, and soldiers ; " the captains and of sovereigns down to the tragical fall of rulers, all of them desirable young men ; the city in 606. We find that at the time horsemen, riding upon horses.” We see when Solomon in all his glory dwelt in his him in his battle chariot, gorgeously arpalace in Zion, Adrammelech the First rayed, drawn by four horses. They sweep wielded his scepter over Nineveh and its along in proud martial array. They cross extensive dominions. But the kings of rivers ; the chariots going over in boats, this epoch seem to have been warriors ra
and the men swimming on bladders. ther than builders, since no monuments of They besiege cities; the monarch stands their magnificence have been found. A up in his chariot, with drawn bow, before great and illustrious king reigned in the the turreted walls; darts fly, shields are tenth century, with whose tastes and ex- battered, men fall; and then, from the ploits we have become familiar by means
scenes of carnage, we behold the triumphal of the remains of the north-west palace of procession return laden with spoil. Nimroud, of which he was the builder. While we see all this warlike array, inIt is a curious fact, which we gather from dicative of the spirit of Assyrian civilization the cuneiform inscriptions, that this palace at the time, and which of itself is no suffiwas founded upon the ruins of a former cient indication of advancement in art as it one; and we are further informed by the regarded other things—we have peeps also same graven records, that the inhabitants into peaceful Assyrian life in the sculptures of the countries over whom he ruled sent that King Sardanapalus has left us. We gold, silver, copper, and iron for the build
see him walking out under an umbrella ing of the edifice. Concerning the ren held over him by his eunuch. He stands dering of his name, there is a difference of worshiping before a symbolic tree; the opinion. Dr. Hincks renders it Assarac- practice of divination is maintained ; huntbal, and Colonel Rawlinson, Sardanapalus.
ers go out and return from the chase ;
the As if to preserve his fame in the event of mysteries of the kitchen are revealed, and his palace being defaced, the annals of his the primitive cooks may be seen busy at reign were engraved on slabs on the side their culinary art. We can enter also the facing the wall, as well as on the outer very stables of the monarch, where we surface. As many as three hundred and find grooms currying their horses, and twenty-five lines of writing remain, in other animals eating or drinking out of which we find an account of this monarch's troughs. We can here only add, what a warlike expeditions detailed in a succinct feeling of reality is given to that old northand characteristic style :
west palace, where Sardanapalus chron“On the twenty-second day of the month Iicled his deeds and illustrated his civildeparted from Calah, (Nimroud ;) I crossed the ization, by a little incident mentioned by Tigris; on the banks of it I received much Layard. He says: tribute; I occupied the banks of the Khabour. I halted at the city of Sadikanni."
“Standing one day, on a distant part of the
mound, I smelt the sweet smell of burning cedar. Having crossed the Euphrates, he says: The Arab workmen excavating in the small
“On the banks of the Orontes, I occupied the temple had dug out a beam, and the weather country. By the sea-shore I encamped." While being cold, had at once made a fire to warm I was at Ariboua, the cities of Lukuta I took; themselves. The wood was cedar, probably one I slew many of their men; I overthrew and of the very beams mentioned in the inscription burned their cities; their fighting men I laid as having been brought from the forests of hold of; on stakes over their city I impaled Lebanon by the king who built the edifice.” them. On the great sea I put my servants; I
This Sardanapalus the First, who must sacrificed to the
gods. I went to the forest and cut them down, and made beams of the wood not be confounded with the hero of so for Ishtar, mistress of the city of Nineveh, my many modern epics and tragedies, was protectress.”
succeeded by his son, whose name RawlinThese curt details receive pictorial il son takes to be Divanubara. He was the lustrations from the cotemporary architec- builder of the central palace of Nimroud, ture and sculptures; so that we'are enabled | and on the famous black obelisk brought
from the ruins of his palace, and now year,
and his continued wars and ovations placed in the British Museum, we find in- show at that period of his life no decline scriptions recording the victories of his of vigor, he probably filled the throne of reign, and sculptures illustrative of the Assyria till about 860 B.C. Shamas Adar spoils and tribute which were the fruit of and Adrammelech II. were the immediate those victories. He was a very great descendants of Divanubara. Only the warrior, and seems to have kept his armies name of the former is known, with the cirin a state of efficiency and activity, from cumstance of his adopting the family title the beginning to the end of his reign, Derceto; but the latter is ascertained to for the records state that he led them have built palaces after the manner of his across the Euphrates no less than twenty- father, both at Calah and Nineveh. three times. A multitude of places are The next Assyrian king added to the named where he subdued revolts, or palace in the center of the mound of Nimbrought the people into subjection; and it roud, and on a bass-relief of his reign we is remarkable that he seems to have been see him, with a line of war chariots, reparticularly zealous in promoting his own ceiving tribute from Menahem, King of religion, for he says: “I abode in the Israel. Only fragments of the annals of country about the rivers which form the this monarch remain, but his first campaign Euphrates, and there I set up altars to the appears to have been in Chaldea, and he is supreme gods, and left priests in the land represented as carrying his arms into the to superintend the worship.” Upon the remotest parts of Armenia, and across the obelisk the king appears twice, followed Euphrates into Syria, as far as Tyre and by his train, with a prisoner at his feet, Sidon. Among the list of conquered towns and his vizier and eunuchs bringing him and tribes are Harran and Ur, names so animals and other tribute. The forms of interesting to us from their association the animals are of historical importance, with the early history of the great Jewish for they are all clearly oriental, thus progenitor. This monarch is considered showing his extensive conquests in the by Layard to have been either the imeast. There are the elephant, the rhinoc-mediate predecessor of Pul, Pul himself, eros, the lion, and the monkey, as well as or Tiglath Pileser, the name on the pavetusks, metal, and rare wood, borne in the ment slab not having been deciphered. hands of the tributaries. From the nature Colonel Rawlinson considers it was Pul of the bass-relief, observes Dr. Layard, it himself; and, moreover, conjectures that is natural to conjecture that the monument he took the name of Sardanapulus—that was erected to commemorate the conquest the first Assyrian dynasty ended with him of India, or of some country far to the —and that the catastrophe described by east of Assyria and on the confines of the Ctesias refers to the revolt of an officer of Indian peninsula. There are also double- the court who captured Nineveh, and drove humped or Bactrian camels, thus proving out the old family, B. C. 747—this memorthat by that time, at least, Bactria was able epoch being accordingly adopted by under the Assyrian power; so that, whe- the Babylonians as the basis of their astrother first conquered by Semiramis or not, nomical canon. This obscure and conthe story of Ctesias, about the subjugation troverted point, however, subsequent inof that eastern country, was not all a vestigations may serve to elucidate and dream. Divanubara is ascertained to decide. have been a cotemporary of Benhadad and The next king was Sargon, the names Hazael, from the obelisk recording ex of whose father and grandfather have been peditions against those very monarchs. discovered on a tablet at Kouyunjik, though “Jehu, the son of Omri,” is also expressly they do not appear to have been either of named as one of his subject kings; and them kings. Sargon was the builder of on the sculpture are represented figures, the great Khorsabad palace, in whose ruins which, from their physiognomy, short M. Botta has made so many valuable disbeard, and long robes, look like Jews. coveries, and where some striking accounts Divanubara dwelt indifferently at Nineveh of his reign have been met with. It apand at Calah, and the latter city he greatly pears by the alabaster chronicles that he embellished. The duration of his reign extended his conquests to the Isles of the cannot be exactly fixed; but as his annals Mediterranean, and set up a monument of on the obelisk extend to his thirty-second his victory in Cyprus. Babylonia, Su
siana, Armenia, and Media, were the The Old Testament, too, contains copious
-a name mentioned in the Old Testament
son's water-color drawing appears, as is wellserves a fragment of Polyhistor, containing from which the sectional view that adorns our
known, in Dr. Layard's recent work on Nineveh, an account of his campaign in Babylonia. / front page is taken.