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“ Immense was the gathering at the or marble, where the élite of cities throng Methodist camp-ground near Springfield, to feast their eyes on beauty and their on the second Sunday of September, 1832. ears on music. A powerful magnet had attracted this “ Presently a form arose in the pulpit, great mass of people from their homes in and commenced giving out a hymn, premany counties a hundred miles round. liminary to the main exercises, and every The new presiding elder, a late arrival eye became riveted to the person of the from Kentucky, an orator of wide-spread stranger. Indeed, as some one said of and wonderful renown, it was known, Burke, a single flash of the gazer's vision would thunder on that day. The prestige was enough to reveal the extraordinary of his fame had lightened before him, and man, although, in the present case, it must, hence the universal eagerness to hear one for the sake of truth, be acknowledged concerning whom rumor's trumpet tongue that the first impression was ambiguous, discoursed so loudly.
if not enigmatical and disagreeable. His “ Morning broke in the azure east, bright figure was tall, burly, massive, and seemed and beautiful as a dream of heaven; but even more gigantic than the reality from the ex-prodigy had not made his advent. the crowning foliage of luxuriant, coalEleven o'clock came—the regular hour black hair, wreathed into long, curling of the detonation of the heavy gun of ringlets. Add a head that looked as large orthodoxy-and still there was no news as a half-bushel; beetling brows, rough and of the clerical lion. A common circuit craggy as fragmentary granite, irradiated preacher took his place, and, sensible of at the base by eyes of dark fire, small and the popular disappointment, increased it twinkling like diamonds in a sea—they by mouthing a miserable* failure. The were diamonds of the soul, shining in a vexed and restless crowd began to dis- measureless sea of humor-a swarthy perse, when an event happened to excite complexion, as if embrowned by a southafresh their curiosity and concentrate them ern sun; rich, rosy lips, always slightly again denser than ever. A messenger parted, as wearing a perpetual smile; and rushed to the pulpit in hot haste, and you have a life-like portrait of the farpresented a note, which was immediately famed backwoods preacher. read out to prevent the people from scat- “ Though I heard it all, from the text tering. The following is a literal copy to the amen, I am forced to despair of of that singular epistle :
any attempt to convey an accurate idea
of either the substance or manner of the «• DEAR BRETHREN,—The devil has foundered my horse, which will detain me from reaching sermon which followed. There are difyour tabernacle till evening. I might have ferent sorts of sermons—the argumentperformed the journey on foot; but I could not ary, the dogmatic, the postulary, the per. leave poor Paul, especially as he has never left suasive, the punitive, the combative, “in Peter. Horses have no souls to save, and, therefore, it is all the more the duty of 'Chris orthodox blows and knocks,' the logical, tians to take care of their bodies. Watch and and the poetic ; but this specimen bepray, and do n't let the devil get among you on longed to none of these categories. It the sly before candle-light, when I shall be at
was sui generis, and of a new species. my post. Your Brother, PETER CARTWRIGHT.'”
“ He began with a loud and beautifully
modulated tone, in a voice that rolled on “At length the day closed. The purple the serene night air like successive peals curtain of night fell over the earth from of thunder. Methodist ministers are celethe darkening sky. God's golden fire brated for sonorous voices; but his was flashed out in heaven, and men below kin- matchless in sweetness as well as power. dled their watch-fires. The encampment, For the first ten minutes his remarks, bea village of snowy tents, was illuminated ing preparatory, were commonplace and with a brilliancy that caused every leaf uninteresting ; but then, all of a sudden, to shine and sparkle as if all the trees his face reddened, his eye brightened, his were burnished with phosphorescent flame. gestures grew animated as the waftures It was like a theater. It was a theater of a torch, and his whole countenance in the open air, on the green sward, be changed into an expression of inimitable neath the starry blue, incomparably more humor; and now his wild, waggish, pecupicturesque and gorgeous than any stage liar eloquence poured forth like a mounscenery, prepared within walls of brick | tain torrent. Glancing arrows, with shafts
of ridicule, bon-mots, puns, and side-split- with gems, shrieked as if a knife were ting anecdotes sparkled, flashed, and flew working among their heart-strings. like hail till the vast auditory was con Again he changed the theme; sketchvulsed with laughter. For a while the ed the joys of a righteous death—its faith, more ascetic strove to resist the current of its hope, its winged raptures, and angels their own spontaneous emotions. These, attending the spirit to its starry homehowever, soon discovered that they had with such force, great and evident belief, undertaken an impossible achievement in that all eyes were turned toward heaven, thinking to withstand his facetia. His and the entire congregation started to every sentence was like a warm finger, their feet, as if to hail the vision of antickling the ribs of the hearer. His very gels at which the finger of the preacher looks incited to mirth far more than other seemed to be pointed, elevated as it was people's jokes, so that the effort to main on high to the full length of his arm. tain one's equilibrium only increased the “He then made a call for mourners into disposition to burst into loud explosions, the altar, and five hundred, many of them till as every school-boy has verified in similar that night infidels, rushed forward and pros
At length the encampment was in trated themselv on their knees. The a roar, the sternest features relaxed into meeting was continued for two weeks, and smiles, and the coldest eyes melted into more than a thousand converts were added tears of irrepressible merriment. This to the Church. From that time his success continued thirty minutes, while the orator was unparalleled, and the fact is chiefly painted the folly of the sinner, which was due to his inimitable wit and masterly elohis theme. I looked on and laughed with quence that Methodism is now the prevailthe rest, but finally began to fear the re- ing religion in Illinois. sult as to the speaker.
He was distinguished by one very un“How,' I exclaimed, mentally, 'will clerical peculiarity-combativeness. His he ever be able to extricate his audience battles, although always apparently in from that deep whirlpool of humor? If the defensive, were as numerous as the he ends thus, when the merry mood sub-celebrated Bowie. The only difference sides, and calm reflection supervenes, will was this, that Bowie fought with deadly not the revulsion of feeling be deadly to weapons, while the itinerant used but his his fame? Will not every hearer realize enormous fist, which was as effective, that he has been trifled with in matters however, in the speedy settlement of bel. of sacred and eternal interests? At all ligerent issues as any knife or pistol ever events, there is no prospect of a revival forged out of steel. Let the reader judge to-night; for even though the orator were from the following anecdote :a magician, he could not change his sub “At the camp-meeting held at Alton in ject now, and stem the torrent of head- the autumn of 1833, the worshipers were long laughter.
annoyed by a set of desperadoes from St. “But the shaft of my inference fell short Louis, under the control of Mike Fink, of the mark; and even then he commenced a notorious bully, the triumphant hero of to change, not all at once, but gradually, countless fights, in none of which he had as the wind of a thunder-cloud. His fea ever met an equal, or even second. The tures lost their comical tinge of pleasant-coarse, drunken ruffians carried it with a ry; his voice grew first earnest, and then high hand, outraged the men and insulted solemn, and soon wailed out in the tones the women, so as to threaten the dissoluof deepest pathos; his eyes were shorntion of all pious exercises; and yet such of their mild light, and yielded streams of was the terror the name of their leader, tears, as the fountain of the hill yielded Fink, inspired, that no one could be found water. The effect was indescribable, and brave enough to face his prowess. the rebound of feeling beyond all concep " At last, one day, when Cartwright astion. He descanted on the horrors of cended the pulpit to hold forth, the deshell, till every shuddering face was turned | peradoes, on the outskirts of the encampdownward, as if expecting to see the solid ment, raised a yell so deafening as to drown globe rent asunder, and the fathomless, utterly every other sound. The preacher's fiery gulf yawn from beneath. Brave dark eyes shot lightning. He deposited men moaned, and fair, fashionable women, his Bible, drew off his coat, and remarked covered with silken drapery, and bedight | aloud :
"Wait for a few minutes, my brethren, At the consummation the rowdies roared while I go and make the devil pray.' three boisterous cheers, and Fink shook
“ He then proceeded with a smile on Cartwright by the hand, declaringhis lips to the focus of the tumult, and ad "• By golly, you're some beans in a bardressed the chief bully
fight. I'd rather set-to with an old “he” * • Mr. Fink, I have come to make you bar in dog-days. You can pass this 'ere pray.'
crowd of nose-smashers, blast your pic“ The desperado rubbed back the tangled tur?!? festoons of his blood-red hair, arched his “ Afterward Fink's party behaved with huge brows with a comical expression, extreme decorum, and the preacher reand replied
sumed his Bible and pulpit.” ** By golly, I'd like to see you do it, An odd scene that, certainly; and “not old snorter.'
very apostolic,” say you, sober reader ? “. Very well,' said Mr. Cartwright; We join you in the remark; but it is • will these gentlemen, your courteous characteristic, as we said in another case. friends, agree not to show foul play?' We give it as a fact from our old friend
“In course they will. They're rale Finley-a fact that illustrates not only grit, and won't do nothin' but the clear the character of the man, but of the counthing, so they won't, rejoined Fink, in- try and its early times. “ Circumstances dignantly.
alter cases,” is a popular proverb in the “ • Are you ready?' asked the preacher. west, as well as elsewhere ; and even good
“• Ready as a race-hoss with a light men are heard, occasionally, to affirm out rider,' answered Fink, squaring his pon- there, that Lynch law is better than no law. derous person for the combat.
Mr. Bungay, in his volume of “Off“ The bully spoke too soon; for scarce hand Takings of Noticeable Men of our ly had the words left his lips when Cart- Age,” says that he heard Peter, at Boston, wright made a prodigious bound toward his during the last General Conference of the antagonist, and accompanied it with a Methodist Episcopal Church, and thus dequick, shooting punch of his herculean scribes the occasion :fist, which fell, crashing the other's chin, and hurried him to the earth like lead.
“The great western preacher has arrived, and Then even his intoxicated comrades, filled his text. Quite a number of distinguished di
is now searching the well-thumbed Bible for with involuntary admiration at the feat, vines are present. The preacher looks like a gave a cheer. But Fink was up in a mo backwoodsman, whose face has been bronzed ment, and rushed upon his enemy, ex
at the plow. His black hair, straggling seven claiming,
ways for Sunday, is slightly tinged with the
frost of age. A strip of black silk is twisted 66 • That war n't done fair, so it warn't.' | around his neck, and a shirt collar, scrupulously
“He aimed a ferocious stroke, which the clean, is turned down over it. He is of orpreacher parried with his left hand, and, dinary size, dresses plainly, and looks like a
man perfectly free from affectation. In a falgrasping his throat with the right, crushed
tering voice he reads a hymn. The choir wed him down as if he had been an infant.
the words to sweet and solemn music, a fervent Fink struggled, squirmed, and writhed in prayer goes up on the wings of faith—another the dust; but all to no purpose ; for the
hymn is read and sung—the 12th verse of the strong, muscular fingers held his windpipe, 11th chapter of Matthew is selected for his
Now the old pioneer preacher, who has as in the jaws of an iron vise. When he waded swamps, forded rivers, threaded forests, began to turn purple in the face, and traveled with Indians, fought with bears and ceased to resist, Mr. Cartwright slackened wolves, preached in the woods, and slept in the
field or on the prairie at night, is standing behis hold, and inquired
Look at him, ye gentlemen with white 66 • Will you pray now ?'
neckcloths and black coats, who ride in car"I does n't know a word how,' gasped riages over smooth roads to supply churches Fink.
with cushioned pews and soft benches to kneel 566 Repeat after me.'
How would you like to labor for nothing
among wild beasts, and board yourselves, in a 666 Well, if I must, I must,' answered climate where the ague shakes the settlers over Fink; because you're the devil himself.' the grave two-thirds of the year? Would you
“ The preacher then said over the exchange your fat livings, and fine palaces, and Lord's prayer line by line, and the con
unread libraries for black bread and dry veni
son, a log hut and the society of bears and quered bully responded in the same way, blue racers ? God bless the brave, wise, and when the victor permitted him to rise. good men to whom we are so much indebted
for the blessings we enjoy. He says he would a specimen would you have been ? what make an apology if he thought it would enable would you have done in the rough battles him to preach better, for he is afflicted with a
through which this weather-worn, but jolsevere cold. "Some folks,' said he, 'say I am fifty years behind the age. God 'knows," he ly-hearted old man has borne the standard continued, 'I am willing to be a thousand be of the cross-borne it with a brawny but hind such an age. Religion is always of age, ever-faithful arm? God bless the old and can talk and run without stilts or silver
man, with all his oddities; and may he slippers. He concluded an able and interesting discourse which elicited undivided atten- yet fight his way into heaven. tion, with the following fact. During a splen Peter Cartwright joined the “old Westdid revival of religion at the west, a young ern Conference" in 1805, though he began preacher, manufactured in one of your theo
to travel a year earlier, we believe. He logical shops out here, came to lend a helping band. I knew he could not handle Methodists'
was a young man-only about eighteen tools without cutting his fingers, but he was
years old—when he entered the itinerant very officious. Well, we had a gale, a pente field, and he has been in its foremost strugcostal gale, and sinners fell without looking for gles ever since. The “old Western Cona soft place, and Christians fought the devil on
was in that day the only one their knees. Well, this little man would tell those who were groaning under conviction, to beyond the Alleghanies. It extended from be composed. I stood this as long as I could, Detroit to Natchez, and each of its disand finally sent him to speak with a great, tricts comprised a territory about equal to stout, athletic man, who was bellowing like a
two of the present conferences beyond the bull in a net, while I tried to undo the mischief he had done to others. Ho told this powerful mountains. Those were the days of great man to be composed, but I told him to pray like moral battles in that vast field; and the thunder-just at that instant the grace of God men who fought them were made great, shone in upon his soul, and he was so delirious with delight, he seized the little man in his
some of them gigantically so, by their cirhands, and holding him up, bounded like a buck
cumstances. Among them were Young, through the congregation. It is impossible for Walker, Shinn, M'Kendree, Burke, Lakin, the pen to do justice to this fact. The speaker Blackman, Quinn, and similar mighty men. moved us all to tears and smiles at the same Cartwright began his regular travels with moment, while he said what few men would venture to say.”
Lakin on Salt River Circuit, (save the
name!) Most of his fellow-heroes have While he was preaching, years ago, gone to their rest; but they gained the General Jackson entered the church, when field, and fortified their cause all over it. a pastor seated in the pulpit gave his They, in fact, laid the moral foundations “brother Cartwright” a nudge, and whis- of our ultra-montane States. The few pered that the old hero had just come in— remnants of the old corps should be cheras much as to advise, “ Now be particular ished and honored by their Church. in what you say.” But Peter, to the astonishment of every one, louder than The Deaf AND DUMB GENTLEMAN.—I ever, exclaimed—“Who cares for General remember, when in the province of ArchJackson? He'll go to hell as soon as any- angel, a deaf and dumb gentleman paid the body, if he does n't repent.”
town a visit; he was furnished with letWhen the sermon—a home-made one ters of introduction to some families there, —was ended, a friend asked the general and was well received at the governor's what he thought of that rough old fellow, table ; his agreeable manners and accomand received for answer, Sir, give me plishments, joined to his misfortune, made twenty thousand of such men, and I'll him a general favorite, and caused much whip the world, including the devil !" interest; he could read French, German,
It is quite possible, brother reader, that Russian, and Polish ; was a connoisseur your and our notions might not quite of art, and showed us several pretty drawagree with the general's; yet neither of in-gs of his own execution. Two or three us can fail to see in this eccentric but times I was struck with an expression of veteran evangelist, the man of his times more intelligence in his face than one and his circumstances. And you, dear would expect when any conversation was sir, starched, and brushed, and perfumed, going on behind his back. It was not unwho now recline in the stuffed arm-chair til three years after, that I accidentally of your garnished study, wondering why heard this very man spoken of in St. the world should take any interest in such Petersburgh. He was one of the governa specimen of humanity-what kind of ment spies !—Englishwoman in Russia.
(For the National Magazine.]
reasoning, reduced to the ultimate, becomes A CHIP OF LOGIC.
syllogism. If the analysis does not make
this truth clear to all minds, the same NEW
syllogism. A rhyme, an epigram, or inner labyrinth of mental operations. Nor a sonnet; a riddle, a bon-mot, or a pun is it wonderful that the most difficult of all will, at any time, carry the day against it mental operations—reasoning-should be in the contest for popularity. And what the most difficult of analysis. No faculty is worse, even with many of the hard can well turn back and ascertain its own thinking and the naturally logical, scientific existence. No human eye ever saw itself. logic, with its formal shibboleth of two Yet the route by which men have arrived premises and a conclusion, has for a cen at the laws of mental operation is a letury or so lost its unquestioned position gitimate one. Metaphysics has a large as a science, and sunk to the category of, amount of well-ascertained truths, as well at least, suspected humbug. One would as a large number of unascertained probthink, certainly, that the science of reason- lems. And these very unascertained probing, the very art of convincing should be lems, with all their perplexity and mystery, able to reason itself clear of all doubt; are most valuable to the human mind. The and place its claims in a position settled unanswered questions are perhaps as valuas self-evidence. The science of demon- able, as ennobling, as founded in man's stration, surely, ought to demonstrate it- best nature in all their unsatisfactoriness, self. Yet, strange to say, the respectable, as the ascertained truths. Metaphysics though much overrated talents of Whately, may have abounded with errors. It is and even the transcendent talent of Sir liable to many a reproach. It must take William Hamilton, have failed fully to its turn as a topic of pleasantry and convince the age—at least that part of our banter. But he who absolutely discards living age which is in the afternoon of life and ignores higher metaphysics is that --that the syllogism is not only a mode much an ignoramus. And he who rejects of reasoning, but that it is the mode, test, logical analysis because it can scarcely, and type of all reasoning. Many look with much experiment and argumentation, upon Whately as a learned charlatan, make clear the perfectness of its own with a triple iron mold in his hand, ready performance, is not only a poor logician to run all our common sense into its iron but a mistaken reasoner. form. They are as unwilling to believe To a warm fancy the syllogism is, inthat they have been always reasoning deed, hopelessly dry-dry as the Maine syllogism, as was Monsieur Jourdan to be law to a thirsty toper. But then, all convinced that he had all his days been reasoning is dry, and the purer the drier ; talking prose. Not only do many doubt so that absolute, bare, essential ratioci. that all reasoning is syllogistic; but they nation, must be perfect drouth. Nay, so hold that such claims, to be respected at meagre and thriftless does the syllogism all, should be above question. If they are appear to some minds, that they consider doubtful they are false.
it the last reproach upon human reason itNow this may be a case of great dis- self, to assert that the syllogism is its tress for this helpless, but pretentious universal type. All A is B, all C is A science. But what is it but a part of a therefore C is B. If that be the quintesstill greater distress-a specific difficulty sence of human reason, let us abdicate and under a generic one? Mind, entire mind, decamp. Nevertheless, after some patient is scarce able to analyze itself. Con- examination, we feel authorized and bound sciousness, the act of self-analyis, is the to affirm to our glowing imaginatives, that highest, yet most difficult and least certain it is even so. All reasoning, stripped of of all the mental operations. Our faculties verbiage, divested of imagination, laid base seem made to operate outwardly; and to and blank, is syllogism. We can flounder give them an inward direction is almost as we please; we can never, without overas unnatural as to force the ape to walk stepping the bounds of reasoning, escape on his hind feet. Introversion seems al- Whately, with his trine iron clamp. Reamost perversion. Now logic is merely a soning men think syllogism ; wise men act mental effort to analyze the reasoning syllogism ; so far forth as we think reasonprocess; and the analysis shows that all / ably, and act wisely, we are syllogistic.