Imagens da página
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

Simon's Reply to Titus—Third Selection .. Ibid...

...... Milman 205

Josephus's Address—Fourth Selection Ibid

.Ibid. 206

Lines on the Death of Henry Kirke Whyte ...... Lord Byron 208

To "Childe Harold”.

Mrs. Elliot 208

Harley's Visit to Bedlam

Henry Mackenzie 210

Harley's Death ..

Ibid. 212

Story of La Roche

Ibid. 213

Childe Harold's Departure, &c....

Lord Byron 221

The Creek-Indian Chief's Relation, &c.

Tobin 222

The Magdalen-A Fragment

Barry Cornwall 223

Be Kind .

Anonymous 224

Love Compared to the Gout, “Tales of the Hall” .... Crabbe 225

Apostrophe to Love, The Cotter's Evening Worship. . Burns 226

Letter to Mr. Cunningham..

Ibid. 228

Letter to John Francis Erskine, afterwards Earl of Mar.. Ibid. 230

London, “ Babylon the Great”

R. Mudie 233

John Bull,
Ibid.....

Ibid. 235

Character of Mr. Wilberforce

Anonymous 237

Character of Lord Stowell

Anonymous 239

Character of Lord Eldon, “Babylon the Great” R. Mudie 242

Character of Lord Erskine, “ Babylon the Great

Ibid. 244

Picture of a Lady's taking “the Veil”

.. Croly 246

To Jessy....

Lord Byron 247

The Sailor-Orphan Boy's Tale

Mrs. Opie 248

The Battle of Waterloo

Lord Byron 249

The Ocean

Ibid. 251

Last Minstrel's Address to his Native Country. ... Sir W. Scott 253

Peroration of a Sermon-The Threatened Invasion.. Rev. R. Hall 257

On the Death of the Princess Charlotte

Ibid. 259

Solitude....

Lord Byron 264

Affection in Humble Life.

Crabbe 265

Pride of Rank, &c......

Dr. Thomas Brown 268

Duties of Conjugal Relation...

Ibid. 270

Great Evil in Matrimonial Life

Dr. Thomas Brown 271

Duties of a Benefactor-Gratitude

Ibid. 273

The Elder's Death-Bed.

Professor Wilson 274

Extract from “Hamlet”-A Dialogue.

Shakspeure 279

Death of Lord Byron ..

Sir Walter Scott 281

Cruelty to Animals Condemned, &c.

Cowper 284

Natural Equality of Man, &c.

Ibid. 286

Page

Respective Merits of Patriots and Martyrs..

Couper 287

On the Receipt of his Mother's Picture..

Ibid. 289

Sir Isaac Newton

Dr. Chalmers 292

Benevolence of the Supreme Being

Ibid. 293

Patriotism-Philanthropy

Ibid. 295

Extract from “ The Grave".

.... James Montgomery 297

Stanzas (supposed to be) on the Death of Princess Charlotte

Thompson 299

Rural Funerals—The Grave

Washington Irving 300

The Broken Heart

Ibid. 302

Parliamentary Sketch of Sir Francis Burdett Anonymous 305

Character of Mr. Hume

Ibid. 307

Fatal Catastrophe in Greenland

James Montgomery 310

Final Depopulation of Eastern Greenland ..... .Ibid. 312

Ode of the Bard, in “ Don Juan".

Lord Byron 314

Death of Gertrude, “Gertrude of Wyoming” .... Campbell 316

Contemplation of the Divine Being in his Works, “ Tom

Jones".

Fielding 318

Our Aptness to give a Character of Continuance to our Pre-

sent Circumstances, &c. “Rural Philosophy".. Ely Bates 320

Effects of Catiline’s Eloquence, “ Catiline”.

. Croly 321

Feelings excited by a Long Voyage. Washington Irving 323

The Widow and her Son

Ibid. 325

The Wife

Ibid. 332

The English Country Gentleman

Ibid. 338

Duties of a Wife .

Ibid. 340

Visit to a Private Madhouse

M* Donough 341

The Widow .

Ibid. 344

The Orphans

Anonymous 347

A Week's Confinement, “ Diary of an Invalid” Matthews 350

Christianity and Deism Contrasted, “Letters to a friendon the

Evidences of Christianity" ........ Dr. Olinthus Gregory 351

Progress of a Christian-Death of Calista

Bowdler 353

Reasonableness of Public Worship...

Seed 356

Private Prayer Recommended

Ibid. 358

The Stranger and his Friend

James Montgomery 360

Occasional Ode on Education.

Ibid. 362

The Daisy in India

Ibid. 363

Robert Burns

Ibid. 364

Geology-Kirkdale Cave .

Edinburgh Scotsman366

GESTURE.

GESTURE, or action, may be defined a just and elegant adaptation of the body to the nature and import of the subject on which we are speaking. To be perfectly motionless while we are giving utterance to “ thoughts that breathe and words that burn,” is not only depriving them of their necessary support, but rendering them unnatural and ridiculous. So natural indeed is some degree of action, that it may be affirmed to be impossible for any man to read or speak with spirit, without necessarily placing his body in certain significant attitudes, or making some significant motions ! He, therefore, who has not good action, is certain to have such as is either awkward or ungraceful. As the correction of faults is the first step towards the attainment of excellence, the pupil should at first be more solicitous to avoid faults than to acquire beauties. (Cicero.) If, therefore, there is any thing in the attitude or action of his body in speaking which is either offensive or ungraceful, he ought sedulously to apply himself to correct it. Nothing, for instance, can be in worse taste than what may be called the parliamentary manner;" the chief peculiarity of which is a jerking forward of the upper part of the body at every emphatic word, while the right hand “saws the air” with one unvaried and ungraceful motion. To avoid defects, however, is only the commencement of the pupil's duty. He must inquire what are the best modes of action for the several kinds of public speaking.–Gesture has been divided into three kinds: Colloquial, Rhetorical, and Epic.

Colloquial Action is that which is appropriately used by those who deliver public lectures or orations from a book. In this situation, the book, when not resting on the desk, should be held in the left hand, and a little action used with the right. This action requires principally simplicity and grace; precision will soon follow ; magnificence and boldness are necessarily excluded. Being directly opposed to the Epic, it differs essentially from it in the manner of the arm! Instead of the whole arm being unfolded (as in tragedy, description, and sometimes in vehement passages in oratory) the upper portion, in Colloquial Action, is barely detached from the side ; and the elbow, instead of the shoulder, becomes the principal centre of motion ; ---hence the action is short and less flowing. It may

be added, that the eyes should be taken as often as possible off the book, and directed to the audience, and that the few last words of every important paragraph should be pronounced with the eyes directed to one of the hearers.,

Rhetorical Action is that which is suited to all kinds of extemporaneous discourse. It requires energy, variety, simplicity, precision, and grace. In speaking extemporaneously, we should be sparing of the use of the left hand, which (except in strong emotion) should hang down by the side. The right hand, when emphasis is to be enforced, ought to rise diagonally from left to right, and then propelled forward with the fingers open, and easily and gracefully curved ; the arm should move chiefly from the elbow, the hand seldom raised higher than the shoulder; and, when it has executed its movement, it ought to drop down to the side, the utmost care being taken to keep the elbow from inclining to the body. We must be cautious also, in all action except such as describes extent or circumference, to keep the hand from cutting the perpendicular line which divides the body into right and left; but, above all, we must be careful to let the stroke of the hand, which marks the emphasis, keep exact time with the forcible word ;-thus, Brutus to Cassius in Julius Cæsar

“ When Marcus Brutus grows so covetous,
To lock such rascal-counters from his friends,
Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts-

Dash him to pieces !”.
Here the action of the arm, which enforces the emphasis,
ought to be so timed, that the stroke of the hand should be
given on the significant word “Dash :” this will give a con-
comitant action to the organs of pronunciation ; and, in lifting
the arm, the elbow should move first, and be kept constantly
outwards from the body; the hand should not be bent at the
wrist, but kept in a line with the lower arm; and the thumb
should preserve its natural distance from the fingers. This
preparation for an emphatic stroke should always begin in due
time; the arm gradually ascending with the current of pro-
nunciation, till, at the moment the action is wanted, the hand

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »