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Clo. Truly, shepherd, in respect of itself, it is a good life; but in respect that it is a shepherd's life, it is naught. In respect that it is solitary, I like it very well, but in respect that it is private, it is a very vile life. Now in respect it is in the fields, it pleaseth me well; but in respect it is not in the court, it is tedious. As it is a spare life, look you, it fits my hu. mour well; but as there is no more plenty in it, it goes much against my stomach. Hast any philofophy in thee, shepherd ?

Cor. No more, but that I know, the more one fickens, the worse at ease he is; and that he, that wants mony, means, and content, is without three good friends :--That the property of rain is to wet, and fire to burn: that good pasture makes fat sheep: and that a great cause of the night, is the lack of the sun : that he, that hath learned no wit by nature nor art, may complain of good breeding, or comes of a very dull kindred.

Clo. Such a one is a natural philosopher ;* Walt ever in court, shepherd ?

Cor. 2. He that barb learned no wit by nature or art, may complain of GOOD breeding, or comes of very dull kindred.] Common sense re quires us to read,

may complain of Gross breeding. The Oxford editor has greatly improved this emendation by read. ing, bad breeding. WARBURTON.

I am in doubt whether the custom of the language in Shakespeare's time did not authorise this mode of speech, and make complain of good breeding the same with complain of the want of good breeding. In the lait line of the Merchant of Venice we find that to fear the keeping is to fear the not keeping. Johnson.

* Such a one is a natural philofopber.] The shepherd had said all the philosophy he knew was the property of things, that rain wetted, fire burnt, &c. And the Clown's reply, in a satire on physicks or natural philosophy, though introduced with a quibble, is extremely just. For the natural philofopher is indeed as ignoporant (notwithstanding all his parade of knowledge) of the of rient cause of things, as the ruftic. It appears, froin a thousand

instances,

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Cor. No, truly.
Clo. Then thou art damn'd.
Cor. Nay, I hope

Clo. Truly, thou art damn'd, like an ill-roasted egg, all on one side.

Cor. For not being at court? Your reason.

Clo. "Why, if thou never wast' at court, thou never saw'st good manners ; if thou never saw'ft good manners, then thy manners must be wicked ; and wickedness is sin, and sin is damnation : thou art in a parlous state, shepherd.

Cor. Not a whit, Touchstone : those, that are good manntrs at the court, are as ridiculous in the country, as the behaviour of the country is most mockable at the court. You told me, you salute not at the court, but you kiss your hands; that courtesy would be uncleanly, if courtiers were shepherds.

Clo. Instance, briefly; come, instance.

Cor. Why, we are still handling our ewes; and their fells you know are greasy.

instances, that our poet was well acquainted with the physics of his time : and his great penetration enabled him to see this remediless defect of it. WARBURTON.

Shakespeare is responsible for the quibble only, let the commen. tator answer for the refinement. Steevens.

s Like an ill-roasted egg.] Of this jest I do not fully comprehend the meaning. JOHNSON. There is a proverb, that a fool is the best roafter of an egg,

because be is always turning it. This will explain how an egg may be damn'd all on one fide; but will not sufficiently few how Touch. fone applies his fimile with propriety. STEEVENS.

Wby, if sbou never waff at court, thou never saw'll good manters; if thou never, &c.] This reasoning is drawn up in imitation of Friar John's to Panurge in Rabelais. Si tu es Coquu, ergo sa femme fera belle ; ergo tu seras bien traité d'elle; ergo tu auras des Amis beaucoup; ergo tur feras sauvé. The last inference is plea. santly drawn from the popith doctrine of the intercession of saints, And, I suppose, our jocular English proverb, concerning this matter, was founded in Friar John's logic. WARBURTON.

Clea

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Clo. Why, do not your courtiers' hands sweat? and is not the grease of a mutton as wholesome as the sweat of a man? Shallow, shallow :-A better instance, I say: come.

Çor. Besides, our hands are hard.

Člo. Your lips will feel them the soener. Shallow again :-a more sounder instance, come.

Cor. And they are often tarr'd over with the surgery of our sheep; and would you have us kiss tar? The courtier's hands are perfumed with civet,

Clo. Most ihallow man!Thou worms-meat, in respect of a good piece of Aeth-indeed I-Learn of the wise, and perpend. Ciyet is of a baser birth than tar; the very uncleanly Aux of a cat. Mend the instance, shepherd.

Cor. You have too courtly a wit for me, I'll rest,

Clo. Wilt thou reft damn'd? God help thee, Phallow man! God make incision in thee I & thou art raw,

Cor. Sir, I am a true labourer; I earn that I eat, get that I wear; owe no man hate, envy no man's happiness; glad of other men's good, content with

8 Make incision in thee.] To make incifion was a proverbial expreffion then in vogue for, to make to understand. So in Beau. mont and Fletcher's Humourous Lieutenant,

excellent king,
Tbus be begins, 1 bou life and light of creatures,
Argel-ey'd king, vouchsafe at length iby favour ;

And so proceeds to incision.-
i. e, to make him underftand what he would be at.

WARBURTON. Till I read Dr. Warburton's note, I thought the allufion had been to that common expresion, of culting such a one for the fomples; and I must own, after consulting the passage in the Humourous Lieutenant, I have no reason to alter my supposition. The cditors of Beaumont and Fletcher declare the expresion to be unintelligible in that as well as another play where it is introduced.

STEEVENS.

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my harm: and the greatest of my pride is, to see my ewes graze, and my lambs suck.

Clo. That is another simple fin in you; to bring the ewes and rams together, and to offer to get your living by the copulation of cattle : to be a bawd to a bell-wether, and to betray a fhe-lamb of a twelve. month to a crooked-pated old cuckoldly ram, out of all reasonable match. If thou be'st not damn'd for this, the devil himself will have no shepherds ; I cannot see else họw thou shouldft ’scape.

Cor. Here comes young Mr. Ganimed, my new mistress's brother.

Enter Rosalind, witb a paper.
Rof. From the east to western Inde,

No jewel is like Rosalind,
Her worth, being mounted on the wind,
Through all the world bears Rosalind.
All the pi&tures, fairejt limn'd,
Are but black to Rosalind.
Let no face be kept in mind,

But the face of Rosalind. Clo. I'll rhime you so, eight years together ; dinners, and suppers, and seeping hours excepted : it is the right butter-woman's rate to market.

Ref. Out, fool!
Clo. For a taste.

If a bart doib lack a bind,
Let him seek out Rosalind.
If the cat will after kind,
So, be sure, will Rosalind.

! Bawd to a bell-wether.] Waher and ram had anciently the same meaning. JOHNSON,

? Rate to market.] So fir T. Hanmer. In the former editions rank to market. JOHNSON.

Winter

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Winter-garments must be lin'd,
So must sender Rosalind.

They that reap, must leaf and bind;

Then to cart with Rosalind.
:

Sweetest nut halb fowrejt rind,
Such a nut is Rosalind.
He that sweetest rose will find,

Must find love's prick, and Rosalind.
This is the very false gallop of verses; why do you
insect yourself with them?

Rof. Peace, you dull fool; I found them on a trec.
Clo. Truly, the tree yields bad fruit.

Rof. I'll graff it with you, and then I shall graff it with a medler: then it will be the earliest fruit i'the country ;

for

you will be rotten ere you be half ripe, and that's the right virtue of the medler.

Clo. You have said ; but whether wisely or no, let the forest judge.

Enter Celia, with a writing. Ros. Peace! here comes my sister reading; stand alide.

Cel. Why sould this a defert be.

For it is unpeopled ? No;
Tongues I'll bang on every tree,

Tbat shall civil Sayings how.
Some, bow brief the life of man

Runs bis erring pilgrimage;
That the stretching of a span

Buckles in his sum of age.
Some of violated vows,

'Twixt the souls of friend and friend;
'That Jall civil fagings how.] Civil is here used in the
same sense as when we say civil wisdom or civil life, in opposi-
cion to a solitary ftate, or to the fate of nature. This desert
shall not appear unpeopled, for every tree fhall teach the maxinis
og incidents of social life. JOHNSON.

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