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St. Augustine's Abbey luringly. Keeping in mind that the two end towers of the Cathedral face the west, it is a delight to stroll slowly along the south side and gather first impressions. What a tremendously long structure it is. The transepts instead of being near the east end as in many churches which face west are actually midway of the building, and a second pair of transepts appears farther on. There is a fascination about it like that of reading a great book carved out of stone.
We begin to see clearly that nave and western transepts are all of one "style" with their tall "perpendicular" windows and huge buttresses which help to steady the arches of the nave. Just above the clerestory windows along the edge of the roof are additional pinnacles all helping to con
vey the impression that the huge nave rests lightly upon its foundations. A few steps beyond the first transept and suddenly the whole appearance of the building changes. This part plainly belongs to an earlier time. Here is the massive architecture of the Norman. No more pinnacles, no flying buttresses, but strong solid walls pierced by round arched windows. Yet a graceful tower with a pointed roof shows how beautifully even this more serious architecture can be handled by a skilled artist. Still moving eastward, a lovely little chapel, St. Anselm's, comes into view and our attention is arrested by the contrast between its Norman beginnings and the graceful “Decorated' window which adorns its south wall, and is evidently a later embellishment. The plain lead roof of this end of the Cathedral is gracefully rounded at its east end, and here we come upon a very striking feature, the semi-detached, never finished "Corona" which completes the church and is popularly known as Becket's Crown. We walk slowly around the Corona. The north side of the Cathedral was the territory of the old Monastery, until its monks, like those of Augustine's Abbey, were scattered by Henry VIII. We look with dismay on the ragged, vine covered Norman arches, the fragments of the old Infirmary and we pass by them into the “Dark Entry" haunted by a ghost as told in the "Ingoldsby legends.” Here we discover other buildings, chapter house, library and the monks' lavatory clustering so close to the Cathedral that we can hardly puzzle out the features which balance those of the south side.
But if the south side told us its architectural story very frankly, this north side is utterly charming from its varied and bewildering attractions. You peer through a long dark passage and catch a glimpse of partly ruined cloisters surrounding a venerable graveyard. The ghostly dark entry opens out between queer little twisted Norman columns into a lovely bower of lawn and shrubbery, and when you pass out through the old prior's gate into the beautiful
ı Doorway to Cloisters
from the North Aisle
of the Nave 2 Entrance to St. Mi.
chael's or Warriors'
Chapel 3 Entrance to the Vir.
gin or Deans' Chap
4 General Entrance to
Crypt 5 Doorway to Cloister 6 Archbishop Warham's
7 Archbishop Peckham's 128 S
8 Staircase to Upper 32
Parts of Church 9 Stairs to Crypt
10 Lady Holand's Monu129 R
through the 30
14 Archbishop Rogers' 14
15 Archbishop Reynolds'
16 Kempe's Monument
18 Sudbury's Monu
ment 19 Mepham's Monu
ment 20 Black Prince's Monu
ment 21 Courtney's Monu
ment 22 Chatillon's Monu
ment 23 Hubert's Monument 24 Pole's Monument
25 Dean Walter's Mon34
ument 26 Henry IV.'s Mon.
ument 27 Henry IV's Chantry
Chapel 28 Bourchier's Monu
ment 29 Chichell's Monu.
ment 30 Stairs to Crypt, and
to the Upper Gal. leries,
33 Chapter House Plan of Canterbury Cathedral 34 Cloisters Square A Western Porch and Doorway.
N South Aisle B South Porch and Doorway
O North Aisle CC Nave
P South End of E transept DD South Aisle
O North End of E Transept EE North Aisle
R Presbytery G North Western Tower
S Altar H South-Western Tower
T Trinity Chapel J South End of Transept
UU Aisles of same
W Becket's Crown
X Anselm's Chapel
V Vestry M Choir
Green Court you realize something of what the monastery must have been in its palmy days. Now the boys of the King's School, one of England's oldest public schools, dwell where the home of the monks once stood and near by is a rarely beautiful old Norman stairway, one of Canterbury's most cherished possessions. The Cathedral Library is housed in an ancient dormitory and round about are the houses of Dean and Bishop and the recently rebuilt palace of the Archbishop of Canterbury. Until a few years ago, the Archbishops had had no official home in Canterbury since Puritan fanatics pillaged and destroyed the old palace more than two hundred years ago.
Retracing our steps we enter the Cathedral by the beautiful south door adorned with kings and other worthies of Canterbury's glorious past. The south entrance, unlike the chief doorways of many cathedrals which open at the west, indicates a survival of Canterbury's long past custom when disputes not referable to other courts were heard in the south porch of the Cathedral. It was an old British practice "and the one link between the present Cathedral and the old British Church which Augustine received from Ethelbert.” In the panel just above the doorway is a weatherworn representation of the altar of Becket and you are reminded that Canterbury was for centuries in the minds of thousands of people, chiefly the Shrine of St. Thomas. We can only understand the amazing results of the murder and canonization of Becket by remembering that at the time of his death Christianity had fallen under the strange domination of relic-worship and the importance of the great monasteries was so dependent upon the possession of relics that the most surprising efforts were made to secure them, with results both pitiful and ludicrous as shown by the modern traveler's experience with fragments of so-called saints.
The burial of St. Augustine's body outside the city walls with the subsequent interment there of succeeding archbishops gave to the Abbey a prestige which the monks of