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him, he showed his understanding and courtesy by
pointing, but would not answer, for he was a dumb
philosopher also.
These are all the notices, which I am at present
able to gather, of the appearance of so great and
learned a people on your side of the world. But
if we return to their ancient native seats, Africa and
India, we shall there find, even in modern times,
many traces of their original conduct and valour.
In Africa (as we read among the indefatigable
Mr. Purchas's collections) a body of them, whose
leader was inflamed with love for a woman, by
martial power and stratagem won a fort from the
But I must leave all others at present to celebrate
the praise of two of their unparalleled monarchs in
India. The one was Perimal the magnificent, a
prince most learned and communicative; to whom
in Malabar their excess of zeal dedicated a temple,
raised on seven hundred pillars, not inferiour in Maf-
feus's" opinion to those of Agrippa in the Pantheon.
The other, Habimant the Marvellous, his relation
and successor, whose knowledge was so great, as
made his followers doubt if even that wise species
could arrive at such perfection: and therefore they
rather imagined him and his race a sort of gods
formed into apes. His was the tooth which the
Portuguese took in Bisnagar 1559, for which the
Indians offered, according to Linschotten f, the im-
mense sum of seven hundred thousand ducats. Nor
let me quit this head without mentioning with all due
respect Orang Outang the great, the last of this

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line; whose unhappy chance it was to fall into the hands of Europeans. Oran Outang, whose value was not known to us, for he was a mute philosopher: Oran Outang, by whose dissection the learned Dr. Tyson * has added a confirmation to this system, from the resemblance between the homo sylvestris, and our human body, in those organs by which the rational soul is exerted. We must now descend to consider this people as sunk into the bruta matura by their continual commerce with beasts. Yet even at this time, what experiments do they not afford us, of relieving some from the spleen, and others from imposthumes, by occasioning laughter at proper seasons ! with what readiness do they enter into the imitation of whatever is remarkable in human life and what surprising relations have le Comte f and others given of their appetites, acions, conceptions, affections, varieties of imaginations, and abilitics capable of pursuing them | If under their present low circumstances of birth and breeding, and in so short a term of life as is now allotted them, they so for exceed all beasts, and equal many men; what prodigies may we not conceive of those, who were nati meliorilus annis, those primitive, longeval, and antediluvian mantigers, who first taught science to the world : This account, which is entirely my own, I am proud to imagine has traced knowledge from a fountain correspondent to several opinions of the ancients, though hitherto undiscovered both by them and the more ingenious moderns. And now what shall I say to mankind in the thought of this great discovery

* Dr. Tyson's Anatomy of a Pigmy, 4to.
# Father le Comte, a jesuit, in the account of his travels.

Vol. XVII. G what

what, but that they should abate of their pride, and consider that the authors of our knowledge are among the beasts that these, who were our elder brothers by a day in the creation, whose kingdom (like that in the scheme of Plato) was governed by philosophers, who flourished with learning in AEthiopia and India, are now undistinguished, and known only by the same appellation as the man-tiger and the monkey * As to speech, I make no question, that there are remains of the first and less corrupted race in their native deserts, who yet have the power of it. But the vulgar reason given by the Spaniards, “that they “will not speak for fear of being set to work,” is alone a sufficient one, considering how exceedingly all other learned persons affect their ease. A second is, that these observant creatures, having been eyewitnesses of the cruelty with which that nation treated their brother Indians, find it necessary not to show themselves to be men, that they may be protected not only from work, but from cruelty also. Thirdly, they could at best take no delight to converse with the Spaniards, whose grave and sullen temper is so averse to that natural and open cheerfulness, which is generally observed to accompany all true knowledge. But now were it possible, that any way could be found to draw forth their latent qualities, I cannot but think it would be highly serviceable to the learned world, both in respect of recovering past knowledge, and promoting the future. Might there not be found certain gentle and artful methods, whereby to endear us to them : Is there no nation in the world, whose natural turn is adopted to engage their society, and win them by a Sweet similitude of manners? Is there Il Q no nation, where the men might allure them by a distinguishing civility, and in a manner fascinate them by assimilated motions : no nation, where the women with easy freedoms, and the gentlest treatment, might oblige the loving creatures to sensible returns of humanity ? The love I bear my native country prompts me to wish this nation might be Great Britain; but alas! in our present wretched, divided condition, how can we hope, that foreigners of so great prudence will freely declare their sentiments in the midst of violent parties, and at so vast a distance from their friends, relations, and country : The affection I bear our neighbour state, would incline me to wish it were Holland Sed levá in parte mamille Nil salit Arcadico. It is from France then we must expect this restoration of learning, whose late monarch took the sciences under his protection, and raised them to so great a height. May we not hope their emissaries will some time or other have instructions, not only to invite learned men into their country, but learned beasts, the true ancient man-tigers I mean of Æthiopia and India o Might not the talents of each kind of these be adapted to the improvement of the several sciences the man-tigers to instruct heroes, statesmen, and scholars; baboons to teach ceremony and address to courtiers; monkeys, the art of pleasing in conversation, and agreeable affectations to ladies and their lovers; apes of less learning, to form comedians and dancing-masters; and marmosets, court pages and young English travellers? But the distinguishing of each kind, and allotting the proper business to each, I leave to the inquisitive and penetrating genius of the jesuits in their respective missions. Vale & fouere. G 2




By MART. ScRIBLER Us, Philmath.

In mova fort animits mutatas dicere formas

I SUPPOSE every body is sufficiently apprised of, and duly prepared for, the famous conjunction to be celebrated the 29th of this instant December 1722, foretold by all the sages of antiquity under the name of the conto, or the metamorphostical conjunction: a word which denotes the mutual transformation of sexes (the essect of that configuration of the celestial bodies) the human males being to be turned into finales, and the human females into males. The Egyptians have represented this great transformation by several significant hieroglyphics, particularly one very remarkable. There are carved upon

an obelisk, a barber and a midwife; the barber deliVCIS

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