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2dly. A distinct guardian spirit or patron is assigned to each person in particular:
Of these am I, who thy protection claim,
3dly. They are made directly to inspire dreams, visions, and revelations.
Her guardian sylph prolong’d her balmy rest,
4thly. They are made to be subordinate in different degrees, some presiding over others. So Ariel has his several under officers at command:
Superiour by the head was Ariel plac'd.
5thly. They are employed in various offices, and each hath his office assigned him:
Some in the fields of purest ether play,
6thly. He hath given his spirits the charge of the several parts of dress; intimating thereby that the saints preside over the several parts of human bodies. They have one saint to cure the toothach, another the gripes, another the gout, and so of the rest.
The flutt’ring fan be Zephyretta's care,
The drops to thee, Brillante, we consign, &c.
7thly. They are represented to know the thoughts of men:
As on the nosegay in her breast reclin'd,
8thly. They are made protectors even to animal and irrational beings:
Ariel himself shall be the guard of Shock.
So St. Anthony presides over hogs, &c.
9thly. They are made patrons of whole kingdoms and provinces:
Of these the chief the care of nations own.
So St. George is imagined by the papists to defend England; St. Patrick, Ireland; St. James, Spain; &c. Now what is the consequence of all this By granting that they have this power, we must be brought back again to pray to them.
The toilette is an artful recommendation of the mats, and pompous ceremonies of the church of Rome. The unveiling of the altar, the silver vases upon it; being robed in white, as the priests are upon the chief festivals; and the head uncovered, are minifest marks of this:
A heavenly image in the glass appears,
To that she bends
plainly denotes image worship.
And all Arabia breathes from yonder box.
The character of Belinda, as we take it in this third
view, represents the popish religion, or the whore of Babylon; who is described in the state this malevolent author wishes for, coming forth in all her glory upon
upon the Thames, and overspreading the whole na
tion with ceremonies:
Than issuing forth, the rival of his beams
She is dressed with a cross on her breast, the ensign of popery, the adoration of which is plainly recommended in the following lines:
On her white breast a sparkling cross she wore,
Next he represents her as the universal church, according to the boasts of the papists:
And like the Sun she shines on all alike.
After which he tells us,
If to her share some female errours fall,
Though it should be granted some errours fill to her share, look on the pompous figure she makes throughout the world, and they are not worth regarding. In the sacrifice following you have these two lines: For this, ere Phebus rose, he had implor’d Propitious Heav'n, and ev'ry pow'r ador'd.
In the first of them he plainly hints at their rising to matins; in the second, by adoring every power, the invocation of saints, Belinda's visits are described with numerous waxlights, which are always used in the ceremonial part
of the Romish worship: I 3 —Visits
Visits shall be paid on solemn days,
The lunar sphere he mentions opens to us their Purgatory, which is seen in the following line:
Since all things lost on earth are treasur'd there.
It is a popish doctrine, that scarce any person quits
* The reverend Dr. Swinden.
in a few words: he has ridiculed both the present ministry and the last; abused great statesmen and great generals; nay, the treaties of whole nations have not escaped him, nor has the royal dignity itself been omitted in the progress of his satire; and all this he has done just at the meeting of a new parliament. I hope a proper authority may be made use of to bring him to condign punishment. In the mean while I doubt not, if the persons most concerned would but order Mr. Bernard Lintot, the printer and publisher of this dangerous piece, to be taken into custody and examined, many farther discoveries might be made both of this poet's and abettor's secret designs, which are doubtless of the utmost importance to the goYCTIIIllent.