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rence of any vacancy in the office, a suitable person, who shall be a citizen of this State, as commissioner, who shall hold his office until his successor is appointed, and qualified, the title of which

officer shall be commissioner of labor. Such commissioner shall Office keep his office at the capitol, in the city of Lansing, and shall, Deputy. within thirty days after qualifying, and as often as a vacancy shall

occur, appoint a deputy, whose term of office shall continue during

the pleasure of such commissioner. The commissioner may Assistants. appoint such assistants, from time to time, as shall be necessary for

the transaction of the business of his office. Said commissioner, Bureau of sta- with his deputy, and the secretary of State, who shall be ex officio tistics of labor.

member thereof, shall constitute a bureau of statistics of labor. Duties of bureau,

SEC. 2. The duties of such bureau shall be to collect in the manner hereinafter provided, assort, systemize, print, and present in annual reports to the governor, on or before the first day of February, eighteen hundred and eighty-four, and annually thereafter, statistical details relating to all departments of labor in this State, including the penal institutions thereof, particularly concerning the hours of labor, the number of laborers and mechanics employed, the number of apprentices in each trade, with the nativity of such laborers, mechanics, and apprentices, wages earned, the savings from the same, the culture, moral and mental, with age, and sex, of laborers employed, the number and character of accidents, the sanitary condition of institutions where labor is employed, as well as the influence of the several kinds of labor, and the use of intoxicating liquors upon the health, and mental condition of the laborer, the restrictions, if any, which are put upon apprentices when indentured, the proportion of married laborers and mechanics, who live in rented houses with the average annual rental of same, the average number of members in the families of married laborers and mechanics, the value of property owned by laborers and mechanics, together with the value of property owned by such laborers or mechanics (if foreign born), upon their arrival in this country, and the length of time they have resided here, the subjects of coöperation, strikes, or other labor difficulties, trades unions, and other labor organizations, and their effects upon labor and capital, with such other matter relating to the commercial, industrial, and sanitary condition of the laboring classes, and permanent prosperity of the respective industries of the State, as such bureau may be able to gather, accompanied by such recommendations relating

thereto, as the bureau shall deem proper. Powers of mem- SEC. 3. Such bureau, or any member thereof, shall have full in examination power to examine witnesses on oath, compel the attendance of witof witnesses, etc. nesses, and the production of papers, while acting in any part of

this State, and witnesses may be summoned by such bureau, or any member thereof, by its process in the same manner, and paid the same fees as are allowed to witnesses attending in the circuit court

of any county. Componsation of SEC. 4. The compensation of such commissioner shall be two and doputy.

thousand dollars per annum, and that of his deputy fifteen hundred dollars per annum, which compensation, together with all

bers of bureau

commissioner

distributo samo.

necessary expenses, including the employment, and paying the expenses of such assistants as are provided for in section one of this act, also the expenses provided for in section three of this act, shall be audited and paid in the same manner as the salaries and expenses of other State officers: Provided, The amount thereof, Proviso. exclusive of the compensation allowed to said commissioner, and his said deputy, shall not, in any one year, exceed the sum of five Farther proviso, thousand dollars: And provided further, That in addition to the above allowance for expenses, all printing, binding, blanks, or map work shall be done under any contract which the State now has, or shall have, for similar work, with any party or parties, and the expenses thereof shall be audited and paid for in the same manner as other State printing.

SEC. 5. Said bureau shall, on or before the fifteenth day of March Barcau to send in each year, after this act shall take effect, make and transmit to county clocks, the several county clerks, in this State, proper blanks, drawn and printed in convenient form to enable the several supervisors and assessors of this State to state and return such facts and information as said bureau shall determine are advisable, in relation to the subject matter in this act, in manner and form as prescribed in section six hereof. It shall be the duty of the several county clerks Clerks to to distribute such blanks in sufficient quantities, to the several supervisors and assessors of his county, on or before the tenth day of April in each year.

Sec. 6. It shall be the duty of the sereral supervisors of the town- Duties of superships, and the supervisor or assessor of the wards of cities in this visors, assessors, State, at the time of assessing the property thereof, to obtain the information, otc. facts and information determined upon by said bureau, as provided in section five of this act, in accordance with the terms, conditions, and requirements of said blanks. And on or before the fifteenth Returns to

county clerk. day of July in each year, said supervisors and assessors shall return to the county clerks of their respective counties, such blanks, properly filled and duly certified to by such officer that the statements therein are true to the best of his knowledge, information, and belief. Such county clerks shall forth with forward such returns to Returns to comthe commissioner of labor at Lansing, Michigan.

SEC. 7. Any person who shall willfully and intentionally testify Penalty for falsely, before said bureau or before any member thereof, in regard to tifying. any proper subject of inquiry, shall be deemed guilty of a felony, and on conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment in the State prison for a period not exceeding five years.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
Approved June 6, 1883.

missioner
of labor.

[ No. 157. ] AN ACT to protect the rights of laborers. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That Issuing of any judgment hereafter obtained before a justice of the peace, for execution. personal services performed by the plaintiff, shall not be stayed, but

execution may issue thereon immediately on rendition of judgment. In entering such judgment the justice shall recite upon the docket that the same was rendered for the personal work and labor of the plaintiff.

Approved June 6, 1883.

Incorporation of base ball clubs authorized.

Articles of association.

[ No. 158. ] AN ACT to provide for the incorporation of base ball clubs or

companies. SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That any number of persons, not less than five, who shall by articles of agreement, in writing, associate for the purpose of maintaining and conducting a base ball club for the encouragement of athletic sports, and who shall comply with the provisions of this act, shall, with their associates, successors, and assigns, constitute a body corporate, in fact and in name, and as such shall be subject to the requirements and entitled to the privileges of chaper one hundred and thirty, of the compiled laws of eighteen hundred and seventy-one, entitled “general provisions relating to corporations."

SEC. 2. The articles of every such association shall be signed by the persons so associating in the first instance, and acknowledged before some person authorized by law to take acknowledgments of deeds, and shall be recorded in the office of the clerk of the county in which the principal business office of such corporation is to be located, and a copy thereof shall be filed in the office of the secretary of State. Said articles shall state the name by which the corporation shall be known, the object for which such corporation shall be formed, the amount of the capital stock, and the number of shares into which it shall be divided, the name of the stockholders, their residences, and the number of shares held by each, and the period the corporation shall exist, not exceeding thirty years.

SEC. 3. The amount of capital stock in every such corporation shall in no case be less than two thousand dollars or more than ten thousand dollars, and said capital stock may be increased or diminished from time to time as may be directed by the stockholders, subject to the foregoing limitations, but when the same is so increased or diminished, the amendment of the articles of association shall be signed, acknowledged, and recorded, as required by section two of this act. The capital stock of such corporation shall be divided into shares of not less than twenty-five nor more than one hundred dollars each.

SEC. 4. The officers of corporations formed under this act shall consist of a president, secretary, treasurer, and a board of not less than five or more than ten directors, of which the president shall be one.

The same person may hold the office of secretary and treasurer. The directors shall be elected by the stockholders annually, and all the other officers shall be appointed by the directors, to hold during their pleasure, and the directors shall have the general management of the affairs of the corporation.

Capital stock.

Shares

Officers.

SEC. 7. Every such corporation shall have power to lease, and to Power of hold and acquire in fee simple, and to sell, mortgage, and convey

corporation, such real estate as may be necessary for carrying on the business of the corporation, but no such corporation shall hold real estate to exceed ten thousand dollars in value, and every such corporation shall have power to employ base ball players, and to give exhibitions of the game, and hold contests and tournaments with other base ball clubs and players: Provided, however, That no pool sell- Proviso. ing or other betting shall be permitted on the grounds of the corporation, during any exhibition, tournament, or game, held under the auspices of the corporation.

SEC. 6. The stockholders of all corporations, organized under Individual lia. this act, shall be individually liable for all labor performed for the holders, etc. corporation, which said liability may be enforced by action in assumpsit against any or all of the stockholders, and the corporation jointly, but no levy sball be made upon the property of stockholders under an execution issued upon a judgment in any such action until the property of the corporation shall have been exhausted, and the clerk of the court, or the justice of the peace, issuing such execution shall endorse thereon a direction to the officer to that effect. Any stockholder: who may be compelled to pay any such judgment, shall be entitled to contribution from the other solvent stockholders, in proportion to the number of shares held by each.

This act is ordered to take immediate effect.
Approved June 6, 1883.

[ No. 159. ] AN ACT to provide for the incorporation of local assemblies of

the order of knights of labor of North America, and of district assemblies thereof in the State of Michigan.

SECTION 1. The People of the State of Michigan enact, That any Incorporation of local assembly of the order of the knights of labor of North local assemblies America, duly organized within this State under and pursuant to the provisions of the constitution and laws of the general assembly of the knights of labor of North America, may become a body corporate and politic in the manner following, viz. :

First, At a regular meeting of such local assembly a resolution Resolution for, shall be put to a vote of the members thereof present, expressing to be a ropted by the desire and determination of such local assembly to be incorporated, and directing the officers thereof to perfect such incorporation, and if such resolution be adopted by a two-thirds vote of all members in good standing, it shall be declared adopted, otherwise lost;

Second, On such resolution being passed, the master workman By whom articles and recording secretary of the assembly shall prepare articles of association to association under their hands and the seal of the assembly, setting what to contaibo forth the number of persons then in good standing in the assembly

Articles to be filed and recorded

Affidavit to be attached to articles.

desiring incorporation, the name by which the assembly is known, and its number, the date of its organization, a copy of the resolution mentioned in the first subdivision of this section, the corporate name by which the assembly shall be known in the law, the general object and purpose of the association, which shall in no way conflict or be inconsistent with the object and purpose of the general assembly of the order of knights of labor of North America as stated in its constitution, nor in conflict or inconsistent with any law of the United States or of this State, and the period for which it is corporated, not exceeding thirty years;

Third, A copy of such articles of association shall be filed with the clerk of the county in which such corporation shall be formed, and, together with the affidavit hereinafter named, shall be recorded by the county clerk in a book to be kept by him for that purpose;

Fourth, The master workman and recording secretary executing such articles of association shall make and annex thereto, before fil. ing, an affidavit stating that they are respectively members of and occupy the official positions above named in said local assembly, that the resolution, a copy of which is set out in the articles of association, was duly adopted at a regular meeting of the assembly, and by a two-thirds vote of all members in good standing, and that all the statements in said articles of association are true to the best of their and each of their knowledge and belief, and that said local assembly is organized and acting under the constitution of the general assembly of the order of the knights of labor of North

America. When a body SEC. 2. When the foregoing requirements are complied with, the

local assembly shall be a body corporate and politic by the name expressed in such articles of association, and by that name shall be a person in law, capable of suing and being sued, and a copy of said articles of association and affidavit duly certified by the clerk in whose custody the same may be, under the seal of the proper county, shall be prima facie evidence in all the courts of this state

of the existence and incorporation of said local assembly. Copy of articles, SEC. 3. A copy of such articles of association, with an affidavit fled with secro

. attached, as provided in section one of this act, duly certified by tary of State.; the county clerk of the proper county, may be filed with the secre

tary of State, copies of which, duly certified, shall in all the courts of this State be prima facie evidence of the existence and incorporation of said local assembly.

SEC. 4. Any district assembly of the order of the knights of assemblies may labor of North America, organized and acting under and pursuant

to the constitution and laws of the general assembly of the order, may become incorporated by adopting a like resolution as provided in section one of this act, executing articles of association under the hands of its district master workman and district recording secretary and the seal of the district assembly, containing like statements as those required in articles of association for the incorporation of local assemblies, with a like affidavit annexed made by the above named officers, and filing the same with the clerk of the county where such district assembly is incorporated, which articles

corporate, etc.

How district

rated.

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