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of either the association or of the State bank so consolidated, who has not voted for such consolidation, may give notice to the directors of the consolidated association within twenty days from the date of the certificate of approval of the comptroller that he dissents from the plan of consolidation as adopted and approved, whereupon he shall be entitled to receive the value of the shares so held by him, to be ascertained by an appraisal made by a committee of three persons, one to be selected by the shareholder, one by the directors of the consolidated association, and the third by the two so chosen; and in case the value so fixed shall not be satisfactory to such shareholder he may within five days after being notified of the appraisal appeal to the Comptroller of the Currency, who shall cause a reappraisal to be made, which shall be final and binding; and the consolidated association shall pay the expenses of reappraisal, and the value as ascertained by such appraisal or reappraisal shall be deemed to be debt due and shall be forthwith paid to said shareholder by said consolidated association, and the shares so paid for shall be surrendered and, after due notice, sold at public auction within thirty days after the final appraisement provided for in this act; and if the shares so sold at public auction shall be sold at a price greater than the final appraised value, the excess in such sale price shall be paid to the said shareholder; and the consolidated association shall have the right to purchase such shares at public auction, if it is the highest bidder therefor, for the purpose of reselling such shares within thirty days thereafter to such person or persons and at such price as its board of directors by resolution may determine: And provided further, That the liquidation of such shares of stock in any State bank shall be determined in the manner prescribed by the law of the State in such cases if such provision is made in the State law; otherwise as hereinbefore provided: And provided further, That no such consolidation shall be in contravention of the law of the State under which such bank is incorporated: And provided further, That, except as to branches in foreign countries or dependencies or insular possessions of the United States, it shall be unlawful for any such consolidated association to retain in operation any branches of such State bank which may have been established beyond the corporate limits of the city, town, or village in which such consolidated association is located, and it shall be unlawful for any such consolidated association to retain in operation any branches which may have been established subsequent to the approval of this act within the corporate limits of the city, town, or village in which such consolidated association is located, in any State which at the time of the approval of this act did not permit State banks created by or existing under the laws of such State to have such branches."

SEC. 2. (a) Section 5136 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, subsection "second" thereof as amended, be amended to read as follows:

"Second. To have succession from the date of the approval of this act, or from the date of its organization if organized after such date of approval until such time as it be dissolved by the act of its shareholders owning two-thirds of its stock, or until its franchise becomes forfeited by reason of violation of law, or until terminated by either a general or a special act of Congress or until its affairs be in the hands of a receiver and finally wound up by him.”

(b) That section 5136 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, subsection seventh” thereof, be further amended by adding at the end of the first paragraph thereof the following:

Provided, that the business of buying and selling investment securities shall hereafter be limited to buying and selling without recourse marketable obligations evidencing indebtedness of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation in the form of bonds, notes, debentures, and the like, commonly known as investment securities, under such further definition of the term 'investment securities' as may by regulation be prescribed by the Comptroller of the Currency, and the total amount of such investment securities of any one obligor or maker held by such association shall at no time exceed 25 per centum of the amount of the capital stock of such association actually paid in and unimpaired and 25 per centum of its unimpaired surplus fund, but this limitation as to total amount shall not apply to obligations of the United States, or general obligations of any State or of any political subdivision thereof, or obligations issued under authority of the

Federal farm loan act: And provided further, That in carrying on the business commonly known as the safe-deposit business no such association shall invest in the capital stock of a corporation organized under the law of any State to conduct a safe-deposit business located on or adjacent to the premises of such association, in an amount in excess of 15 per centum of the capital stock of such association

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actually paid in and unimpaired and 15 per centum of its unimpaired surplus," so that the subsection as amended shall read as follows:

“Seventh. To exercise by its board of directors, or duly authorized officers or agents, subject to law, all such incidental powers as shall be necessary to carry on the business of banking; by discounting and negotiating promissory notes, drafts, bills of exchange, and other evidences of debt; by receiving deposits; by buying and selling exchange, coin, and bullion; by loaning money on personal security; and by obtaining, issuing and circulating notes according to the provisions of this title: Provided, That the business of buying and selling investment securities shall hereafter be limited to buying and selling without recourse marketable obligations evidencing indebtedness of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation, in the form of bonds, notes, debentures, and the like, commonly known as investment securities, under such further definition of the term 'investment securities' as may by regulation be prescribed by the Comptroller of the Currency, and the total amount of such investment securities of any one obligor or maker held by such association shall at no time exceed 25 per centum of the amount of the capital stock of such association actually paid in and unimpaired and 25 per centum of its unimpaired surplus fund, but this limitation as to total amount shall not apply to obligations of the United States, or general obligations of any State or of any political subdivision thereof, or obligations issued under authority of the Federal farm loan act: And provided further, That in carrying on the business commonly known as the safe deposit business no such association shall invest in the capital stock of a corporation organized under the law of any State to conduct a safe deposit business located on or adjacent to the premises of such association, in an amount in excess of 15 per centum of the capital stock of such association actually pain in and unimpaired and 15 per centum of its unimpaired surplus.

But no association shall transact any business except such as is incidental and necessarily preliminary to its organization, until it has been authorized by the Comptroller of the Currency to commence the business of banking.

Sec. 3. Section 5137 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, subsection First” thereof, be amended to read as follows:

“First. Such as shall be necessary for its accommodation in the transaction of its business.

SEC. 4. Section 5138 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended, be amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 5138. No association shall be organized with a less capital than $100,000, except that banks with a capital of not less than $50,000 may, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury, be organized in any place the population of which does not exceed six thousand inhabitants, and except that banks with a capital of not less than $25,000 may, with the sanction of the Secretary of the Treasury, be organized in any place the population of which does not exceed three thousand inhabitants. No association shall be organized in a city the population of which exceeds fifty thousand persons with a capital of less than $200,000, except that in the outlying districts of such a city banks now organized or hereafter organized may, with the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency, have a capital of not less than $100,000.

SEC. 5. That section 5142 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended, be amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 5142. Any national banking association may, with the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency, and by a vote of shareholders owing two-thirds of the stock of such associations, increase its capital stock to any sum approved by said comptroller, but no increase in capital shall be valid until the whole amount of such increase is paid in and notice thereof, duly acknowledged before a notary public by the president, vice president, or cashier of said association, has been transmitted to the Comptroller of the Currency and his certificate obtained specifying the amount of such increase in capital stock and his approval thereof, and that it has been duly paid in as part of the capital of such association: Provided, however, That a national banking association may, with the approval of the Comptroller of the Currency, and by the vote of shareholders owning twothirds of the stock of such association, increase its capital stock by the declaration of a stock dividend, provided that the surplus of said association, after the approval of the increase, shall be at least equal to 20 per centum of the capital stock as increased. Such increase shall not be effective until a certificate certifying to such declaration of dividend, signed by the president, vice president, or cashier of said association and duly acknowledged before a notary public, shall have been forwarded to the Comptroller of the Currency and his certificate

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obtained specifying the amount of such increase of capital stock by stock dividend, and his approval thereof."

Sec. 6. Section 5150 of the Revised Statuten of the United States be amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 5150. The president of the bank shall be a member of the board and shall be the chairman thereof, but the board may designate a director in lieu of the president to be chairman of the board, who shall perform such duties as may be designated by the board."

SEC. 7. Section 5155 of the Revised Statutes of the United States be amended to read as follows:

"Sec. 5155. It shall be lawful for any bank or banking association organized under State laws and having branches to become a national banking association in conformity with existing laws, and to retain its branches, or such

one or more of them as it may elect to retain: Provided, That it shall be unlawful for any such State bank having branches in operation outside of the corporate limits or other such boundaries of the city, town, or village in which such State bank is located, but not including any branch established in a foreign country or dependency or insular possession of the United States, to retain such branches, upon conversion into a national banking association: And provided further, That it shall be lawful for any national banking association having, prior to the approval of this act, acquired branches by virtue of having elected to retain such branches after having been converted from a State bank with branches into a national banking association, or through consolidation with such an association having such branches, to continue to operate any such branches, but it shall be unlawful for any national banking association having been converted into such association under the provisions of section 5154 of the Revised Statutes to retain in operation any branch, wherever located, which may have been established subsequent to the approval of this act, in any State which did not at the time of the approval of this act, permit State banks or trust companies created by or existing under the laws of such State to have branches."

SEC. 8. Section 5190 of the Revised Statutes of the United States be amended to read as follows:

“SEC. 5190. The general business of each national banking association shall be transacted in the place specified in its organization certificate, but it shall be unlawful for any such association to establish a branch in any State which does not at the time of the approval of this act permit banks created by or existing under the laws of such State to establish branches, or to establish in any State a branch beyond the corporate limits of the municipality wherein such association is located, but any such association in any State which at the time of the approval of this act permits banks created by or existing under the laws of such State to establish branches may, upon application to the Comptroller of the Currency and upon approval by him, be permitted to establish a branch or branches within the corporate limits of the municipality wherein such association is located: Provided, That it shall be unlawful for any such association to maintain in operation a branch within the corporate limits of such a municipality where the population by the last decennial census is less than twenty-five thousand or to maintain more than one branch where such population is not less than twenty-five thousand and not more than fifty thousand, or to maintain more than two branches where such population is more than fifty thousand and not more than one hundred thousand, but these restrictions as to number shall not be construed to require the relinquishment of any branches acquired prior to the approval of this act: And provided further, That all branches of such associations shall be subject to the general supervisory powers of the Comptroller of the Currency and shall operate under such regulations as he may prescribe: And provided further, That it shall be unlawful for any such association to establish a branch in any State subsequent to the enactment hereafter by such State of a statute which shall deny to all banks created by or existing under the laws of such State the right to establish branches within the corporate limits of the municipality, wherein such banks are located: And provided further, That no provision of this section shall be construed to modify or repeal any provision of section 5155, Revised Statutes, or of the act of November 7, 1918, as respectively amended by this act.

“The term 'branch' or 'branches' as used in this section shall be held to include any branch bank, branch office, branch agency, additional office, or any branch place of business located in any State or Territory of the United States or in the District of Columbia at which deposits are received or checks cashed or money loaned.'

“This section shall not be construed to amend or repeal section 25 of the Federal reserve act, as amended, authorizing the establishment by national banking associations of branches in foreign countries or dependencies or insular possessions of the United States."

Sec. 9. That the first paragraph of section 9 of the Federal reserve act be amended by adding at the end thereof two provisions and a new paragraph to read as follows:

Provided, That on and after the approval of this act it shall be unlawful for any such applying bank to become a stockholder of such Federal reserve bank except upon condition that such applying bank relinquish any branches which it may have in operation beyond the corporate limits of the municipality in which the parent bank is located, and it shall be unlawful for any such applying bank in any State which does not, at the time of the approval of this act, permit State banks created by or existing under the laws of such State, to have branches within the limits of municipalities in such State, to become such a stockholder of such Federal reserve bank except upon condition that such applying bank relinquish any branches which it may have established subsequent to the approval of this act: Provided further, That it shall be unlawful for any member bank to establish a branch in any State which does not, at the time of the approval of this act, permit banks created by or existing under the laws of such State to establish branches or to establish in any State, after the approval of this act, a branch beyond the corporate limits of the municipality in which such bank is located: And prodided further, That it shall be unlawful for any such member bank to maintain in operation any branch within the corporate limits of such a municipality where the population by the last decennial census is less than twenty-five thousand, or to maintain more than one branch where such population is not less than twenty-five thousand and not more than fifty thousand, or to maintain more than two branches where such population is more than fifty thousand and not more than one hundred thousand, but these restrictions as to number shall not be construed to require the relinquishment of any branches acquired prior to the approval of this act: And provided further, That the establishment of any branch by a member bank shall not require the approval of the Federal Reserve Board.

"The term 'branch or branches' as used in this section shall be held to include any branch bank, branch office, branch agency, additional office, or any branch place of business located in any State or Territory of the United States or in the District of Columbia at which deposits are received or checks cashed or money loaned, but shall not include any branch established in a foreign country or dependency or insular possession of the United States."

Sec. 10. That the first paragraph of section 9 of the Federal reserve act be amended so as to read as follows:

“Sec. 9. Any bank incorporated by special law of any State, or organized under the general laws of any State or of the United States, desiring to become a member of the Federal reserve system, may make application to the Federal Reserve Board, under such rules and regulations as it may prescribe, for the right to subscribe to the stock of the Federal reserve bank organized within the district in which the applying bank is located. Such application shall be for the same amount of stock that the applying bank would be required to subscribe to as a national bank. The Federal Reserve Board, subject to such conditions as it may prescribe, may permit the applying bank to become a stockholder of such Federal reserve bank: Provided, however, That the Federal Reserve Board shall not prescribe any condition of membership which will prevent the applying bank from competing with national banks on a basis of substantial equality or which will subject the applying bank to any greater limitations or restrictions than those under which national banks shall operate.”

SEC. 11. That section 5200 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as amended, be amended to read as follows:

“Sec. 5200. The total obligations to any national banking association of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation shall at no time exceed 10 per centum of the amount of the capital stock of such association actually paid in and unimpaired and 10 per centum of its unimpaired surplus fund. The term obligations' shall mean the direct liability of the maker or acceptor of paper discounted with or sold to such association and the liability of the indorser, drawer, or guarantor who obtains a loan from or discount paper with or sells paper under his guaranty to such association' and shall include in the case of obligations of a copartnership or association the obligations of the several members thereof. Such limitation of 10 per centum shall be subject to the following exceptions:

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“(1) Obligations in the form of drafts or bills of exchange drawn in good faith against actually existing values shall not be subject under this section to any limitation based upon such capital and surplus.

“(2) Obligations arising out of the discount of commercial or business paper actually owned by the person, copartnership, association, or corporation negotiating the same shall not be subject under this section to any limitation based upon such capital and surplus.

“(3) Obligations drawn in good faith against actually existing values and secured by goods or commodities in process of shipment shall not be subject under this section to any limitation based upon such capital and surplus.

“(4) Obligations as indorser or guarantor of notes, other than commercial or business paper excepted under (2) hereof, having a maturity of not more than six months, and owned by the person, corporation, association, or copartnership indorsing and negotiating the same, shall be subject under this section to a limitation of 15 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 10 per centum of such capital and surplus.

(5) Obligations in the form of_banker's acceptances of other banks of the kind described in section 13 of the Federal reserve act shall not be subject under this section to any limitation based upon such capital and surplus.

“(6) Obligations of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation, in the form of notes or drafts secured by shipping documents, warehouse receipts, or other such documents transferring or securing title covering readily marketable nonperishable staples when such property is fully covered by insurance shall be subject under this section to a limitation of 15 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 10 per centum of such capital and surplus when the market value of such staples securing such obligation is not at any time less than 115 per centum of the face amount of such obligation, and to an additional increase of limitation of 5 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 25 per centum of such capital and surplus when the market value of such staples securing such additional obligation is not at any time less than 120 per centum of the face amount of such additional obligation, and to a further additional increase of limitation of 5 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 30 per centum of such capital and surplus when the market value of such staples securing such additional obligation is not at any time less than 125 per centum of the face amount of such additional obligation, and to a further additional increase of limitation of 5 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 35 per centum of such capital and surplus when the market value of such staples securing such additional obligation is not at any time less than 130 per centum of the face amount of such additional obligation, and to a further additional increase of limitation of 5 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 40 per centum of such capital and surplus when the market value of such staples securing such additional obligation is not at any time less than 135 per centum of the face amount of such additional obligation, and to a further additional increase of limitation of 5 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 45 per centum of such capital and surplus when the market value of such staples securing such additional obligation is not at any time less than 140 per centum of the face amount of such additional obligation, but this exception shall not apply to obligations of any one person, copartnership, association, or corporation arising from the same transactions and secured upon the identical staples for more than ten months.

(7) Obligations of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation in the form of notes or drafts secured by shipping documents or instruments transferring or securing title covering livestock or giving a lien on livestock when the market value of the livestock securing the obligation is not at any time less than 115 per centum of the face amount of the notes covered by such documents shall be subject under this section to a limitation of 15 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 10 per centum of such capital and surplus.

(8) Obligations of any person, copartnership, association, or corporation in the form of notes secured by not less than a like amount of bonds or notes of the United States issued since April 24, 1917, or certificates of indebtedness of the United States, shall (except to the extent permitted by rules and regulations prescribed by the Comptroller of the Currency, with the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury) be subject under this section to a limitation of 15 per centum of such capital and surplus in addition to such 10 per centum of such capital and surplus,"

SEC. 12. That section 5202 of the Revised Statutes of the United States as amended be amended by adding at the end thereof a new paragraph to read as follows:

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