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was therefore the collection of traditional artistic possessions, the first writers selecting, arranging, and beautifying stories and songs that had been familiar to their ancestors for many generations. This fact should be borne in mind by the reader as he begins to consider the monuments of ancient literature, the epics of Homer and the earlier books of the Bible.
For the early forms of books—i.e. the codex; writing with the stilus, etc. -see Sir E. Maunde Thompson's Handbook of Greek and Latin Palæography.
F. A. Mumby's The Romance of Bookselling deals with the history of book-selling and publishing from very early times, including the production of books in Ancient Greece, Alexandria, Ancient Rome, etc.
The Printed Book by H. G. Aldis.
G. H. Putnam's Books and Their Makers During the Middle Ages: a Study of the Conditions of the Production and Distribution of Literature from the Fall of the Roman Empire to the Close of the Seventeenth Century, 2 vols. Also, by the same author, Authors and Their Public in Ancient Times.
Illuminated Manuscripts by J. A. Herbert.
For the early history of Libraries, see Edward Edwards’s Libraries and the Founders of Libraries. This includes descriptions of the Ancient Libraries of Egypt, Greece, the Roman Empire, etc., and also the Monastic Libraries.
Another book is E. C. Richardson's The Beginnings of Libraries and the same author's Biblical Libraries; A Sketch of Library History from 3400 B.C. to A.D. 150.
A very useful little book for the beginner in mythology is Bulfinch's The Age of Fable. Andrew Lang's Book of Myths is a book for younger
readers. Among other general books on mythology may be mentioned Sir G. L. Gomme's Folk-Lore as an Historical Science.
The Science of Fairy Tales by Hartland.
Myths of the Norsemen by H. A. Guerber.
Myths of the Hindus and Buddhists by Sister Nivedita and Dr. A. Coomaraswamy.
Myth and Legend in Literature and Art deals with all the main mythologies.
Andrew Lang's articles in the Encyclopædia Britannica are invaluable in the study of myths.
The Series by Jacobs Celtic Fairy Tales, More Celtic Fairy Tales, English Fairy Tales, More English Fairy Tales, Indian Fairy Tales, Europa’s Fairy Tales, contain many myths presented in the form of the fairy tale as do Legends and Stories of Italy by A. S. Steedman, East O'the Sun and West O' the Moon by Dasent, and Chinese Fairy Tales by Fields.
Sir J. G. Frazer's Classic work, The Golden Bough; A Study in Magic and Religion, in twelve volumes. There is also an excellent abridged edition of this in one volume.