Neotropical Savannas and Seasonally Dry Forests: Plant Diversity, Biogeography, and Conservation
More often than not, when people think of a neotropical forest, what comes to mind is a rain forest, rather than a dry forest. Just as typically, when they imagine a savanna, they visualize the African plains, rather than those dry woodlands and grasslands found in the Neotropics. These same preconceptions can be found among scientists, as these neotropical biomes receive nowhere near the attention they should - in terms of both research and conservation -considering the amount of land they encompass and the diversity of vegetation they contain.
Neotropical Savannas and Dry Forests: Plant Diversity, Biogeography, and Conservation provides an engaging synthesis of information on the plant diversity and geography, as well as the conservation status, of these species-rich areas. This impressive compilation is the result of a plant diversity symposium that took place during an international conference on tropical savannas and seasonally dry forests held in 2003. Fifty leading scientists, representing a variety of disciplines have contributed to the chapters of this book in an effort to address three questions:
This work is the first extensive compilation of the patterns of plant biodiversity in these neotropical ecosystems. The overview also provides a summary of what is known of their evolutionary history, including an examination of the links to the development of analogous vegetation in Africa. In contrast to previously published titles that emphasize ecology and physiology, this work focuses on plant biodiversity and reviews molecular phylogenetic and molecular population genetic approaches to discovering biogeographic history.
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2 Biodiversity Patterns of the Woody Vegetation of the Brazilian Cerrado
3 Observations on the Southern Cerrados and their Relationship with the Core Area
4 Phytogeography of Cerrado Sensu Stricto and Land System Zoning in Central Brazil
Phytogeographical Patterns Inferred from Distribution Data of the Leguminosae
7 Floristic Relationships of Seasonally Dry Forests of Eastern South America Based on Tree Species Distribution Patterns
8 Biogeography of the Forests of the ParaguayParaná Basin
Insights from Legumes
ChamelaCuixmala Jalisco as a Focal Point for Comparison
14 What Determines Dry Forest Conservation in Mesoamerica? Opportunism and Pragmatism in Mexican and Nicaraguan Protected Areas
15 Botanical and Ecological Basis for the Resilience of Antillean Dry Forests
16 Diversity Biogeography and Conservation of Woody Plants in Tropical Dry Forest of South Florida
Insights from PalaeoEcological Data
An Example Using Two Neotropical Seasonally Dry Forest Species
19 Floristic and Geographical Stability of Discontinuous Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests Explains Patterns of Plant Phylogeny and Endemism
9 The Chiquitano Dry Forest the Transition between Humid and Dry Forest in Eastern Lowland Bolivia
Insights from Acanthaceae Asclepiadaceae and Labiatae
11 Phytogeography and Floristics of Seasonally Dry Tropical Forests in Peru
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Neotropical Savannas and Seasonally Dry Forests: Plant Diversity ...
R. Toby Pennington,James A. Ratter
Visualização parcial - 2006
altitude Amazon Amazonian Anadenanthera Anadenanthera colubrina analysis Andean areas Atlantic forest Benth Bignoniaceae biodiversity biogeographical biome Bolivia Brazil caatinga Caribbean cerrado Cerrado Biome cerrado vegetation chaco Chamela Chapada Chapter Chiquitano Chiquitano dry forest climatic coastal conservation Coursetia deciduous disjunct diversity dry season dry tropical forests dry valleys Durigan Ecol ecosystems Ecuador endemic endemic species F Atl Felfili Figure flora floristic composition genera Gentry genus geographical grassland habitats Holocene inter-Andean valleys Kunth Lavin legume Leguminosae Llanos lowland Lugo Mart Mexico montane neotropical number of species occur Oliveira-Filho Paraguay Paulo Pennington Peru phylogenetic phylogenies phytogeographical plants Pleistocene plots pollen populations Quaternary rain forest rainfall Ratter region Río São Paulo savannas SDTF seasonal forests seasonally dry forests seasonally dry tropical semideciduous forests shrubs soils South America south Florida southern Ecuador species richness Spichiger subtropical Tabebuia Table taxa tree species tropical dry forest urundeuva vegetation types Venezuela woody yr BP